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Prioritizing Strategic Cyberspace Lethality, Andrew J. Schoka 2019 United States Cyber Command

Prioritizing Strategic Cyberspace Lethality, Andrew J. Schoka

Military Cyber Affairs

The primary concern of United States national security policy, as detailed in the 2018 National Defense Strategy, has shifted from asymmetrical counter-insurgency operations to countering inter-state strategic competition by rogue regimes and revisionist powers. This doctrinal shift has prompted an increased emphasis on military lethality, particularly in strategic-level cyberspace operations intended to counter open challenges to the global security environment and United States preeminence. Drawing from the theory of constraints in industrial engineering and Bayesian search theory in operations research, this paper identifies the key organizational constraints that hinder the lethality of the Department of Defense’s strategic-level cyberspace operations ...


Leadership Doctorates Newsletter: Volume 5, Number 3, Larry Starr, PhD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Leadership Doctorates Newsletter: Volume 5, Number 3, Larry Starr, Phd

Leadership Doctorates Newsletter (Formerly Strategic Leadership Newsletter)

In this Issue:

  • Welcome New DSL and CSL Learners
  • Jefferson Ackoff 100 Celebration
  • Wilkes-Barre Project
  • Book on Decision Making in Complex Contexts Thanks Jefferson Leadership Faculty
  • Digital-Life-Design Conference
  • Vienna Workshop
  • Designing a PhD Program in Istanbul
  • Student-Learner Scholarship


The 2018 National Strategy For Counterterrorism: A Synoptic Overview, Dan E. Stigall, Chris Miller, Lauren Donnatucci 2019 National Security Council

The 2018 National Strategy For Counterterrorism: A Synoptic Overview, Dan E. Stigall, Chris Miller, Lauren Donnatucci

Dan E. Stigall

This article briefly reviews a few aspects of the 2018 National Strategy for Counterterrorism (NSCT) that are worthy of examination. These include its wider scope, which encompasses domestic terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism; its focus on prevention efforts with a consideration of future threats; and the efficacy of its approach to pursuing and dismantling terrorist groups, most notably the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: September 25, 2019, Eric Thompson 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: September 25, 2019, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

The Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 fell by 1.89% during August of 2019. The drop in the LEI-N, which is designed to predict economic activity six months into the future, follows a sharp 2.51% increase during July. Taken together, results from the two months imply modest economic growth in Nebraska at the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020. The leading indicator fell primarily due to a an increase in initial claims for unemployment insurance and a sharp increase in the value of the U.S. dollar. A rising dollar creates challenges for Nebraska busineses which ...


Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston 2019 Iowa State University

Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston

Scott Grawe

Firms recognize that working together through collaborative relationships offers potential benefits such as improving cooperation, information sharing, and overall performance. An additional and extremely valuable benefit of working together is the potential for creating innovative business approaches and solutions. Thus, developing external linkages has become a higher priority within many organizations. Boundary spanning employees offer one means of achieving closer cross‐firm relationships. We investigate the roles of boundary spanners by examining service providers and their relationships with customers. More specifically, we examine boundary spanning employees that are physically on‐site at customer facilities. Results provide strong support that boundary ...


Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston 2019 Iowa State University

Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston

Peter Ralston

Firms recognize that working together through collaborative relationships offers potential benefits such as improving cooperation, information sharing, and overall performance. An additional and extremely valuable benefit of working together is the potential for creating innovative business approaches and solutions. Thus, developing external linkages has become a higher priority within many organizations. Boundary spanning employees offer one means of achieving closer cross‐firm relationships. We investigate the roles of boundary spanners by examining service providers and their relationships with customers. More specifically, we examine boundary spanning employees that are physically on‐site at customer facilities. Results provide strong support that boundary ...


Competitive Strategies In Small And Medium Sized Enterprises (Sme's): A Cross- Case Analysis Of Irish Construction Professional Service Firms, Oluwasegun O. Seriki, Roisin Murphy 2019 Technological University Dublin

Competitive Strategies In Small And Medium Sized Enterprises (Sme's): A Cross- Case Analysis Of Irish Construction Professional Service Firms, Oluwasegun O. Seriki, Roisin Murphy

Conference papers

Strategy formulation aims to attain strategic fit between an organisation and its business environment in pursuit of competitive advantage. Although competitive strategy research is long established within industries such as manufacturing, financial services and IT, strategy within construction is still under-investigated by comparison. For construction professional service firms (CPSFs), the dearth of academic inquiry is even more apparent, partly due to the intangible nature of their service offerings, highly customised nature of their services and reliance on intellectual capital. The Irish construction sector is experiencing stable growth since following a prolonged recession, thus understanding the strategy process within professional service ...


Do Coaches In The National Basketball Association Actually Display Racial Bias? Replication And Extension, Gokhan ERTUG, Massimo MAORET 2019 Singapore Management University

Do Coaches In The National Basketball Association Actually Display Racial Bias? Replication And Extension, Gokhan Ertug, Massimo Maoret

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We replicate and extend empirical evidence that has been interpreted as an indication of coaches’ racial bias in the National Basketball Association (NBA) by Schroffel and Magee (2012) and Zhang (2017; 2019). After replicating the published results, we extend them by modeling coaches’ decisions of “resting the starters,” a common tactical decision based on players’ quality and not on their race, thus exploring whether this tactic may provide an alternative explanation for associations that might thus far have been taken to indicate racial bias. Our results show that, after empirically accounting for “resting the starters,” the magnitude of associations that ...


Intra-Organizational Communication, Understanding, And Process Diffusion In Logistics Service Providers, Scott J. Grawe, Peter M. Ralston 2019 Iowa State University

Intra-Organizational Communication, Understanding, And Process Diffusion In Logistics Service Providers, Scott J. Grawe, Peter M. Ralston

Peter Ralston

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate, using survey data, how a firm may be able to leverage innovation or processes specifically developed for one customer across its entire customer network using onsite, or implanted, employees.

Design/methodology/approach – Data collected from a survey of 309 implanted logistics service provider (LSP) representatives are analyzed using structural equation modeling.

Findings – The findings show that intra-organizational task interdependence and face-to-face communication can lead to a greater understanding of firm processes developed for specific customers and greater diffusion of these new processes to other customers. Rather than separating customers that require ...


Redefining Leadership In The Age Of The Sdgs: Accelerating And Scaling Up Delivery Through Innovation And Inclusion, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Rangita de Silva de Alwis 2019 United Nations

Redefining Leadership In The Age Of The Sdgs: Accelerating And Scaling Up Delivery Through Innovation And Inclusion, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Rangita De Silva De Alwis

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In 2015 the United Nations adopted seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to promote prosperity while protecting the environment. Our research examines how the SDGs, considered the grandest vision for sustainable development for the world, can be accelerated by ambitious leaders in the field of innovation. Through careful selection based on the type of industry, scale, impact, and diversity, we study a cohort of bold leaders who are shaping a brave new world. In turn, the urgent charge of the SDGs provides a platform and an innovation lab to incubate new ideas for inclusion and technologies.


Nano Adhesion Technology, Dan Meador, Pranabesh Dash, Rahulkumar Sadanand Koche, Yonghee Cho, Nuttavut Intarode 2019 Portland State University

Nano Adhesion Technology, Dan Meador, Pranabesh Dash, Rahulkumar Sadanand Koche, Yonghee Cho, Nuttavut Intarode

Joseph Cho

Slides from a presentation on a newly developed graphene nano-adhesion technology, with a technology background, its potential as a new product, analysis of its market, and a technology roadmap.


Gender And Communication In Bhagavad Gita - Organizing For Inclusivity.Pdf, Jon P. Radwan 2019 Selected Works

Gender And Communication In Bhagavad Gita - Organizing For Inclusivity.Pdf, Jon P. Radwan

Jon P. Radwan

Twenty-first century research on sustainability and development advises organizations to work toward increased inclusivity and equality.  Where modern theory stressed independence and autonomy, global communication and technology revolutions now require a holistic systems perspective stressing inter-dependence and balance.  In particular, gendered exclusion patterns and misogyny have been identified as both ethically suspect and organizationally counter-productive.  All religious traditions address gender relations, and despite patriarchal histories many wisdom traditions share valuable lessons on gender inclusivity.  Within the Hindu tradition the Bhagavad Gita is a spiritual masterpiece with a profound message of unity, including both masculine and feminine manifestations of God.  This ...


Impact Of Life-Cycle Costs Threshold Criteria In The Alternate Design Pavement Bidding Practices Of Public Transportation Agencies, Ilker Karaca, Douglas Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss 2019 Iowa State University

Impact Of Life-Cycle Costs Threshold Criteria In The Alternate Design Pavement Bidding Practices Of Public Transportation Agencies, Ilker Karaca, Douglas Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss

Ilker Karaca

This paper proposes a model that enables Department of Transportation (DOT) policy makers to quantify the expected volume of projects that will qualify for letting in their alternate design/alternate bid (ADAB) pavement bidding programs. Current guidance on alternate bidding recommends a fixed percentage as the life cycle cost (LCC) threshold criterion to determine whether pavement selection decisions should be made through ADAB bidding practices. The paper’s analysis shows that the fixed LCC threshold percentage approach may have considerable shortcomings. Instead, a dynamic threshold value is proposed that can subsequently be calibrated by agencies, based on the desired size ...


Middle-Status Conformity Revisited: The Interplay Between Achieved And Ascribed Status, Matteo PRATO, Emmanuel KRYPRAIOS, Gokhan ERTUG, Yonghoon G. LEE 2019 University of Svizzera

Middle-Status Conformity Revisited: The Interplay Between Achieved And Ascribed Status, Matteo Prato, Emmanuel Krypraios, Gokhan Ertug, Yonghoon G. Lee

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Decisions about conforming to or deviating from conventional practices in a field is an important concern of organization and management theory. The position that actors occupy in the status hierarchy has been shown to be an important determinant of these decisions. The dominant hypothesis, known as middle-status-conformity, posits that middle-status actors are more likely to conform to conventional practices than high- and low-status actors do. We challenge this hypothesis by revisiting its fundamental assumptions and developing a theory where actors’ propensity to conform based on their achieved status further depends on their ascribed status that actors inherit from their social ...


When Do Expert Teams Fail To Create Impactful Inventions?, Simon J.D. SCHILLEBEECKX, Yimin LIN, Gerard GEORGE, Tufool ALNUAMI 2019 Singapore Management University

When Do Expert Teams Fail To Create Impactful Inventions?, Simon J.D. Schillebeeckx, Yimin Lin, Gerard George, Tufool Alnuami

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We investigate thesalience of expertise in creating high impact inventions and question experts’ability to deploy novel ideas. Specifically, we examine the relationshipsbetween expertise, component originality, and a team’s structural holes’position in the collaborative network and propose that, in relative terms, expertteams create lower impact inventions if they deploy more original componentsand if they occupy structural holes. We test and confirm our hypotheses in asample of semiconductor firms. In post-hoc analyses, we find a three-wayinteraction where the negative effect of structural holes almost disappearswhen an expert team experiments with original components whereas an increase innon-redundancy is detrimental when ...


What Can Ai Do For You?, Andrew Braverman, Jarrod Combs-Harris 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

What Can Ai Do For You?, Andrew Braverman, Jarrod Combs-Harris

School of Continuing and Professional Studies Student Papers

Simply put, most organizations do not know how to approach the incorporation of AI into their businesses, and few are knowledgeable enough to understand which concepts are applicable to their business models. Doing nothing and waiting is not an option: Mahidar and Davenport (2018) argue that companies that try to play catch-up will ultimately lose to those who invested and began learning early. But how do we bridge the gap between skepticism and adoption? We propose a toolkit, inclusive of people, processes, and technologies, to help companies with discovery and readiness to start their AI journey. Our toolkit will deliver ...


Academic Center Tiered Operating Room Strategy (Action): Comparing A High Efficiency Or To The Conventional Or, Moaz Bin Yunus Chohan 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Academic Center Tiered Operating Room Strategy (Action): Comparing A High Efficiency Or To The Conventional Or, Moaz Bin Yunus Chohan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Canadian healthcare system is under immense economic pressure. In an attempt to resolve the problem, outpatient surgical services were offered to patients presenting with orthopaedic surgical complaints. An observational cohort study was carried out, comparing the conventional surgical setup to the newly designed high-efficiency setup that provided similar care, with a significantly lower operating cost. A total of 200 patients were enrolled in the study. Standardized and unstandardized questionnaires were used to evaluate pre-operative and post-operative patient data that reflected quality of life outcomes. Data was collected at enrolment and during post-operative follow-ups of up to 6 months. Results indicate ...


Leadership Doctorates Newsletter: Volume 5, Number 2, Larry Starr, PhD 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Leadership Doctorates Newsletter: Volume 5, Number 2, Larry Starr, Phd

Leadership Doctorates Newsletter (Formerly Strategic Leadership Newsletter)

In this Issue:

  • Dean's Report
  • Jefferson’s 195th Graduation Ceremony
  • Jefferson Leadership Doctorate 2nd Annual Graduation Social
  • Successful Defense Announcement
  • Commencement Reflection
  • Docendo Discimus
  • 2019 Delaware Valley HR Person of the Year
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Global Health
  • DSL Strategic Planning and Consulting
  • Russell L. Ackoff Centennial
  • PhD in Complex Systems Leadership
  • Community Updates and Activities
  • DSL Digital Communities and Documents
  • Upcoming Conferences and Events
  • SCPS DSL / CSL on Both Campuses
  • Americanada Day Celebration


Do Environmental Responsibility Views Influence Investors’ Use Of Environmental Performance And Assurance Information?, William N. Dilla, Diane J. Janvrin, Jon D. Perkins, Robyn Raschke 2019 Iowa State University

Do Environmental Responsibility Views Influence Investors’ Use Of Environmental Performance And Assurance Information?, William N. Dilla, Diane J. Janvrin, Jon D. Perkins, Robyn Raschke

Diane J. Janvrin

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate whether investor views regarding the benefits of corporate environmental responsibility moderate the influence of environmental performance and assurance information on their judgments. Specifically, the authors examine the effects of two broad views: environmental responsibility is more important than financial performance, regardless of investment returns (i.e. environmental responsibility importance) and positive environmental performance will increase investment returns (i.e. environmental performance return).

Design/methodology/approach – Nonprofessional investors completed an online study where environmental performance (high or low) and assurance on environmental performance information (present or absent) were varied. Participants’ corporate environmental ...


Nchrp Synthesis 499: Alternate Design/Alternate Bid Process For Pavement-Type Selection. A Synthesis Of Highway Practice, Douglas D. Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss, Ilker Karaca, Michael C. Loulakis 2019 Iowa State University

Nchrp Synthesis 499: Alternate Design/Alternate Bid Process For Pavement-Type Selection. A Synthesis Of Highway Practice, Douglas D. Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss, Ilker Karaca, Michael C. Loulakis

Ilker Karaca

Highway administrators, engineers, and researchers often face problems for which information already exists, either in documented form or as undocumented experience and practice. This information may be fragmented, scattered, and unevaluated. As a consequence, full knowledge of what has been learned about a problem may not be brought to bear on its solution. Costly research findings may go unused, valuable experience may be overlooked, and due consideration may not be given to recommended practices for solving or alleviating the problem. There is information on nearly every subject of concern to highway administrators and engineers. Much of it derives from research ...


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