Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanotechnology Fabrication Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

380 Full-Text Articles 673 Authors 97,436 Downloads 47 Institutions

All Articles in Nanotechnology Fabrication

Faceted Search

380 full-text articles. Page 3 of 18.

Microchem S1818 Contrast Curve Optimization, Mohsen Azadi, Gerald Lopez 2017 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Microchem S1818 Contrast Curve Optimization, Mohsen Azadi, Gerald Lopez

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Csar 62 Contrast Curves, Mohsen Azadi, Georgia Griggs, Glen de Villafranca, Gerald Lopez 2017 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Csar 62 Contrast Curves, Mohsen Azadi, Georgia Griggs, Glen De Villafranca, Gerald Lopez

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this thesis, complex anisotropic materials are investigated and characterized by generalized ellipsometry. In recent years, anisotropic materials have gained considerable interest for novel applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, mostly due to unique properties that originate from reduced crystal symmetry. Examples include white solid-state lighting devices which have become ubiquitous just recently, and the emergence of high-power, high-voltage electronic transistors and switches in all-electric vehicles. The incorporation of single crystalline material with low crystal symmetry into novel device structures requires reconsideration of existing optical characterization approaches. Here, the generalized ellipsometry concept is extended to include applications for materials with ...


Technobiology Paradigm In Nanomedicine: Treating Cancer With Magnetoelectric Nanoparticles, Emmanuel Stimphil 2017 Florida International University

Technobiology Paradigm In Nanomedicine: Treating Cancer With Magnetoelectric Nanoparticles, Emmanuel Stimphil

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Today, cancer is the world’s deadliest disease. Despite significant progress to find a cure, especially over the last decade, with immunotherapy rapidly becoming the state of the art, major open questions remain. Each successful therapy is not only limited to a few cancers but also has relatively low specificity to target cancer cells; although cancer cells can indeed be eradicated, many normal cells are sacrificed as collateral damage. To fill this gap, we have developed a class of multiferroic nanostructures known as magnetoelectric nanoparticles (MENs) that can be used to enable externally controlled high-specificity targeted delivery and release of ...


Modeling Of Thermally Aware Carbon Nanotube And Graphene Based Post Cmos Vlsi Interconnect, K M Mohsin 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Modeling Of Thermally Aware Carbon Nanotube And Graphene Based Post Cmos Vlsi Interconnect, K M Mohsin

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This work studies various emerging reduced dimensional materials for very large-scale integration (VLSI) interconnects. The prime motivation of this work is to find an alternative to the existing Cu-based interconnect for post-CMOS technology nodes with an emphasis on thermal stability. Starting from the material modeling, this work includes material characterization, exploration of electronic properties, vibrational properties and to analyze performance as a VLSI interconnect. Using state of the art density functional theories (DFT) one-dimensional and two-dimensional materials were designed for exploring their electronic structures, transport properties and their circuit behaviors. Primarily carbon nanotube (CNT), graphene and graphene/copper based interconnects ...


Nanowire-Based Light-Emitting Diodes: A New Path Towards High-Speed Visible Light Communication, Mohsen Nami 2017 University of New Mexico

Nanowire-Based Light-Emitting Diodes: A New Path Towards High-Speed Visible Light Communication, Mohsen Nami

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Nano-scale optoelectronic devices have gained significant attention in recent years. Among these devices are semiconductor nanowires, whose dimeters range from 100 to 200 nm. Semiconductor nanowires can be utilized in many different applications including light-emitting diodes and laser diodes. Higher surface to volume ratio makes nanowire-based structures potential candidates for the next generation of photodetectors, sensors, and solar cells. Core-shell light-emitting diodes based on selective-area growth of gallium nitride (GaN) nanowires provide a wide range of advantages. Among these advantages are access to non-polar m-plane sidewalls, higher active region area compared to conventional planar structures, and reduction of threading ...


Carbon Removal And Optoelectronic Property Tuning In Copper Arsenic Sulfide Thin Films Through Ligand Exchange And Alloying, Louis R. Schroeder, Scott McClary, Rakesh Agrawal 2017 Purdue University

Carbon Removal And Optoelectronic Property Tuning In Copper Arsenic Sulfide Thin Films Through Ligand Exchange And Alloying, Louis R. Schroeder, Scott Mcclary, Rakesh Agrawal

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Solution processed thin film solar cells are attractive alternatives to conventional energy sources due to low waste generation, flexibility in substrate choice, and scalability. The novel semiconductor Cu3AsS4 in the enargite phase has a near ideal band gap of 1.4 eV and has earth abundant constituent elements; yet single-junction solar cells have yielded low efficiencies due to a secondary carbonaceous phase present, among other issues. This carbonaceous phase may be eliminated by exchanging the carbonaceous ligands with molecular metal chalcogenides. To characterize the ligand exchanged particles, UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy ...


Virtual-Source Based Accurate Model For Predicting Noise Behavior At High Frequencies In Nanoscale Pmos Soi Transistors, Vaibhav R. Ramachandran, Saeed Mohammadi, Sutton Hathorn 2017 Purdue University

Virtual-Source Based Accurate Model For Predicting Noise Behavior At High Frequencies In Nanoscale Pmos Soi Transistors, Vaibhav R. Ramachandran, Saeed Mohammadi, Sutton Hathorn

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology at the nanometre scale is an excellent platform to implement monolithically integratedsystems because of the low cost of manufacturing and ease of integration. Newly developed CMOS Silicon on Insulator (SOI) transistors that are currentlydeveloped are suitable for use in radio frequency circuits. They find applications in many areas such as 5G telecommunication systems, high speed Wi-Fi andairport body-scanners. Unfortunately, the models for CMOS SOI transistors that are currently used in these circuits are inaccurate because of their complexity.The models currently used require the optimization of more than 200 variables. This paper aims to ...


Improving Methods Of Doping On Black Phosphorus, Yuqin Duan, Adam Charnas, Jingkai Qin, Peide Ye 2017 Electrocal and Computer Engineering

Improving Methods Of Doping On Black Phosphorus, Yuqin Duan, Adam Charnas, Jingkai Qin, Peide Ye

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Black phosphorus (BP) is a 2D semiconducting material with high carrier mobility. It is usually p-type due to oxidation states near its valence band. Although achieved through other growth methods, n-type doping has not yet been accomplished through the modern chemical vapor transport (CVT) growth method. To address this issue, small amounts of tellurium were added to Red Phosphorus to act as a dopant during the CVT growth process in addition to tin(Sn) and tin(IV) iodide, which facilitate growth. The chemicals are heated up to 600°C and precisely cooled in a 21-hour process, during which BP crystals ...


Laser-Assisted Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Gallium Nitride, Hossein Rabiee Golgir 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Laser-Assisted Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Gallium Nitride, Hossein Rabiee Golgir

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Due to its unique properties, gallium nitride is of great interest in industry applications including optoelectronics (LEDs, diode laser, detector), high power electronics, and RF and wirelss communication devices. The inherent shortcomings of current conventional deposition methods and the ever-increasing demand for gallium nitride urge extended efforts for further enhancement of gallium nitride deposition. The processes of conventional methods for gallium nitride deposition, which rely on thermal heating, are inefficient energy coupling routes to drive gas reactions. A high deposition temperature (1000-1100 °C) is generally required to overcome the energy barriers to precursor adsorption and surface adatom migration. However, there ...


Electronic And Magnetic Properties Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials Beyond Graphene And Their Gas Sensing Applications: Silicene, Germanene, And Boron Carbide, Sadegh Mehdi Aghaei 2017 Florida International University

Electronic And Magnetic Properties Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials Beyond Graphene And Their Gas Sensing Applications: Silicene, Germanene, And Boron Carbide, Sadegh Mehdi Aghaei

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The popularity of graphene owing to its unique properties has triggered huge interest in other two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials. Among them, silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices due to the expected compatibility with silicon electronics. However, the high-end potential application of silicene in electronic devices is limited owing to the lack of an energy band gap. Hence, the principal objective of this research is to tune the electronic and magnetic properties of silicene related nanomaterials through first-principles models.

I first explored the impact of edge functionalization and doping on the stabilities, electronic, and magnetic properties of silicene nanoribbons (SiNRs) and ...


Investigating The Classical And Non-Classical Mechanical Properties Of Gan Nanowires, Mohammad Reza Zamani Kouhpanji 2017 University of New Mexico

Investigating The Classical And Non-Classical Mechanical Properties Of Gan Nanowires, Mohammad Reza Zamani Kouhpanji

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Study and prediction of classical and non-classical mechanical properties of GaN is crucial due to the potential application of GaN nanowires (NWs) in piezoelectric, probe-based nanometrology, and nanolithography areas. GaN is mainly grown on sapphire substrates whose lattice constant and thermal expansion coefficient are significantly different from GaN. These discrepancies cause mechanical defects and high residual stresses and strains in GaN, which reduce its quantum efficiency.

Specifically, for nanoscale applications, the mechanical properties of materials differ significantly compared to the bulk properties due to size-effects. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the mechanical properties of GaN NWs using the non-classical ...


Studies In Mesoscopics And Quantum Microscopies, Zhenghao Ding, Gabriel C. Spalding 2017 Illinois Wesleyan University

Studies In Mesoscopics And Quantum Microscopies, Zhenghao Ding, Gabriel C. Spalding

Honors Projects

This thesis begins with a foundational section on quantum optics. The single-photon detectors used in the first chapter were obtained through the Advanced Laboratory Physics Association (ALPhA), which brokered reduced cost for educational use, and the aim of the single-photon work presented in Chapter 1 is to develop modules for use in Illinois Wesleyan's instructional labs beyond the first year of university. Along with the American Association of Physics Teachers, ALPhA encourages capstone-level work, such as Chapter 1 of this honors thesis, which is explicitly designed to play the role of passing on, to a next generation of physics ...


Development Of Intermediate Band Solar Cell Through Ingan Quantum Well Structures, Kelly McKenzie 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of Intermediate Band Solar Cell Through Ingan Quantum Well Structures, Kelly Mckenzie

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the search for high-efficiency solar cells, InxGa1-xN has come under scrutiny as a unique material with high potential. This is due to characteristics including an easily tunable bandgap, large range of potential bandgap values, and high heat resistance. However, one factor limiting its adaptation is the high density of crystal defects. In this thesis, the qualities of InGaN are discussed and the intermediate band solar cell structure is introduced. Additionally, the growth and characterization of two sets of InGaN-based solar cell devices are reported and evaluated.


Optimization Of Reduced Graphene Oxide Deposition For Hydrogen Sensing Technologies, Matthew Pocta 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optimization Of Reduced Graphene Oxide Deposition For Hydrogen Sensing Technologies, Matthew Pocta

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Graphene is known to be a key material for improving the performance of hydrogen sensors. High electrical conductivity, maximum possible surface area with respect to volume, and high carrier mobility are a few of the properties that make graphene ideal for hydrogen sensing applications. The problem with utilizing graphene is the difficulty in depositing uniform, thin layers onto substrate surfaces. This study examines a new method of optimizing graphene deposition by utilizing an airbrush to deposit both graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) onto glass substrates. The number of depositions were varied among samples to study the effect ...


Compositionally Graded Indium Gallium Nitride Solar Cells, Christopher Matthews 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Compositionally Graded Indium Gallium Nitride Solar Cells, Christopher Matthews

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

For the past several decades, methods to harvest solar energy have been investigated intensively. A majority of the work done in this field has been on solar cells made with silicon – the most mature semiconductor material. Recent developments in material fabrication and processing techniques have enabled other semiconductor materials to attract practical interest and research effort as well. Indium gallium nitride (InGaN) is one such material. The material properties of InGaN indicate that solar cells made with it have the potential to achieve much higher power density than a standard silicon solar cell. High power density InGaN solar cells could ...


Characterization Of Coupled Gold Nanoparticles In A Sparsely Populated Square Lattice, Roy Truett French III 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterization Of Coupled Gold Nanoparticles In A Sparsely Populated Square Lattice, Roy Truett French Iii

Theses and Dissertations

Metal nanoparticles deposited in regular arrays spaced at optical wavelengths support a resonance due to a coherent coupling between localized surface plasmon mode and lattice diffraction allowing for engineering of tunable devices for use in biological sensors, nanoantennae, and enhanced spectroscopy. Techniques such as electron beam lithography, focused ion beam lithography, nanosphere lithography, and nanoimprint lithography are used for fabrication but are limited by cost, device throughput, and small deposition. Polymer soft lithography and continuous dewetting of particles is a potentially viable alternative showing promise in all of those areas. This thesis developed the fabrication of a refined hydrophilic nanoimprinted ...


Environmentally Friendly Synthesis Of Transition Metalorganic Hybrid Nanocomposites, Aubrey N. Penn 2017 Western Kentucky University

Environmentally Friendly Synthesis Of Transition Metalorganic Hybrid Nanocomposites, Aubrey N. Penn

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Research on metal nanoparticles (MNPs) synthesis and their applications for optoelectronic devices has been a recent interest in the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology Photovoltaics are one of such systems in which MNPs have shown to be quite useful, due to unique physical, optical, magnetic, and electronic properties, including the metal nanoparticles synthesized in this research.

Owing to the challenges with the most common physical and chemical methods of preparing MNPs, including the use of high temperatures, toxic reducing agents, and environmentally hazardous organic solvents, there is a critical need for a benign synthesis procedure for MNPs. In this work ...


Tunable, Room Temperature Thz Emitters Based On Nonlinear Photonics, Raju Sinha 2017 Florida International University

Tunable, Room Temperature Thz Emitters Based On Nonlinear Photonics, Raju Sinha

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Terahertz (1012 Hz) region of the electromagnetic spectrum covers the frequency range from roughly 300 GHz to 10 THz, which is in between the microwave and infrared regimes. The increasing interest in the development of ultra-compact, tunable room temperature Terahertz (THz) emitters with wide-range tunability has stimulated in-depth studies of different mechanisms of THz generation in the past decade due to its various potential applications such as biomedical diagnosis, security screening, chemical identification, life sciences and very high speed wireless communication. Despite the tremendous research and development efforts, all the available state-of-the-art THz emitters suffer from either being ...


Rapid And Label-Free Detection Of Interferon Gamma Via An Electrochemical Aptasensor Comprising A Ternary Surface Monolayer On A Gold Interdigitated Electrode Array, Shaowei Ding, Curtis L. Mosher, Xian Y. Lee, Suprem R. Das, Allison A. Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S. McLamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M. Hostetter, Jonathan C. Claussen 2017 Iowa State University

Rapid And Label-Free Detection Of Interferon Gamma Via An Electrochemical Aptasensor Comprising A Ternary Surface Monolayer On A Gold Interdigitated Electrode Array, Shaowei Ding, Curtis L. Mosher, Xian Y. Lee, Suprem R. Das, Allison A. Cargill, Xiaohui Tang, Bolin Chen, Eric S. Mclamore, Carmen Gomes, Jesse M. Hostetter, Jonathan C. Claussen

Jonathan C. Claussen

A label-free electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) aptasensor for rapid detection (<35 >min) of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) was fabricated by immobilizing a RNA aptamer capture probe (ACP), selective to IFN-γ, on a gold interdigitated electrode array (Au IDE). The ACP was modified with a thiol group at the 5′ terminal end and subsequently co-immobilized with 1,6-hexanedithiol (HDT) and 6-mercapto-1-hexanolphosphate (MCH) to the gold surface through thiol–gold interactions. This ACP/HDT-MCH ternary surface monolayer facilitates efficient hybridization with IFN-γ and displays high resistance to nonspecific adsorption of nontarget proteins [i.e., fetal bovine serum (FBS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA)]. The Au ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress