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Implicit Theories Of Ability Of Grade 6 Science Students: Relation To Epistemological Beliefs And Academic Motivation And Achievement In Science, Jason Chen, Frank Pajares 2010 College of William & Mary

Implicit Theories Of Ability Of Grade 6 Science Students: Relation To Epistemological Beliefs And Academic Motivation And Achievement In Science, Jason Chen, Frank Pajares

Articles

We investigated (a) the associations of implicit theories and epistemological beliefs and their effects on the academic motivation and achievement of students in Grade 6 science and (b) the mean differences of implicit theories, epistemological beliefs, and academic motivation and achievement as a function of gender and race/ethnicity (N = 508). Path analysis revealed that an incremental view of ability had direct and indirect effects on adaptive motivational factors, whereas fixed entity views had direct and indirect effects on maladaptive factors. Epistemological beliefs mediated the influence of implicit theories of ability on achievement goal orientations, self-efficacy, and science achievement. Results ...


Assessment Of Forever Earth Curriculum 2009-2010: Final Report, Lori Olafson, Gregory Schraw, Michelle L. Weibel 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Assessment Of Forever Earth Curriculum 2009-2010: Final Report, Lori Olafson, Gregory Schraw, Michelle L. Weibel

Reports (FE)

Forever Earth is a floating environmental laboratory and learning center at Lake Mead National Recreation Area that provides hands-on science experiences for students in the Clark County School District. The Forever Earth program was brought about through the efforts of numerous partners including Forever Resorts, a division of Forever Learning LLC, the National Park Service, Lake Mead National Recreation Area; Outside Las Vegas Foundation; and UNLV’s Public Lands Institute. In 2005, a formal written agreement was reached between Fun Country Marine Industries and UNLV’s Public Lands Institute to operate and manage the Forever Earth houseboat for the purpose ...


Examining Preservice Science Teacher Understanding Of Nature Of Science: Discriminating Variables On The Aspects Of Nature Of Science, William I. Jones 2010 Cedarville University

Examining Preservice Science Teacher Understanding Of Nature Of Science: Discriminating Variables On The Aspects Of Nature Of Science, William I. Jones

Faculty Dissertations

This study examined the understanding of nature of science among participants in their final year of a 4-year undergraduate teacher education program at a Midwest liberal arts university. The Logic Model Process was used as an integrative framework to focus the collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of the data for the purpose of (1) describing participant understanding of NOS and (2) to identify participant characteristics and teacher education program features related to those understandings. The Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire form C (VNOS-C) was used to survey participant understanding of 7 target aspects of Nature of Science (NOS). A ...


Trends In The Mathematical Competency Of University Entrants In Ireland By Leaving Certificate Mathematics Grade, Fiona Faulkner, Ailish Hannigan, Olivia Gill 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Trends In The Mathematical Competency Of University Entrants In Ireland By Leaving Certificate Mathematics Grade, Fiona Faulkner, Ailish Hannigan, Olivia Gill

Articles

This article reports on the mathematical competency of students entering third-level education in the University of Limerick (UL). Data from diagnostic testing, gathered on 5,949 students between the years 1998 and 2008, are used to demonstrate the changes in competency levels of students entering UL. There has been a significant decline in the performance of students in the diagnostic test over time.The performance, on average, of students with the same leaving certificate mathematics grade on entry into university has not changed significantly over time. However, the profile of the entrants has changed considerably and this is contributing to ...


"What Was Really Accomplished Today?" Mathematics Content Specialists Observe A Class For Prospective K-8 Teachers, Andrew M. Tyminski, Sarah D. Ledford, Dennis Hembree 2010 Purdue University

"What Was Really Accomplished Today?" Mathematics Content Specialists Observe A Class For Prospective K-8 Teachers, Andrew M. Tyminski, Sarah D. Ledford, Dennis Hembree

Faculty Publications

One of the important activities mathematics teacher educators engage in is the development of teachers at both the in-service and pre-service levels. Also of importance is the professional development of these professional developers. In the summer of 2004, a summer institute was held that allowed mathematics teacher educators watch the teaching of a mathematics content course for prospective K-8 teachers. This paper examines the manner in which a specific group of mathematics content specialists experienced this professional development.


Cosmological Beliefs About Origins Related To Science Achievement Among Junior High-School Students In South Bend, Indiana, J David Van Dyke 2010 Andrews University

Cosmological Beliefs About Origins Related To Science Achievement Among Junior High-School Students In South Bend, Indiana, J David Van Dyke

Dissertations

Problem. American high-school students score lower in science achievement tests than their peers in other developed nations. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) ranked the scientific achievement of American high-school students as ―very low‖ in comparison to high-school students in other industrialized nations—only 29th out of 57 developed countries. Research has indicated that achievement declines as U.S. students progress to higher grades and take on more rigorous science courses. A variety of factors have been documented that may account for U.S. students‘ lower science achievement rankings. These include socioeconomic status, race, and gender. One area ...


Ciência, Educação E Livros Didáticos Do Século Xix. Os Compêndios Das Ciências Naturais Do Colégio Pedro Ii [Science, Education And Textbooks In The Nineteenth Century. The Natural Science Compendiums Of The College Pedro Ii], Karl M. Lorenz 2010 Sacred Heart University

Ciência, Educação E Livros Didáticos Do Século Xix. Os Compêndios Das Ciências Naturais Do Colégio Pedro Ii [Science, Education And Textbooks In The Nineteenth Century. The Natural Science Compendiums Of The College Pedro Ii], Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M Lorenz

A obra apresenta um panorama do ensino de Ciências no Brasil no século XIX, por meio da análise de livros didáticos utilizados no ensino secundário. Toma como referência os compêndios adotados no Colégio de Pedro II, por ser esta a instituição modelo para o ensino secundário público oitocentista no Brasil. Para melhor compreender o significado destas obras, que foram identificadas em programas de ensino que correspondem às reformas educacionais efetuadas pelo Governo Central de 1838 a 1898, o autor insere seu trabalho em uma discussão maior sobre o desenvolvimento histórico das Ciências Naturais e do ensino das Ciências no Colégio ...


Investigating Further Preservice Teachers’ Conceptions Of Multidigit Whole Numbers: Refining A Framework, Eva Thanheiser 2010 Portland State University

Investigating Further Preservice Teachers’ Conceptions Of Multidigit Whole Numbers: Refining A Framework, Eva Thanheiser

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study was designed to investigate preservice elementary school teachers’ (PSTs’) responses to written standard place-value-operation tasks (addition and subtraction). Previous research established that PSTs can often perform but not explain algorithms and provided a four-category framework for PSTs’ conceptions, two correct and two incorrect. Previous findings are replicated for PSTs toward the end of their college careers, and two conceptions are further analyzed to yield three categories of incorrect views of regrouped digits: (a) consistently as 1 value (all as 1 or all as 10), (b) consistently within but not across contexts (i.e., all as 10 in addition ...


Grounded Tech Integration: Science, Margaret Blanchard, Judi Harris, Mark J. Hofer 2010 North Carolina State University

Grounded Tech Integration: Science, Margaret Blanchard, Judi Harris, Mark J. Hofer

School of Education Articles

Technologies such as micro-scopes, Bunsen burners,and balances have long been associated with learning and teaching in the science classroom. Digital technologies, such as simulations,interactive whiteboards, probeware,and Flip cameras, offer additional opportunities for science teachers to put students in charge of data generation,collection, analysis, and presentation. Yet the widespread use of even traditional technologies in science classrooms, much less newer tools, remains limited. Science teachers must choose among several technologies—for example, mercury thermometers,handheld digital thermometers, and digital temperature probes—that accomplish the same or similar tasks to assist students’ science learning. How can we best ...


A Values Framework For Students To Develop Thoughtful Attitudes About Citizenship And Stewardship, Tim Lutz, LeeAnn Srogi 2010 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

A Values Framework For Students To Develop Thoughtful Attitudes About Citizenship And Stewardship, Tim Lutz, Leeann Srogi

Earth & Space Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


How Our Health Depends On Biodiversity, Eric Chivian M.D., Aaron Bernstein M.D., M.P.H. 2010 Center for Health and the Global Environment at Harvard Medical School

How Our Health Depends On Biodiversity, Eric Chivian M.D., Aaron Bernstein M.D., M.P.H.

Ecosystem Disruption & Climate Change

The eminent Harvard biology Professor Edward O.Wilson once said about ants, “We need them to survive, but they don’t need us at all.” The same, in fact, could be said about countless other insects, bacteria, fungi, plankton, plants, and other organisms. This fundamental truth, however, is largely lost to many of us. Rather, we humans often act as if we are totally independent of Nature, as if our driving thousands of other species to extinction and disrupting the life-giving services they provide will have no effect on us whatsoever.

This summary, using concrete examples from our award-winning Oxford ...


Trends In Environmental Concern By Grade Level: A Study Of Elementary, Middle, And High School Students, Ryan David Lensing 2010 University of Northern Iowa

Trends In Environmental Concern By Grade Level: A Study Of Elementary, Middle, And High School Students, Ryan David Lensing

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

Environmental concern has been frequently measured since the 1970's, however, much of this research has focused on adults. Of the studies that look at students, the majority focus on high school with little attention given to middle or elementary grades. None of these studies have looked at elementary, middle, and high school students from the same population. This study uses the NEP Scale for Children in conjunction with free response questions to examine the trends in environmental concern from 120 Catholic elementary, middle school, and high school students from Des Moines, Iowa. The findings show no significant differences in ...


What Is Transportation Engineering, Michael A. Knodler 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

What Is Transportation Engineering, Michael A. Knodler

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

"The branch of engineering which applies technology, science, and human factors to the planning, design, operations and management of roads, streets, bikeways, highways, their networks, terminals, and abutting lands” The objective is to provide for the safe, rapid, comfortable, efficient, convenient, and environmentally compatible movement of people, goods, and services.


Academic Success For Stem And Non-Stem Majors, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley 2010 Iowa State University

Academic Success For Stem And Non-Stem Majors, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

Enrollment in STEM majors has improved recently, but there continues to be concern over retention in those majors, especially of women and minority students. The purpose of this study is to develop an integrated understanding of how multiple predictor variables affect student degree attainment and to ascertain how the variables impact is regulated by whether students are in STEM or non-STEM majors. Six-year cohort retention/graduation outcomes are predicted for all students in STEM and non-STEM majors, and are adjusted separately for whether students remain in, or shift into or away from, STEM majors. Long-term retention/graduation is predicted significantly ...


The Effect Of Learning Styles Strategies On Benchmark Eighth Grade Middle School Mathematics Achievement, Jean Ferrara 2010 Walden University

The Effect Of Learning Styles Strategies On Benchmark Eighth Grade Middle School Mathematics Achievement, Jean Ferrara

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Low standardized mathematics scores resulted in a suburban middle school not reaching adequate yearly progress (AYP) for the 2 previous years. There were many possible factors contributing to this problem, among them the design of instruction. The purpose of this study was to identify learning styles of students and implement differentiated instructional strategies that address the learners' needs. The study was based on the Silver and Hanson's theory of learning style instruction and Gardner's multiple intelligences as a model for differentiating instruction. This sequential mixed methods quasi-experimental causal comparative design study investigated the effect of classroom intervention based ...


Inquiry Based Mathematics Instruction Versus Traditional Mathematics Instruction: The Effect On Student Understanding And Comprehension In An Eighth Grade Pre-Algebra Classroom, Kyle Ferguson 2010 Cedarville University

Inquiry Based Mathematics Instruction Versus Traditional Mathematics Instruction: The Effect On Student Understanding And Comprehension In An Eighth Grade Pre-Algebra Classroom, Kyle Ferguson

Master of Education Research Theses

This quantitative study provides information obtained through the use of inquiry-based mathematics instruction verses traditional mathematics instruction. The use of each curriculum was implemented into two classrooms of eighth grade pre-algebra students. The study was based on data collected before and after each of the two units of study. Fifty-two suburban eighth grade students represented the sample population. Results of the SPSS analysis showed that both classes made improvement from their pre-test to their post-test for both units but students receiving instruction through inquiry-based instruction showed significantly more improvement on the second unit. These results can be useful for educators ...


Niche Specialization And Conservation Biology Of Cicindela Nevadica Lincolniana, Tierney R. Brosius 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Niche Specialization And Conservation Biology Of Cicindela Nevadica Lincolniana, Tierney R. Brosius

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

As with many organisms across the globe, Cicindela nevadica lincolniana is threatened with extinction. Understanding ecological factors that contribute to extinction vulnerability and what methods aid in the recovery of those species is essential in developing successful conservation programs. Here we examine behavioral mechanisms for niche partitioning along with improving techniques for captive rearing protocol and increasing public awareness about the conservation of this local insect. Ovipositional selectivity was examined for Cicindela nevadica lincolniana, Cicindela circumpicta, Cicindela togata, Cicindela punctulata, and Cicindela fulgida. Models reflect that these species of co-occurring tiger beetles select different ranges of salinity in which to ...


Class Notes For Math 918: Cohen Macaulay Modules, Instructor Roger Wiegand, Laura Lynch 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Class Notes For Math 918: Cohen Macaulay Modules, Instructor Roger Wiegand, Laura Lynch

Math Department: Class Notes and Learning Materials

Topics covered are: Cohen Macaulay modules, zero-dimensional rings, one-dimensional rings, hypersurfaces of finite Cohen-Macaulay type, complete and henselian rings, Krull-Remak-Schmidt, Canonical modules and duality, AR sequences and quivers, two-dimensional rings, ascent and descent of finite Cohen Macaulay type, bounded Cohen Macaulay type.


Class Notes For Math 915: Homological Algebra, Instructor Tom Marley, Laura Lynch 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Class Notes For Math 915: Homological Algebra, Instructor Tom Marley, Laura Lynch

Math Department: Class Notes and Learning Materials

Topics covered are: Complexes, homology, direct and inverse limits, Tor, Ext, and homological dimensions. Also, Koszul homology and cohomology.


Class Notes For Math 918: Local Cohomology, Instructor Tom Marley, Laura Lynch 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Class Notes For Math 918: Local Cohomology, Instructor Tom Marley, Laura Lynch

Math Department: Class Notes and Learning Materials

Topics include: Injective Module, Basic Properties of Local Cohomology Modules, Local Cohomology as a Cech Complex, Long exact sequences on Local Cohomology, Arithmetic Rank, Change of Rings Principle, Local Cohomology as a direct limit of Ext modules, Local Duality, Chevelley’s Theorem, Hartshorne- Lichtenbaum Vanishing Theorem, Falting’s Theorem.


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