Hybrid Perovskite Characterization And Device Applications., 2018 University of Louisville
Hybrid Perovskite Characterization And Device Applications., Kasun Fernando
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Hybrid perovskites are a group of materials that has shown a great impact in the field of scientific research in the past decade due to the efficiency gain within a short period of time. Hot casting is one technique that has been producing high efficient and stable solar cells. Electrical transportation of lateral device structure by such film is explored to understand basic properties and predict possible device applications using it. Under dark, memristive ability of the film was explored using various experiments. Unique uni-polar memristor ability was observed. Using the experimental results, a model is hypothesized using the concepts ...
Selected Applications Of Silicon Nanopillar Arrays., 2018 University of New Mexico
Selected Applications Of Silicon Nanopillar Arrays., Behnam Kheyraddini Mousavi
Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs
Interaction of optical waves with nanostructures made of various material systems has been the subject of intensive research for many years. These researches have been mainly driven by the need to make smaller optical devices and exploiting the functionalities offered by light-matter interaction in nanoscale. Majority of the nanostructures are fabricated using electron beam (e-beam) lithography that is slow and expensive. As such alternative methods have been developed to enable nanoscale fabrication faster and less expensive. Among these interferometric lithography (IL) is a relatively simple method for quick fabrication of nanostructures. As IL method generates periodic patterns, exploring the potential ...
Tissue-Engineered Vascular Grafts: Recellularisation And Surface Functionalisation With Hybrid Magnetic Nanomedicine Developed With Theranostic Potential, 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Tissue-Engineered Vascular Grafts: Recellularisation And Surface Functionalisation With Hybrid Magnetic Nanomedicine Developed With Theranostic Potential, Tatiane Eufrásio Da Silva
Cardiovascular Disease is the number one cause of death in the world, with a mortality rate, globally of 35.1% representing 17.6 million lives lost annually. The majority of these deaths are related to vascular diseases, such as atherosclerotic plaques, which can obstruct blood flow perfusion of organs and tissue causing serious injuries or even death. In the heart, in order to prevent heart failure, blood flow to the tissue must be restored as quickly as possible, ideally via minimally invasive interventions such as stenting or other types of angioplasty as the gold standard. However, this is not always ...
Power Dissipation Of Wse2 Field-Effect Transistors Probed By Low- Frequency Raman Thermometry, 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Power Dissipation Of Wse2 Field-Effect Transistors Probed By Low- Frequency Raman Thermometry, Zlatan Aksamija, Cameron J. Foss, Arnab K. Majee, Amin Salehi-Khojin
The Fabrication Of High-Aspect Ratio Gratings For Talbot Interferometer With Medical Imaging Application., 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
The Fabrication Of High-Aspect Ratio Gratings For Talbot Interferometer With Medical Imaging Application., Vikaram Singh
LSU Master's Theses
X-ray Phase contrast-based Talbot interferometer creates high contrast between weak and strong absorbing materials, which makes it effective in imaging soft tissues. However, its performance is bounded by the aspect-ratio, features and symmetry of its gratings. For 40 KeV energy X-rays, the analyzer grating thickness should be 100 µm or more to achieve > 90% absorption in order to obtain high contrast images. Moreover, the smaller period in grating is desired for higher resolution. Therefore, researchers are exploring various fabrication techniques to achieve greater aspect-ratio gratings. Utilizing modern LIGA techniques, the aspect-ratio of gratings can be improved with a simplified ...
Voltage-Controlled Deposition Of Nanoparticles For Next Generation Electronic Materials, 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Voltage-Controlled Deposition Of Nanoparticles For Next Generation Electronic Materials, Subhodip Maulik
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
This work presents both a feasibility study and an investigation into the voltage-controlled spray deposition of different nanoparticles, namely, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), as well as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) from the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) family of materials. The study considers five different types of substrates as per their potential application to next-generation device electronics. The substrates selected for this research were: 1) aluminum as a conducting substrate, 2) silicon as a semiconducting substrate, 3) glass, silicon dioxide (SiO2), and syndiotactic poly methyl methacrylate (syndiotactic PMMA) as insulating substrates.
Since the 1990’s, carbon ...
Challenges In Flexible Microsystem Manufacturing : Fabrication, Robotic Assembly, Control, And Packaging., 2018 University of Louisville
Challenges In Flexible Microsystem Manufacturing : Fabrication, Robotic Assembly, Control, And Packaging., Danming Wei
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Microsystems have been investigated with renewed interest for the last three decades because of the emerging development of microelectromechanical system (MEMS) technology and the advancement of nanotechnology. The applications of microrobots and distributed sensors have the potential to revolutionize micro and nano manufacturing and have other important health applications for drug delivery and minimal invasive surgery. A class of microrobots studied in this thesis, such as the Solid Articulated Four Axis Microrobot (sAFAM) are driven by MEMS actuators, transmissions, and end-effectors realized by 3-Dimensional MEMS assembly. Another class of microrobots studied here, like those competing in the annual IEEE Mobile ...
Glucose Level Estimation Based On Invasive Electrochemical, And Non-Invasive Optical Sensing Methods, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Glucose Level Estimation Based On Invasive Electrochemical, And Non-Invasive Optical Sensing Methods, Sanghamitra Mandal
Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this research is to design and fabricate sensors for glucose detection using inexpensive approaches. My first research approach is the fabrication of an amperometric electrochemical glucose sensor, by exploiting the optical properties of semiconductors and structural properties of nanostructures, to enhance the sensor sensitivity and response time. Enzymatic electrochemical sensors are fabricated using two different mechanisms: (1) the low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of zinc oxide nanorods, and (2) the rapid metal-assisted chemical etching of silicon (Si) to synthesize Si nanowires. The concept of gold nano-electrode ensembles is then employed to the sensors in order to boost the current ...
Advancing The Understanding Of Environmental Transformations, Bioavailability And Effects Of Nanomaterials, An International Us Environmental Protection Agency—Uk Environmental Nanoscience Initiative Joint Program, 2018 US Environmental Protection Agency
Advancing The Understanding Of Environmental Transformations, Bioavailability And Effects Of Nanomaterials, An International Us Environmental Protection Agency—Uk Environmental Nanoscience Initiative Joint Program, Mitch M. Lasat, Kian Fan Chung, Jamie Lead, Steve Mcgrath, Richard J. Owen, Sophie Rocks, Jason M. Unrine, Junfeng Zhang
Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications
Nanotechnology has significant economic, health, and environmental benefits, including renewable energy and innovative environmental solutions. Manufactured nanoparticles have been incorporated into new materials and products because of their novel or enhanced properties. These very same properties also have prompted concerns about the potential environmental and human health hazard and risk posed by the manufactured nanomaterials. Appropriate risk management responses require the development of models capable of predicting the environmental and human health effects of the nanomaterials. Development of predictive models has been hampered by a lack of information concerning the environmental fate, behavior and effects of manufactured nanoparticles. The United ...
Image Processing Applications In Real Life: 2d Fragmented Image And Document Reassembly And Frequency Division Multiplexed Imaging, 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Image Processing Applications In Real Life: 2d Fragmented Image And Document Reassembly And Frequency Division Multiplexed Imaging, Houman Kamran Habibkhani
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
In this era of modern technology, image processing is one the most studied disciplines of signal processing and its applications can be found in every aspect of our daily life. In this work three main applications for image processing has been studied.
In chapter 1, frequency division multiplexed imaging (FDMI), a novel idea in the field of computational photography, has been introduced. Using FDMI, multiple images are captured simultaneously in a single shot and can later be extracted from the multiplexed image. This is achieved by spatially modulating the images so that they are placed at different locations in the ...
Discharge: Spin-On Anti-Charging Agent For Electron Beam Lithography, 2018 Singh Center for Nanotechnology
Discharge: Spin-On Anti-Charging Agent For Electron Beam Lithography, Gerald G. Lopez Ph.D., Glen De Villafranca
Protocols and Reports
This report documents the chemical DisCharge from DisChem, Inc. used as an anti-charging agent for electron beam lithography at the University of Pennsylvania Singh Center for Nanotechnology Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility. Charge accumulation while exposing atop an electrically insulating substrate can severely impact positional accuracy of the beam yielding poor litho. Using DisCharge has been shown to reduce charge accumulation for insulating substrates such as fused silica pieces, glass slides, and PDMS for positive resists such as PMMA, ZEP520A, CSAR 62 and mr-PosEBR.
Replica Molding-Based Nanopatterning Of Tribocharge On Elastomer With Application To Electrohydrodynamic Nanolithography, Qiang Li, Akshit Peer, In-Ho Cho, Rana Biswas, Jaeyoun Kim
Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts
Replica molding often induces tribocharge on elastomers. To date, this phenomenon has been studied only on untextured elastomer surfaces even though replica molding is an effective method for their nanotexturing. Here we show that on elastomer surfaces nanotextured through replica molding the induced tribocharge also becomes patterned at nanoscale in close correlation with the nanotexture. By applying Kelvin probe microscopy, electrohydrodynamic lithography, and electrostatic analysis to our model nanostructure, poly(dimethylsiloxane) nanocup arrays replicated from a polycarbonate nanocone array, we reveal that the induced tribocharge is highly localized within the nanocup, especially around its rim. Through finite element analysis, we ...
Plasmonic Nanoplatforms For Biochemical Sensing And Medical Applications, 2018 Florida International University
Plasmonic Nanoplatforms For Biochemical Sensing And Medical Applications, Arash Ahmadivand
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Plasmonics, the science of the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) at the metal-dielectric interface under intense beam radiation, has been studied for its immense potential for developing numerous nanophotonic devices, optical circuits and lab-on-a-chip devices. The key feature, which makes the plasmonic structures promising is the ability to support strong resonances with different behaviors and tunable localized hotspots, excitable in a wide spectral range. Therefore, the fundamental understanding of light-matter interactions at subwavelength nanostructures and use of this understanding to tailor plasmonic nanostructures with the ability to sustain high-quality tunable resonant modes are essential toward the realization of highly ...
An Experimental Study On Static And Dynamic Strain Sensitivity Of Smart Concrete Sensors Doped With Carbon Nanotubes For Shm Of Large Structures, Andrea Meoni, Antonella D'Alessandro, Austin Downey, Enrique García-Macías, Marco Rallini, A. Luigi Materazzi, Luigi Torre, Simon Laflamme, Rafael Castro-Triguero, Filippo Ubertini
Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications
The availability of new self-sensing cement-based strain sensors allows the development of dense sensor networks for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of reinforced concrete structures. These sensors are fabricated by doping cement-matrix materials with conductive fillers, such as Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs), and can be embedded into structural elements made of reinforced concrete prior to casting. The strain sensing principle is based on the multifunctional composites outputting a measurable change in their electrical properties when subjected to a deformation. Previous work by the authors was devoted to material fabrication, modeling and applications in SHM. In this paper, we investigate the ...
Parallel Algorithms For Time Dependent Density Functional Theory In Real-Space And Real-Time, 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Parallel Algorithms For Time Dependent Density Functional Theory In Real-Space And Real-Time, James Kestyn
Density functional theory (DFT) and time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) have had great success solving for ground state and excited states properties of molecules, solids and nanostructures. However, these problems are particularly hard to scale. Both the size of the discrete system and the number of needed eigenstates increase with the number of electrons. A complete parallel framework for DFT and TDDFT calculations applied to molecules and nanostructures is presented in this dissertation. This includes the development of custom numerical algorithms for eigenvalue problems and linear systems. New functionality in the FEAST eigenvalue solver presents an additional level of ...
Analog Computing Using 1t1r Crossbar Arrays, 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Analog Computing Using 1t1r Crossbar Arrays, Yunning Li
Memristor is a novel passive electronic device and a promising candidate for new generation non-volatile memory and analog computing. Analog computing based on memristors has been explored in this study. Due to the lack of commercial electrical testing instruments for those emerging devices and crossbar arrays, we have designed and built testing circuits to implement analog and parallel computing operations. With the setup developed in this study, we have successfully demonstrated image processing functions utilizing large memristor crossbar arrays. We further designed and experimentally demonstrated the first memristor based field programmable analog array (FPAA), which was successfully configured for audio ...
Parameters Affecting The Resistivity Of Lp-Ebid Deposited Copper Nanowires, 2018 University of Kentucky
Parameters Affecting The Resistivity Of Lp-Ebid Deposited Copper Nanowires, Gabriel Smith
Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering
Electron Beam Induced Deposition (EBID) is a direct write fabrication process with applications in circuit edit and debug, mask repair, and rapid prototyping. However, it suffers from significant drawbacks, most notably low purity. Work over the last several years has demonstrated that deposition from bulk liquid precursors, rather than organometallic gaseous precursors, results in high purity deposits of low resistivity (LPEBID). In this work, it is shown that the deposits resulting from LP-EBID are only highly conductive when deposited at line doses below 25μC/cm. When the dose exceeds this value, the resulting structure is highly porous providing a poor ...
Electro-Magnetic Responsive Ni0.5zn0.5fe2o4 Nano-Particle Composite, 2018 South Dakota State University
Electro-Magnetic Responsive Ni0.5zn0.5fe2o4 Nano-Particle Composite, Jaiprakash Kanagaraj
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this study is to simulate and synthesize a Radar (or Radiation) Absorbent Material (RAM) by using polymers and nickel zinc ferrite (Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4) magnetic nanoparticles. There is an ardent desire in military, space and electronics for lighter, faster, cheaper and widespread bandwidth providing RAM materials. Electromagnetic property such as magnetic permeability and electric permittivity play a major in controlling the radiation. The appropriate combination of permeability and permittivity properties is acquired for the synthesis of RAM providing wide-ranging bandwidth. The apt property is achieved by rule of mixture, mixing of particular composition of epoxy polymer having ...
Anomalous Properties Of Sub-10-Nm Magnetic Tunneling Junctions, 2018 Florida International University
Anomalous Properties Of Sub-10-Nm Magnetic Tunneling Junctions, Mark Stone
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Magnetic Logic Devices have the advantage of non-volatility, radiation hardness, scalability down to the sub-10nm range, and three-dimensional (3D) integration capability. Despite these advantages, magnetic applications for information processing remain limited. The main stumbling block is the high energy required to switch information states in spin-based devices. Recently, the spin transfer torque (STT) effect has been introduced as a promising solution. STT based magnetic tunneling junctions (MTJs), use a spin polarized electric current to switch magnetic states. They are theorized to bring the switching energy down substantially. However, the switching current density remains in the order of 1 MA/cm2 ...
Skybridge-3d-Cmos: A Fine-Grained Vertical 3d-Cmos Technology Paving New Direction For 3d Ic, 2018 Electircal and Computer Engineering
Skybridge-3d-Cmos: A Fine-Grained Vertical 3d-Cmos Technology Paving New Direction For 3d Ic, Jiajun Shi
2D CMOS integrated circuit (IC) technology scaling faces severe challenges that result from device scaling limitations, interconnect bottleneck that dominates power and performance, etc. 3D ICs with die-die and layer-layer stacking using Through Silicon Vias (TSVs) and Monolithic Inter-layer Vias (MIVs) have been explored in recent years to generate circuits with considerable interconnect saving for continuing technology scaling. However, these 3D IC technologies still rely on conventional 2D CMOS’s device, circuit and interconnect mindset showing only incremental benefits while adding new challenges reliability issues, robustness of power delivery network design and short-channel effects as technology node scaling.
Skybridge-3D-CMOS (S3DC ...