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Shrouded Sins: An Exploration Of Child Sex Trafficking In South Africa, Jennifer L. Kennedy 2010 Salve Regina University

Shrouded Sins: An Exploration Of Child Sex Trafficking In South Africa, Jennifer L. Kennedy

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

Sex trafficking is a global $32 billion industry that affects hundreds of thousands of lives. A large portion of this industry belongs to child sex trafficking; a growing phenomenon that violates our children's dignity, rights and freedom. Although affecting every nation in the world, this industry has a strong hold in the Republic of South Africa. This country serves as an area of origin, transport, and destination, implicating itself in the broad child trafficking networks that reach nearly every nation, including our own. This paper seeks to explore the many facets of the child sex trafficking industry in South ...


Globalization Of Entrepreneurship: Policy Considerations For Sme Development In Indonesia, Balbir B. Bhasin, Sivakumar Venkataramany 2010 Sacred Heart University

Globalization Of Entrepreneurship: Policy Considerations For Sme Development In Indonesia, Balbir B. Bhasin, Sivakumar Venkataramany

WCBT Faculty Publications

SMEs are of overwhelming importance to the young and growing economies of most Southeast Asian nations, including Indonesia. The country is a vast polyglot archipelago, struggling with poverty and unemployment, poor and inadequate infrastructure, rampant corruption, insufficient capital, and unequal distribution of resources. It has recently experienced fundamental changes in political governance, regional empowerment, and economic structures as a result of the Asian Financial Crisis, coupled with widespread social unrest which resulted in the ouster of the authoritarian regime of President Suharto. This paper evaluates the existing private sector development policy in Indonesia, which has been found to be both ...


Absorptive Capacity And A Failed Cross-Border M&A, Ping Deng 2010 Cleveland State University

Absorptive Capacity And A Failed Cross-Border M&A, Ping Deng

Business Faculty Publications

Purpose – Chinese companies are increasingly using cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) to source knowledge or strategic assets. For many, global acquisitions have proven to be highly problematic and value-destroying. The purpose of this paper is to address this critical acquisition failure issue from an absorptive capacity perspective. Design/methodology/approach – Guided by the framework that focuses on how acquiring a firm’s weak absorptive capacity damages its ability to assimilate, integrate and apply external new knowledge, one high-profile Chinese failed acquisition: TCL acquisition of France’s Thomson’s TV business in 2004 is analyzed empirically. Findings – Acquisition performance of ...


Heedless Globalism: The Sec's Roadmap To Accounting Convergence, William W. Bratton 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Heedless Globalism: The Sec's Roadmap To Accounting Convergence, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) has introduced a "Roadmap" that describes a process leading to mandatory use of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) by domestic issuers by 2014. The SEC justifies this initiative on the grounds that global standardization yields cost savings and an ultimate gain in comparability, facilitating the search for global opportunities by u.s. investors and making u.s. capital markets more attractive to foreign issuers. This Article shows that the offered justification is inadequate. The SEC frames the matter as a choice between two institutional frameworks for standard setting, holding out high quality sets of standards ...


Trade, Migration, And Inequality In A World Without Factor Price Equalization [Accepted Manuscript], Paul Oslington 2010 Australian Catholic University

Trade, Migration, And Inequality In A World Without Factor Price Equalization [Accepted Manuscript], Paul Oslington

Faculty of Law and Business Publications

The behavior of trading economies in the absence of factor price equalization is not well understood, although empirical evidence against factor price equalization is overwhelming. We map regions of diversification and specialization for competitive world economies with different factor endowment partitions. Goods and factor price responses as economies move within and across different regions of specialization are explored using a series of novel diagrams. The usefulness of endogenizing patterns of specialization is illustrated by considering the impact on inequality of migration flows (such as US–Mexico), the substitutability of trade and migration, and the impact of the entry of a ...


Market Entry Strategies Of German Financial Services Providers In China, Friedemann Mrochen 2010 Southern Cross University

Market Entry Strategies Of German Financial Services Providers In China, Friedemann Mrochen

Theses

Context: During the last two decades several emerging market economies (EMEs) have lifted restrictions on foreign direct investment (FDI) in their financial systems and have invited foreign banks to enter their markets. In contrast, China continued to heavily restrict the entry of foreign financial services providers until the country’s accession into the World Trade Organisation (WTO) at the end of 2001. Ever since, the Chinese government has started to encourage foreign banks to enter the country’s financial services market and to invest in local financial institutions while gradually expanding the range of products and services that foreign financial ...


Subsidiary Entrepreneurship, Strategy Development Processes And Strategic Initiatives, Pamela Sharkey Scott, P. T. Gibbons 2010 Technological University Dublin

Subsidiary Entrepreneurship, Strategy Development Processes And Strategic Initiatives, Pamela Sharkey Scott, P. T. Gibbons

Conference Papers

MNCs gain competitive advantage through leveraging initiatives generated by their subsidiary networks. Yet we continue to have limited understanding of the complex conditions which promote initiatives. By integrating the subsidiary entrepreneurship literature and strategy development theory, we argue that the subsidiary’s approach to strategy development mediates the relationship between entrepreneurship and strategic initiative generation. We test our propositions on data generated from surveying the total population of Irish subsidiaries of foreign MNCs. Our findings confirm that an entrepreneurial subsidiary’s engagement in formal strategy development makes it better at generating strategic initiatives. This evidences the need for headquarters to ...


From Federations To Global Factories: Assessing The Contribution Of The Subsidiary Middle Manager In Today’S Mne, Donal O'Brien, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Pat Gibbons 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

From Federations To Global Factories: Assessing The Contribution Of The Subsidiary Middle Manager In Today’S Mne, Donal O'Brien, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Pat Gibbons

Articles

The evolution of MNEs (Multinational Enterprises) from rigid and hierarchical structures to more distributed authority and autonomy led to the theoretical justification for conceptualising them as a federative rather than unitary organisations (Ghoshal and Bartlett, 1990). Fundamental to the Federative MNE is the suggestion that subsidiary units, through their own actions, can modify the power base and influence MNE strategy ‘from below’ (Andersson et al., 2007). Considerable research highlights the potential of subsidiary units for knowledge creation and initiative (Birkinshaw, 1997, Rugman and Verbeke, 2001, Williams, 2009), but to date it has failed to confirm that MNEs actually operate as ...


The Ifc's New Africa, Latin America, And Caribbean Fund: Its Worrisome Start, And How To Fix It, Christiana Ochoa, Patrick J. Keenan 2010 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

The Ifc's New Africa, Latin America, And Caribbean Fund: Its Worrisome Start, And How To Fix It, Christiana Ochoa, Patrick J. Keenan

Articles by Maurer Faculty

In April 2010 the International Finance Corporation announced the creation of the African, Latin American, and Caribbean fund, a new co-investment vehicle funded largely with commitments from sovereign wealth and pension funds. The fund's objective was to draw on the IFC and the World Bank's strengths in emerging markets to identify and support enterprises that might not otherwise have come to the attention of large investors and thereby help strengthen the private sector and alleviate poverty in some of the world's poorest countries. Unfortunately the fund has, so far, proven a disappointment. It has invested only in ...


Organizational Slack, International Expansion And Firm Profitability, Anran LIU 2010 Singapore Management University

Organizational Slack, International Expansion And Firm Profitability, Anran Liu

Dissertations and Theses Collection (Open Access)

International expansion is a viable growth strategy for firms operating in an increasingly competitive business environment. Understanding the relationship between international expansion and firm performance has been a significant concern for theory development in the strategy and international business literature. The extant literature, however, has paid insufficient attention to the tradeoff between firm growth and profitability that may imply the existence of an optimal rate of growth. Drawing from the Penrosian perspective that emphasizes the role of resources in firm growth, this study investigates whether and how firm slack resources affect the tradeoff between international expansion and profitability. Specifically, this ...


The Relationship Between Product And International Diversification: The Effect Of Asset Dispersion And Asset Diversity On Firm Performance, Yulia MUZYRYA 2010 Singapore Management University

The Relationship Between Product And International Diversification: The Effect Of Asset Dispersion And Asset Diversity On Firm Performance, Yulia Muzyrya

Dissertations and Theses Collection (Open Access)

There is little consensus on the diversification-performance relationship in the diversification literature. We aim to contribute to this literature by looking simultaneously at product and international diversification and the relationship between both. Furthermore, we distinguish theoretically and empirically between two different components of any diversification strategy, i.e. the degree of diversification and the type of diversification. We test our hypotheses on panel data covering 115 firms. We find that the dispersion of a firm’s activities, both internationally and in different product markets, results in higher levels of performance. Contrary, we find that higher levels in the diversity of ...


Human Capital Management: Asian Studies And Generation Y’S Value Of Human Security And International Business Ethics In Their Career Development, Bernice Ly 2010 Southern Cross University

Human Capital Management: Asian Studies And Generation Y’S Value Of Human Security And International Business Ethics In Their Career Development, Bernice Ly

Theses

This Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) thesis is aimed at contributing to the body of knowledge concerning generation Y undergraduate students studying an Asian studies degree and their career expectations. The research will highlight differences and similarities of these students’ interpretation of human security and international business concepts and their ideas on the level of relevancy these concepts impact on international business operations in Asia. By understanding the ideologies of a proportion of generation Y undergraduate students who are interested in Asia and potentially a career involving Asia, international businesses can better understand the needs of potential employees and their ...


Tunneling As An Incentive For Earnings Management During The Ipo Process In China, Jiwei WANG, Joseph AHARONY, Hongqi YUAN 2010 Singapore Management University

Tunneling As An Incentive For Earnings Management During The Ipo Process In China, Jiwei Wang, Joseph Aharony, Hongqi Yuan

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

Using a sample of 185 Chinese IPO firms listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange during the period 1999-2001, we show that related-party (RP) sales of goods and services could be used opportunistically to manage earnings upwards in the pre-IPO period. We also provide evidence that such behavior may be motivated by the prospect of tunneling opportunities in the post-IPO period, i.e., exploiting economic resources from minority shareholders for the benefit of the parent company. We provide evidence of one such opportunistic tunneling tool: non-repayment by Chinese parent companies of net outstanding corporate loans made to them by their newly ...


Compensation Across Executive Labor Markets: What Can We Learn From Cross-Listed Firms?, Colette Southam, Stephen Sapp 2009 Selected Works

Compensation Across Executive Labor Markets: What Can We Learn From Cross-Listed Firms?, Colette Southam, Stephen Sapp

Colette Southam

There is wide consensus that chief executive officers (CEOs) of US firms earn significantly more than their Canadian counterparts. Using a matched sample, we find that the majority of this difference is due to US CEOs earning 50% more than CEOs of Canadian non-cross-listed firms. We find no such ‘‘US premium’’ for Canadian cross-listed firms, because the use of options allows the cross-listed firms to keep pace with their neighbors to the south. While firms that list only in Canada compete in the labor market defined by their national boundary, crosslisted firms appear to be competing directly with their US ...


Charity Translated As Social Entreprenuership, Marco Tavanti 2009 DePaul University

Charity Translated As Social Entreprenuership, Marco Tavanti

Marco Tavanti

Fr. Afiliano Fajardo, CM (AKA: Fr. Nonong) exemplify Vincent de Paul in its innovation toward poverty reduction. This reflection shares the social entrepreneurship and social development approach of the Vincentian Center for Social Responsibility (VCSR) at Adamson University in Manila, Philippines.


Using Historic Mutinies To Understand Defiance In Modern Organizations., Ray Coye, Patrick Murphy, Patricia Spencer 2009 DePaul University

Using Historic Mutinies To Understand Defiance In Modern Organizations., Ray Coye, Patrick Murphy, Patricia Spencer

Patrick J. Murphy

Purpose: Guided by voice and leadership theory, we articulate the underpinnings of upward defiance (competence deficiency; ignorance of concerns; structural gaps between echelons) and describe the managerial actions that help depose those underpinnings. Design / Methodology / Approach: We analyze 30 historic narrative accounts of actual mutinies. The journalistic accounts from bygone eras provide unparalleled insight into the basic dynamics of mutiny and provide novel insights into organizational defiance. Findings: Our principal findings show that the underpinnings of mutiny in organizations derive from three foundations: disconnections between authority echelons, modes of addressing member disgruntlement, and the need for management to develop competencies ...


Crisis Opportunism: Bail Outs And E-Scads In The Gfc, Judy Johnston, Alexander Kouzmin, Kym Thorne, Stephen Kelly 2009 University of Technology, Sydney

Crisis Opportunism: Bail Outs And E-Scads In The Gfc, Judy Johnston, Alexander Kouzmin, Kym Thorne, Stephen Kelly

Adjunct Professor Stephen J Kelly

As a response to the “junk-debt”- inspired, global, economic crisis, governments, with supra-national organizational approval, have appropriated billions of taxpayers’ dollars for bail-outs, have set-up special funds and under-written depositors’ savings in the desperate hope of alleviating the threat of rapid, economic decline and systemic destruction of value. Whether these governments have a democratic mandate for such unprecedented action is debatable. More importantly, though, is whether such decisions amount to good re-regulatory policy.

First, it is known that some of the bail-out money to large corporations has been squandered by oligarchic recipients and appropriated by them in their own interests ...


The Investigation Of Foreign Direct Investment Patterns In Russia, Tamilla Curtis, Tom Griffin, Lucyna Kornecki 2009 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

The Investigation Of Foreign Direct Investment Patterns In Russia, Tamilla Curtis, Tom Griffin, Lucyna Kornecki

Dr. Tamilla Curtis

No abstract provided.


Evaluating South Africa's Post-Apartheid Democratic Prospects Through The Lens Of Economic Development Theory, Jonathan Marshfield 2009 University of Arkansas

Evaluating South Africa's Post-Apartheid Democratic Prospects Through The Lens Of Economic Development Theory, Jonathan Marshfield

Jonathan Marshfield

Political scientists have identified compelling correlations between economic development and democratic stability. In general, the wealthier and more developed a country, the greater its chances of maintaining a long-term, stable democracy. This Article evaluates whether South Africa’s post-apartheid economic conditions are trending towards conditions that generally correlate to stable democracies. It compares South Africa’s post-apartheid economic conditions to the empirical trends that development theorists have identified as correlative to democratic stability. This analysis is important because if South Africa’s post-apartheid economic conditions do not exhibit positive trends, this may suggest that despite the just end of apartheid ...


United Against Corruption: The United Nations Global Compact’S Principles And Strategies Against Local And Global Corruption., Marco Tavanti 2009 DePaul University

United Against Corruption: The United Nations Global Compact’S Principles And Strategies Against Local And Global Corruption., Marco Tavanti

Marco Tavanti

This chapter considers the practices and strategies behind the United Nations Global Compact’s tenth principle against corruption. It critically analyzes how the exclusion of all forms of corruption, including extortion and bribery, draws on the conviction that the private sector shares responsibility for the challenges of eliminating corruption worldwide. It discusses how, from the perspective of the Global Compact, corruption is a hindrance to poverty reduction and sustainable development. It finally argues that this system has been instrumental to promote a worldwide culture of accountability and transparency through partnerships between businesses, public sectors, nongovernmental organizations and academic institutions.


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