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Autonomous And Resilient Management Of All-Source Sensors For Navigation Assurance, Juan D. Jurado 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Autonomous And Resilient Management Of All-Source Sensors For Navigation Assurance, Juan D. Jurado

Theses and Dissertations

All-source navigation has become increasingly relevant over the past decade with the development of viable alternative sensor technologies. However, as the number and type of sensors informing a system increases, so does the probability of corrupting the system with sensor modeling errors, signal interference, and undetected faults. Though the latter of these has been extensively researched, the majority of existing approaches have constrained faults to biases, and designed algorithms centered around the assumption of simultaneously redundant, synchronous sensors with valid measurement models, none of which are guaranteed for all-source systems. This research aims to provide all-source multi-sensor resiliency, assurance, and ...


Gaussian Conditionally Markov Sequences: Theory With Application, Reza Rezaie 2019 University of New Orleans

Gaussian Conditionally Markov Sequences: Theory With Application, Reza Rezaie

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Markov processes have been widely studied and used for modeling problems. A Markov process has two main components (i.e., an evolution law and an initial distribution). Markov processes are not suitable for modeling some problems, for example, the problem of predicting a trajectory with a known destination. Such a problem has three main components: an origin, an evolution law, and a destination. The conditionally Markov (CM) process is a powerful mathematical tool for generalizing the Markov process. One class of CM processes, called $CM_L$, fits the above components of trajectories with a destination. The CM process combines the Markov ...


Underwater Remotely Operated Vehicle Controller With Pid Stability Regulation, Christian E. Aguirre 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Underwater Remotely Operated Vehicle Controller With Pid Stability Regulation, Christian E. Aguirre

Electrical Engineering

The earth’s oceans and rivers remain widely unexplored. Hobbyists and companies across the globe invest money and resources into remotely operated vehicles (ROV) to further expand underwater knowledge. Each ROV includes a controller that operates motors and monitors other crucial system vitals. The ROV Controller project makes the process of designing an ROV simpler and more affordable by providing a multi-purpose programmable controller.

The ROV controller features programmable digital inputs/outputs and analog inputs. The controller processes control signals from analog joysticks, digital signals from a gyroscope and utilizes a MUX to expand the analog input capabilities of the ...


Pseudo-Stereo Audio Processor, Zachariah David Bunce 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Pseudo-Stereo Audio Processor, Zachariah David Bunce

Electrical Engineering

Due to both technical and resource limitations, non-professional audio production must often record with a single microphone, creating a mono audio signal. Even some originally multi-channel audio files often combine the separate channels into a single channel to save memory. However, this channel limitation makes any music held within the audio duller during listening. The Pseudo-Stereo Audio Processor remedies this situation, introducing a quadrature phase shift onto a given single-channel audio signal, producing multiple phase shifted output signals. These separate fixed-phase output signals are then recombined to produce a variable phase difference, emulated two-channel version of the input signal, allowing ...


Virtual Eye: A Spatial-Temporal Bottom-Up Eye Sensitivity Model, Todd Goodall 2019 Purdue University

Virtual Eye: A Spatial-Temporal Bottom-Up Eye Sensitivity Model, Todd Goodall

MODVIS Workshop

Video quality and compression models use the

spatial contrast sensitivity function (CSF), which is solved

based on a linear system approximation. This function measures

the eye’s sensitivity to sinusoid gratings, ignoring the subtle

connectivity and inhomogeniety of cell density across the

visual field. Non-linear aspects of the eye, such as the change

in frequency sensitivity with changing illumination, are not

captured by this simple approximation. We propose Virtual

Eye, a bottom-up approach that models the spatio-temporal

dynamics of the eye across the visual field. Each functional

retinal cell layer in the eye is modeled using non-uniform spatial

cell responses ...


The Challenge For Vision Of Fluctuating Real-World Illumination, David H. Foster 2019 University of Manchester

The Challenge For Vision Of Fluctuating Real-World Illumination, David H. Foster

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


A Model-Based Framework For The Smart Manufacturing Of Polymers, Santiago D. Salas Ortiz 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

A Model-Based Framework For The Smart Manufacturing Of Polymers, Santiago D. Salas Ortiz

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

It is hard to point a daily activity in which polymeric materials or plastics are not involved. The synthesis of polymers occurs by reacting small molecules together to form, under certain conditions, long molecules. In polymer synthesis, it is mandatory to assure uniformity between batches, high-quality of end-products, efficiency, minimum environmental impact, and safety. It remains as a major challenge the establishment of operational conditions capable of achieving all objectives together. In this dissertation, different model-centric strategies are combined, assessed, and tested for two polymerization systems.

The first system is the synthesis of polyacrylamide in aqueous solution using potassium persulfate ...


Torch Mounted Wire Nipper, Steven D. Patrick, Matt Montgomery, Ben Rouse, Garrett D. Foust 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Torch Mounted Wire Nipper, Steven D. Patrick, Matt Montgomery, Ben Rouse, Garrett D. Foust

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Design Of An Embedded Iris Recognition System For Use With A Multi-Factor Authentication System., Christopher David Hess 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design Of An Embedded Iris Recognition System For Use With A Multi-Factor Authentication System., Christopher David Hess

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper describes in detail the design, manufacturing and testing of an embedded iris scanner for use with a multifactor authentication system. The design process for this project included hardware design from part selection to board design to populating. Additionally, this process included the entirety of the software development, though the iris recognition process was largely based on other works. The functional requirements for the overall multi-factor authentication system were to have three authentication methods with a thirty second window to complete all three. The system acceptance accuracy was required to be greater than 75%. Those requirements therefore dictate that ...


Receptive Fields Optimization In Deep Learning For Enhanced Interpretability, Diversity, And Resource Efficiency., Babajide Odunitan Ayinde 2019 University of Louisville

Receptive Fields Optimization In Deep Learning For Enhanced Interpretability, Diversity, And Resource Efficiency., Babajide Odunitan Ayinde

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In both supervised and unsupervised learning settings, deep neural networks (DNNs) are known to perform hierarchical and discriminative representation of data. They are capable of automatically extracting excellent hierarchy of features from raw data without the need for manual feature engineering. Over the past few years, the general trend has been that DNNs have grown deeper and larger, amounting to huge number of final parameters and highly nonlinear cascade of features, thus improving the flexibility and accuracy of resulting models. In order to account for the scale, diversity and the difficulty of data DNNs learn from, the architectural complexity and ...


A Silicon Germanium Cmos Linear Voltage Regulator For Wireless Agricultural Applications, Aminta Naidili Castillo Robles 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Silicon Germanium Cmos Linear Voltage Regulator For Wireless Agricultural Applications, Aminta Naidili Castillo Robles

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents the design, simulation and test results of a silicon germanium (SiGe) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) linear regulator. The objective of the circuit is to power other analog devices regardless of the load current and input voltage changes. The application of this regulator is to be part of a project developing a miniaturized semiconductor platform that can be inserted into stems of crops in order to measure data inside the plant and then send it wirelessly to the user. The linear regulator was designed on a BiCMOS SiGe 0.13µm which is a GlobalFoundries process. It has been tested ...


Implementing Wifi Ax In Sdr, Elijah Barker 2019 Liberty University

Implementing Wifi Ax In Sdr, Elijah Barker

Senior Honors Theses

Both Carrier Sensing Multiple Access (CSMA) and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) are vital techniques for WiFi radio operations. CSMA deals with decentralized sharing of the medium, and OFDMA deals with dividing up the channel into multiple smaller allocations of the channel to transmit data from multiple users simultaneously. OFDMA is a new multiple access scheme introduced in the upcoming IEEE 802.11ax standard. This paper details research with Dr. Bae in implementing portions of the upcoming 802.11ax standard using software defined radio. First, this paper provides in-depth setup information for the Wime Project and explains the Wime ...


An Underground Radio Wave Propagation Prediction Model For Digital Agriculture, Abdul Salam 2019 Purdue University

An Underground Radio Wave Propagation Prediction Model For Digital Agriculture, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Underground sensing and propagation of Signals in the Soil (SitS) medium is an electromagnetic issue. The path loss prediction with higher accuracy is an open research subject in digital agriculture monitoring applications for sensing and communications. The statistical data are predominantly derived from site-specific empirical measurements, which is considered an impediment to universal application. Nevertheless, in the existing literature, statistical approaches have been applied to the SitS channel modeling, where impulse response analysis and the Friis open space transmission formula are employed as the channel modeling tool in different soil types under varying soil moisture conditions at diverse communication distances ...


Generating Spectra Using Pca-Based Spectral Mixture Models, Joseph S. Makarewicz, Heather D. Makarewicz 2019 Olivet Nazarene University

Generating Spectra Using Pca-Based Spectral Mixture Models, Joseph S. Makarewicz, Heather D. Makarewicz

Scholar Week 2016 - present

PCA-based spectra mixture models have been created for several laboratory mixture data sets. This presentation provides examples of spectra that were generated using PCA-based spectra mixture models.


High Fidelity Satellite Navigation Receiver Front-End For Advanced Signal Quality Monitoring And Authentication, Andrew D. Braun 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

High Fidelity Satellite Navigation Receiver Front-End For Advanced Signal Quality Monitoring And Authentication, Andrew D. Braun

Theses and Dissertations

Over the last several years, interest in utilizing foreign satellite timing and navigation (satnav) signals to augment GPS has grown. Doing so is not without risks; foreign satnav signals must be vetted and determined to be trustworthy before use in military applications. Advanced signal quality monitoring methods can help to ensure that only authentic and reliable satnav signals are utilized. To effectively monitor and authenticate signals, the front-end must impress as little distortions upon the received signal as possible. The purpose of this study is to design, fabricate, and test the performance of a high-fidelity satnav receiver front-end for advanced ...


A Focal Plane Array And Electronics Model For Cmos And Ccd Sensors In The Afit Sensor And Scene Emulation Tool (Asset), Fernando D. Fernandez 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Focal Plane Array And Electronics Model For Cmos And Ccd Sensors In The Afit Sensor And Scene Emulation Tool (Asset), Fernando D. Fernandez

Theses and Dissertations

Electro-optical and infrared (EO/IR) sensor models are useful tools that can facilitate understanding a system's behavior without expensive and time-consuming testing of an actual system. EO/IR models are especially important to the military industry where truth data is required but is sometimes impractical to obtain through experimentation due to expense or difficulties in procuring hardware. This work describes implementation of a focal plane array (FPA) model of charge-coupled device (CCD) and complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) photodetectors as a component in the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) Sensor and Scene Emulation Tool (ASSET). The FPA model covers ...


Physical Layer Discrimination Of Electronic Control Units Using Wired Signal Distinct Native Attribute (Ws-Dnda), Rahn M. Lassiter 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Physical Layer Discrimination Of Electronic Control Units Using Wired Signal Distinct Native Attribute (Ws-Dnda), Rahn M. Lassiter

Theses and Dissertations

The Controller Area Network (CAN) bus is a communication system used in automobiles to connect the electronic components required for critical vehicle operations. These components are called Electronic Control Units (ECU) and each one exercises one or more functions within the vehicle. ECUs can provide autonomous safety features and increased comfort to drivers but these advancements may come at the expense of vehicle security. Researchers have shown that the CAN bus can be hacked by compromising authorized ECUs or by physically connecting unauthorized devices to the bus. Physical layer (PHY) device fingerprinting has emerged as one of the accepted approaches ...


Direct Path Interference Suppression And Received Signal Processing For Ofdm Passive Radar, Aileen Nundu 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Direct Path Interference Suppression And Received Signal Processing For Ofdm Passive Radar, Aileen Nundu

Theses and Dissertations

Passive bistatic radar (PBR) is a fairly active area of research due to the opportunities offered by the ability to use emitters of opportunity for target detection and tracking as well as Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imaging. There is an increasing variety and availability of signals that can be exploited for passive radar and there is also the advantage of angular diversity offered by the bistatic geometry and the potential for stealth operations afforded a passive receiver. Notwithstanding its merits, PBR is complicated by the inevitable presence of Direct Path Interference (DPI) from the transmitter to the receiver, which can ...


Uranium Dioxide Actinide Detection Device Support Design For Space Applications, Jennifer N. Ramos 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Uranium Dioxide Actinide Detection Device Support Design For Space Applications, Jennifer N. Ramos

Theses and Dissertations

Attention concerning the proliferation of nuclear weapons and materials has generated many research initiatives to detect, identify, and locate radiation emitted by actinides. In support of this effort, the `Fission Induced Neutron Detection of Nuclear Materials' (FIND'NM) program was established to comprise a joint effort to explore this issue. The objective also co-extends the Air Force Research Laboratory uranium dioxide (UO2) detection sample growth, characterization, and electrical interface research. AFIT's study accomplishes the design and fabrication of a space-tolerant PCB to support a UO2-based neutron detector. Further design considerations are made with the expectation of the platform to ...


Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed Waveform Effects On Passive Bistatic Radar, Forrest D. Taylor 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed Waveform Effects On Passive Bistatic Radar, Forrest D. Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

Communication waveforms act as signals of opportunity for passive radars. However, these signals of opportunity suffer from range-Doppler processing losses due to their high range sidelobes and pulse-diverse waveform aspects. Signals such as the long term evolution (LTE) encode information within the phase and amplitude of the waveform. This research explores aspects of the LTE, such as the encoding scheme and bandwidth modes on passive bistatic Doppler radar. Signal space-time adaptive processing (STAP) performance is evaluated and parameters are compared with the signal to interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) metric.


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