A Bi-Level Heuristic Solution For The Nurse Scheduling Problem Based On Shift-Swapping, 2019 Fordham University
A Bi-Level Heuristic Solution For The Nurse Scheduling Problem Based On Shift-Swapping, Ahmed Youssef, Samah Senbel
This paper presents a new heuristic solution to the well-known Nurse Scheduling Problem (NSP). The NSP has a lot of constraints to satisfy. Some are mandatory and specified by the hospital administration, these are known as hard constraints. Some constraints are put by the nurses themselves to produce a comfortable schedule for themselves, and these are known as soft constraints. Our solution is based on the practice of shift swapping done by nurses after they receive an unsatisfactory schedule. The constraints are arranged in order of importance. Our technique works on two levels, first we generate a schedule that satisfies ...
Are Consensus Ratings Of Functional Job Analysis Scales More Reliable Than Ratings Made By Independent Raters?, 2019 University of Windsor
Are Consensus Ratings Of Functional Job Analysis Scales More Reliable Than Ratings Made By Independent Raters?, Greg A. Chung-Yan, Aaron C. H. Schat, Steven F. Cronshaw
Personnel Assessment and Decisions
This study addresses an open research question in regard to a well-established and widely-used job analysis system, Functional Job Analysis (FJA): Are consensus ratings of the FJA scales more reliable than the independent scale ratings that are the norm in job analysis application and the related research literature? In our experimental study, we found that this is not the case: no significant difference is found between consensus and independent ratings of the FJA scales. The reasons for this finding are explored as well as its relevance to the validity of the FJA system. Implications for other work and job analysis ...
A New Scoring Procedure In Assessment Centers: Insights From Interaction Analysis, 2019 Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands
A New Scoring Procedure In Assessment Centers: Insights From Interaction Analysis, Janneke K. Oostrom, Nale Lehmann-Willenbrock, Ute-Christine Klehe
Personnel Assessment and Decisions
This paper proposes interaction analysis as an alternative scoring procedure in assessment centers (ACs). Interaction analysis allows for a more fine-grained scoring approach by which candidate behaviors are captured as they actually happen, thus avoiding judgment errors typically associated with traditional scoring procedures. We describe interaction analysis and explain how this procedure can improve the validity of ACs. In a short research example, we showcase how interaction analysis can be implemented in AC settings. Finally, we integrate our arguments in terms of three key propositions which we hope will inspire future research on more dynamic scoring procedures.
Selection Tool Use: A Focus On Personality Testing In Canada, The United States, And Germany, 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University
Selection Tool Use: A Focus On Personality Testing In Canada, The United States, And Germany, Stephen D. Risavy, Peter A. Fisher, Chet Robie, Cornelius J. König
Personnel Assessment and Decisions
The purpose of this paper is to provide new data regarding the current staffing practices being used by organizations in Canada and the United States (US) as well as a comparison with existing data from Germany (Diekmann & König, 2015). Data regarding the beliefs of human resource (HR) practitioners in terms of using personality tests in personnel selection is also provided. A geographically representative sample of 453 HR practitioners across Canada and the US were surveyed. Although general mental ability testing has previously been found to be highly valid and cost effective, this selection tool was among the least commonly used ...
Criterion-Related Validity Of Forced-Choice Personality Measures: A Cautionary Note Regarding Thurstonian Irt Versus Classical Test Theory Scoring, Peter A. Fisher, Chet Robie, Neil D. Christiansen, Andrew B. Speer, Leann Schneider
Personnel Assessment and Decisions
This study examined criterion-related validity for job-related composites of forced-choice personality scores against job performance using both Thurstonian Item Response Theory (TIRT) and Classical Test Theory (CTT) scoring methods. Correlations were computed across 11 different samples that differed in job or role within a job. A meta-analysis of the correlations (k = 11 and N = 613) found a higher average corrected correlation for CTT (mean ρ = .38) than for TIRT (mean ρ = .00). Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Who Is Conducting “Better” Employment Interviews? Antecedents Of Structured Interview Components Use, 2019 Saint Mary's University
Who Is Conducting “Better” Employment Interviews? Antecedents Of Structured Interview Components Use, Nicolas Roulin, Joshua S. Bourdage, Timothy G. Wingate
Personnel Assessment and Decisions
The employment interview remains a unique paradox. One the one hand, decades of research demonstrates that using more structured components (e.g., question consistency, evaluation standardization) can largely improve the psychometric properties of interviews. On the other hand, although interviews are almost universally used, many interviewers still resist using structured formats. We examined the use of seven structure components by 131 professional interviewers, and their association with three types of antecedents: interviewers’ background (e.g., experience, training), the focus of the interview (selection vs. recruitment), and interviewers’ personality (based on the HEXACO model). Interviewers’ background (i.e., training) and the ...
Examining Factors Influencing Use Of A Decision Aid In Personnel Selection, 2019 Middle Tennessee State University
Examining Factors Influencing Use Of A Decision Aid In Personnel Selection, Alexander T. Jackson, Michael E. Young, Satoris S. Howes, Patrick A. Knight, Sydney L. Reichin
Personnel Assessment and Decisions
In this research, two studies were conducted to examine factors influencing reliance on a decision aid in personnel selection. Specifically, this study examined the effect of feedback, validity of selection predictors, and presence of a decision aid on the use of the aid in personnel selection. The results demonstrate that when people are provided with the decision aid, their predictions were significantly more similar to the predictions made by the aid than people who were not provided with the aid. This suggests that when people are provided with an aid, they will use it to some degree. This research also ...
Head Above The Parapet: How Minority Subordinates Influence Group Outcomes And The Consequences They Face, 2019 University of Western Australia
Head Above The Parapet: How Minority Subordinates Influence Group Outcomes And The Consequences They Face, Burak Oc, Michael R. Bashshur, Celia Moore
Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business
The vast majority of research on power, social, and minority influence treats those who are recipients of powerholders’ decisions (i.e., subordinates) as an undifferentiated group, overlooking how recipients may respond in unique ways to the decisions that affect them. In this paper we examine the role of minority subordinates in shaping how powerholders allocate resources. We also explore how psychological distance between the minority subordinate and powerholder moderates this relationship, as well as the individual consequences minority subordinates face for articulating their unique opinions. In three experimental studies, we show that even as a lone voice, the feedback of ...
Intelligent Software Tools For Recruiting, 2019 Eastern Michigan University
Intelligent Software Tools For Recruiting, Swatee B. Kulkarni, Xiangdong Che
Journal of International Technology and Information Management
In this paper, we outline how recruiting and talent acquisition gained importance within HRM field, then give a brief introduction to the newest tools used by the professionals for recruiting and lastly, describe the Artificial Intelligence-based tools that have started playing an increasingly important role. We also provide further research suggestions for using artificial intelligence-based tools to make recruiting more efficient and cost-effective.
A Meticulous Food Safety Plan Today Avoids Handcuffs Tomorrow, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
A Meticulous Food Safety Plan Today Avoids Handcuffs Tomorrow, Kim Bousquet
Journal of Food Law & Policy
In August 2010, thousands of people across the United States were poisoned by eating eggs unknowingly tainted with Salmonella enteritidis bacteria. Following a lengthy investigation, the owners of the facility where the outbreak began were sentenced to three months in prison. This is not a one-off case; poor food safety practices are responsible for several outbreaks and often end in incarceration. Filthy hen houses, diseased fruit storage, and negligent food processing may be the last thing we want to imagine, but these practices have much to teach today's food producers. This article first examines how poor food production practices ...
Leaving A Leadership Legacy, 2019 Life Launch Consulting
Leaving A Leadership Legacy, Carole Watkins
Leadership Hour at Otterbein University
As chief human resources officer (CHRO) of Cardinal Health. Ms. Watkins reported directly to the Chairman and CEO. She started with the company in 1996 and assumed the CHRO role in 2005 after progressing through several promotions, and taking on leadership positions in Human Resources and other high level corporate functions.
As CHRO, Ms. Watkins had global and enterprise-wide leadership responsibility for all of HR, as well as Corporate Communications, Security, Real Estate, Facilities and Aviation.
Event Turnament Turnover Terbesar | Pokergocap, 2019 University of California, San Francisco
Event Turnament Turnover Terbesar | Pokergocap, Joni Gocap
The Center Of Success: A Case Study On Hilton's Company Culture, 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
The Center Of Success: A Case Study On Hilton's Company Culture, Elsie G. Lamo
Experience Industry Management
Company culture is an essential element to the success of any organization. This is especially true in the hospitality industry where positive employee experiences are vital to customer satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to examine the company culture of Hilton. Data were sourced primarily from Hilton websites, third-party websites, and academic articles. This study found that Hilton’s culture is shaped by compelling mission, vision, and value statements that drive every organizational aspect. Additionally, award-winning reward, recognition, and training programs sustain and reinforce a culture that grants Hilton a unique competitive advantage. To maintain market leadership, Hilton must ...
The Impact Of Generational Experiences On Anti-Immigration Sentiments, 2019 Union College
The Impact Of Generational Experiences On Anti-Immigration Sentiments, Pedram Malakian
Immigration is one of the most important issues in our increasingly globalized world. Every year, millions of people relocate to Europe and United States in an effort to improve the quality of life for themselves and their family. With this increase in immigration, there has been an emergence of anti-immigration sentiments which have in turn allowed far right political parties to gain more power, evident in the British referendum to leave the European Union and Donald Trump’s election as President of the United States. While most works of literature look at the current work status, education level and income ...
Job Transitioning Experiences Of Blue-Collar Employees After Federal Downsizing, 2019 Walden University
Job Transitioning Experiences Of Blue-Collar Employees After Federal Downsizing, Eduardo Hurtado
School of Psychology Publications
Downsizing, realignment, and closure of military bases have forced many low-skilled, blue-collar federal employees into involuntary job loss and job transition. The impact of involuntary job loss on blue-collar workers has been linked to stress and other adverse psychological effects. There is gap in the literature regarding the lived experiences of federal blue-collar employees following downsizing of military bases. The purpose of this qualitative, interpretive phenomenological study was to examine lived experiences of job loss and job transition for federal blue-collar employees following downsizing of military bases. Schlossberg’s transition theory provided a conceptual framework for the study. Ten ex-federal ...
Illness And The American Workplace: Issues And Implications For Employers And Employees, 2019 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College
Illness And The American Workplace: Issues And Implications For Employers And Employees, Victoria R. Dolan
This project aims to identify American employee experiences and existing workplace policies and cultures surrounding illness, disability, and sick leave. This approach was taken in order to closely examine what looks to be working well for companies and workers, and what could benefit from a more human centric approach in regards to workplace policy and employee support programs. The study of employee experiences in particular represents a gap in the current scholarly literature regarding illness and illness policy in the American workplace, and more accurately represents the experiences for both employees and employers. Furthermore, it assists with distinguishing the types ...
Introducing The Physician Associate Role In Ireland: Evaluation Of A Hospital Based Pilot Project, 2019 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Introducing The Physician Associate Role In Ireland: Evaluation Of A Hospital Based Pilot Project, Pauline Joyce, Roderick S. Hooker, Denni Woodmansee, Arnold Dk Hill
School of Medicine Articles
Objective: Ireland has medical workforce challenges and a growing demand for services. One strategy is to include Physician Associates (PAs) in healthcare settings. A pilot study was undertaken with PAs recruited from North America and the United Kingdom to work in a large Dublin teaching hospital.
Methods: Four PAs were deployed on surgical services. Communication with the hospital staff preceded their employment. A series of interviews were undertaken at the beginning  and end  of the project. Data collection included surveys and interviews with staff and PAs.
Results: Despite a series of communications about the employment of PAs a ...
Examining Inter-Relationships Between Supervisor Full-Range Leadership, Organizational Climate Strength, And Employee Job Satisfaction Using Multi-Level Modeling, Bharat Mohan
Employee job satisfaction, organizational climate, and supervisor leadership style have long been researched due to their influences on critical metrics for measuring organizational success. While the relationships between these three variables have been investigated, current research suffers from two major issues. First, no existing study has explored the inter-relationships between the aforementioned components within the same model. Second, existing studies are fraught with levels-of-analysis issues that yield findings that are either incomplete or inaccurate. This study addresses these issues by introducing organizational climate strength as a mediating variable (between supervisor leadership and employee satisfaction) and by employing multi-level modeling techniques ...
Fresh Blood In The Labor Market: Challenges And Rewards Of China's Returning Millennial Generation, 2019 The University of San Francisco
Fresh Blood In The Labor Market: Challenges And Rewards Of China's Returning Millennial Generation, Xinyu Li
Master's Projects and Capstones
In recent years, fresh blood has begun to emerge in China’s workplace: Chinese millennials who have gone abroad to study and received an overseas education. This special experience has brought many obstacles for them when they return to the Chinese workplace, whether it is the lack of synchronization between recruitment and graduation periods in the early stage of job seeking, or the pressure they encounter later. However, this experience also creates a set of unique advantages for them. Accepting international higher education makes their resumes more attractive, brings them a global perspective, and cultivates their ability to learn new ...
On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, 2019 Cornell University
On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu
Ileen A DeVault
[Excerpt] This report examines one specific subset of New York state’s contingent workforce: on-demand workers who obtain work through online platforms or “apps.” Often referred to popularly as “gig” workers, we use the phrase “on-demand platform workers” in an attempt to clarify the workers to whom we refer.
Our research shows that on-demand platform workers:
- Are notoriously difficult to count, due to factors such as the part-time quality of their work, high turnover rates and confusion over the definition of terms;
- Experience low and unstable earnings and a lack of benefits, requiring reliance on second or third jobs, other ...