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Investing In The United States: Is The Us Ready For Fdi From China?, 2010 SelectedWorks

Investing In The United States: Is The Us Ready For Fdi From China?

Karl P. Sauvant

This volume analyzes the regulatory and operational challenges that foreign direct investors face in the United States, as well as the ways in which these challenges can be overcome. Firms from emerging markets, particularly China, are increasingly investing in the US – the world’s most important and sophisticated national market. This book addresses why investors need to be familiar with the issues they are facing. The topics explored include the national and international regulatory framework governing FDI in the US which has changed considerably in light of recent laws and regulations; how to navigate the various groups that influence policies ...


The Rise Of Indian Multinationals: Perspectives On Indian Outward Foreign Direct Investment, 2010 SelectedWorks

The Rise Of Indian Multinationals: Perspectives On Indian Outward Foreign Direct Investment

Karl P. Sauvant

Karl P. Sauvant and Jaya Prakash Pradhan, with Ayesha Chatterjee and Brian Harley, eds., The Rise of Indian Multinationals: Perspectives on Indian Outward Foreign Direct Investment (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).


Is The United States Ready For Fdi From China? Overview, Karl P. Sauvant 2010 Columbia University

Is The United States Ready For Fdi From China? Overview, Karl P. Sauvant

Karl P. Sauvant

The United States has one of the most open investment frameworks in the world. However, developing an appropriate regulatory and political strategy is particularly important for Chinese MNEs entering the US through M&As as opposed to greenfield investments. As these MNEs navigate the US political landscape and face the liability of foreignness, they are also offered protection through a state-to-state dispute settlement mechanism and applicable international investment agreements (IIAs). Through a thorough understanding of the US’s regulatory framework, compliance training, integration in communities through linkages, working with local partners who understand US regulations, and attention to CSR, China’s firm can become successful insiders in the US.
This overview is part of a volume that contains chapters by Steven Globerman and Daniel Shapiro; David N. Fagan; Timothy Frye and Pablo M. Pinto; Lorraine Eden and Stewart R. Miller; Mark Kantor; and Curtis J. Milhaupt.


Foreign Direct Investment From Emerging Markets: The Challenges Ahead, 2010 SelectedWorks

Foreign Direct Investment From Emerging Markets: The Challenges Ahead

Karl P. Sauvant

Foreign direct investment from emerging markets is an increasingly important phenomenon; firms from developed countries alone no longer undertake this activity. This volume provides the latest scholarship on this subject from eminent contributors from around the world. This volume demonstrates the importance of rigorous analysis to understand the dilemmas, the controversies, the disputes, and the policy issues that need to be considered in connection with this new phenomenon. In the wake of the financial crisis, it is more critical than ever for those involved in FDI research and policy to understand these issues.


The Unconstitutionality Of Current Legal Barriers To Telemedicine In The United States: Analysis And Future Directions Of Its Relationship To National And International Health Care Reform, Deth Sao, Amar Gupta 2010 University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law

The Unconstitutionality Of Current Legal Barriers To Telemedicine In The United States: Analysis And Future Directions Of Its Relationship To National And International Health Care Reform, Deth Sao, Amar Gupta

Deth Sao

The current health care crisis in the United States compels a consideration of the crucial role that telemedicine could play towards deploying a pragmatic solution. The nation faces rising costs and difficulties in access to and quality of medical services. Telemedicine can potentially help to overcome these challenges, as it can provide new cost-effective and efficient methods of delivering health care across geographic distances. The full benefits and future potential of telemedicine, however, are constrained by overlapping and often inconsistent and inadequate regulatory frameworks, as well as the repertoire of standards imposed by state governments and professional organizations. Proponents of ...


Facilitators And Obstacles Of Intercultural Business Communication For American Companies In China: Lessons Learned From The Ups Case, Hongmei Gao, Penelope B. Prime 2010 Kennesaw State University

Facilitators And Obstacles Of Intercultural Business Communication For American Companies In China: Lessons Learned From The Ups Case, Hongmei Gao, Penelope B. Prime

International Business Faculty Publications

This article analyzes how the execution of business strategy for global enterprises is shaped by the dual challenges of communicating in a different national culture and working in a changing economic environment. The article develops a framework from the UPS case in China to illustrate the key components of strategy for US companies operating businesses in China. The article proposes that Chinese-American communication effectiveness can be achieved through overcoming fi ve obstacles: cultural multiplicity, relationship/ task orientation, time concept, business style difference, and language use, while utilizing fi ve facilitators: pragmatism, gender equality, English, American pop culture, and a “big ...


Shrouded Sins: An Exploration Of Child Sex Trafficking In South Africa, Jennifer L. Kennedy 2010 Salve Regina University

Shrouded Sins: An Exploration Of Child Sex Trafficking In South Africa, Jennifer L. Kennedy

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

Sex trafficking is a global $32 billion industry that affects hundreds of thousands of lives. A large portion of this industry belongs to child sex trafficking; a growing phenomenon that violates our children's dignity, rights and freedom. Although affecting every nation in the world, this industry has a strong hold in the Republic of South Africa. This country serves as an area of origin, transport, and destination, implicating itself in the broad child trafficking networks that reach nearly every nation, including our own. This paper seeks to explore the many facets of the child sex trafficking industry in South ...


Global Discipline Confusion In Management And Business Related Doctorate Programmes, Peter Miller 2010 Southern Cross University

Global Discipline Confusion In Management And Business Related Doctorate Programmes, Peter Miller

Southern Cross Business School

Professional doctorate programmes have recently emerged around the globe as an alternative to the more traditional research based doctoral programmes and have expanded rapidly to the point where professional doctorates are now the dominant form of doctorate education. This paper aims to shed some light on the growth of professional doctorates and to make some comparisons of professional doctorate programmes with traditional research based doctorate programmes by reporting on research undertaken in Australia. The research demonstrates confusion in the discipline of doctorates globally.

The research includes a case study on a globally significant Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) programme to ...


Competitive Pricing In European Hotels, Linda Canina, Cathy A. Enz 2010 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Competitive Pricing In European Hotels, Linda Canina, Cathy A. Enz

Articles and Chapters

This chapter examines the pricing, demand (occupancy), and revenue per available room (RevPAR) dynamics of European hotels for the period 2006-2007. The importance of understanding the pricing behavior of direct competitors is critical to effective strategy formulation and meaningful industry analysis. Nevertheless, existing demand studies miss a critical link to local market dynamics. This study offers an alternative approach to examining competitive set pricing behavior that yields insights into the inelasticity of lodging demand. The results of this study of over 3,000 European hotel observations reveal that hotels that offered average daily rates (ADRs) above those of their direct ...


Chapter 63 – Trade, Foreign Investment, And Industrial Policy For Developing Countries, Ann Harrison, Andrés Rodríguez-Clare 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Chapter 63 – Trade, Foreign Investment, And Industrial Policy For Developing Countries, Ann Harrison, Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Management Papers

In this chapter we explore the popular but controversial idea that developing countries benefit from abandoning policy neutrality vis-a-vis trade, FDI and resource allocation across industries. Are developing countries justified in imposing tariffs, subsidies, and tax breaks that imply distortions beyond the ones associated with optimal taxes or revenue constraints? We refer to this set of government interventions as “industrial policy.” We explore the theoretical foundation for industrial policy and then review the related empirical literature. We follow this with a broader look at the empirical work on the relationship between trade and FDI and growth. In this review we ...


A Strange Case, Lance A. Compa 2010 Cornell University

A Strange Case, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The disconnect reflected in Bosch's action at the Wisconsin plant between promise and performance is the theme of a new Human Rights Watch report titled A Strange Case: Violations of Workers' Freedom of Association in the United States by European Multinational Corporations. The report details ways in which European firms have exploited weak US labour laws to carry out aggressive campaigns against workers' organising and bargaining in the United States. "A Strange Case" comes from Robert Louis Stevenson's famous The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.


From Federations To Global Factories: Assessing The Contribution Of The Subsidiary Middle Manager In Today’S Mne, Donal O'Brien, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Pat Gibbons 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

From Federations To Global Factories: Assessing The Contribution Of The Subsidiary Middle Manager In Today’S Mne, Donal O'Brien, Pamela Sharkey Scott, Pat Gibbons

Articles

The evolution of MNEs (Multinational Enterprises) from rigid and hierarchical structures to more distributed authority and autonomy led to the theoretical justification for conceptualising them as a federative rather than unitary organisations (Ghoshal and Bartlett, 1990). Fundamental to the Federative MNE is the suggestion that subsidiary units, through their own actions, can modify the power base and influence MNE strategy ‘from below’ (Andersson et al., 2007). Considerable research highlights the potential of subsidiary units for knowledge creation and initiative (Birkinshaw, 1997, Rugman and Verbeke, 2001, Williams, 2009), but to date it has failed to confirm that MNEs actually operate as ...


Labor Migration Challenges In Economic Planning: A Case Study Of Astana, Bolat L. Tibekov, Kamal Fatehi, Foad Derakhshan, Jim Herbert 2010 Ministry of Education and Sciences, Republic of Kazakhstan

Labor Migration Challenges In Economic Planning: A Case Study Of Astana, Bolat L. Tibekov, Kamal Fatehi, Foad Derakhshan, Jim Herbert

Faculty Publications

The end of the cold war removed a major barrier against free trade and consequently, globalization of business spread economic developments around the world, created job opportunities, particularly in industrial sectors, which led to migration of many people who were in search of a better life. Newly independent countries have emerged and many have been, or are in the process of, integrating into various trade packs of the free market system. This labor migration has taken place at various levels. This work studies the attributes of domestic migration and the challenges it has created for economic and urban planning. The ...


Immigrant Business Enterprises: A Classification Framework Conceptualization And Test, Roberto Curci, Robert Mackoy 2010 Butler University

Immigrant Business Enterprises: A Classification Framework Conceptualization And Test, Roberto Curci, Robert Mackoy

Scholarship and Professional Work - Business

This article proposes the Immigrant Business Enterprises Classification Framework to organize immigrant-owned businesses into categories associated with different levels of business integration into a host country's mainstream business community. The article applies the framework and reports the findings of structured face-to-face interviews with 199 Hispanic business enterprises (HBEs) in Indianapolis. The authors find Hispanic-owned businesses hold different characteristics depending upon the integration category in which they are classified; the findings suggest that to support immigrant entrepreneurship, governments, business development organizations, and researchers should address category-specific challenges, opportunities, and needs.


Sustainability Through Profitability: The Triple Bottom Line, Connie I. Reimers-Hild 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sustainability Through Profitability: The Triple Bottom Line, Connie I. Reimers-Hild

Kimmel Education and Research Center - Presentations and White Papers

Today’s highly competitive, globalized world requires organizations and businesses to think differently about how they are going to stay in business. Businesses can no longer afford to focus on profits as their sole purpose for existence. Organizations must instead think about the “Triple Bottom Line” and its implications for their ability to grow their brand, customer loyalty and profits.


Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan 2010 Cornell University Law School

Employee Turnover In The Business Process Outsourcing Industry In India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan

Articles and Chapters

In this chapter, we explore the problem of high turnover in the high-tech BPO sector in India, where relatively well-educated employees are performing a variety of primarily low skill, low cost jobs. We highlight the various approaches employers are taking to solve the turnover problem. As we will argue, some of these strategies are fairly traditional, focusing on various instrumental incentives to promote employee retention, while some others are new and rather radical, particularly the articulation of an organizational and work culture tailor-made for the particular demographic profile of BPO employees: young, upper middle class, well-educated graduates. Based on anecdotal ...


Globalisation And Outsourcing: Confronting New Human Resource Challenges In India’S Business Process Outsourcing Industry, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan 2010 Cornell University

Globalisation And Outsourcing: Confronting New Human Resource Challenges In India’S Business Process Outsourcing Industry, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Aruna Ranganathan

Articles and Chapters

In this article, we argue that the rapid growth of the outsourcing industry has resulted in both high turnover and labour shortages and at the same time provided employment opportunities to a new group of employees: young upwardly mobile college graduates. We argue that this particular demographic profile is prone to high turnover and presents new managerial challenges. We then examine the variety of recruitment and retention strategies that companies in the business process outsourcing industry are experimenting with and show that many novel HR strategies are being crafted to address the needs of this young middle-class workforce. We also ...


Heedless Globalism: The Sec's Roadmap To Accounting Convergence, William W. Bratton 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Heedless Globalism: The Sec's Roadmap To Accounting Convergence, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) has introduced a "Roadmap" that describes a process leading to mandatory use of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) by domestic issuers by 2014. The SEC justifies this initiative on the grounds that global standardization yields cost savings and an ultimate gain in comparability, facilitating the search for global opportunities by u.s. investors and making u.s. capital markets more attractive to foreign issuers. This Article shows that the offered justification is inadequate. The SEC frames the matter as a choice between two institutional frameworks for standard setting, holding out high quality sets of standards ...


Subsidiary Entrepreneurship, Strategy Development Processes And Strategic Initiatives, Pamela Sharkey Scott, P. T. Gibbons 2010 Technological University Dublin

Subsidiary Entrepreneurship, Strategy Development Processes And Strategic Initiatives, Pamela Sharkey Scott, P. T. Gibbons

Conference Papers

MNCs gain competitive advantage through leveraging initiatives generated by their subsidiary networks. Yet we continue to have limited understanding of the complex conditions which promote initiatives. By integrating the subsidiary entrepreneurship literature and strategy development theory, we argue that the subsidiary’s approach to strategy development mediates the relationship between entrepreneurship and strategic initiative generation. We test our propositions on data generated from surveying the total population of Irish subsidiaries of foreign MNCs. Our findings confirm that an entrepreneurial subsidiary’s engagement in formal strategy development makes it better at generating strategic initiatives. This evidences the need for headquarters to ...


How High Will Russian Aviation Fly?, Tamilla Curtis, Irina Swenson 2010 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

How High Will Russian Aviation Fly?, Tamilla Curtis, Irina Swenson

Management, Marketing and Operations - Daytona Beach

The study provides the historical context of the Russian aviation industry reflecting the periods of its growth and decline. It reveals the competitive advantage strategies that have been implemented by the Russian government in an attempt to revivify an enfeebled nation's aeronautic industry. The paper discusses the newly formed Joint Stock Company (JSC) United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) and its strategies to break into global markets, including UAC innovative product offerings. Whether or not, the recent efforts of the Russian government serve as a fulcrum for the Russian aviation industry that will leverage Russia into the global market, remains to ...


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