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The Way We Think: Ethics, Health And The Environment In International Business, David Nathan SMITH 2010 Singapore Management University

The Way We Think: Ethics, Health And The Environment In International Business, David Nathan Smith

Research Collection School Of Law

Breaches of ethics and social responsibility in domestic and international business are typically thought to be anchored in such phenomena as greed, dishonesty and conflict of interest. While these forces are frequently at work in international business transactions, there is often another major force at work when failures of ethics and social responsibility occur. This article addresses the question of what is it about the way that transnational company managers and government officials think or don’t think that leads to breaches of ethics and social responsibility – breaches that often result in major health, environmental and social tragedies. The article ...


Financial Constraints, The Distribution Of Wealth And International Trade, Emmanuel Amissah, Spiros Bougheas, Rodney Falvey 2010 Bond University

Financial Constraints, The Distribution Of Wealth And International Trade, Emmanuel Amissah, Spiros Bougheas, Rodney Falvey

Rodney Falvey

Extract:

As the Heckscher-Ohlin-Mundell paradigm predicts, in a world where capital markets are perfect and production exhibits constant-returns to scale, while aggregate wealth endowments can be an important source of comparative advantage, their internal distribution does not matter for the patterns of international trade. This is because in the absence of financial frictions the only factor that determines the availability of external finance is a project's net present value. In real life financial markets are far from perfect. Informational asymmetries between lenders and borrowers, corporate governance quality shortcomings and non-negligible intermediation costs are only a sample of the types ...


The Impact Of The Asian Economic Crisis In Thailand, Craig C. Julian 2010 University of the Sunshine Coast

The Impact Of The Asian Economic Crisis In Thailand, Craig C. Julian

Dr Craig C Julian

Traces the economic development of Thailand since 1945, referring to relevant research, and analyses the reasons why it was the first Southeast Asian country to collapse in the 1997 economic crisis: large current account deficits, excessive external debt, a collapse in the property sector, exchange rate mismanagement and political instability. Considers its future prospects and shows statistics on economic growth and inflation for the world as a whole and various countries and groups within it.


Derecho De La Seguridad Social En México, Bruno L. Costantini García 2010 ITESM Campus Puebla

Derecho De La Seguridad Social En México, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

Breve presentación del Derecho de la Segurida Social en México.

¿Qué es?

¿Cómo funciona?

¿Su aplicación?


Brazil Currency Crisis, Yogendra Sisodia 2010 Indian Institute of Capital Market

Brazil Currency Crisis, Yogendra Sisodia

Yogendra Sisodia

Brazil 1999 Currency Crisis. Pre and Post scenario. Contagion in world economy.


Institutions And The Internationalization Of Us Venture Capital Firms, Işın Güler, Mauro F. Guillén 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Institutions And The Internationalization Of Us Venture Capital Firms, Işın Güler, Mauro F. Guillén

Management Papers

In recent years, venture capital firms have increasingly turned to foreign countries in search of investment opportunities. The cross-border expansion of venture capital firms presents an interesting case of internationalization, because they are at variance with both conventional portfolio and direct investment models. Given the specific nature of venture capital investing, a new theoretical perspective is needed to understand foreign venture capital investments. This paper contributes to international business research by examining the features of the institutional environment that influence venture capital firms’ foreign market entry decisions, and how their effect changes as firms acquire experience. We report results on ...


The Optimal Degree Of Reciprocity In Tariff Reduction, Pao Li CHANG 2010 Singapore Management University

The Optimal Degree Of Reciprocity In Tariff Reduction, Pao Li Chang

Research Collection School Of Economics

This article clari.es the roles played by trade policy, in contrast with iceberg transport cost, in the popular setting of Melitz (2003), and characterizes the optimal reciprocal trade policy in such a setting. I show that import tariffs and iceberg transport cost are not equivalent in the strength of their trade-restricting e¤ects and their welfare implications. With all the con.icting effectsof import tari¤s on welfare considered, the optimal degree of reciprocity in multilateral tari¤ reduction turns out to be free trade.


Casino Customers In Asian Versus Western Gaming Jurisdictions: Implications For Western Casino Operators, Sudhir H. Kale, Mark Spence 2010 Bond University

Casino Customers In Asian Versus Western Gaming Jurisdictions: Implications For Western Casino Operators, Sudhir H. Kale, Mark Spence

Mark Spence

Purpose – Most of the growth in casino expansion for the foreseeable future will take place in Asia. Western casino operators appreciate the immense opportunities afforded by the Asian markets, but judging by their performance abroad some have not adapted in ways necessary to survive and prosper. The purpose of this paper is to expose key differences between Asian and Western gaming jurisdictions. In light of these differences, it is a serious mistake for Western casino executives to follow an ethnocentric approach when planning marketing activities and customer service initiatives for Asian customers. To rectify this situation, a framework is advanced ...


Managing Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Risks Of Gift, Travel And Entertainment Expenditures, Karl Boedecker 2010 University of San Francisco

Managing Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Risks Of Gift, Travel And Entertainment Expenditures, Karl Boedecker

Economics, Law, and International Business

Significant increases in Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement activities have heightened the legal risks associated with giving gifts or paying travel and entertainment expenses for U.S. firms when promoting their goods or services in foreign markets. This change in the external environment necessitates appropriate strategic adjustments and managerial actions. The lack of specific standards of conduct under the FCPA’s general prohibitions requires that U.S. firms closely monitor the increasing number of investigations and legal actions initiated by the U.S. Securities Exchange Commission and the U.S. Department of Justice.


Foreign Produced Content And Japanese Price Disinflation: An Empirical Study, Peggy Takahashi, Daniel Blakley, Joel Oberstone, Yasuhiro Akiyama 2010 University of San Francisco

Foreign Produced Content And Japanese Price Disinflation: An Empirical Study, Peggy Takahashi, Daniel Blakley, Joel Oberstone, Yasuhiro Akiyama

Economics, Law, and International Business

This research investigates the role non-macroeconomic factors have played in subduing inflationary pressures in Japan. We investigate the hypothesis that the under-recognized presence of goods with high foreign produced content (FPC) in the consumer market basket has coincided with reduced price-level increases over the time period 1991-2004. An empirical examination and descriptive comparison of CPI market basket items and import data categories suggest the negative relationship between FPC and the CPI inflation rate over this time period is significant. Our conclusions suggest the extent to which measures of inflation are considered to be an accurate gauge of macroeconomic conditions or ...


Regional Innovative Capacity In China: From The Perspective Of Embedded Autonomy, Ying Zhou, Xiaohua Yang, Rachel Parker, Paul Steffens 2010 Queensland University of Technology

Regional Innovative Capacity In China: From The Perspective Of Embedded Autonomy, Ying Zhou, Xiaohua Yang, Rachel Parker, Paul Steffens

Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Strategy

Innovation is widely considered as the core driver of nations' economic growth and competitiveness. Since the start of economic reform in 1978, the provincial governments in China have gained much autonomy, which has led to the co-existence of multi-level innovation systems, national innovation system and regional (provincial) innovation system. With the economic development and social progress, the disparities in innovative capacity (I C) among regions in China are becoming increasingly larger. Considering the unique innovation context of China and drawing upon the research on IC, this paper proposed to employ theories of embedded autonomy and governed interdependence, which was developed ...


Clusters And Upgrading: A Purposeful Approach, Gerald A. McDermott, Héctor O. Rocha 2010 University of South Carolina

Clusters And Upgrading: A Purposeful Approach, Gerald A. Mcdermott, Héctor O. Rocha

Faculty Publications

We develop a theoretical model to investigate how backward societies can improve their upgrading capabilities by transforming existing industrial agglomerations into dynamic clusters. Our main assumptions are two: first, emerging market economies are not uniform but characterized by variety of subnational regional and sectoral organizational and institutional configurations; second, the basic building block and unit of explanation in social sciences is personal action guided by some intention, which is heterogeneous across different actors. Based on these assumptions and the literature on human motives and social networks, we develop a purposeful approach to clusters and upgrading. We argue that governments can ...


Can We Shop Sustainably?, Stacy D. VanDeveer 2010 University of New Hampshire

Can We Shop Sustainably?, Stacy D. Vandeveer

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Interorganizational Imitation On New Venture International Entry And Performance, Stephanie A. Fernhaber, Dan Li 2010 Butler University

The Impact Of Interorganizational Imitation On New Venture International Entry And Performance, Stephanie A. Fernhaber, Dan Li

Scholarship and Professional Work - Business

We examine the impact of interorganizational imitation on new venture international entry and subsequent performance. Using a sample of 150 U.S.-based publicly held new ventures, we find that new venture international entry is in part an imitative response to the internationalization of other firms in the venture's home country industry and/or subsets of firms with certain traits or outcomes. We also find that interorganizational imitation moderates the relationship between new venture international entry and profitability, but not the relationship between new venture international entry and sales growth. These findings contribute to the growing body of literature ...


Organizacje Komercyjne I Niekomercyjne Wobec Wzmożonej Konkurencji Oraz Wzrastających Wymagań Konsumentów (Tom 9), Anna Ujwary-Gil 2010 Adam Nalepka

Organizacje Komercyjne I Niekomercyjne Wobec Wzmożonej Konkurencji Oraz Wzrastających Wymagań Konsumentów (Tom 9), Anna Ujwary-Gil

Anna Ujwary-Gil

Obszary tematyczne obejmują: • organizacje komercyjne i niekomercyjne jako obiekt badań naukowych, • organizacje komercyjne i niekomercyjne w gospodarce rynkowej, • organizacje komercyjne i niekomercyjne w kreowaniu rozwoju regionalnego, • finansowe aspekty zarządzania organizacjami komercyjnymi i niekomercyjnymi.


Ten Good Reasons For Using A Translation Memory, Uwe Muegge 2010 Monterey Institute of International Studies

Ten Good Reasons For Using A Translation Memory, Uwe Muegge

Uwe Muegge

More than 20 years after the first commercial translation memory products became available, surveys indicate that while the vast majority of those surveyed do use a translation memory system, less than 30 percent of translators use this type of tool for every translation project or on a daily basis. Studies of translation memory usage among even the most technically advanced users show that the benefits of using a translation memory - beyond reusing existing translation - are still not well understood.


International Diversification: A Copula Approach, Lorán Chollete, Victor De la Pena, Ching-Chih Lu 2010 Columbia University

International Diversification: A Copula Approach, Lorán Chollete, Victor De La Pena, Ching-Chih Lu

Lorán Chollete

No abstract provided.


Living Without Guard Rails, Ellen McMahon 2010 National Louis University

Living Without Guard Rails, Ellen Mcmahon

Ellen McMahon

Travel encourages one to learn more about another location and culture, but also much about one's self. During my time as a Fulbright teaching scholar I learned much about the history and life in Sarajevo but even more about myself.


"Análisis Espacial De La Competitividad A Nivel Municipal: Una Aplicación Del Análisis Exploratorio De Datos Espaciales", Ramiro Esqueda-Walle 2010 Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas

"Análisis Espacial De La Competitividad A Nivel Municipal: Una Aplicación Del Análisis Exploratorio De Datos Espaciales", Ramiro Esqueda-Walle

Ramiro Esqueda-Walle

En este artículo se asume implícitamente la hipótesis de que el nivel de competitividad en su forma territorial (en este caso municipal) determina al nivel de desarrollo humano, no obstante, tratar de corroborar esta relación implica realizar un trabajo de naturaleza confirmatoria (por ejemplo, un modelo econométrico espacial) mismo que no forma parte de los objetivos de este trabajo, ya que se considera necesario tener un primer acercamiento al fenómeno de estudio y para ello resulta muy útil el Análisis Exploratorio de Datos Espaciales (AEDE). Entonces se echa mano de diversas herramientas del AEDE para evaluar la situación intermunicipal en ...


Shakila Yacob And Nicholas White, ‘The “Unfinished Business” Of Malaysia’S Decolonisation: The Origins Of The Guthrie Dawn Raid’, Shakila P. Yacob Associate Professor 2010 University of Malaya

Shakila Yacob And Nicholas White, ‘The “Unfinished Business” Of Malaysia’S Decolonisation: The Origins Of The Guthrie Dawn Raid’, Shakila P. Yacob Associate Professor

Shakila Yacob

In a ‘dawn raid’ on the London Stock Exchange on 7 September 1981, the premiere British rubber and oil palm conglomerate in Malaysia, the Guthrie Corporation Limited, was taken into local control in less than four hours. Thiswas the most dramatic Malaysian acquisition of a foreign company during the restructuring of the country’s post-colonial economy during the 1970s and 1980s, and the Guthrie Dawn Raid remains a celebrated but, at the same time, contested juncture in contemporary Malaysian memory. Drawing upon a variety of sources—including original interviews and correspondence with key participants in, and observers of, the Guthrie ...


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