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Novel Approach In Mechanical Characterization Of Thin Films For Nano Electronics, Malgorzata Kopycinska-Müller, Andre Clausner, Kong-Boon Yeap, Bernd Köhler 2016 Ehrenfried Zschech, IKTS

Novel Approach In Mechanical Characterization Of Thin Films For Nano Electronics, Malgorzata Kopycinska-Müller, Andre Clausner, Kong-Boon Yeap, Bernd Köhler

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Mechanical characterization of nano-thin layers with high lateral resolution is as important for nanoelectronics as challenging. We have investigated mechanical properties of porous organosilicate glasses (OSG) with ultralow values of dielectric permittivity (dielectric constant k < 2.4). We have used the atomic force acoustic microscopy (AFAM) method to determine the indentation modulus for two sets of the OSG thin films. The first set has consisted of three samples of nominal porosity varying from 27% to 40% with thickness of 650 nm. The values of the indentation modulus obtained for these samples have varied from 4 GPa to 7 GPa depending on the pore concentration and been in excellent agreement with those determined by nanoindentation. Having confirmed the reliability of the AFAM method, we have determined the indentation modulus of OSG films with the nominal porosity of 30% and film thickness decreasing from 350 nm to 46 nm, a level challenging for standard nanoindentation methods. Interestingly, we have observed an increase of the indentation modulus with the decreasing film thickness. To ensure that our results were free of the substrate influence, we have used tips of different radii and applied them within different ranges of the static load. We have also analyzed the ratio of the sample deformation as well as the tip radius to the film thickness. The results of our analysis have been compared for all the measurement series and showed, which ones have been free of the substrate influence. The stiffening observed for the porous films could be explained by evolution of the pore topology as a function of the film thickness.

Our results prove the capabilities of the AFAM method in studies of mechanical properties of thin films, especially those made of novel functional material used in nanoelectronics and lacking a bulk equivalent.


The Dawn Of New Quantum Dots: Synthesis And Characterization Of Ge1-Xsnx Nanocrystals For Tunable Bandgaps., Richard J. Esteves 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Dawn Of New Quantum Dots: Synthesis And Characterization Of Ge1-Xsnx Nanocrystals For Tunable Bandgaps., Richard J. Esteves

Theses and Dissertations

Ge1-xSnx alloys are among a small class of benign semiconductors with composition tunable bandgaps in the near-infrared spectrum. As the amount of Sn is increased the band energy decreases and a transition from indirect to direct band structure occurs. Hence, they are prime candidates for fabrication of Si-compatible electronic and photonic devices, field effect transistors, and novel charge storage device applications. Success has been achieved with the growth of Ge1-xSnx thin film alloys with Sn compositions up to 34%. However, the synthesis of nanocrystalline alloys has proven difficult due to larger discrepancies (~14%) in ...


Terahertz Radiation From Electrically Driven Graphene, Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, And Platinum Nanostructures, Martin M. Muthee 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Terahertz Radiation From Electrically Driven Graphene, Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes, And Platinum Nanostructures, Martin M. Muthee

Doctoral Dissertations

Terahertz power generation continues to be a subject of great interest owing mainly to the sparsity and diversity of sources. Though there has been remarkable development in sources, ranging from quantum cascade lasers, time domain spectroscopy systems and multiplier sources, there still exists hurdles when it comes to integration and application. While some sources excel in a particular attribute like power, they are severely limited when it comes to on-chip or system integration, for example. Furthermore, tunable bandwidth and power are inversely related. Electrically driven radiation sources are emergent and this thesis presents work in terahertz generation from arrays of ...


Electron Beam Induced Deposition Of Highly Conductive Copper Nanowires From Bulk Liquids, Amjad M. Syam 2016 University of Kentucky

Electron Beam Induced Deposition Of Highly Conductive Copper Nanowires From Bulk Liquids, Amjad M. Syam

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Electron-beam induced deposition (EBID) is a position-controlled technique that can directly fabricate nanometer-sized structures in functional materials. In the standard process, a gaseous precursor delivers the desired substance to the substrate for deposition. However, the material purity from these precursors is typically poor, which often negatively affects the functional properties of the deposit. Recently, bulk liquid precursors have been investigated as promising reactants for high purity deposition without the need for post-processing. In this work, EBID from bulk liquids is shown to yield highly conductive nanowire deposits. Aqueous solutions containing copper sulfate (CuSO4) and sulfuric acid (H2SO ...


Optical Investigations Of Ingan Heterostructures And Gesn Nanocrystals For Photonic And Phononic Applications: Light Emitting Diodes And Phonon Cavities, Shopan d. Hafiz 2016 hafizsd

Optical Investigations Of Ingan Heterostructures And Gesn Nanocrystals For Photonic And Phononic Applications: Light Emitting Diodes And Phonon Cavities, Shopan D. Hafiz

Theses and Dissertations

InGaN heterostructures are at the core of blue light emitting diodes (LEDs) which are the basic building blocks for energy efficient and environment friendly modern white light generating sources. Through quantum confinement and electronic band structure tuning on the opposite end of the spectrum, Ge1−xSnx alloys have recently attracted significant interest due to its potential role as a silicon compatible infra-red (IR) optical material for photodetectors and LEDs owing to transition to direct bandgap with increasing Sn. This thesis is dedicated to establishing an understanding of the optical processes and carrier dynamics in InGaN heterostructures for ...


Epitaxial Growth Of Si-Ge-Sn Alloys For Optoelectronic Device Application, Aboozar Mosleh 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Epitaxial Growth Of Si-Ge-Sn Alloys For Optoelectronic Device Application, Aboozar Mosleh

Theses and Dissertations

Microelectronics industry has experienced a tremendous change over the last few decades and has shown that Moore’s law has been followed by doubling the number of transistors on the chip every 18 months. However, continuous scaling down of the transistors size is reaching the physical limits and data transfer through metal interconnects will not be able to catch up with the increasing data processing speed in the future. Therefore, optical data transfer between chips and on-chip has been widely investigated. Silicon based optoelectronics has received phenomenal attention since Si has been the core material on which microelectronic industry has ...


Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Fabricated Via Co-Precipitation In Air: Overview Of Size Control And Magnetic Properties, Dennis Toledo 2015 Florida International University

Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Fabricated Via Co-Precipitation In Air: Overview Of Size Control And Magnetic Properties, Dennis Toledo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cobalt Ferrite has important, size-dependent magnetic properties. Consequently, an overview of particle size is important. Co-precipitation in air was the fabrication method used because it is comparatively simple and safe. The effects of three different reaction times including 1, 2, 3 hour(s) on particle size were compared. Also, the effectiveness of three different capping agents (Oleic Acid, Polyvinylpyrollidone (PVP), and Trisodium Citrate) in reducing aggregation and correspondingly particle size were examined. Using Welch’s analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the relevant post hoc tests, there was no significant difference (p=0.05) between reaction times of 1 hour and ...


Investigation Of Room Temperature Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles Of Gd5si4, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles 2015 Iowa State University

Investigation Of Room Temperature Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles Of Gd5si4, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

Gd5(SixGe1-x)4 compounds undergo first-order phase transitions close to room temperature when x ~ = 0.5, which are accompanied by extreme changes of properties. We report the fabrication of the nanoparticles of one of the parent compounds-Gd5Si4-using high-energy ball milling. Crystal structure, microstructure, and magnetic properties have been investigated. Particles agglomerate at long milling times, and the particles that are milled >20 min lose crystallinity and no longer undergo magnetic phase transition close to 340 K, which is present in a bulk material. The samples milled for >20 min exhibit a slightly increased coercivity. Magnetization at a high temperature of ...


Influence Of Mn Concentration On Magnetic Topological Insulator Mnxbi2−Xte3 Thin-Film Hall-Effect Sensor, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles 2015 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Influence Of Mn Concentration On Magnetic Topological Insulator Mnxbi2−Xte3 Thin-Film Hall-Effect Sensor, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

Hall-effect (HE) sensors based on high-quality Mn-doped Bi2Te3 topological insulator (TI) thin films have been systematically studied in this paper. Improvement of Hall sensitivity is found after doping the magnetic element Mn into Bi2Te3. The sensors with low Mn concentrations, MnxBi2-xTe3, x = 0.01 and 0.08 show the linear behavior of Hall resistance with sensitivity about 5 Ω/T. And their Hall sensitivity shows weak dependence on temperature. For sensors with high Mn concentration (x = 0.23), the Hall resistance with respect to magnetic field shows a hysteretic behavior. Moreover, its sensitivity shows almost eight times as high as ...


Skin Effect Suppression In Infrared-Laser Irradiated Planar Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube/ Cu Conductors, Kamran Keramatnejad, Yang Gao, Yunshen Zhou, Hossein Rabiee Glogir, Mengmeng Wang, Yongfeng Lu 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Skin Effect Suppression In Infrared-Laser Irradiated Planar Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube/ Cu Conductors, Kamran Keramatnejad, Yang Gao, Yunshen Zhou, Hossein Rabiee Glogir, Mengmeng Wang, Yongfeng Lu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Skin effect suppression in planar multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/Copper (Cu) conductors was realized at the 0-10 MHz frequency range through infrared laser irradiation of MWCNTs, which were coated on the surface of the Cu substrate via the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) method. The effect of laser irradiation and its power density on electrical and structural properties of the MWCNT/Cu conductors was investigated using a wavelength-tunable CO2 laser and then comparing the performance of the samples prepared at different conditions with that of pristine Cu. The irradiation at λ=9.219 μm proved to be effective in selective delivery of ...


Simulating Nanowires And Ultra-Thin Body Transistors Using Nemo5 On Nanohub.Org, Liang Yuan Dai, James E. Fonseca, Chu Yuan Chen, Gerhard Klimeck 2015 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Simulating Nanowires And Ultra-Thin Body Transistors Using Nemo5 On Nanohub.Org, Liang Yuan Dai, James E. Fonseca, Chu Yuan Chen, Gerhard Klimeck

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

During the past twenty years, the most important aspects of semiconductor electronics have advanced into the nanometer range, resulting in exponential increases of microprocessor computing performance. As the size of electrical components continues to shrink, the cost of experimental research and industrial fabrication in this field has increased dramatically. Thus, the development of accurate nanoscale model simulations becomes necessary as a measure to decrease the high financial expenses of advancing semiconductor technology. This simulator supports atomistic modeling in order to provide an accurate description of the nanoscale devices, as current electrical components operate in the quantum regime and are affected ...


Simplified Generation Of The Input Models Of Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework (Oommf), Jinyang Yu, Rafatul Faria, Supriyo Datta, Tanya A. Faltens 2015 Bucknell University

Simplified Generation Of The Input Models Of Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework (Oommf), Jinyang Yu, Rafatul Faria, Supriyo Datta, Tanya A. Faltens

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Object Oriented MicroMagnetic Framework (OOMMF) is a micromagnetic simulation tool. It takes a memory initialization file (MIF) as the input and outputs various forms of data such as data table, graph and magnetic configuration plots. It is accurate and fast compared to other existing tools such as MATLAB. Few experimentalists used it in the past, however, due to two main reasons. First, OOMMF requires a specific version of programming environment on the local computer which is difficult to be installed. Second, MIF file is very complicated to code and it also requires users to read a lengthy guidelines. Our solution ...


Mass-Positioning Of Nanodiamonds Using Squeegee Technique, Ran Cui, Mikhail Y. Shalaginov, Vladimir M. Shalaev 2015 Purdue University

Mass-Positioning Of Nanodiamonds Using Squeegee Technique, Ran Cui, Mikhail Y. Shalaginov, Vladimir M. Shalaev

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Fluorescent color centers in diamond nanocrystals have recently become the focus of researchers because of their potential applications in quantum information processing, nano-sensing, biomarking, and bioimaging. One of the biggest challenges in working with nanodiamonds is how to position them precisely and efficiently to create strong interaction with nanoscale photonic structures. The most popular methods to position nanodiamonds are spin-coating and transporting via scanning probe microscope tip. On the one hand, spin-coating, where nanodiamonds are randomly located, is not precise; on the other hand, the tip-based technique, where a single nanodiamond is picked and dropped, is tedious and time-consuming. Hence ...


Optical Anisotropy Of Porous Polymer Film With Inverse Slanted Nanocolumnar Structure Revealed Via Generalized Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, Dan Liang, Derek Sekora, Charles Rice, Eva Schubert, Mathias Schubert 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Optical Anisotropy Of Porous Polymer Film With Inverse Slanted Nanocolumnar Structure Revealed Via Generalized Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, Dan Liang, Derek Sekora, Charles Rice, Eva Schubert, Mathias Schubert

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

We use generalized spectroscopic ellipsometry to characterize the biaxial optical properties of porous polymer and slanted nanocolumnar template thin films. The porous polymer with inverse columnar structure was prepared via infiltrating polymer into the voids of the slanted nanocolumnar film and selectively removing the column material (cobalt). The anisotropic Bruggeman effective medium approximation was employed to analyze the ellipsometry data of the porous polymer film and nanocolumnar template. The classification and structure of optical anisotropy are found to be identical for both samples. The interchangeable optical behaviors between two complementary structures are attributed to the equivalency in their anisotropic polarizabilities.


Swelling-Etching Characterization Of Copper (I) Oxide - Pdms For The Development Of Micro/Nano - Particles Composite Mems Corrosion Sensor, Abdoul Kader Maiga 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Swelling-Etching Characterization Of Copper (I) Oxide - Pdms For The Development Of Micro/Nano - Particles Composite Mems Corrosion Sensor, Abdoul Kader Maiga

Theses and Dissertations

The primary objective for this thesis is to contribute to the understanding of the oxide removal process for a corrosion sensing device. The goal for designing such a device is for monitoring corrosion on metallic structures. The sensing material (6.35mm x 1mm discs) of the device is composed of copper (I) oxide particles mixed in some polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). The PDMS, “housing,” is meant for controlling the oxidation rate through the sensing material. A solvent was used to facilitate the etchant diffusion through the PDMS matrix. Toluene and acetic acid were the ideal solvent and etchant, respectively, for carrying out ...


Broadband High Efficiency Fractal-Like And Diverse Geometry Silicon Nanowire Arrays For Photovoltaic Applications, Omar Hassan Al-Zoubi 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Broadband High Efficiency Fractal-Like And Diverse Geometry Silicon Nanowire Arrays For Photovoltaic Applications, Omar Hassan Al-Zoubi

Theses and Dissertations

Solar energy has many advantages over conventional sources of energy. It is abundant, clean and sustainable. One way to convert solar energy directly into electrical energy is by using the photovoltaic solar cells (PVSC). Despite PVSC are becoming economically competitive, they still have high cost and low light to electricity conversion efficiency. Therefore, increasing the efficiency and reducing the cost are key elements for producing economically more competitive PVSC that would have significant impact on energy market and saving environment. A significant percentage of the PVSC cost is due to the materials cost. For that, thin films PVSC have been ...


Synthesis, Characteristics, And Material Properties Dataset Of Bi:Dyig-Oxide Garnet-Type Nanocomposites, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh 2015 Edith Cowan University

Synthesis, Characteristics, And Material Properties Dataset Of Bi:Dyig-Oxide Garnet-Type Nanocomposites, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

The fabrication, annealing crystallization processes, and material properties of (Bi,Dy)3(Fe,Ga)5O12:Bi2O3 nanocomposites are investigated and summarized. The stoichiometry of these nanocomposites is optimized for magnetooptic applications using the approach of stoichiometry adjustment (implemented by means of varying RF power densities applied to the sputtering targets used to prepare the nanocomposite thin films). The crystallization processes for all developed batches of as-deposited films are carried out by annealing runs at different temperatures and process durations. This paper describes the methodologies used to optimize the compositions (by calculating the volumetric fractions of excess bismuth oxide to be ...


Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Arrays For High Frequency Applications, Asmaa Elkadi 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Arrays For High Frequency Applications, Asmaa Elkadi

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a thorough analysis of semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube-based devices, followed by a test structure fabrication and measurements.

The analysis starts by developing an individual nanotube model, which is then generalized for many nanotubes and adding the parasitic elements. The parasitic elements appear when forming the device electrodes degrade the overall performance.

The continuum model of an individual nanotube is developed. A unique potential function is presented to effectively describe the electron distribution in the carbon nanotube subsequently facilitating solving Schrödinger's equation to obtain the energy levels, and to generalize the model for many nanotubes.

It is ...


Enhancement Of The Performance Of Gaas Based Solar Cells By Using Plasmonic, Anti-Reflection Coating And Hydrophobic Effects, Yahia Fayiz Makableh 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Enhancement Of The Performance Of Gaas Based Solar Cells By Using Plasmonic, Anti-Reflection Coating And Hydrophobic Effects, Yahia Fayiz Makableh

Theses and Dissertations

Investigation of renewable energy resources is gaining huge momentum in recent years due to the limited fossil fuels, and their detriment impact on the environment. Solar energy is promising to meet the increased energy demand. In order to achieve this goal, solar energy has to be harvested efficiently at low cost. Therefore, higher efficiency solar cells are the primary focus of research worldwide. Photovoltaics based on InAs/GaAs intermediate band solar cells and their device performance enhancements are investigated in this dissertation. The device enhancement is carried out by surface modification methods. The dissertation work is inspired by the need ...


New Class Of Garnet Nanocomposites For Use In Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared By Rf Magnetron Co-Sputtering, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh 2015 Edith Cowan University

New Class Of Garnet Nanocomposites For Use In Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared By Rf Magnetron Co-Sputtering, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh

Mikhail Vasiliev

No abstract provided.


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