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Influence Of Naoh Concentration On Transfer Process Of Graphene, Francisco Saldana, Chengyu Wen, George Patrick Watson 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Influence Of Naoh Concentration On Transfer Process Of Graphene, Francisco Saldana, Chengyu Wen, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

The process of transferring a monolayer of graphene using two different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution unto a silicon dioxide (SiO2) coated Si chip using electrochemistry was performed. The transfer process is crucial for the delamination of a continuous graphene monolayer film from copper foil. After examining and inspecting the integrity of the graphene monolayer, it was observed that the lower concentration to NaOH led to slower rate of hydrogen bubble generation; this condition was found to be less destructive and yielded a graphene film with fewer visible tears.


Metnet: Systems Biology Tools For Arabidopsis, Eve Syrkin Wurtele, Ling Li, Dan Berleant, Dianne Cook, Julie A. Dickerson, Jing Ding, Heike Hofmann, Michael Lawrence, Eun-kyung Lee, Jie Li, Wieslawa Mentzen, Leslie Miller, Basil J. Nikolau, NIck Ransom, Yingjun Wang 2019 Iowa State University

Metnet: Systems Biology Tools For Arabidopsis, Eve Syrkin Wurtele, Ling Li, Dan Berleant, Dianne Cook, Julie A. Dickerson, Jing Ding, Heike Hofmann, Michael Lawrence, Eun-Kyung Lee, Jie Li, Wieslawa Mentzen, Leslie Miller, Basil J. Nikolau, Nick Ransom, Yingjun Wang

Eve Wurtele

MetNet (http://metnetdb.org) is an emerging open-source software platform for exploration of disparate experimental data types and regulatory and metabolic networks in the context of Arabidopsis systems biology. The MetNet platform features graph visualization, interactive displays, graph theoretic computations for determining biological distances, a unique multivariate display and statistical analysis tool, graph modeling using the open source statistical analysis language, R, and versatile text mining. The use of these tools is illustrated with data from the bio1 mutant of Arabidopsis.


Metnet: Systems Biology Tools For Arabidopsis, Eve Syrkin Wurtele, Ling Li, Dan Berleant, Dianne Cook, Julie A. Dickerson, Jing Ding, Heike Hofmann, Michael Lawrence, Eun-kyung Lee, Jie Li, Wieslawa Mentzen, Leslie Miller, Basil J. Nikolau, NIck Ransom, Yingjun Wang 2019 Iowa State University

Metnet: Systems Biology Tools For Arabidopsis, Eve Syrkin Wurtele, Ling Li, Dan Berleant, Dianne Cook, Julie A. Dickerson, Jing Ding, Heike Hofmann, Michael Lawrence, Eun-Kyung Lee, Jie Li, Wieslawa Mentzen, Leslie Miller, Basil J. Nikolau, Nick Ransom, Yingjun Wang

Ling Li

MetNet (http://metnetdb.org) is an emerging open-source software platform for exploration of disparate experimental data types and regulatory and metabolic networks in the context of Arabidopsis systems biology. The MetNet platform features graph visualization, interactive displays, graph theoretic computations for determining biological distances, a unique multivariate display and statistical analysis tool, graph modeling using the open source statistical analysis language, R, and versatile text mining. The use of these tools is illustrated with data from the bio1 mutant of Arabidopsis.


Creating, Modeling, And Visualizing Metabolic Networks, Julie A. Dickerson, Daniel Berleant, Pan Du, Jing Ding, Carol M. Foster, Ling Li, Eve Syrkin Wurtele 2019 Iowa State University

Creating, Modeling, And Visualizing Metabolic Networks, Julie A. Dickerson, Daniel Berleant, Pan Du, Jing Ding, Carol M. Foster, Ling Li, Eve Syrkin Wurtele

Ling Li

Metabolic networks combine metabolism and regulation. These complex networks are difficult to understand and create due to the diverse types of information that need to be represented. This chapter describes a suite of interlinked tools for developing, displaying, and modeling metabolic networks. The metabolic network interactions database, MetNetDB, contains information on regulatory and metabolic interactions derived from a combination of web databases and input from biologists in their area of expertise. PathBinderA mines the biological “literaturome” by searching for new interactions or supporting evidence for existing interactions in metabolic networks. Sentences from abstracts are ranked in terms of the likelihood ...


Investigation Of The Electrode Polarization Effect For Biosensor Applications, Anil Koklu 2019 Southern Methodist University

Investigation Of The Electrode Polarization Effect For Biosensor Applications, Anil Koklu

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

My research focuses on electrokinetic transport. Particularly, in this dissertation, we focus on fabrication and testing of micro electrodes with nanostructured surfaces to minimize the electrode polarization (EP) effects for biosensor applications. In the first study, electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on to planar gold electrodes was used to generate rough surfaces. Dendritic nanostructures that reduced EP up to two orders of magnitude was obtained by optimizing the deposition conditions. These structures also enhanced dielectrophoresis (DEP) response of our bio-chips, making them usable in physiological buffers. In further studies we discovered a universal scaling of EP in the frequency domain ...


Reverse Engineering And Analysis Of Large Genome-Scale Gene Networks, Maneesha Aluru, Jaroslaw Zola, Dan Nettleton, Srinivas Aluru 2019 Iowa State University

Reverse Engineering And Analysis Of Large Genome-Scale Gene Networks, Maneesha Aluru, Jaroslaw Zola, Dan Nettleton, Srinivas Aluru

Dan Nettleton

Reverse engineering the whole-genome networks of complex multicellular organisms continues to remain a challenge. While simpler models easily scale to large number of genes and gene expression datasets, more accurate models are compute intensive limiting their scale of applicability. To enable fast and accurate reconstruction of large networks, we developed Tool for Inferring Network of Genes (TINGe), a parallel mutual information (MI)-based program. The novel features of our approach include: (i) B-spline-based formulation for linear-time computation of MI, (ii) a novel algorithm for direct permutation testing and (iii) development of parallel algorithms to reduce run-time and facilitate construction of ...


Effects Of Pulse Width On He Plasma Jets In Contact With Water Evaluated By Oh(A-X) Emission And Ohaq Production, Shutong Song, Esin B. Sözer, Chunqi Jiang 2019 Old Dominion University

Effects Of Pulse Width On He Plasma Jets In Contact With Water Evaluated By Oh(A-X) Emission And Ohaq Production, Shutong Song, Esin B. Sözer, Chunqi Jiang

Bioelectrics Publications

Nanosecond pulsed helium plasma jets impinging on water produce hydroxyl radicals both in gas- and liquid-phase. In this study, the effects of pulse width on a repetitively pulsed plasma jet in contact with water are evaluated via OH(A-X) emission and OHaq production in water for various pulse widths ranging from 200 to 5000 ns. The maximal energy efficiency of OH(A-X) emission is obtained for pulse widths of 600-800 ns whereas the maximal efficiency of OHaq production is at 200 ns. Temporally-resolved emission spectroscopy shows that more than 40% of OH(A-X) emission is produced during the ...


Automatic Signal And Image-Based Assessments Of Spinal Cord Injury And Treatments., Samineh Mesbah 2019 University of Louisville

Automatic Signal And Image-Based Assessments Of Spinal Cord Injury And Treatments., Samineh Mesbah

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most common sources of motor disabilities in humans that often deeply impact the quality of life in individuals with severe and chronic SCI. In this dissertation, we have developed advanced engineering tools to address three distinct problems that researchers, clinicians and patients are facing in SCI research. Particularly, we have proposed a fully automated stochastic framework to quantify the effects of SCI on muscle size and adipose tissue distribution in skeletal muscles by volumetric segmentation of 3-D MRI scans in individuals with chronic SCI as well as non-disabled individuals. We also developed ...


Left Atrial Model, Borna Sobati, Sarah Porello, Tess Pate 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Left Atrial Model, Borna Sobati, Sarah Porello, Tess Pate

Biomedical Engineering

The objective is to produce an electrophysiological model of an adult human left atrium. This model will be used to test mapping probe catheters used for locating cardiac arrhythmias against current technology used in practice. Dr. Chris Porterfield requested this model and other physicians or probe catheter manufacturers may also use this product in the future. Dr. Porterfield also discussed the possibility of future senior project groups using the model as a bench test for designing new catheter tips. The model will precisely simulate electrical behaviors of the heart in normal as well as arrhythmic conditions. Ideally, the model will ...


Mechanical Systems That Function Like Living Organisms, Dallas Rice 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Mechanical Systems That Function Like Living Organisms, Dallas Rice

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

The purpose of this research was to explore the relationship between the human body and technologically advanced mechanical systems or robotics. More specifically, we looked at how robotics plays a part in prosthetics for other living organisms. During the research we looked at the anatomy of the human body, focusing on the nervous system, bone structure and movements, tissue and muscle relationships, and the neurological response of the brain. We also looked at how the human body reacts and responds to artificial limbs as a way to identify the best ways to introduce unnatural mechanical systems to the body. Different ...


Biophysical Analyses Of Left Ventricular Remodeling Secondary To Myocardial Infarction And Left Ventricular Pressure Overload, William Manuel Torres 2019 University of South Carolina

Biophysical Analyses Of Left Ventricular Remodeling Secondary To Myocardial Infarction And Left Ventricular Pressure Overload, William Manuel Torres

Theses and Dissertations

Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is nominally an adaptive process that restores biomechanical function following myocardial injury and/or sustained alterations in loading conditions. This remodeling can materialize as changes in myocardial geometry, composition, and mechanical properties. When these changes fail to restore LV biomechanical function, remodeling is termed maladaptive. It is generally accepted that maladaptive LV remodeling underlies the progression to heart failure in various forms of heart disease. The central hypothesis of this study is that we can leverage echocardiographic imaging techniques to non-invasively quantify changes in biomechanical function and mechanical properties in a serial manner throughout the progression ...


Pcap: A Whole-Genome Assembly Program, Xiaoqiu Huang, Jianmin Wang, Srinivas Aluru, Shiaw-Pyng Yang, LaDeana Hillier 2019 Iowa State University

Pcap: A Whole-Genome Assembly Program, Xiaoqiu Huang, Jianmin Wang, Srinivas Aluru, Shiaw-Pyng Yang, Ladeana Hillier

Jianmin Wang

We describe a whole-genome assembly program named PCAP for processing tens of millions of reads. The PCAP program has several features to address efficiency and accuracy issues in assembly. Multiple processors are used to perform most time-consuming computations in assembly. A more sensitive method is used to avoid missing overlaps caused by sequencing errors. Repetitive regions of reads are detected on the basis of many overlaps with other reads, instead of many shorter word matches with other reads. Contaminated end regions of reads are identified and removed. Generation of a consensus sequence for a contig is based on an alignment ...


A Voice Activated Prosthetic Mode Of Control, Will Picken 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

A Voice Activated Prosthetic Mode Of Control, Will Picken

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

There are many options for a prosthetic mode of control. The most commonly created modes of control involve surface EMG (sEMG) and require that the user have well defined muscle activation in order to trigger the movement of the prosthetic. Unfortunately, many prosthetic users do not have the required muscle tone or strength to trigger these sensors, so the need for a control mechanism that doesn’t rely on sEMG is clear. This study focuses on the development of a low-cost, voice activated prosthetic mode of control compatible with the prosthetics developed by Dr. Zuniga and his research team.

The ...


An Electrooculography Prosthetic Control System, Walker Arce 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

An Electrooculography Prosthetic Control System, Walker Arce

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

For many surface EMG (sEMG) prosthetic control systems, the muscles on the affected limb are used to trigger the control system. This can lead to fatigue in the user as they have to maintain continuous muscle activation and coactivation in order to achieve prosthetic control [3]. The crux of any prosthetic control system is the human machine interface that is developed, and at present many control systems have complicated interfaces that limit the degrees of freedom of the prosthetics. This study focuses on the development of a low-cost prosthetic control peripheral that is compatible with the prosthetics developed by Dr ...


A Radio Frequency Identification (Rfid) Prosthetic Control System, Andrew Butler 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

A Radio Frequency Identification (Rfid) Prosthetic Control System, Andrew Butler

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Item classification and tagging in embedded systems has become ubiquitous in our society due to radio frequency identification (RFID) and the cost has dropped significantly for hardware that can interact with these devices. Due to this, possibilities in the realm of prosthetic control systems opens up for dynamic grip selection without user intervention. This study focuses on the development of a device capable of this functionality that is compatible with the prosthetics designed by Dr. Zuniga and his research team.

The printed circuit board (PCB) was designed using the EAGLE EDA package and incorporates a lithium polymer battery with a ...


Reactive Ion Etching Selectivity Of Si/Sio2: Comparing Of Two fluorocarbon Gases Chf3 And Cf4, Meiyue Zhang, Pat Watson 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Reactive Ion Etching Selectivity Of Si/Sio2: Comparing Of Two fluorocarbon Gases Chf3 And Cf4, Meiyue Zhang, Pat Watson

Protocols and Reports

Two reactive ion etching (RIE) processes were studied to show the relative etch selectivity between SiO2 and Si using two fluorocarbon gases, CF4 and CHF3. Results show that CHF3 gives better selectivity (16:1) over CF4 (1.2 :1). On the other hand, the etch rate of SiO2 of CF4 is approximately 52.8 nm/min, faster than CHF3 (32.4 nm/min).


Development Of A Myoelectric Detection Circuit Platform For Computer Interface Applications, Nickolas Andrew Butler 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Development Of A Myoelectric Detection Circuit Platform For Computer Interface Applications, Nickolas Andrew Butler

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Personal computers and portable electronics continue to rapidly advance and integrate into our lives as tools that facilitate efficient communication and interaction with the outside world. Now with a multitude of different devices available, personal computers are accessible to a wider audience than ever before. To continue to expand and reach new users, novel user interface technologies have been developed, such as touch input and gyroscopic motion, in which enhanced control fidelity can be achieved. For users with limited-to-no use of their hands, or for those who seek additional means to intuitively use and command a computer, novel sensory systems ...


Use Of Flexible Sensor To Characterize Biomechanics Of Canine Skin, Austin R. J. Downey, Jin Yan, Eric M. Zellner, Karl H. Kraus, Iris V. Rivero, Simon Laflamme 2019 University of South Carolina

Use Of Flexible Sensor To Characterize Biomechanics Of Canine Skin, Austin R. J. Downey, Jin Yan, Eric M. Zellner, Karl H. Kraus, Iris V. Rivero, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Background: Suture materials and techniques are frequently evaluated in ex vivo studies by comparing tensile strengths. However, the direct measurement techniques to obtain the tensile forces in canine skin are not available, and, therefore, the conditions suture lines undergo is unknown. A soft elastomeric capacitor is used to monitor deformation in the skin over time by sensing strain. This sensor was applied to a sample of canine skin to evaluate its capacity to sense strain in the sample while loaded in a dynamic material testing machine. The measured strain of the sensor was compared with the strain measured by the ...


Design And Optimization Of An Ionizing-Radiation-Free Dental Imaging Scheme By Near Infrared Fluorescence, Thomas Hartzler 2019 Louisiana State University

Design And Optimization Of An Ionizing-Radiation-Free Dental Imaging Scheme By Near Infrared Fluorescence, Thomas Hartzler

LSU Master's Theses

There is a global need for access to oral health care. Proper oral health care is necessary for physiological and psychological health, as well as social and economic issues. Major oral diseases that must be screened include caries, cracked teeth, and impacted molars. These diseases are screened and diagnosed using a variety of medical imaging methods, computed tomography (CT) X-ray being the most popular and efficient method. The challenges in screening with X-ray technology include financial and time cost as well as health risk, including radiation exposure induced cancer (REIC). This thesis summarizes research to explore the possibility of overcoming ...


Mechanisms And Immunogenicity Of Nspef-Induced Cell Death In B16f10 Melanoma Tumors, Alessandra Rossi, Olga N. Pakhomova, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Samantha Weygandt, Anna A. Bulysheva, Len E. Murray, Peter A. Mollica, Claudia Muratori 2019 Old Dominion University

Mechanisms And Immunogenicity Of Nspef-Induced Cell Death In B16f10 Melanoma Tumors, Alessandra Rossi, Olga N. Pakhomova, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Samantha Weygandt, Anna A. Bulysheva, Len E. Murray, Peter A. Mollica, Claudia Muratori

Bioelectrics Publications

Accumulating data indicates that some cancer treatments can restore anticancer immunosurveillance through the induction of tumor immunogenic cell death (ICD). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) have been shown to efficiently ablate melanoma tumors. In this study we investigated the mechanisms and immunogenicity of nsPEF-induced cell death in B16F10 melanoma tumors. Our data show that in vitro nsPEF (20-200, 200-ns pulses, 7 kV/cm, 2 Hz) caused a rapid dose-dependent cell death which was not accompanied by caspase activation or PARP cleavage. The lack of nsPEF-induced apoptosis was confirmed in vivo in B16F10 tumors. NsPEF also failed to trigger ICD-linked responses ...


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