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Wrack Lines Volume 19, Number 1, Spring/Summer 2019, Nancy Balcom, Syma Ebbin, David Gregorio, Richard Telford, Judy Benson 2019 Connecticut Sea Grant

Wrack Lines Volume 19, Number 1, Spring/Summer 2019, Nancy Balcom, Syma Ebbin, David Gregorio, Richard Telford, Judy Benson

Wrack Lines

Issue theme is: "Making Connections: As the Climate Changes, People and Nature Intertwine in New Ways." Articles include: "As More Roads Become Rivers, Communities Search for Solutions;" "Solving an Engineering Conundrum: As Coastal Homes Get Elevated, New Research Looks at Whether Vulnerability to Wind Damage Is Increasing;" "Along the Coast, Residents Consider How to Heed Sandy's Warning of What's to Come;" "All Rivers, All Lives Run to the Sea," about the intersection of waterways and the world of nature writer Edwin Way Teale; and "Crosscurrents: Connecticut Sea Grant's Retrospective Exhibition Makes Waves," about reaching new audiences and ...


Qualitative And Quantitative Flow Visualization Studies On A Distorted Hydraulic Physical Model, Patrick Scott 2019 Louisiana State University

Qualitative And Quantitative Flow Visualization Studies On A Distorted Hydraulic Physical Model, Patrick Scott

LSU Master's Theses

The submergence of coastal wetlands in south Louisiana leaves communities, commerce, industry, and ecosystems vulnerable to extreme weather events and human and natural disasters. The state of Louisiana has developed a plan to mitigate coastal land loss and with the help of Louisiana State University and the Lower Mississippi River Physical Model, projects like large scale sediment diversions will be extensively tested and researched to ensure proper implementation and operation. Due to scaling and distortion of the physical model, complete similitude with its prototype is not expected and scale effects are anticipated to affect the hydrodynamics and, as a result ...


Investigation Of Grout - A Comparison Of Standard Grout Mix To Self-Consolidating Grout Mix, Rachel Garcia Chandler 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Investigation Of Grout - A Comparison Of Standard Grout Mix To Self-Consolidating Grout Mix, Rachel Garcia Chandler

Architectural Engineering

Masonry is a major structural material for low rise buildings, however the design of masonry buildings is rarely taught as a formal course at most universities. As part of the educational experience and to become familiar with the specifications and testing procedures for grouted masonry, a student run experiment on varying the water to cement ratio of masonry grout was conducted. The purpose is to report on the effects of changing the water-to-cement (W/C) ratios in a standard grout mix. The typical W/C ratio is approximately 0.80:1.00. In order to show the effects of increasing ...


Quantifying Bonding Characteristics Between Uhpc And Normal-Strength Concrete For Bridge Deck Application, Sriram Aaleti, Sri Sritharan 2019 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa

Quantifying Bonding Characteristics Between Uhpc And Normal-Strength Concrete For Bridge Deck Application, Sriram Aaleti, Sri Sritharan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Ultrahigh performance concrete (UHPC) is an advanced cementitious material which has excellent mechanical and durability properties, making it appropriate for the rehabilitation of concrete structures. This paper investigates the usage of a thin layer of UHPC overlaying a normal strength concrete (NC) deck. The behavior of the interface connection will have a significant impact on the overall structural and durability performance of the UHPC-NC composite deck system. An integrated experimental and analytical study was conducted to understand the influence of several variables, such as normal concrete strength, interface roughness, and curing condition on the shear transfer behavior across the interface ...


Cam-Based Passive Variable Friction Device For Structural Control, Austin Downey, Connor Theisen, Heather Murphy, Nicholas Anastasi, Simon Laflamme 2019 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Cam-Based Passive Variable Friction Device For Structural Control, Austin Downey, Connor Theisen, Heather Murphy, Nicholas Anastasi, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

A solution to increasing the resiliency of civil structures with respect to natural and man-made hazards is the implementation of supplemental damping systems. These systems can be constructed using passive, active, and semi-active devices. In particular, passive devices are widely accepted in the field of structural engineering, because they do not require power to operate and can be holistically integrated into the structural design process. This paper investigates the use of 3D printing technology to expand on the possibilities in passive damping, notably in the fabrication of a variable friction device. This device uses a 3D printed cam with a ...


Seismic Performance Of Mid-Rise Code-Conforming X-Braced Steel Frames, Mokhtar Ansari, Hosein Gholi Pour, Amir Safiey 2019 University of Qaenat

Seismic Performance Of Mid-Rise Code-Conforming X-Braced Steel Frames, Mokhtar Ansari, Hosein Gholi Pour, Amir Safiey

Publications

Prolixity and complexities inherent in the nonlinear dynamic analysis (NDA) impel engineers to lean towards nonlinear static analysis (NSA) in practice. This paper partly explores differences and similarities in responses obtained from these two simulation techniques. The scope of the study is narrowed down to ubiquitous regular code-conforming mid-rise steel X-braced frames. Different common lateral load patterns are coupled with NSA to study their interactive effects on responses. The modal nonlinear static analysis is also carried out, where deemed necessary. NDA using three different earthquake records are conducted as well, to validate NSA results. Results of nonlinear analyses are undertaken ...


Structural Health Monitoring Of Composite Parts: A Review, Jacob Pessin 2019 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Structural Health Monitoring Of Composite Parts: A Review, Jacob Pessin

Honors Theses

Structural health monitoring has the potential to allow composite structures to be more reliable and safer, then by using more traditional damage assessment techniques. Structural health monitoring (SHM) utilizes individual sensor units that are placed throughout the load bearing sections of a structure and gather data that is used for stress analysis and damage detection. Statistical time based algorithms are used to analyze collected data and determine both damage size and probable location from within the structure. While traditional calculations and life span analysis can be done for structures made of isotropic materials such as steel or other metals, composites ...


Case Study: Using Geofoam On A School Project In Encinitas, Ca, Matthew D. Gaebe 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Case Study: Using Geofoam On A School Project In Encinitas, Ca, Matthew D. Gaebe

Construction Management

This paper is a case study that identifies why Geofoam was used as in-fill material for a construction project located at a high school in Encinitas, CA. The Geofoam was installed under a stairway that connects to a structural retaining wall. The concrete formwork was connected directly to the foam and the stairs were poured in place onsite. The foam acted as the on-grade material, so the concrete stairs did not have to be self-supporting. The purpose of this study is to understand the benefits of using Geofoam, as the in-fill material, as opposed to other traditional materials. An analysis ...


The Critical Pick: A Crane Rigging Demonstration, David Flaherty 2019 United States Military Academy

The Critical Pick: A Crane Rigging Demonstration, David Flaherty

West Point Research Papers

This demonstration, an application of static equilibrium and geometry knowledge, depicts the importance of rigging angles during crane lift operations on a construction site. Reducing rigging angles results in a significant amplification of forces in the rigging, potentially leading to failure. By varying the connection points and sling length, students will be able to calculate the predicted forces and analyze the best combination of connection points and sling lengths to successfully complete the critical lift. The forces in rigging (sling, chain, wire rope, webbing, shackles, etc.) increase substantially as the angle formed by the sling leg and the horizontal datum ...


A Comparison Of Water Main Failure Prediction Models In San Luis Obispo, Ca, Kyle Eric Aube 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Comparison Of Water Main Failure Prediction Models In San Luis Obispo, Ca, Kyle Eric Aube

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This study compared four different water main failure prediction models: a statistically simple model, a statistically complex model, a statistically complex model with modifications termed the 2019 model, and an age-based model. The statistically complex models compute the probability of failure based on age, size, internal pressure, length of pipe in corrosive soil, land use, and material of the. These two values are then used to prioritize a water main rehabilitation program to effectively use the municipality’s funds. The 2019 model calculates the probability of failure and consequence of failure differently than the statistically complex model by considering corrosive ...


Analysis Of The Effects Of Adaptive Ramp Metering On Measures Of Efficiency With A Proposed Framework For Safety Evaluation, Jacky Loh 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Analysis Of The Effects Of Adaptive Ramp Metering On Measures Of Efficiency With A Proposed Framework For Safety Evaluation, Jacky Loh

Master's Theses and Project Reports

ABSTRACT

Analysis of Effects of Adaptive Ramp Metering on Measures of Efficiency with a Proposed Framework for Safety Evaluation

Jacky Loh

Adaptive ramp metering (ARM) is a widely popular intelligent transportation system (ITS) tool that boasts the ability to reduce congestion and streamline traffic flow during peak hour periods while maintaining a lower implementation cost than traditional methods such as freeway widening. This thesis explores the effectiveness of ARM implementation on an 18 mile segment of the Interstate 80 (I-80) corridor in the Bay Area residing in northern California. Smaller segments of this particular segment were analyzed to determine the ...


Investigating The Rapid Curing Possibility Of Geopolymer Concrete, Ashlesh Banjara 2019 Louisiana Tech University

Investigating The Rapid Curing Possibility Of Geopolymer Concrete, Ashlesh Banjara

Master's Theses

Recent studies of heat-cured fly ash based green geopolymer concrete have shown its suitability for fabrication of structural members. Fabrication of these structural members requires continuous moderate heating (145°F) for 24 hrs, and an oven essential, for a large member can quickly turn into an energy guzzler, potentially eliminating the green credentials of the product. The proposed research involves the development of a frontal polymerization (FP) method that achieves rapid curing of geopolymer at ambient condition after short-term heat application. Initial work shows thermal FP in geopolymer is a possibility and might be a solution to the problem. The ...


Strengthening Of Continuous-Span Composite Bridges Using Post-Tensioning And Superimposed Trusses , Hisham Ahmed El-Arabaty 2019 Iowa State University

Strengthening Of Continuous-Span Composite Bridges Using Post-Tensioning And Superimposed Trusses , Hisham Ahmed El-Arabaty

Hisham Ahmed

The need for upgrading understrength bridges in the United States has been well documented in the literature. In this thesis, two methods of strengthening are presented: post-tensioning of the positive moment regions of the bridge stringers and the addition of superimposed trusses at the piers. The use of these two systems is an efficient method of reducing flexural overstresses in undercapacity bridges. The objective of the research described in this thesis was to develop a design methodology to assist bridge engineers with designing a strengthening system to obtain the desired stress reductions. In addition, one such strengthening system was designed ...


Total Fume Emissions And Emission Factors Applicable To Gas Metal Arc Welding, Nayara de Souza 2019 University of New Orleans

Total Fume Emissions And Emission Factors Applicable To Gas Metal Arc Welding, Nayara De Souza

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Welding is a common industrial practice that has the potential to emit air pollutants. Emission factors are useful indicators to help in the understanding of the extent of pollution from a process and managing them to reduce or minimize health impacts. The objective of this thesis is to determine emission factors applicable to the gas metal arc welding (GMAW), under varying current and voltage conditions. The most used base metals and an electrode for the shipbuilding industry were considered. A weld fume chamber was used to achieve the project goals along with standard sampling and analytical procedures. Three test runs ...


Investigating The Time-Dependent And The Mechanical Behavior Of Wood Plastic Composite Lumber Made From Thermally Modified Wood In The Use Of Marine Aquacultural Structures, Murtada A. Alrubaie 2019 University of Maine

Investigating The Time-Dependent And The Mechanical Behavior Of Wood Plastic Composite Lumber Made From Thermally Modified Wood In The Use Of Marine Aquacultural Structures, Murtada A. Alrubaie

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) lumber based on a patent-pending formulation is being explored for use in the manufacture of an aquaculture fish cage structure (Aquapod net pen cage), as an alternative to the current high density polyethylene (HDPE) lumber. The use of WPC lumber in structural applications in marine environments requires a comprehensive effort to understand the material viscoelastic behavior and the structural performance of the WPC lumber in marine environments where the WPC lumber is exposed to the combined effect of saltwater immersion and temperature (hygrothermal). The evaluation of the viscoelastic behavior of WPC lumber in marine environments was ...


Process Optimization Of Levulinic Acid Production From Seaweeds And Its Upgrading To Tdo Oil, Maurvin Patel 2019 University of Maine

Process Optimization Of Levulinic Acid Production From Seaweeds And Its Upgrading To Tdo Oil, Maurvin Patel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Levulinic acid (LA) is a platform chemical and it can be upgraded to various products like bio-oil. The acid hydrolysis of cellulose is a widely researched pathway to make LA. However, investments to produce LA commercially can be subjected to risks due to feedstock price volatility and high processing costs. Such risks can be reduced by expanding the feedstock portfolio to produce LA from feedstock beyond wood and improving the energy efficiency of the process. One little investigated feedstock for production of LA is macro algae (seaweed). Seaweed is potentially attractive because it has low content of lignin or 5 ...


Tidal And Subtidal Processes At The Mouth Of A Macrotidal Estuary, Rachel Chambers 2019 University of Maine

Tidal And Subtidal Processes At The Mouth Of A Macrotidal Estuary, Rachel Chambers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Secondary flows and mixing have been shown to influence sediment transport, the vertical salinity gradient, and the exchange flow in estuaries. Typically, these hydrodynamic properties are investigated with respect to time and depth and their variability across the estuary is neglected. However, recent studies have shown that secondary flows and mixing, along with mechanisms that influence them, can exhibit lateral variability. Additionally, the variability of these hydrodynamic properties has not been studied in macrotidal estuaries, where the increased tidal forcing could affect the strength and cross channel variability.

There are two primary objectives of this thesis. The first objective is ...


Perspectives On Water Resources Risk, Policy, And Stewardship, Anne Marie Lausier 2019 University of Maine

Perspectives On Water Resources Risk, Policy, And Stewardship, Anne Marie Lausier

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Water management approaches have historically optimized water for human use and placed lower emphasis on the relationship between ecosystems and humans. Despite efforts to balance human and ecosystem needs, existing management approaches tend to prioritize some needs, knowledges, and values over others. Natural and anthropogenic changes pose challenges to water governance institutions due to policy inflexibility, and may lead to ecosystem degradation, water stress, and conflict among water users. This work seeks to redress these shortcomings through three scholarly contributions. First, a conceptual framework for Water Resources Stewardship is developed in support of equitable and adaptive solutions under changing conditions ...


The Critical Difference Seismic Design Can Make For A Reinforced Concrete Building Located In Oxford, Mississippi, Naim Daghmash 2019 University of Mississippi

The Critical Difference Seismic Design Can Make For A Reinforced Concrete Building Located In Oxford, Mississippi, Naim Daghmash

Honors Theses

The Senior Design course at the University of Mississippi requires the completion of a capstone project. One part of the capstone project is a complete structural design of the NOLA, an ongoing construction in the city of Oxford in Mississippi. The course requires the NOLA to be designed according to gravity loads, meaning the forces act in the downward direction towards the earth’s surface. Some loading mechanisms that could occur in a different direction than gravity are seismic loads, which are earthquake-generated loads. I was not required by my instructors to consider the effect of an earthquake on the ...


Investigation Of The Effect Of Vehicle Color On Safety, Deogratias Eustace, Fayez Khalaf Alanazi, Peter W. Hovey 2019 University of Dayton

Investigation Of The Effect Of Vehicle Color On Safety, Deogratias Eustace, Fayez Khalaf Alanazi, Peter W. Hovey

Peter Hovey

No abstract provided.


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