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Using A Peer Buddy System To Increase Interaction Between Students With Special Needs And Their Peers, Kristi Foster 2011 Rowan University

Using A Peer Buddy System To Increase Interaction Between Students With Special Needs And Their Peers, Kristi Foster

Theses and Dissertations

Students with disabilities in a self-contained elementary classroom were given peer mentors to encourage and motivate them to become more active socially. The peers modeled appropriate behavior and social skills during special area classes. The four students who volunteered to act as mentors met with the special education teacher and discussed the plan of action. As a result of the intervention, the students with disabilities approached their typical peers more frequently. The students with disabilities grew in many ways socially, emotionally and cognitively. The mentors gained knowledge of the peer mentor system as well as knowledge of students with disabilities ...


Resolving Incidents Of Bullying Among High Functioning Adolescents With Asd: Parent Perspectives, Wan-Ting Chuang 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Resolving Incidents Of Bullying Among High Functioning Adolescents With Asd: Parent Perspectives, Wan-Ting Chuang

Theses and Dissertations

A qualitative study was conducted investigating the perceptions of seven parents of high functioning adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) regarding incidents of bullying in which the child was involved. Results of the study indicated that all of the children had been bullied at one time or another, and that the majority had difficulty in demonstrating appropriate social skills. The parents viewed supportive peers to be a positive factor, fostering the children's satisfactory social adjustment. Parent interventions for their child included social skills instruction and empathy training. Research implications for educators included the need to establish systemic organized school-wide ...


Paraeducators In Secondary Transitional Settings: Their Knowledge, Responsibilities, And Training Needs, Michelle Holbrook 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Paraeducators In Secondary Transitional Settings: Their Knowledge, Responsibilities, And Training Needs, Michelle Holbrook

Theses and Dissertations

The authors queried 336 paraeducators working in 34 high schools or special programs offering transitional services for adult students with disabilities. The survey included (a) the contexts in which they support students with disabilities, (b) their knowledge about core competencies in educating these students, (c) the job-related tasks they perform most frequently, (d) their perceived ability to perform these tasks effectively, and (e) their need for further training across these knowledge and task areas. The study replicated a study conducted by Carter, O'Rourke, Sisco, and Pelsue (2009) surveying paraeducators working in K-12 settings. The authors found that paraeducators worked ...


Self-Advocacy Training In Secondary Schools For Students With Learning Disabilities, Ashleigh R. Smith 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Self-Advocacy Training In Secondary Schools For Students With Learning Disabilities, Ashleigh R. Smith

Theses and Dissertations

To be successful in the general education students with disabilities may require accommodations. Students with disabilities need to develop self-advocating skills to be able to request the accommodations needed in the general education. This article describes a study in which six high school students with learning disabilities were explicitly taught to recognize when an accommodation was needed, select the appropriate accommodation, request the accommodation and then implement the accommodation in the general education classroom. The study indicated that students were able to advocate for themselves by requesting accommodations from their general education teacher. Based on data collected though this study ...


Portrayal Of Characters With Disabilities In Newbery Books, Casey Lin Pehrson 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Portrayal Of Characters With Disabilities In Newbery Books, Casey Lin Pehrson

Theses and Dissertations

Commonly practiced in school settings, bibliotherapy promotes healing and problem solving. In schools, bibliotherapy should be utilized to educate and empower students and to enhance the classroom experience. In order to achieve this purpose, teachers need a variety of books to specifically target students' unique needs. Award-winning books, such as those receiving the prestigious Newbery Medal, are important resources for teachers. This study examined the portrayal of characters with disabilities in 249 Newbery Medal and Honor books published between 1922 and 1974. From this sample, 20 books featured a combined total of 21 characters with a disability, as defined by ...


The Impact Of A Reading Intervention Program On Students With Reading Difficulties, Susanne Jones 2011 Rowan University

The Impact Of A Reading Intervention Program On Students With Reading Difficulties, Susanne Jones

Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to compare the impact of a reading intervention program, Read 180/System 44, on students in a Behavior Disabilities class, with students in a Learning and/or Language disabilities class and an "at risk" group of students from the general education population. The researcher collected pre and post data in September and February. The classroom teachers implemented the Read 180/System 44 program for approximately five months. The "at risk" general education program displayed the most significant growth. The students in the Behavior Disabilities class as well as those in the Learning and ...


The Effects Of Video Self-Modeling On The Math Performance Of Adolescents With Developmental Disabilities, Cami Elizabeth Burton 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

The Effects Of Video Self-Modeling On The Math Performance Of Adolescents With Developmental Disabilities, Cami Elizabeth Burton

Theses and Dissertations

The current study examined the effects of video self-modeling (VSM) via an iPad on the mathematics performance of students with developmental disabilities. The learning task was presented from the consumers' point of view; students learned to estimate the amount of money they should use to pay for a given item and the amount they should receive back to help ensure that they are treated honestly by merchants. Through VSM, video clips showing the step-by-step problem solving process were synchronized onto an iPad. Students were shown how to use the iPad and access the video clips in order to watch themselves ...


Utah Pacific Islander Former Gang Members: Meanings Of Everyday Lived Experiences, Natasha Leeann Afalava 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Utah Pacific Islander Former Gang Members: Meanings Of Everyday Lived Experiences, Natasha Leeann Afalava

Theses and Dissertations

Gangs continue to extend a strong influence around the United States, impacting most urban areas and spreading into suburban and rural communities. With approximately one million members actively involved, gangs account for up to 80% of crimes in some communities. Amidst crime and antisocial activities associated with gangs, gangs continue to be a strong allure for youth. Much research has investigated reasons for youth joining gangs; however, there is a lack of research exploring the kinds of experiences youths receive while living the gang life. According to Utah statistics, Pacific Islander youth are at high risk of joining a gang ...


Effects Of A Parent Training Workshop On Parent Perceptions Of Children With Developmental Disabilities, Stephanie Priscilla Call 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Effects Of A Parent Training Workshop On Parent Perceptions Of Children With Developmental Disabilities, Stephanie Priscilla Call

Theses and Dissertations

Children with developmental disabilities often exhibit problem behaviors, such as physical aggression, tantrums, and self-injury. These behaviors can detrimentally affect the family's lifestyle. Research has shown that such families should take an active role in developing and implementing a behavior plan. However, families need support to promote effective changes in their child's behavior. This study investigated how a positive behavior support workshop that used the Family HOPE program affected behavior problems and parent/child relationships in families with children with developmental disabilities. Parents of eight children with disabilities and challenging behaviors participated in this research. A Project Director ...


Reliability And A Measure Of Sexual Interest: Examining The Temporal Stability Of Scores On Affinity 2.5, Kristina S. Withers Hansen 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

Reliability And A Measure Of Sexual Interest: Examining The Temporal Stability Of Scores On Affinity 2.5, Kristina S. Withers Hansen

Theses and Dissertations

Affinity 2.5 is a computer-based instrument designed to measure sexual interest using viewing time of images depicting fully-clothed males and females of different ages. Participants are asked to rate the sexual attractiveness of the person in the image according to a 15-point scale while their viewing time of each image is surreptitiously monitored. The validity of viewing time as a measure of sexual interest is based on social cognition theory and is established in the review of literature. The number of images comprising Affinity 2.5 represents a 42.9% increase from the previous version of the assessment, Affinity ...


Intervention And Referral Services: Student And Teacher Support Team Or Roadblock To Special Education?, Joshua Brown 2011 Rowan University

Intervention And Referral Services: Student And Teacher Support Team Or Roadblock To Special Education?, Joshua Brown

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to investigate the effect of the Intervention and Referral Services (I&RS) process in a pre-kindergarten through 3rd grade elementary school in Southern New Jersey. In an attempt to identify student outcomes, as well as teacher and team member perceptions of the process, a log of I&RS meetings was reviewed. The resulting data suggested that slightly less than half of the students referred through the process over the 2009/ 2010 school year were either retained the following school year or eventually found eligible for special education. Results of a survey given to ...


An Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Smart Board Technology By Evaluating The Students' Ability Of Completing Their Work With Focus On Students With Disabilities, Melanie Handler 2011 Rowan University

An Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Smart Board Technology By Evaluating The Students' Ability Of Completing Their Work With Focus On Students With Disabilities, Melanie Handler

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of SMART board technology by examining rates of participation by students, and evaluating the students' ability of completing their work while focusing on students with disabilities. Students with learning disabilities sometimes have a lack of engagement in completing tasks due to inattention. Technology such as the SMART Board helps students and allows them to learn more effectively. The SMART Board also creates an opportunity for teachers to differentiate instruction for all of their students. The SMART board can increase motivation, offer self-paced practice, and create a high-interest learning environment. Educators ...


Supporting Students With Asperger Syndrome In Higher Education, Julie Ciocco 2011 Rowan University

Supporting Students With Asperger Syndrome In Higher Education, Julie Ciocco

Theses and Dissertations

In this research project, the Peer Coaching Program for Students with Asperger Syndrome (or with demonstrated weaknesses similar to AS) at Rowan University in Glassboro, New Jersey was analyzed for effectiveness. The program's seventeen student participants and seven coaches were surveyed in order to attain data on the demographics of each group, their skills, their weaknesses, and their experiences within the program. It was found that most of the students were able to either maintain their GPAs or raise their GPAs while participating in the program, and all were exposed to various social skill training activities and workshops to ...


An Analysis Of Graduate School Recruitment Via Website Resources, Dylan K. Matsumori 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

An Analysis Of Graduate School Recruitment Via Website Resources, Dylan K. Matsumori

Theses and Dissertations

Institutions of higher learning are experiencing increased difficulty managing the quantity and quality of their graduate student populations (Kallio, 1995). Currently the most important informational resource for potential students engaged in the graduate school search process is the Web (Huddleston & Drexel, 2006). Previous research has focused on things such as website design and technological advances but has failed to address the core content needed by applicants (Huddleston & Drexel, 2006). Research has focused on website design from the perspective of administrators and web designers with little consideration of the individuals who are in the process of applying to or identifying a ...


Developmental Screening: A Review Of Contemporary Practice, Juli Pool, Jack Hourcade 2011 Boise State University

Developmental Screening: A Review Of Contemporary Practice, Juli Pool, Jack Hourcade

Juli Lull Pool

The early years of childhood are critical for optimal development of a variety of skills. The accurate and efficient identification of potential delays in, or issues with child development, is essential in identifying those children most in need of early intervention services. Screening procedures are designed to identify children who appear at risk for these delays or issues, with the children then more completely and comprehensively evaluated. Unfortunately, screening procedures during the preschool years remain nonsystematic, inefficient, and/or prohibitively expensive. This is especially unfortunate in that the data clearly suggest that children with developmental issues or delays who are ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of Adolescent Girls' Experience In An Eating Disorder Prevention Curriculum, Jill L. Smedley 2011 Brigham Young University - Provo

A Qualitative Exploration Of Adolescent Girls' Experience In An Eating Disorder Prevention Curriculum, Jill L. Smedley

Theses and Dissertations

Eating disorders are a widespread problem that affects millions of people each year in the United States. Research-based prevention programs are becoming more and more important as this number rises. This study qualitatively examined the effectiveness of a prevention program called Eating Disorders: Physical, Social, and Emotional Consequences, A High School Curriculum about Anorexia, Bulimia, and Compulsive Eating (EDPSEC). Study participants included 10 female students in a ninth grade health class in a junior high school in Utah. The integrity of curriculum administration was analyzed and interviews were conducted. The aim of the interviews was to determine what students who ...


Characterizing And Predicting Outcomes Of Communication Delays In Infants And Toddlers: Implications For Clinical Practice, Rhea Paul, Forma P. Roth 2011 Sacred Heart University

Characterizing And Predicting Outcomes Of Communication Delays In Infants And Toddlers: Implications For Clinical Practice, Rhea Paul, Forma P. Roth

Speech-Language Pathology Faculty Publications

Purpose: This article focuses on using currently available data to assist speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in making decisions regarding a child's eligibility and considerations for recommended "dosage" of early intervention (El) services. Method: Literature describing the characteristics of infants and toddlers who are likely recipients of El services was reviewed. Results: Current literature provides information that can be used to inform clinical decisions for infants and toddlers with established medical conditions, as well as those with risk factors, for oral language, communication, and subsequent literacy disabilities. This information is summarized. Conclusion: Extant literature suggests that El makes a critical difference ...


Sally J. Rogers And Geraldine Dawson: Review Of Early Start Denver Model For Young Children With Autism: Promoting Language, Learning And Engagement (Book Review), Rhea Paul 2011 Sacred Heart University

Sally J. Rogers And Geraldine Dawson: Review Of Early Start Denver Model For Young Children With Autism: Promoting Language, Learning And Engagement (Book Review), Rhea Paul

Speech-Language Pathology Faculty Publications

Book review by Rhea Paul:

Rogers, Sally R. and Geraldine Dawson. Early Start Denver Model for Young Children with Autism: Promoting Language, Learning and Engagement. New York: Guilford Press, 2010. 9781606236321; 9781606234914 (pbk.)


The Status Of Students With Special Needs In The Instrumental Musical Ensemble And The Effect Of Selected Educator And Institutional Variables On Rates Of Inclusion, Edward C. Hoffman III 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Status Of Students With Special Needs In The Instrumental Musical Ensemble And The Effect Of Selected Educator And Institutional Variables On Rates Of Inclusion, Edward C. Hoffman Iii

Student Research, Creative Activity, and Performance - School of Music

The purpose of this study was to describe the current status of students with special needs in the instrumental musical ensemble and to examine the effect of selected educator and institutional variables on rates of inclusion. An online survey was designed by the researcher and distributed electronically to 600 practicing K-12 instrumental music educators in the states of Idaho, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, and Rhode Island. While 13.6% of the total school-aged population nationwide received special education services, demographic data provided by respondents revealed that students with special needs accounted for 6.8% of all students participating in ...


Comparative Effects Of Two Error Correction Procedures During Repeated Reading For Students With Learning Disabilities, Xiaoqing Yang 2011 Kennesaw State University

Comparative Effects Of Two Error Correction Procedures During Repeated Reading For Students With Learning Disabilities, Xiaoqing Yang

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

This dissertation reports the findings from a main study and an extended study. The purpose of the main study was to examine the comparative effects of two error correction procedures during repeated reading interventions on the reading fluency and accuracy of nontransfer and transfer passages for learning disabled (LD) fourth grade students. Repeated reading with corrective feedback (RRCF) and repeated reading with word study (RRWS) were used. RRCF sessions consisted of the teacher’s corrective modeling contingent upon the student’s error during the first passage reading, three practice readings with the same passage, and a fifth reading for data ...


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