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3,721 full-text articles. Page 8 of 76.

Otta Seal Construction For Asphalt Pavement Resurfacing, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim 2019 Iowa State University

Otta Seal Construction For Asphalt Pavement Resurfacing, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Yang Zhang, Ali Nahvi, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Ali Nahvi

Otta seal resurfacing methods have been widely demonstrated for unpaved roads and road rehabilitation in a few states in the U.S. as well as in Scandinavia and Africa. Application of Otta seal over a deteriorated hot mix asphalt (HMA) surface has been considered as the feasible concept that has not been applied for real construction. In this study, a double-layer Otta seal construction over HMA surface was monitored. The applied materials for the construction were introduced. The following performance of the constructed Otta seal layers was evaluated by measuring the international roughness index (IRI) and dust. The road IRI ...


An Agent-Based Evacuation Model To Improve Safety In The Cascadia Subduction Zone, Haizhong Wang 2019 Oregon State University

An Agent-Based Evacuation Model To Improve Safety In The Cascadia Subduction Zone, Haizhong Wang

TREC Friday Seminar Series

This seminar will present ongoing research into how integrated social, natural, and engineered systems can improve life safety under threat of multi-hazards. The targeted scenario is a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami from the Cascadia Subduction Zone, threatening communities along 1,000 miles of the US Pacific Northwest coastline.

Since the mid-1980’s scientific evidence has underscored the possibility of such an extreme event, and it has taken at least another decade or more before public attitudes and policy have begun to adapt to this new hazard. Life safety is a pressing issue for the near-field CSZ tsunami hazard ...


Laboratory Evaluation And Neural Network Modeling For Rotational Viscosity Of Reacted And Activated Rubber Modified Binders, Mayzan Isied 2019 University of Texas at Tyler

Laboratory Evaluation And Neural Network Modeling For Rotational Viscosity Of Reacted And Activated Rubber Modified Binders, Mayzan Isied

Civil Engineering Theses

Crumb rubber surface activation and pretreatment are considered as one of the promising newly introduced methods for asphalt rubber production. Reacted and Activated Rubber (RAR) is an elastomeric asphalt extender produced by the hot blending and activation of crumb rubber with asphalt and Activated Mineral Binder Stabilizer (AMBS). Besides RAR ability in enhancing the performance of asphaltic mixtures, its dry granulate industrial form enabled its addition directly into the mixture utilizing pugmill or the dryer drum with very minimal to no modification required on the plant level.

This study aims to evaluate the rotational viscosity of RAR modified binders and ...


Modern Roundabouts: A Challenge Of The Future, Tomaž Tollazzi, Raffaele Mauro, Daiva Žilionienė, Irena I. Otković, Nikiforos Stamatiadis 2019 University of Maribor, Slovenia

Modern Roundabouts: A Challenge Of The Future, Tomaž Tollazzi, Raffaele Mauro, Daiva Žilionienė, Irena I. Otković, Nikiforos Stamatiadis

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Economics Of Upgrading Gravel Roads To Otta Seal Surface, Ali Nahvi, Charles T. Jahren, Halil Ceylan, Ali Arabzadeh, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Douglas D. Gransberg 2019 Iowa State University

Economics Of Upgrading Gravel Roads To Otta Seal Surface, Ali Nahvi, Charles T. Jahren, Halil Ceylan, Ali Arabzadeh, Sharif Y. Gushgari, Douglas D. Gransberg

Ali Nahvi

Maintenance of low volume roads especially gravel roads is costly, and millions of funding annually are spent for aggregate replacement alone. Otta seal, compared to other bituminous surface treatments (BSTs) for low volume roads that require high-quality materials and specialized expertise, can be constructed using cheaper local aggregates and accessible equipment. However, only three states have reported Otta seal constructions and performance in the US. In this study, an economic analysis was conducted to compare the cost of maintaining a gravel road to the cost of upgrading an existing gravel road to a double Otta seal surface. This analysis was ...


Save Our Sound Obx, Inc. V. North Carolina Department Of Transportation, Mitch L. WerBell V 2019 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Save Our Sound Obx, Inc. V. North Carolina Department Of Transportation, Mitch L. Werbell V

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled in favor of several governmental agencies seeking to construct a new bridge in the Pamlico Sound adjacent to North Carolina’s Outer Banks. For years, state and federal agencies have put forth a massive coordinated effort to address the constant weather damage and erosion which occurs to a section of North Carolina Highway 12. The court found the agencies properly cleared NEPA’s environmental review requirements for the bridge’s construction. Additionally, the opponent-litigants’ efforts to add claims challenging the project, based on new information about a shipwreck in the bridge’s ...


Examining The Effect Of Multiple Route Choice Criteria On Hurricane Evacuation Traffic Through External Validation Of Simulations, Haggai D. Davis III 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Examining The Effect Of Multiple Route Choice Criteria On Hurricane Evacuation Traffic Through External Validation Of Simulations, Haggai D. Davis Iii

LSU Master's Theses

Hurricane evacuations can be a chaotic experience for individuals involved, but researchers have attempted to find patterns in the routes people take. One paper laid out a model for predicting route choice based upon features that are different than standard route choice influencers. This thesis attempted to evaluate the accuracy of that model by using TransModeler modeling software. Using the building blocks of the HEMP project, this project compared the new model to the standard model and evaluated the two based upon the ability to reproduce real-world results. Interestingly, the two did not come out significantly different possibly because the ...


Left Turn Safety: Preventing Injury And Death Through Signs And Signaling, Elizabeth Webb 2019 Germanna Community College

Left Turn Safety: Preventing Injury And Death Through Signs And Signaling, Elizabeth Webb

Student Writing

Thousands of accidents each year are precipitated by drivers making a left turn within an intersection. These accidents tend to be caused primarily by driver error, confusing signaling or high rates of speed by through traffic. Extensive research suggests that reducing the rate of speed of through traffic, implementing warning signs with flashers along a roadway, adjusting the traffic signal phasing at an intersection, and utilizing creative intersection designs are all options which are available to combat these concerns and substantially minimize risks to all drivers. A recent fatal accident in Spotsylvania County highlights the need for intersection improvement at ...


Civil Engineering Design Of Cornhusker Council's Outdoor Education Center, Kelly Weiler 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Civil Engineering Design Of Cornhusker Council's Outdoor Education Center, Kelly Weiler

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A team of geotechnical, structural, hydraulic, environmental, and transportation experts collaborated to provide engineering solutions to the Cornhusker Council in an effort to solve the current problems facing their Outdoor Education Center. This results of this project provided the structural design of three bridges on the property, transportation plans for two parking lots and roadway design, geotechnical recommendations for soil testing and erosion prevention, and an environmental and hydraulic analysis of the property. A major challenge in the design of this project is the consideration of the dangers and regulations that accompany the floodway and floodplain regions on site. Various ...


Impacts Of Freight Consolidation And Truck Sharing On Freight Mobility, Tieming Liu, Chaoyue Zhao 2019 Oklahoma State University

Impacts Of Freight Consolidation And Truck Sharing On Freight Mobility, Tieming Liu, Chaoyue Zhao

Data

Corresponding data set for Tran-SET Project No. 17ITSOKS02. Abstract of the final report is stated below for reference:

"The trucking industry is an important sector of the U.S. economy. However, it is quite fragmented, hindering the efficiency of cargo transportation and the ability for small carriers to identify demands to fill full truck loads. The focus of this research is to study models and algorithms in order to aid online freight marketplaces to identify efficient consolidation strategies. To accomplish this aim, a new mixed integer programming model for the pickup and delivery problem has been developed. The model is ...


Impacts Of Freight Consolidation And Truck Sharing On Freight Mobility, Tieming Liu, Chaoyue Zhao 2019 Oklahoma State University

Impacts Of Freight Consolidation And Truck Sharing On Freight Mobility, Tieming Liu, Chaoyue Zhao

Publications

The trucking industry is an important sector of the U.S. economy. However, it is quite fragmented, hindering the efficiency of cargo transportation and the ability for small carriers to identify demands to fill full truck loads. The focus of this research is to study models and algorithms in order to aid online freight marketplaces to identify efficient consolidation strategies. To accomplish this aim, a new mixed integer programming model for the pickup and delivery problem has been developed. The model is geared towards identifying effective freight consolidation opportunities. A branch-and-cut algorithm to solve the model was also developed. The ...


Variable Speed Limit Control At Sag Curves Through Connected Vehicles: Implications Of Alternative Communications And Sensing Technologies, Reza Vatani Nezafat 2019 Old Dominion University

Variable Speed Limit Control At Sag Curves Through Connected Vehicles: Implications Of Alternative Communications And Sensing Technologies, Reza Vatani Nezafat

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Connected vehicles (CVs) will enable new applications to improve traffic flow. This study’s focus is to investigate how potential implementation of variable speed limit (VSL) through different types of communication and sensing technologies on CVs may improve traffic flow at a sag curve. At sag curves, the gradient changes from negative to positive values which causes a reduction in the roadway capacity and congestion. A VSL algorithm is developed and implemented in a simulation environment for controlling the inflow of vehicles to a sag curve on a freeway to minimize delays and increase throughput. Both vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and infrastructure-to-vehicle ...


Analysis And Application Of Log-Linear And Quantile Regression Models To Predict Bus Dwell Times, Travis B. Glick, Miguel Figliozzi 2019 Portland State University

Analysis And Application Of Log-Linear And Quantile Regression Models To Predict Bus Dwell Times, Travis B. Glick, Miguel Figliozzi

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Understanding the key factors that contribute to transit travel times and travel time variability is an essential part of transit planning and research. Delay that occurs when buses service bus stops, dwell time, is one of the main sources of travel time variability and has therefore been the subject of ongoing research to identify and quantify its determinants. Previous research has focused on testing new variables using linear regressions that may be added to models to improve predictions. An important assumption of linear regression models used in past research efforts is homoscedasticity or the equal distribution of the residuals across ...


The Evaluation Of High Molecular Weight Methacrylate As A Treatment Option For Shrinkage Cracks In Airfield Pavement, Austin R. Hayes 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

The Evaluation Of High Molecular Weight Methacrylate As A Treatment Option For Shrinkage Cracks In Airfield Pavement, Austin R. Hayes

Theses and Dissertations

Air Force policy dictates that only epoxy can be used as a treatment option for shrinkage cracks in concrete airfield pavement. However, since epoxy is not ideal for shrinkage cracks, this research focuses on the evaluation of high molecular weight methacrylate (HMWM) as a treatment option. Laboratory experiments were performed on four sealants to determine whether they could penetrate a crack 24 inches deep, bond to the concrete, and resist water intrusion. Three HMWMs (TK-2415, Kwik Bond KBP 103, and Castek Transpo T-70) and one epoxy (TK-2110) were assessed. The four sealers were applied to 32 concrete specimens with crack ...


Improvement Of Thermal Technical Characteristics Of Wall Ceramic Material Based On Low-Sorted Lyssovid Suglinks And Modified Liquid Glass, A.I. Adilkhodjayev, I.M. Mahamataliev, A.T. Ilyasov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

Improvement Of Thermal Technical Characteristics Of Wall Ceramic Material Based On Low-Sorted Lyssovid Suglinks And Modified Liquid Glass, A.I. Adilkhodjayev, I.M. Mahamataliev, A.T. Ilyasov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

Application of low-grade loesslike loams (NLS) in the production of effective wall ceramics requires development of methods of increase of frost-resistance of ceramic porizovannoy matrix. It can be attained by adjusting of porosity of structure. In the Tashkent architectural-build institute possibility of making of an effective wall ceramic material is studied on the basis of NLS with the use of dobavki- ash-taking away of Angrenskoy TES and modified liquid glass as a modifier of porous structure. It is set that introduction of addition ash-taking away in an amount 25 % from mass of NLS and burning at the temperature of 750 ...


Theoretical Aspects Of Structural And Simulation Modeling Of The Macrostructure Of Composite Building Materials, A.I. Adilkhodjayev, I.M. Mahamataliev, S.S. Shaumarov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

Theoretical Aspects Of Structural And Simulation Modeling Of The Macrostructure Of Composite Building Materials, A.I. Adilkhodjayev, I.M. Mahamataliev, S.S. Shaumarov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

At the present time, the description of the joint work of multi-component, high-quality concretes in the framework of the structural and simulation modeling of cement composites is a very topical task of building materials science. In the context of the solution of the above problems, theoretical aspects of structural and simulation modeling are presented on the example of the developed program "Concrete-technology", which allows to predict the strength properties of multicomponent high-quality concrete at the macro structural level.


The Risk Of Ballast Graphic Towards Pozzles Moving Frequency, Sh.Sh. Abdukamilov, A.Yu. Mamadaliyev 2019 Nuclear Energy Development Agency of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

The Risk Of Ballast Graphic Towards Pozzles Moving Frequency, Sh.Sh. Abdukamilov, A.Yu. Mamadaliyev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

A special place in identifying the features of the vibrational process of ballast material, it is necessary to take, first of all, the nature of the process of oscillations. Its identification helps to determine the causes of their occurrence, which is very important for assessing the influence of oscillations on the properties and state of the ballast layer. Knowledge of the nature of the oscillatory process makes it possible in the future to simulate it in laboratory conditions to determine the degree of decrease in strength properties of ballast material, clogged sands under the influence of vibrodynamic load, during the ...


Examining The Effect Of Multiple Route Choice Criteria On Hurricane Evacuation Traffic Through External Validation Of Simulations, Haggai D. Davis III 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Examining The Effect Of Multiple Route Choice Criteria On Hurricane Evacuation Traffic Through External Validation Of Simulations, Haggai D. Davis Iii

Haggai Davis

No abstract provided.


High Friction Surface Treatment Initiatives By Indot: Spec Development, Joseph Bruno 2019 INDOT

High Friction Surface Treatment Initiatives By Indot: Spec Development, Joseph Bruno

Purdue Road School

In-House Project Design, Special Provision Specification, and Initial Test Results—Highfriction surface treatment (HFST) has been proactively utilized as a cost-effective solution to reducing vehicle crashes at curves across the country. As an initiative, INDOT is currently installing HFST at 26 locations statewide, mainly horizontal curves with high crash rates. This session consists of two presentations to share the information on the development, expected benefits, project design, and initial test results based on the HFST at these locations.


Rough Roads Ahead!?, Sarah Reed, Brooke Thomas, Jim Hellmann 2019 City of Noblesville

Rough Roads Ahead!?, Sarah Reed, Brooke Thomas, Jim Hellmann

Purdue Road School

Have you ever found yourself in the public's cross-hairs when it is time to implement a few roadway improvements? Are you handicapped in your ability to describe the true value of community planning and economic development planning? Come hear from one dynamic trio with the ability to identify issues and opportunities that others might not see and work to uncover even more ways tin which we are better together.


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