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The Effects Of Imitation, Modeling, And Prompting On Play Skills Of Young Children With Disabilities, Andrea Rau 2019 Northwestern College - Orange City

The Effects Of Imitation, Modeling, And Prompting On Play Skills Of Young Children With Disabilities, Andrea Rau

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research was to determine if direct instruction of play skills would improve the play of three-year-old children with disabilities in the inclusive setting. Participants included five children with disabilities ranging in age from 38 to 48 months old. Quantitative data was collected using event sampling to assess the number of different independent play actions performed by participants before and after intervention. Qualitative data was collected to determine commonalities in which intervention action steps resulted in successful imitation. The intervention implemented was a combined systematic approach of contingent imitation, modeling, and a system of least prompts ...


How Inclusion Affects Students In The Ela Classroom, Nicole K. Jones 2019 Northwestern College - Orange City

How Inclusion Affects Students In The Ela Classroom, Nicole K. Jones

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this literature review is to examine literature based on the following question: What are the effects on the academic achievement of inclusion on regular education students, those without Individualized Education Plans or special education needs in the English Language Arts classroom? After examining and reviewing the literature on this topic, the data will be shared and used to determine if there is adequate research available and whether that research provides enough information to apply inclusion to current practice.


Benefits Of Modifications And Accommodations Training, Brandie J. Malm 2019 Northwestern College - Orange City

Benefits Of Modifications And Accommodations Training, Brandie J. Malm

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research project was to determine the relationship between modifications and accommodations training for school staff and the academic experience of special education students. Participants were three special education students in a public, inclusive, elementary school setting. Data was collected through I-Ready reading and math testing in August and December of this school year and compared to the same data from the previous year. The research question guiding this study was, would special education student’s educational experience improve when the special education teacher provides a comprehensive modifications and accommodations training for general education teachers and ...


Exploratory Application Of A Sensory Activity Schedule In Head Start Preschool, Marian Perez, Elaine Wong, Michelle Perryman 2019 Dominican University of California

Exploratory Application Of A Sensory Activity Schedule In Head Start Preschool, Marian Perez, Elaine Wong, Michelle Perryman

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Objective: The objective of this research is to determine whether the implementation of sensory activity schedule in a preschool classroom can increase the on-task behaviors of the students.

Methods: Three students were recruited to participate in a quantitative multiple single subject design with qualitative follow-up study. The participants performed sensorimotor activities before circle time and were monitored for frequency of their off-task behavior using a time sampling frequency data collection. Afterwards, the head teacher was interviewed to discuss the experience.

Results: Off-task behavior decreased from baseline on all three children, which supports the efficacy of sensory activity schedule in reducing ...


The Effects Of A Metacognitive Strategy On The Reading Comprehension Of High School History Students, Carollynn Anders 2019 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of A Metacognitive Strategy On The Reading Comprehension Of High School History Students, Carollynn Anders

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of the current study is to add to existing research on the effectiveness of the SRSD RAP strategy on reading comprehension. This study describes a single-subject research design involving professional development in the RAP metacognitive strategy and a teacher’s implementation in her high-school history courses. The study aims to assess the strategy’s effectiveness in the high school general education setting with inclusive instruction and without pull out sessions to learn that strategy. The current study explores RAP strategy research and uses a week-long unit of instruction for teaching the RAP strategy. The results of the RAP ...


The Ebp-Cot Assignment: Increasing The Use And Understanding Of Ebps In Preservice Teachers, Margaret Bowman 2019 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Ebp-Cot Assignment: Increasing The Use And Understanding Of Ebps In Preservice Teachers, Margaret Bowman

Honors Theses

This study investigated whether the use of the Evidence-Based Practice-Classroom Observation Tool (EBP-COT) assignment in an introductory teacher education practicum increased the understanding of Evidence-Based Practice-Classroom Observation Tools (EBPCOT). Participants in this study were consenting special education majors in their introductory block practicum course at a mid-south university in the fall semester of 2018. Students were asked to complete the EBP-COT assignment to include focused checklists components and reflections as well as a pretest and posttest. The assignment, pretest, and posttest were analyzed for similarities in increased understanding of evidence-based practices and comfort with the use of evidence-based practices. Overall ...


Choice, Voice, And Agency : A Photovoice Study Exploring Multiple Means Of Expression As Inclusive Pedagogy, Francesca M. Ciotoli 2019 Montclair State University

Choice, Voice, And Agency : A Photovoice Study Exploring Multiple Means Of Expression As Inclusive Pedagogy, Francesca M. Ciotoli

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Pedagogy that centers primarily on oral and written language significantly limits the educational progress of students with disabilities because it may not regularly afford them opportunities to express what they have learned. It stands to reason that increased opportunities for expression through multiple ways or modes of meaning-making will lead to greater expressivity for all students. This research study documents, examines, and helps support five general and special education teachers’ learning of pedagogical practices that foster increased opportunities for expression of learning with respect to students with disabilities in elementary and middle school (grades 3-7) classrooms. I use photovoice research ...


Component Analysis Of The Cool Vs. Not Cool Procedure, Mary Yoo 2019 St. Cloud State University

Component Analysis Of The Cool Vs. Not Cool Procedure, Mary Yoo

Culminating Projects in Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy

One of the characteristics of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder is the inability to develop the social skills needed to develop meaningful relationships. Several behavior programs have been developed to effectively teach a variety of necessary social skills. One of these programs has been proven to be effective with children with autism is the cool versus not cool procedure. There is a growing body of research that has demonstrated its effectiveness to helping teach appropriate social behaviors to individuals in this population (Au et al., 2016; Leaf et al., 2012; Leaf et al., 2015; Leaf, Leaf et al., 2016). However ...


Factors Sustaining Effect And Implementation Of School-Wide Positive Interventions And Supports, Changgyun Kim 2019 Saint Cloud State University

Factors Sustaining Effect And Implementation Of School-Wide Positive Interventions And Supports, Changgyun Kim

Culminating Projects in Special Education

This starred paper consists of reviews of literature regarding the factors sustaining effect and implementation of School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports for students. Twelve studies were chosen for review on sustaining factors of SWPBIS. The studies included a range of dates from 2009 to 2018. The review is delimited by school settings.


Primary Factors Impacting Burnout In Special Education Teachers, Jenna Kulberg 2019 St. Cloud State University

Primary Factors Impacting Burnout In Special Education Teachers, Jenna Kulberg

Culminating Projects in Special Education

Many factors may lead to burnout of special education teachers. Teachers are faced with overwhelming caseloads, student behaviors, job duties, and a history that has been inconsistent with appropriate supports for students with special needs. The studies that were reviewed offered information that directly correlated with burnout. There was much focus on the three areas addressed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator Survey (MBI-ES). The three areas of burnout according to this survey were emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishments. Studies completed showed tendencies towards the emotional exhaustion being directly related to the highest rate of reasons for burnout among special ...


The Relationship Between Overrepresentation Of Minority Students And Explicit And Implicit Bias, Robyn Peterson 2019 St. Cloud State University

The Relationship Between Overrepresentation Of Minority Students And Explicit And Implicit Bias, Robyn Peterson

Culminating Projects in Special Education

The disproportionality of minority students referred to or qualifying for special education exceeds the number of minority students in the total school population. Many minority students will receive special education services in a secluded program or classroom. It can prevent students from receiving the appropriate education guaranteed to them. A teacher’s explicit or implicit bias could be a factor in determining the reason why disproportionality of minority students is referred to or qualify for special education services. The research indicated a trend on the over-representation of minority students being referred to or receiving special education services. However, the research ...


The Need For Trauma-Informed Training To Build Teacher Efficacy In Managing Externalizing Student Behavior, Tara Kubian 2019 St. Cloud State University

The Need For Trauma-Informed Training To Build Teacher Efficacy In Managing Externalizing Student Behavior, Tara Kubian

Culminating Projects in Special Education

This starred paper is a review of literature that examines qualitative and quantitative studies conducted to explain the relationship between childhood adversity, childhood development, and externalizing behaviors. Additionally, this literature review further examines the impact of childhood adversity and trauma on student learning, teacher efficacy, and the need for trauma-sensitive school systems.


The Impact Of Restorative Practices On Discipline Data And Procedures In Schools, Nicole Raffenbeul 2019 St. Cloud State University

The Impact Of Restorative Practices On Discipline Data And Procedures In Schools, Nicole Raffenbeul

Culminating Projects in Special Education

Research has indicated that behavior within the classroom has become a top priority in education. Many students lack the skills necessary to navigate the school climate in a pro-social and constructive way. As policies changed towards more punitive methods, there was an increase in the achievement gap for students at-risk. However, students are not learning new skills to impact behavioral patterns, nor are they learning academic skills to succeed when removed from the classroom. Restorative practices are an alternative to traditional discipline procedures that provide skills to negotiate conflict, allow for student voice, and create community for all students. Overall ...


The Overrepresentation Of African American Students In Special Education, Kelsey Kihle 2019 St. Cloud State University

The Overrepresentation Of African American Students In Special Education, Kelsey Kihle

Culminating Projects in Special Education

The purpose of this paper was to review the literature and research that examines the overrepresentation of African American students enrolled in special education programs and give reasons as to why this overrepresentation continues to occur.


Peer-Mediated Interventions And Strategies For Facilitating Inclusion Of Students With Emotional Or Behavioral Disorders Into The General Education Classroom, Haley Althaus 2019 St. Cloud State University

Peer-Mediated Interventions And Strategies For Facilitating Inclusion Of Students With Emotional Or Behavioral Disorders Into The General Education Classroom, Haley Althaus

Culminating Projects in Special Education

The main focus of this paper was to identify specific peer-mediated interventions and strategies which educators can use to assist in supporting facilitation of inclusion of students with emotional or behavioral disorders.


The Importance Of Self-Determination Interventions For Transition-Age Youth With Disabilities, Clista Bradford 2019 St. Cloud State University

The Importance Of Self-Determination Interventions For Transition-Age Youth With Disabilities, Clista Bradford

Culminating Projects in Special Education

Studies were selected in order to determine if they supported the importance of self-determination for transition age youth with disabilities. All of the studies indicated that higher self-determination levels and self-determination skills are beneficial to individuals. The intervention-specific studies were especially promising. Students who were taught a specific self-determination curriculum experienced higher self-determination levels, higher quality of life ratings, higher levels of employment, and higher levels of community access. These studies suggest the importance of self-determination on future outcomes of students; however, the manner and degree of impact needs to be further explored with consideration to the multiple personal and ...


Efficacy Of Self-Regulation Strategy On Reading Comprehension Development For Students With Reading Difficulties, JIN HEE CHAE 2019 Saint Cloud State University

Efficacy Of Self-Regulation Strategy On Reading Comprehension Development For Students With Reading Difficulties, Jin Hee Chae

Culminating Projects in Special Education

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of self-regulation strategy embedded in reading comprehension strategy intervention for students with reading difficulties. This study investigated the role of self-regulation in reading comprehension intervention by exploring the relations between monitoring, motivation, self-efficacy, and performance in reading comprehension treatment for struggling readers. Therefore, the unique contribution of this study lies in identifying the role of, as well as, the efficacy of self-regulation strategies in reading comprehension interventions.


Music And Music Therapy And Its Effects On Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Allison L. Roberts 2019 St. Cloud State University

Music And Music Therapy And Its Effects On Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Allison L. Roberts

Culminating Projects in Special Education

Music and Music Therapy and Its Effects on Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Functional Communication Training And Autism Spectrum Disorders, Danielle Dominguez 2019 St. Cloud State University

Functional Communication Training And Autism Spectrum Disorders, Danielle Dominguez

Culminating Projects in Special Education

Functional Communication Training and Autism Spectrum Disorders


An Evaluation Of Conventional And Progressive Discrete Trial Teaching When Teaching Receptive Labels, Elizabeth Wong 2019 St. Cloud State University

An Evaluation Of Conventional And Progressive Discrete Trial Teaching When Teaching Receptive Labels, Elizabeth Wong

Culminating Projects in Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy

This study evaluated the effectiveness and efficiency of conventional DTT and progressive DTT when teaching receptive labels to three children all diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. The conventional DTT approach used a conventional approach, which is a method of balancing the trial order and location of at least three stimuli in a teaching session. In contrast, the progressive approach DTT allowed the teacher to be flexible and assess in the moment the trial order. Using an alternating treatment design replicated for three sets and three participants, the results showed that progressive DTT was the most efficient and effective procedure for ...


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