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Tensorial Stress−Strain Fields And Large Elastoplasticity As Well As Friction In Diamond Anvil Cell Up To 400 Gpa, Valery I. Levitas, Mehdi Kamrani, Biao Feng 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Labortory

Tensorial Stress−Strain Fields And Large Elastoplasticity As Well As Friction In Diamond Anvil Cell Up To 400 Gpa, Valery I. Levitas, Mehdi Kamrani, Biao Feng

Valery I. Levitas

Various phenomena (fracture, phase transformations, and chemical reactions) studied under extreme pressures in diamond anvil cell are strongly affected by fields of all components of stress and plastic strain tensors. However, they could not be measured. Here, we suggest a coupled experimental−theoretical−computational approach that allowed us (using published experimental data) to refine, calibrate, and verify models for elastoplastic behavior and contact friction for tungsten (W) and diamond up to 400 GPa and reconstruct fields of all components of stress and large plastic strain tensors in W and diamond. Despite the generally accepted strain-induced anisotropy, strain hardening, and path-dependent ...


Incorporation Of Composite Defects From Ultrasonic Nde Into Cad And Fe Models, Onur Rauf Bingol, Bryan Schiefelbein, Robert J. Grandin, Stephen D. Holland, Adarsh Krishnamurthy 2019 Iowa State University

Incorporation Of Composite Defects From Ultrasonic Nde Into Cad And Fe Models, Onur Rauf Bingol, Bryan Schiefelbein, Robert J. Grandin, Stephen D. Holland, Adarsh Krishnamurthy

Stephen D. Holland

Fiber-reinforced composites are widely used in aerospace industry due to their combined properties of high strength and low weight. However, owing to their complex structure, it is difficult to assess the impact of manufacturing defects and service damage on their residual life. While, ultrasonic testing (UT) is the preferred NDE method to identify the presence of defects in composites, there are no reasonable ways to model the damage and evaluate the structural integrity of composites. We have developed an automated framework to incorporate flaws and known composite damage automatically into a finite element analysis (FEA) model of composites, ultimately aiding ...


Model-Assisted Probability Of Detection Of Flaws In Aluminum Blocks Using Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Xiaosong Du, Leifur Leifsson, Robert J. Grandin, William Q. Meeker, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song 2019 Iowa State University

Model-Assisted Probability Of Detection Of Flaws In Aluminum Blocks Using Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Xiaosong Du, Leifur Leifsson, Robert J. Grandin, William Q. Meeker, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song

William Q Meeker

Probability of detection (POD) is widely used for measuring reliability of nondestructive testing (NDT) systems. Typically, POD is determined experimentally, while it can be enhanced by utilizing physics-based computational models in combination withmodel-assisted POD (MAPOD) methods. With the development of advanced physics-basedmethods, such as ultrasonic NDTtesting, the empirical information,needed for POD methods, can bereduced. However, performing accurate numerical simulationscan be prohibitivelytime-consuming, especially as part of stochastic analysis. In this work, stochastic surrogate models for computational physics-based measurement simulations are developed for cost savings of MAPOD methods while simultaneously ensuring sufficient accuracy. The stochastic surrogate is used to propagate the ...


Model-Assisted Probability Of Detection Of Flaws In Aluminum Blocks Using Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Xiaosong Du, Leifur Leifsson, Robert J. Grandin, William Q. Meeker, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song 2019 Iowa State University

Model-Assisted Probability Of Detection Of Flaws In Aluminum Blocks Using Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Xiaosong Du, Leifur Leifsson, Robert J. Grandin, William Q. Meeker, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song

Jiming Song

Probability of detection (POD) is widely used for measuring reliability of nondestructive testing (NDT) systems. Typically, POD is determined experimentally, while it can be enhanced by utilizing physics-based computational models in combination withmodel-assisted POD (MAPOD) methods. With the development of advanced physics-basedmethods, such as ultrasonic NDTtesting, the empirical information,needed for POD methods, can bereduced. However, performing accurate numerical simulationscan be prohibitivelytime-consuming, especially as part of stochastic analysis. In this work, stochastic surrogate models for computational physics-based measurement simulations are developed for cost savings of MAPOD methods while simultaneously ensuring sufficient accuracy. The stochastic surrogate is used to propagate the ...


Surrogate Modeling Of Ultrasonic Simulations Using Data-Driven Methods, Xiaosong Du, Robert J. Grandin, Leifur Leifsson 2019 Iowa State University

Surrogate Modeling Of Ultrasonic Simulations Using Data-Driven Methods, Xiaosong Du, Robert J. Grandin, Leifur Leifsson

Robert Grandin

Ultrasonic testing (UT) is used to detect internal flaws in materials and to characterize material properties. In many applications, computational simulations are an important part of the inspection-design and analysis processes. Having fast surrogate models for UT simulations is key for enabling efficient inverse analysis and model-assisted probability of detection (MAPOD). In many cases, it is impractical to perform the aforementioned tasks in a timely manner using current simulation models directly. Fast surrogate models can make these processes computationally tractable. This paper presents investigations of using surrogate modeling techniques to create fast approximate models of UT simulator responses. In particular ...


Model-Assisted Probability Of Detection Of Flaws In Aluminum Blocks Using Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Xiaosong Du, Leifur Leifsson, Robert J. Grandin, William Q. Meeker, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song 2019 Iowa State University

Model-Assisted Probability Of Detection Of Flaws In Aluminum Blocks Using Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Xiaosong Du, Leifur Leifsson, Robert J. Grandin, William Q. Meeker, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song

Robert Grandin

Probability of detection (POD) is widely used for measuring reliability of nondestructive testing (NDT) systems. Typically, POD is determined experimentally, while it can be enhanced by utilizing physics-based computational models in combination withmodel-assisted POD (MAPOD) methods. With the development of advanced physics-basedmethods, such as ultrasonic NDTtesting, the empirical information,needed for POD methods, can bereduced. However, performing accurate numerical simulationscan be prohibitivelytime-consuming, especially as part of stochastic analysis. In this work, stochastic surrogate models for computational physics-based measurement simulations are developed for cost savings of MAPOD methods while simultaneously ensuring sufficient accuracy. The stochastic surrogate is used to propagate the ...


Utsim2 Validation, Robert J. Grandin, Tim Gray 2019 Iowa State University

Utsim2 Validation, Robert J. Grandin, Tim Gray

Robert Grandin

The Center for NDE (CNDE) at Iowa State University has a long history of developing physics models for NDE and packaging these models into simulation tools which make the modeling capabilities accessible to CNDEs industrial sponsors. Recent work at CNDE has led to the development of a new ultrasonic simulation package, UTSim2, which aims to continue this tradition of supporting industrial application of CNDE models. In order to meet this goal, UTSim2 has been designed as an extensible software package which can support previously-developed physics models as well as future models yet to be developed. Initial work has focused on ...


Incorporation Of Composite Defects From Ultrasonic Nde Into Cad And Fe Models, Onur Rauf Bingol, Bryan Schiefelbein, Robert J. Grandin, Stephen D. Holland, Adarsh Krishnamurthy 2019 Iowa State University

Incorporation Of Composite Defects From Ultrasonic Nde Into Cad And Fe Models, Onur Rauf Bingol, Bryan Schiefelbein, Robert J. Grandin, Stephen D. Holland, Adarsh Krishnamurthy

Robert Grandin

Fiber-reinforced composites are widely used in aerospace industry due to their combined properties of high strength and low weight. However, owing to their complex structure, it is difficult to assess the impact of manufacturing defects and service damage on their residual life. While, ultrasonic testing (UT) is the preferred NDE method to identify the presence of defects in composites, there are no reasonable ways to model the damage and evaluate the structural integrity of composites. We have developed an automated framework to incorporate flaws and known composite damage automatically into a finite element analysis (FEA) model of composites, ultimately aiding ...


Tensorial Stress−Strain Fields And Large Elastoplasticity As Well As Friction In Diamond Anvil Cell Up To 400 Gpa, Valery I. Levitas, Mehdi Kamrani, Biao Feng 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Labortory

Tensorial Stress−Strain Fields And Large Elastoplasticity As Well As Friction In Diamond Anvil Cell Up To 400 Gpa, Valery I. Levitas, Mehdi Kamrani, Biao Feng

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Various phenomena (fracture, phase transformations, and chemical reactions) studied under extreme pressures in diamond anvil cell are strongly affected by fields of all components of stress and plastic strain tensors. However, they could not be measured. Here, we suggest a coupled experimental−theoretical−computational approach that allowed us (using published experimental data) to refine, calibrate, and verify models for elastoplastic behavior and contact friction for tungsten (W) and diamond up to 400 GPa and reconstruct fields of all components of stress and large plastic strain tensors in W and diamond. Despite the generally accepted strain-induced anisotropy, strain hardening, and path-dependent ...


Evaluation Of The Fidelity Of Feature Descriptor-Based Specimen Tracking For Automatic Nde Data Integration, Rafael Radkowski, Stephen D. Holland, Robert J. Grandin 2019 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of The Fidelity Of Feature Descriptor-Based Specimen Tracking For Automatic Nde Data Integration, Rafael Radkowski, Stephen D. Holland, Robert J. Grandin

Robert Grandin

This research addresses inspection location tracking in the field of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) using a computer vision technique to determine the position and orientation of typical NDE equipment in a test setup. The objective is the tracking accuracy for typical NDE equipment to facilitate automatic NDE data integration. Since the employed tracking technique relies on surface curvatures of an object of interest, the accuracy can be only experimentally determined. We work with flash-thermography and conducted an experiment in which we tracked a specimen and a thermography flash hood, measured the spatial relation between both, and used the relation as input ...


Micrometeoroid Impacts On Periodic Spacecraft Structures, Victoria West, Luis Buades, Hanson-Lee Harjono 2019 Purdue University

Micrometeoroid Impacts On Periodic Spacecraft Structures, Victoria West, Luis Buades, Hanson-Lee Harjono

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Twinning-Induced Pseudoelastic Behavior In (Mow)85(Tati)7.5zr7.5, Aayush Sharma, Valery I. Levitas, Prashant Signh, Anup Basak, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Duane D. Johnson 2019 Iowa State University

Twinning-Induced Pseudoelastic Behavior In (Mow)85(Tati)7.5zr7.5, Aayush Sharma, Valery I. Levitas, Prashant Signh, Anup Basak, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Duane D. Johnson

Ganesh Balasubramanian

We provide a critical atomistic evidence of pseudoelastic behavior in complex solid-solution BCC Mo-W-Ta-Ti-Zr alloy. Prior to this work, only limited single-crystal BCC solids of pure metals and quaternary alloys have shown pseudoelastic behavior at low temperatures and high strain rates. The deformation mechanisms investigated using classical molecular simulations under tensile-compressive loading reveal temperature-dependent pseudoelastic behavior aided by twinning during the loading-unloading cycle. The pseudoelasticity is found to be independent of loading directions with identical cyclic deformation characteristics during uniaxial loading. Additionally, temperature variation from 77 to 1500 K enhances the elastic strain recovery in the alloy.


Investigation Of Fundamental Principles Of Rigid Body Impact Mechanics, Khalid Alluhydan 2019 Southern Methodist University

Investigation Of Fundamental Principles Of Rigid Body Impact Mechanics, Khalid Alluhydan

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

In impact mechanics, the collision between two or more bodies is a common, yet a very challenging problem. Producing analytical solutions that can predict the post-collision motion of the colliding bodies require consistent modeling of the dynamics of the colliding bodies. This dissertation presents a new method for solving the two and multibody impact problems that can be used to predict the post-collision motion of the colliding bodies. Also, we solve the rigid body collision problem of planar kinematic chains with multiple contacts with external surfaces.

In the first part of this dissertation, we study planar collisions of Balls and ...


Manipulating Fiber Orientation For The Reduction Of Warpage In Carbon Fiber Composite Sandwich Panels, Landon Burnley, Gabrielle Correia 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Manipulating Fiber Orientation For The Reduction Of Warpage In Carbon Fiber Composite Sandwich Panels, Landon Burnley, Gabrielle Correia

Materials Engineering

Safran Cabin (Santa Maria, CA), previously known as Zodiac Aerospace, designs and manufactures interior cabin components for private and commercial aircraft. Carbon fiber face sheets have recently been incorporated in their overhead luggage bin assemblies which utilize a composite sandwich panel design, in order to provide additional stiffness to the previous glass fiber sandwich panels. Since the introduction of carbon fiber in these luggage bin panels, Safran has experienced an increase in warpage during manufacturing. When inspected by quality control, the panels are tested mimicking how they are installed in aircraft. If the panels do not meet specifications, the warped ...


The Effects Of Atomic Oxygen On Patch Antenna Performance And Lifetime, Max J. Barta 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Effects Of Atomic Oxygen On Patch Antenna Performance And Lifetime, Max J. Barta

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The space environment is a volatile and challenging place for satellites to survive in. For Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites, atomic oxygen (AO) is a constant corrosive effect that degrades the outer surface of satellites over long durations. Atomic oxygen exists in the atmosphere between 180 and 675 km and has a relatively high energy at 4.5 eV, which allows AO to break molecular bonds in materials on the surfaces of spacecraft. As the number and complexity of CubeSat missions increase, there is an increased risk that AO degradation on commercial off the shelf parts (COTS), such as antenna ...


Twinning-Induced Pseudoelastic Behavior In (Mow)85(Tati)7.5zr7.5, Aayush Sharma, Valery I. Levitas, Prashant Signh, Anup Basak, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Duane D. Johnson 2019 Iowa State University

Twinning-Induced Pseudoelastic Behavior In (Mow)85(Tati)7.5zr7.5, Aayush Sharma, Valery I. Levitas, Prashant Signh, Anup Basak, Ganesh Balasubramanian, Duane D. Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

We provide a critical atomistic evidence of pseudoelastic behavior in complex solid-solution BCC Mo-W-Ta-Ti-Zr alloy. Prior to this work, only limited single-crystal BCC solids of pure metals and quaternary alloys have shown pseudoelastic behavior at low temperatures and high strain rates. The deformation mechanisms investigated using classical molecular simulations under tensile-compressive loading reveal temperature-dependent pseudoelastic behavior aided by twinning during the loading-unloading cycle. The pseudoelasticity is found to be independent of loading directions with identical cyclic deformation characteristics during uniaxial loading. Additionally, temperature variation from 77 to 1500 K enhances the elastic strain recovery in the alloy.


Modifying Casting Parameters To Improve The High Temperature Ductility Of Investment Cast Nickel-Based Superalloy Pwa 1455, Lars Alexander Hedin, Cole Magnum Introligator 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Modifying Casting Parameters To Improve The High Temperature Ductility Of Investment Cast Nickel-Based Superalloy Pwa 1455, Lars Alexander Hedin, Cole Magnum Introligator

Materials Engineering

PCC Structurals, an industry leader in superalloy investment castings, has observed inconsistencies in the stress rupture performance of polycrystalline nickel-based superalloy PWA 1455. PCC has changed their casting parameters to reduce the thermal gradient during cooling but have been unable to correlate these changes with an increase in stress rupture elongation. Metallographic examination of past samples indicated microstructures composed of non- equiaxed dendritic grains with mean diameter of .021 inches along the test axis. A similar study on polycrystalline superalloys has indicated that excessive superheat temperatures above the liquidus can result in large grains identical to those observed, limiting the ...


Structural Health Monitoring Of Composite Parts: A Review, Jacob Pessin 2019 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Structural Health Monitoring Of Composite Parts: A Review, Jacob Pessin

Honors Theses

Structural health monitoring has the potential to allow composite structures to be more reliable and safer, then by using more traditional damage assessment techniques. Structural health monitoring (SHM) utilizes individual sensor units that are placed throughout the load bearing sections of a structure and gather data that is used for stress analysis and damage detection. Statistical time based algorithms are used to analyze collected data and determine both damage size and probable location from within the structure. While traditional calculations and life span analysis can be done for structures made of isotropic materials such as steel or other metals, composites ...


Effects Of Corrugations On Stiffness Properties Of Composite Beams For Structural Applications, Jane Xiao 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effects Of Corrugations On Stiffness Properties Of Composite Beams For Structural Applications, Jane Xiao

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Composites have high strength-to-weight ratios, which is particularly desired for applications with weight restrictions. Common composite materials such as carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CF) and fiber glass reinforced plastic (FG) were used in this research. While composite materials possess high stiffness and strength properties, the stiffness of composite laminates may be maximized by changing the geometry. By adding corrugations, the flexural stiffness is increased in one direction compared to the stiffness of a flat part with the same amount of material. Thus, stiffness increases without a change in weight. The primary goal of this research was to investigate the stiffness ...


Atomic Oxygen Effects On Particulate Contamination And Short Beam Strength Of Carbon Composites, Marlee K. Litzinger 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Atomic Oxygen Effects On Particulate Contamination And Short Beam Strength Of Carbon Composites, Marlee K. Litzinger

Master's Theses and Project Reports

In order to design a successful space system, the unique challenges of the space environment it will operate in must be considered during the design process. Atomic oxygen (AO) is a detrimental environmental effect found in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) that affects spacecraft surfaces by oxidizing and eroding material over time, particularly polymers. Carbon fiber/epoxy composites are a commonly used spacecraft material affected by AO exposure. Carbon composites are used as a structural material, such as on solar panels; their large surface area therefore is a potential contamination source to sensitive components. The Space Environments and Testing Lab at ...


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