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Pandaa: A Physical Arrangement Detection Technique For Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Philippe De Wagter, Irina Brinster, Chorom Hamm, Pei Zhang 2011 Carnegie Mellon University

Pandaa: A Physical Arrangement Detection Technique For Networked Devices Through Ambient-Sound Awareness, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Philippe De Wagter, Irina Brinster, Chorom Hamm, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

This demo presents PANDAA, a zero-configuration automatic spatial localization technique for networked devices based on ambient sound sensing. We will demonstrate that after initial placement of the devices, ambient sounds, such as human speech, music, footsteps, finger snaps, hand claps, or coughs and sneezes, can be used to autonomously resolve the spatial relative arrangement of devices, such as mobile phones, using trigonometric bounds and successive approximation.


Quantitative Characterization Of Microstructure Features For 1st Generation Advanced High Strength Steels, Margarita Vidrio, Ellen Liu, Donsheng Li, Kyoo Sil Choi, Xin Sun 2011 Washington State University

Quantitative Characterization Of Microstructure Features For 1st Generation Advanced High Strength Steels, Margarita Vidrio, Ellen Liu, Donsheng Li, Kyoo Sil Choi, Xin Sun

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

The role of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) in the automotive industry is important because of its affordability and excellent mechanical properties. The 1st generation of AHSS achieves its preferred combination of strength and ductility by embedding harder martensite grains into softer ferritic matrix. Ductility and strength of these steels are important to safety, formability, application, and life. However, a noticeable degree of inconsistent forming behaviors has been observed in the 1st generation AHSS in production, which seems to be related to the microstructure-level inhomogeneity. The objective of this project is to grain fundamental understandings on how different microstructure level ...


A Low Communication Condensation-Based Linear System Solver Utilizing Cramer's Rule, Kenneth C Habgood 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Low Communication Condensation-Based Linear System Solver Utilizing Cramer's Rule, Kenneth C Habgood

Doctoral Dissertations

Systems of linear equations are central to many science and engineering application domains. Given the abundance of low-cost parallel processing fabrics, the study of fast and accurate parallel algorithms for solving such systems is receiving attention. Fast linear solvers generally use a form of LU factorization. These methods face challenges with workload distribution and communication overhead that hinder their application in a true broadcast communication environment.

Presented is an efficient framework for solving large-scale linear systems by means of a novel utilization of Cramer's rule. While the latter is often perceived to be impractical when considered for large systems ...


Computational Design For Electromagnetic Simulations, Ryan Steven Glasby 2011 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Computational Design For Electromagnetic Simulations, Ryan Steven Glasby

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

An automatic computational procedure has been developed to efficiently and accurately design the shape of complicated electromagnetic objects. These electromagnetic objects can be simulated for operation at high frequencies (~10 GHz), and can be comprised of dissimilar materials. The automated design procedure consists of linking together an original electromagnetic field simulation tool, an original adjoint routine for obtaining sensitivity derivatives, and an original grid-smoothing tool with an existing optimization package. The electromagnetic field simulation software employs a temporally and spatially higher-order accurate Streamline Upwind/Petrov-Galerkin finite-element method that numerically solves Maxwell’s equations in the time domain using implicit time ...


Comparison Of Two Methods For Two Dimensional Unstructured Mesh Adaptation With Elliptic Smoothing, Matthew David O'Connell 2011 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Comparison Of Two Methods For Two Dimensional Unstructured Mesh Adaptation With Elliptic Smoothing, Matthew David O'Connell

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

A new mesh adaptation method for unstructured grids is presented. The technique uses virtual control volumes that are iteratively manipulated to conform the mesh to match either a Riemannianmetric tensor field or an equal distribution of scalar weights. Forcing functions similar to those used for structured grids are employed such that the resulting meshes can be compared with those generated using the new adaptation method. Several test cases using analytic functions to drive the mesh adaptation are also presented and compared with the new method. Mesh adaptation results driven by computed flow field information are also compared to those adapted ...


Generation And Optimization Of Spacing Fields, Max David Collao 2011 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Generation And Optimization Of Spacing Fields, Max David Collao

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Meshes are used to discretize space for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Mesh adaptation through refinement and smoothing can improve the accuracy of the CFD solution. In order to perform adaptive refinement or smoothing a spacing field is needed to define the desired edge sized in mesh. The objectives of this research are to generate spacing fields from existing CFD solutions and optimize this spacing information for efficient use by programs to perform adaptive refinement or smoothing. All work was done on 2D meshes with the intention of gaining knowledge and experience for later application to 3D meshes. The program ...


An Adaptive Hybrid Mesh Generation Method For Complex Geometries, Cameron Thomas Druyor 2011 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

An Adaptive Hybrid Mesh Generation Method For Complex Geometries, Cameron Thomas Druyor

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

An adaptive hybrid mesh generation method is described to automatically provide spatial discretizations suitable for computational fluid dynamics or other 2D solver applications. This method employs a hierarchical grid generation technique to create a background mesh, an extrusion-type method for inserting boundary layers, and an unstructured triangulation to stitch between the boundary layers and background mesh. This method provides appropriate mesh resolution based on geometry segments from a file, and has the capability of adapting the background mesh based on a spacing field generated from solution data or some other arbitrary source. By combining multiple approaches to the grid generation ...


Design Optimization Using Cad Parameterization Through Capri, William Emerson Brock V 2011 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Design Optimization Using Cad Parameterization Through Capri, William Emerson Brock V

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Design optimization is one of the many areas of Computational Engineering that is directly applicable to almost any engineering endeavor. The design cycle is a multi-step process, beginning with a Computer Aided Design (CAD) model and ending with an optimized version of that model relative to some objective function. This is accomplished by parameterizing the model, through one of many different algorithms, and finding the ideal value of those parameters with respect to the specified objective. The purpose of this research is to explore the use of a Computational Analysis PRogramming Interface (CAPRI) for utilizing CAD parameters in design optimization ...


Characterization Of Parallel Application Runtime Sensitivity On Multi-Core High Performance Computing Systems, Padma Priya Veeraraghavan 2011 Purdue University

Characterization Of Parallel Application Runtime Sensitivity On Multi-Core High Performance Computing Systems, Padma Priya Veeraraghavan

Purdue Polytechnic Masters Theses

A commonly seen behavior of parallel applications is that their runtime is influenced by network communication load. The way a parallel application is run in a network and the presence of other applications and processes in the network can contribute to a wide range of variations in the runtime. Therefore, in order to achieve consistent and optimal runtimes, it is important to understand and characterize the runtime sensitivity of parallel applications with respect to execution under the presence of network communication load.

In this research, runtime sensitivities for various parallel applications were studied by applying additional network communication load. In ...


Computationally Efficient Solution To The Cahn–Hilliard Equation: Adaptive Implicit Time Schemes, Mesh Sensitivity Analysis And The 3d Isoperimetric Problem, Olga Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian 2011 Iowa State University

Computationally Efficient Solution To The Cahn–Hilliard Equation: Adaptive Implicit Time Schemes, Mesh Sensitivity Analysis And The 3d Isoperimetric Problem, Olga Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

We present an efficient numerical framework for analyzing spinodal decomposition described by the Cahn–Hilliard equation. We focus on the analysis of various implicit time schemes for two and three dimensional problems. We demonstrate that significant computational gains can be obtained by applying embedded, higher order Runge–Kutta methods in a time adaptive setting. This allows accessing time-scales that vary by five orders of magnitude. In addition, we also formulate a set of test problems that isolate each of the sub-processes involved in spinodal decomposition: interface creation and bulky phase coarsening. We analyze the error fluctuations using these test problems ...


Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang 2011 Carnegie Mellon University

Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang

Zheng Sun

Pervasive medical monitoring has become an ideal alter- native to nursing care for elderly people and patients in hospitals. Existing systems using single body-worn sensors are often intrusive and less reliable. By contrast, ubiqui- tous acoustic sensing techniques can support non-intrusive and robust medical monitoring. In this paper, we describe CoughLoc, a ubiquitous acoustic sensing system for con- tinuous cough detection using a wireless sensor network. We show how knowledge of sound source locations can be leveraged to improve the detection accuracy of sound events caused by mobile users. Experiments in indoor environ- ments show our system achieves over 90 ...


Cavitation Modelling Based On Eulerian-Eulerian Multiphase Flow, Rachid Bannari Ph.D 2011 Hydro Québec / Université de Sherbrooke

Cavitation Modelling Based On Eulerian-Eulerian Multiphase Flow, Rachid Bannari Ph.D

Rachid BANNARI

Cavitation is a physical phenomenon encountered in the normal operation of hydraulic turbines. It can lead to loss in efficiency, vibrations and blade erosion damages. It is crucial to accurately predict cavitation development and evolution to make confident predictive results for hydraulic turbines in a cavitating regime. The cavity closure is a critical region that is characterized by its unsteady and unstable behavior. In this region, liquid and vapor are highly mixed and experienced a strong interaction between the cavity and the outer flow. Most of the published work is based on the mixture multiphase model. An important limitation of ...


The Ergo Knife Manufacturability Project: A Prosthetic Device, Caleb Sarris 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

The Ergo Knife Manufacturability Project: A Prosthetic Device, Caleb Sarris

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Millions of Americans’ upper extremities have been rendered useless or amputated due to injury or illness. Without strength and dexterity in the hand or wrist, these people are in need of tools to help them in everyday activities. The Ergo Knife offers these individuals a way to cope with this way of life as a device that can assist them, primarily in food consumption and can also be expanded to many other applications. The purpose of this project is to further develop the Ergo Knife so that it can better assist these individuals and improve the necessary processes used to ...


Cal Poly Wow: Week Of Welcome’S Leader Android Application, Eric Cerney 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Cal Poly Wow: Week Of Welcome’S Leader Android Application, Eric Cerney

Computer Engineering

The Week of Welcome Android application aims to improve the efficiency and ease at which Orientation Leaders function during the week long program designed to aid in new student
assimilation to the San Luis Obispo campus and community. It focuses on four utilities combined in
one easy location that Leaders use on a regular basis. They are maps, the online guidebook, budget keeper, and contact list. These four utilities are commonly used by Leaders in their day to day
guidance of new students, making one single application with each tool very desirable to the WOW Program.

Currently there are no ...


Chinese To English Introductory Cover Letter Generator, Jason L. Stine 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Chinese To English Introductory Cover Letter Generator, Jason L. Stine

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

The Chinese to English Introductory Cover Letter Generator allows Chinese computer users who know little to no English automatically generate a self-introductory cover letter in good English. As an example, professors in English-speaking countries are increasingly receiving emails from students abroad in countries like China, and these students often need to introduce themselves in order to support their reasons for their message. Unfortunately, more often than not these letters contain poorly written English. This software aims to help solve this issue. Using a combination of a “sentence template” system and intelligent natural language processing software, the program assembles each paragraph ...


News Media Environment, Selective Perception, And The Survival Of Preference Diversity Within Communication Networks, Frank C.S. Liu, Paul E. Johnson 2011 National Sun Yat-Sen University

News Media Environment, Selective Perception, And The Survival Of Preference Diversity Within Communication Networks, Frank C.S. Liu, Paul E. Johnson

JITP 2011: The Future of Computational Social Science

There is a natural tension between the effects on public opinion of social networks and the news media. It is widely believed that social networks tend to harmonize opinions within them, but the presence of media may accentuate diversity by inserting discordant messages. On the other hand, in a totalitarian state where the government controls the media, social networks may mitigate the homogenizing pressure of a regime’s propaganda. The tendency of opinion to follow the “official line” may be mitigated because opponents of the government interact on a personal level and bolster one another’s views. This paper employs ...


A Web-Oriented Multi-Layer Model To Interact With Theatrical Performances, A Baratè, G. Haus, L A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro 2011 Marshall University

A Web-Oriented Multi-Layer Model To Interact With Theatrical Performances, A Baratè, G. Haus, L A. Ludovico, Davide Andrea Mauro

Weisberg Division of Computer Science Faculty Research

This paper presents an innovative approach to online fruition

of theater performances. Web applications like traditional viewers are

already available for the wide audience of Internet users. Our proposal

aims at adding both interactivity and multi-layer fruition, and a way

to manipulate and create new media. The premise to reach these goals

is digitizing a number of heterogeneous materials in order to describe a

single performance comprehensively, e.g. different video and audio-takes

from different perspectives, and a number of related materials such as

scripts, fashion plates, playbills, etc. The format we adopt to encode

such information is based on ...


Using Satellite Images For Drought Monitoring: A Knowledge Discovery Approach, Getachew Berhan, Shawndra Hill, Tsegaye Tadesse, Solomon Atnafu 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Using Satellite Images For Drought Monitoring: A Knowledge Discovery Approach, Getachew Berhan, Shawndra Hill, Tsegaye Tadesse, Solomon Atnafu

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

The main objective of this research was to develop a new concept and approach to extract knowledge from satellite imageries for near real-time drought monitoring. The near real-time data downloaded from the Atlantic Bird satellite were used to produce the drought spatial distribution. Our results showed that approximately 40% of the observed areas exhibited negative deviation. In this study, the possibility of using the near real-time spatio-temporal Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) data for drought monitoring in food insecure areas of Ethiopia was tested, and promising results were obtained. The output of this research is expected to assist decision makers in ...


Interoperation For Lazy And Eager Evaluation, William Jeffrey Faught 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Interoperation For Lazy And Eager Evaluation, William Jeffrey Faught

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Programmers forgo existing solutions to problems in other programming lan- guages where software interoperation proves too cumbersome; they remake so- lutions, rather than reuse them. To facilitate reuse, interoperation must resolve language incompatibilities transparently. To address part of this problem, we present a model of computation that resolves incompatible lazy and eager eval- uation strategies using dual notions of evaluation contexts and values to mirror the lazy evaluation strategy in the eager one. This method could be extended to resolve incompatible evaluation strategies for any pair of languages with common expressions.


Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang 2011 Carnegie Mellon University

Coughloc: Location-Aware Indoor Acoustic Sensing For Non-Intrusive Cough Detection, Zheng Sun, Aveek Purohit, Kathleen Yang, Neha Pattan, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, Ian Lane, Pei Zhang

Aveek Purohit

Pervasive medical monitoring has become an ideal alter- native to nursing care for elderly people and patients in hospitals. Existing systems using single body-worn sensors are often intrusive and less reliable. By contrast, ubiqui- tous acoustic sensing techniques can support non-intrusive and robust medical monitoring. In this paper, we describe CoughLoc, a ubiquitous acoustic sensing system for con- tinuous cough detection using a wireless sensor network. We show how knowledge of sound source locations can be leveraged to improve the detection accuracy of sound events caused by mobile users. Experiments in indoor environ- ments show our system achieves over 90 ...


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