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How Do Institutional Environments Affect Directors' Behaviors And Their Effectiveness?, Toru YOSHIKAWA, Hongjin Zhu 2012 Singapore Management University

How Do Institutional Environments Affect Directors' Behaviors And Their Effectiveness?, Toru Yoshikawa, Hongjin Zhu

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We examine how institutional environments affect outside directors’ behaviors and their effectiveness. Extant research on the board of directors has indicated that outside directors play a significant role in exercising independent control over management and providing resources. However, we know little about whether and how the relative importance of the two functions varies across different institutional environments characterized by distinct dominant exchange modes (contractual vs. relational). By differentiating between relationship-based and contract-based exchange regimes, we develop a conceptual model to show how the differences in transaction structures influence the relative importance of outside directors as monitors and resource providers, and ...


Antecedents And Outcomes Of Workplace Engagement, Ariel Maya Lelchook 2012 Wayne State University

Antecedents And Outcomes Of Workplace Engagement, Ariel Maya Lelchook

Wayne State University Dissertations

There has been a recent interest in positive organizational scholarship. Leadership stemming from a positive framework and employee engagement in the workplace have become of increasing interest to researchers and practitioners. Antecedents and outcomes of employee engagement were examined using a sample of 327 employees from retail organizations in the Midwest United States. The leadership styles of authentic, transformational, and transactional leadership were examined as antecedents of employee job engagement, beyond employees' psychological meaningfulness, safety, and availability. Engagement was examined as a mediator between the leadership constructs and employees' extra-role behaviors and work withdrawal behaviors. The results suggest employee job ...


Investigating A Leadership Fix For A Suboptimal Mix: A Transformational Leadership Intervention For Teams With Incompatible Personalities, Marcus Daniel Weller 2012 Wayne State University

Investigating A Leadership Fix For A Suboptimal Mix: A Transformational Leadership Intervention For Teams With Incompatible Personalities, Marcus Daniel Weller

Wayne State University Dissertations

This study uses experimental methodology to examine transformational leadership as a buffering mechanism for problematic personality combinations. 118 German university students comprising 59 dyadic teams participated in a lab-based investigation to examine matched high levels of extraversion within dyadic teams. The presence of transformational leadership (TL) as opposed to a non-leadership intervention was investigated to examine the effects of TL on group members' task performance on both conjunctive and disjunctive tasks. To assess conjunctive task performance, participants performed an employee selection task, and to assess disjunctive task performance participants performed a NASA survival ranking task. Performance was measured against expert ...


Economic Deregulation And Corporate Dividend Policy, Xinghua Gao 2012 Wayne State University

Economic Deregulation And Corporate Dividend Policy, Xinghua Gao

Wayne State University Dissertations

I investigate the evolution of corporate dividend policy in response to the changing operating environment induced by economic deregulation from the 1970s-1990s. Specifically, I examine the impact of deregulation on the firm's propensity to pay dividends, dividend payout ratio, the sensitivity of corporate dividend policy to current and past earnings, changes in the information content of dividends, and changes in corporate financing behavior along the deregulation process. Empirical results reveal that economic deregulation per se does not have significant impacts on firms' propensity to pay dividends. However, it seems that firms reduce dividend payout along the deregulation process and ...


Come-See-Me Festival Records - Accession 1408, Come-See-Me Festival 2012 Winthrop University

Come-See-Me Festival Records - Accession 1408, Come-See-Me Festival

Manuscript Collection

The Come-See-Me Festival Records consist of papers, photographs, meeting minutes, scrapbooks, media kits, publicity kits, awards, applications, invitations, bylaws, guidelines, histories, correspondence, promotions and advertisements, posters, and memorabilia from the Come-See-Me Festivals from the 1980s to 2013.


Prediction Of Operating Cash Flows Using Accrual-Based And Cash-Based Accounting Information Among Malaysian Industrial Corporations, Ki Woi Chong 2012 Southern Cross University

Prediction Of Operating Cash Flows Using Accrual-Based And Cash-Based Accounting Information Among Malaysian Industrial Corporations, Ki Woi Chong

Theses

This study investigated the comparative abilities of accrual-based and cash-based accounting information for future operating cash flows prediction. It aimed to explain the extent earnings, accruals, EBITDA and operating cash flows are able to predict listed Malaysian industrial products manufacturing corporations’ operating cash flows. Ordinary least squares method was used to develop fifteen multiple linear regression models in examining up to three years of prediction horizon. Current operating cash flows, as proxy for future operating cash flows, are regressed on past one, two and three years of earnings, operating cash flows, operating cash flows combined with aggregated/disaggregated accruals and ...


Core Debates In Assessment Center Research: Dimensions ‘Versus’ Tasks, Neil D. CHRISTIANSEN, Filip LIEVENS 2012 Singapore Management University

Core Debates In Assessment Center Research: Dimensions ‘Versus’ Tasks, Neil D. Christiansen, Filip Lievens

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Although personality constructs are now widely accepted as being important for understanding work behavior, self-report personality tests as a method of assessment are not without their critics (e.g., Morgeson et al., 2007). Whether misguided or not, concerns persist regarding the validity of these measures and the issue of applicant faking has yet to be fully resolved (Tett & Christiansen, 2007). Moreover, applicant reactions tend to be less favorable for personality inventories than many other assessments commonly used in employment settings (Hausknecht, Day, & Thomas, 2004). To some, self-report inventories may be a poor way to assess personality traits, and yet such inventories are the method most often used to assess these constructs. This trend goes well beyond the area of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Consistently across the field of psychological measure-ment, personality is rarely formally assessed by directly observing a person’s behavior (Baumeister, Vohs, & Funder, 2007; for more coverage of personality assessment at work based on observer reports, see Chapter 20, this volume).


Discerning The Effects Of Timing Of Different Alliances: Similarities And Differences On New-Venture Survival, David GOMULYA 2012 Singapore Management University

Discerning The Effects Of Timing Of Different Alliances: Similarities And Differences On New-Venture Survival, David Gomulya

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

New-venture survival has greatly interested many scholars. While different alliances have beenshown to increase survival, the literature remains virtually silent regarding the effect of timing ofdifferent alliances. Yet, such timing can significantly affect survival. Should a new venture formtechnology alliances, or marketing and distribution alliances, earlier and reap any potential benefitsearlier, or should they form them later? How would similarities and differences between differentalliances influence the effect of their timings? In this study, I examine these questions.


Interactive Web-Based Simulation For Supply Chain Education, John Crowe, Ayman Tobail, Amr Arisha 2012 Dublin Institute of Technology

Interactive Web-Based Simulation For Supply Chain Education, John Crowe, Ayman Tobail, Amr Arisha

Books/Book Chapters

Knowledge economies are based on the concept of knowledge transfer between education institutes and stakeholders. In response, the significant move away from traditional teaching methods to the emerging paradigm of eLearning has become increasingly in evidence across many academic disciplines. To assist in the transition from traditional learning to eLearning, more interactive and virtually orientated teaching aids are needed. This chapter introduces a simulation-based learning framework that integrates web-based simulation and a web content management hierarchy model. Using the complex subject of supply chain management as a case study, the new framework allows users to examine various real-life strategic management ...


Exploring The Intention Of The South West Of Western Australian Residents To Purchase Solar Panels Using The Theory Of Planned Behaviour Approach, Greg Murray 2012 Edith Cowan University

Exploring The Intention Of The South West Of Western Australian Residents To Purchase Solar Panels Using The Theory Of Planned Behaviour Approach, Greg Murray

Theses : Honours

Global warming is a concern for many people around the world (Lorenzoni, Pidgeon, 2006; Searle & Gow, 2010). The negative effect of climate change is increasingly apparent (Belluscio, 2010; Dunlop, 2010; Hirabayashi, Kanae, Emori, Oki & Kimoto, 2008; Oelemans, 1994). In response to growing public concern, governments are implementing legislation and carbon initiatives to decrease the impact of climate change (Crane, 2010; D’Souza, 2005). Although these government actions are important to implement environmental preservation among industries, this study focuses on the intentions of purchasing behaviour of the individual homeowner of the South West region of Western Australia. More specifically, the purchasing behaviour towards solar panels as they are the most commercially accessible form of renewable technology ...


Real Jobs, Real Community, Real Wages: A Guide To Customized Employment, Kelsey Christy 2012 Minnesota State University Mankato

Real Jobs, Real Community, Real Wages: A Guide To Customized Employment, Kelsey Christy

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

The purpose of this capstone project is to develop a customized employment self-guided training and an in-person training based on evidence-based research. The customized employment guide and in-person training will strive to motivate and educate various entities of Dakota County Social Services, initially implemented with AS/CLS sections, for more individualized approaches to attaining and maintaining employment. The goal of the customized employment guide and training is to have a fluid, consistent, and a readily available training tool for managers, social workers, contracted agencies, providers, and direct care staff within Dakota County AS/CLS. Furthermore, it will embody the AS ...


The Legitimacy Of The Business Of Business Schools: What's The Future?, David C. WILSON, Howard THOMAS 2012 University of Warwick

The Legitimacy Of The Business Of Business Schools: What's The Future?, David C. Wilson, Howard Thomas

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

The purpose of this paper is to examine some challenges facing business schools and their continued legitimacy. Particular attention is paid to the problems of accreditation, regulation and rankings and how these constrain strategic choice. The paper builds on existing literature to provide an analytical overview of the challenges currently facing business schools. The paper assesses the current context of business schools and assesses to what extent they are becoming less relevant both in terms of practice and theories. It suggests changes business schools might make in order to increase relevance. The paper suggests that business schools should change their ...


Museums, Leadership, And Transfer: An Inquiry Into Organizational Supports For Learning Leadership, Julie I. Johnson 2012 Antioch University - PhD Program in Leadership and Change

Museums, Leadership, And Transfer: An Inquiry Into Organizational Supports For Learning Leadership, Julie I. Johnson

Dissertations & Theses

Given the rapid changes that 21st century museums must manage, flexible thinking about leadership forms and purposes is needed. Today's complex leadership landscape necessitates that staff engage in enacting leadership with positional leaders. Limited empirical literature exists that describes how the next generation of museum leaders is being nurtured and developed. The purpose of this study was to: describe museum professionals' perceptions of leadership practices; investigate museums as sites of organizational and leadership learning; and consider the experiences of museum professionals who have participated in leader development programs. The study involved an on-line survey with 310 professionals working in ...


Leading Deeply: A Heroic Journey Toward Wisdom And Transformation, Richard Warm 2012 Antioch University - PhD Program in Leadership and Change

Leading Deeply: A Heroic Journey Toward Wisdom And Transformation, Richard Warm

Dissertations & Theses

This dissertation will explore leadership as a mytho-poetic transformational journey toward self-knowledge, authenticity, and ultimately wisdom; the power to make meaning and give something back to the world in which we live; and the necessity of transformation. I view leadership as a transformative process and a transformational responsibility. As leaders we must undergo our own transformation in order to lead change on a larger scale. The dissertation will be both philosophical and theoretical, exploring how the threads of the hero’s journey, transformation, wisdom, and leadership intertwine. It will also examine the role of education in this process. Education does ...


An Analytical And Empirical Measure Of The Degree Of Conditional Conservatism, Dan SEGAL, Jeffrey L. Callen 2012 Singapore Management University

An Analytical And Empirical Measure Of The Degree Of Conditional Conservatism, Dan Segal, Jeffrey L. Callen

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

There is a profound gap between models of accounting conservatism and the proxies for conditional conservatism currently used by the empirical literature. Not one of the proxies employed by the empirical literature to date obtains from a rigorous definition of conditional conservatism. In contrast, this study defines conditional conservatism in terms of truncated distributions and derives analytically a nonlinear relation between revisions to returns and earnings news for the conservative firm. This nonlinear relation is shown to be mathematically equivalent to two linear relations conditioned on the firm's degree of conservatism. From these relations, we derive a model-based proxy ...


Assessing The Valuation And Risk Implications Of Fair Value Accounting For Liabilities: Evidence From Fas 159'S Reported Gains And Losses, Sung Gon CHUNG, Gerald LOBO, Kevin OW YONG 2012 Singapore Management University

Assessing The Valuation And Risk Implications Of Fair Value Accounting For Liabilities: Evidence From Fas 159'S Reported Gains And Losses, Sung Gon Chung, Gerald Lobo, Kevin Ow Yong

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

This study examines the implications of fair value liability gains and losses arising from the adoption of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 159 (hereafter FAS 159). We find a positive correspondence between a firm’s FAS 159 fair value liability gains and losses and stock returns. Further analysis indicates that fair value gains and losses from liabilities attributable to the change in a firm’s own credit risk, which are considered counter-intuitive by critics of fair value accounting for liabilities, are also positively related to returns. Lastly, we document that the volatility of earnings that incorporate FAS 159 liability ...


What Is Tax Discrimination?, Ruth Mason, Michael S. Knoll 2012 University of Connecticut School of Law

What Is Tax Discrimination?, Ruth Mason, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Prohibitions of tax discrimination have long appeared in constitutions, tax treaties, trade treaties, and other sources, but despite their ubiquity, little agreement exists as to how such provisions should be interpreted. Some commentators have concluded that tax discrimination is an incoherent concept. In this Article, we argue that in common markets, like the EU and the United States, the best interpretation of the nondiscrimination principle is that it requires what we call “competitive neutrality,” which prevents states from putting residents at a tax-induced competitive advantage or disadvantage relative to nonresidents in securing jobs. We show that, contrary to the prevailing ...


Vendor Compensation As An Approach For State "Amazon" Laws: Part 2, David Gamage, Devin J. Heckman 2012 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Vendor Compensation As An Approach For State "Amazon" Laws: Part 2, David Gamage, Devin J. Heckman

Articles by Maurer Faculty

In this essay, the second of a two-part series, we propose an approach for the U.S. states to tax interstate e-commerce. If the states adequately compensate remote e-commerce vendors for all tax compliance costs, we argue that the states can constitutionally impose use tax collection obligations on the remote vendors in a manner compatible with the Quill framework.


The Saga Of State "Amazon" Laws: Reflections On The Colorado Decision, David Gamage, Darien Shanske 2012 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

The Saga Of State "Amazon" Laws: Reflections On The Colorado Decision, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

We analyze the Colorado district court’s decision in Direct Marketing Association v. Huber – a decision that permanently enjoined Colorado’s "Amazon" law. Had it not been enjoined, the Colorado law would have mandated information reporting by remote e-commerce vendors so that Colorado could levy its sales and use tax on the e-commerce purchases made by Colorado residents. We evaluate the applicability of the Tax (Anti-)Injunction Act and whether the Colorado statute and regulations should be reviewed as a tax or as a regulation. We also suggest alternative approaches that state legislatures might use in order to levy taxes ...


L'Embarras Du Choix: A Year Of Developments In The Laws Affecting Remittance Transfers, Credit Cards, And Certain Prepaid Cards, Sarah Jane Hughes 2012 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

L'Embarras Du Choix: A Year Of Developments In The Laws Affecting Remittance Transfers, Credit Cards, And Certain Prepaid Cards, Sarah Jane Hughes

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


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