'Those Who Cling In Queer Corners To The Forgotten Tongues And Memories Of An Elder Day': J.R.R. Tolkien, Finns And Elves, Andrew Scott Higgins
Journal of Tolkien Research
Those Who Cling in Queer Corners To The Forgotten Tongues and Memories of an Elder Day' J.R.R. Tolkien, Finns and Elves
Dr. Andrew Higgins
In this paper I will explore how several historic, literary and mythic associations of the Finnish people with elements of magic, the supernatural and the 'other' influenced J.R.R. Tolkien in imbuing the character and language of his own Elves with a similar quality of magic and 'arresting strangeness'.I will explore several characterisations of the Finns, the People of Kalevala, Tolkien would have encountered in his early study of the Kalevala ...
Norse "Loki" As Praxonym, 2016 Cornell University
Norse "Loki" As Praxonym, William Sayers
Journal of Literary Onomastics
The still debated Old Norse theonym Loki is projected against the wide semantic field of the ON verb lúka "to close", not, as current scholarship would have it, as relevant to Ragnarǫk and the closing down of the divine world but in its judicial applications to successfull negotiated outcomes. The ingenious Loki, the bearer of a praxonym, would then be the inventive Fixer. While this aspect is well illustrated in tales of Loki's ruses and expedients, a more archaic figure emerges when Loki is associated with the reconstructed Indo-European verbal root *lok- "to accuse, blame, prohibit" (cf. Old Frisian ...
What Can State Talk Tell Us About Punitiveness? A Comparison Of Responses To Political Mass Shootings In The United States And Norway, Kimberlee G. Waggoner
Sociology & Criminal Justice Theses & Dissertations
Highlighting the culturally contingent nature of state reactions to crime, the present work focuses on state talk issued by the U.S. and Norwegian governments in the aftermath of politically motivated mass shootings. The research is guided by the question: how does state talk—conditioned by economic, political, and cultural forces—facilitate or constrain punitive responses to political mass shootings? Here, the focus is on the January 8th 2011 shooting of U.S. representative Gabrielle Giffords and her constituents and the July 22nd 2011 bombing of a government building and shooting of a youth political camp in Norway. These two ...
Theatres Of Reality, Fiction, And Temporality: Vegard Vinge And Ida Müller’S Ibsen-Saga (2006 - 2015), 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Theatres Of Reality, Fiction, And Temporality: Vegard Vinge And Ida Müller’S Ibsen-Saga (2006 - 2015), Andrew L. Friedman
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation examines the influence of modernist aesthetics and ideologies on contemporary, European and U.S. experimental theatre. I argue that modernist and contemporary experimental theatres offer competing notions of reality, fiction, and temporality, which I interrogate through Vegard Vinge and Ida Müller’s Ibsen-Saga. I illuminate this tension by reading current modes of performance against the Saga’s productions and work practices, as well as their aesthetic and ideological foundation in three modernist sources: the artificiality of Ibsen’s realism, the utopianism and totality of Richard Wagner’s Gesamtkunstwerk, and the temporal provocations of the historical avant-gardes. I contend ...
[Sabbatical Report], 2016 Western Kentucky University
[Sabbatical Report], Yvonne Petkus
Project Title: Processing the 'Scape': Studio Research
The objective for the sabbatical period was to conduct this research in the form of paintings, drawings, and installations with an emphasis on examining new sources for the environments within the work and to explore shifts in figure/ground relationships within the formal structuring of the work. An extension of my previous studio efforts, this includes the use of serial painting and installations (on plastic) as a way to wade through philosophical and formal questions, explored through the additive and subtractive act of painting and a resulting, recurring figure held in expressly ambiguous ...
Hooked On The Right: Explaining The Electoral Success Of The Sweden Democrats, 2016 Lawrence University
Hooked On The Right: Explaining The Electoral Success Of The Sweden Democrats, Fabian N. Sivnert
Lawrence University Honors Projects
Why do radical right parties achieve electoral success? Although radical right parties are far from a new phenomenon in modern politics, it nonetheless remains difficult to pinpoint the exact reasons behind their electoral success. Therefore, to provide greater insight into the success of radical right parties this study investigates the Sweden Democrats, a radical right party in Sweden, and their recent electoral success. According to the literature on the radical right, there are two distinct hypotheses that emerge to explain radical right parties’ electoral success. One (the “emphasis” hypothesis) argues for continued, and consistent emphasis on the signature ideological issue ...
Sanctuary Burning: The St. Brice's Day Massacre And The Danes In England Under Aethelred The Unready, 2016 University of Puget Sound
Sanctuary Burning: The St. Brice's Day Massacre And The Danes In England Under Aethelred The Unready, Erica Thomas
An examination of the St. Brice's Day Massacre in conjunction with the chronicles, archaeological evidence, legal implications and ethnic identities related to the English-Danish conflict. This paper argues that examinations of the Massacre have been extremely limited in the past, and the full range of evidence must be consulted in order to uncover the full historical context and significance of this event.
A Theory Of Associations: An Explanation And Applications To Wagner's Das Rheingold, 2016 Abilene Christian University
A Theory Of Associations: An Explanation And Applications To Wagner's Das Rheingold, Parker T. Gordon
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This thesis posits an interdisciplinary theory of associations. Within inter- and intra-textual texts, there exists a presence that points toward an originating source, which audience members may or may not consciously recognize. This presence accumulates associations from surrounding materials through abstract and subtle references or through direct quotations. These associations, once examined in relation to one another in the context of the narrative, may help readers discover additional insights and uncover new information about a text. My theory draws upon literary scholarship primarily grounded in intertextual theory and adaptation theory. Inspired by the intertextual insertion of pre-existing music in film ...
"Processing The Scape", Sim And Hvítahús Artist Residencies, Iceland, 2016 Western Kentucky University
"Processing The Scape", Sim And Hvítahús Artist Residencies, Iceland, Yvonne Petkus
International Activities Grant – Final Report
"Processing the Scape", SIM and Hvítahús Artist Residencies, Iceland was a sabbatical related research activity that included two artist residencies in Iceland: SIM Residency Program in Reykjavík (February 2016) and Hvítahús Artist Residency near Hellisandur (March 2016).
Kings, Wars, And Duck Eggs: Interpretations Of Poetry In Egil’S Saga, 2016 University of Virginia
Kings, Wars, And Duck Eggs: Interpretations Of Poetry In Egil’S Saga, James C. Daughton
MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference
This paper examines the function and cultural implications of poetry in Egil’s Saga, an Icelandic saga written around the thirteenth century A.D. The title character, Egil Skallagrimson, is a renowned warrior and obstinate maverick, but perhaps his most singular trait is his gift for crafting poetry—a talent reflected in the nearly sixty sets of his verse that appear throughout the prose text. Obviously, these poems allow the reader to tap into Egil’s psyche, but they also fulfill the more profound purpose of illuminating the values and experiences of medieval Icelanders. Egil eternalizes the heritage he shares ...
Searching For Sissa, 2016 South Dakota State University
Searching For Sissa, Lisa Lindell
Lisa R. Lindell
"Nothing is certain but uncertainty." This old proverb aptly sums up my experiences in searching for the ancestry of my great great grandmother Sissa. Confronted with frustrating obstacles and apparent dead ends, I have considered abandoning the search. And yet, the trail lures me on. At the outset, I knew only a few stark facts. Sissa, born in Sweden, had emigrated to America, eventually settling in central Kansas. Here, she died in 1887, at the age of 41, leaving her husband and ten children, ranging in age from two weeks to seventeen years. This information came from family recollections and ...
Finding Sissa (And Much More), 2016 South Dakota State University
Finding Sissa (And Much More), Lisa Lindell
Lisa R. Lindell
In 1997, my article “Searching for Sissa” appeared in the Swedish American Genealogist.1 Over a decade later, I am still engaged in and fascinated by the pursuit of family history. Although I know little Swedish beyond a few basic terms and am certainly a genealogy amateur, a breakthrough in the Sissa search and recent discoveries on a related line have rekindled my excitement in tracing my Swedish roots. In my research, I have relied upon the indispensable work of family members, record keepers, and genealogists, and have greatly benefited from the wealth of information and original records now accessible ...
Parallels And Foils Between The Men And Women In The Icelandic Family Sagas, 2016 Augustana College
Parallels And Foils Between The Men And Women In The Icelandic Family Sagas, Rebecca Knapper
Mary Wollstonecraft Writing Award
No abstract provided.
Exploring The Collection Of Swedish-American Children’S Literature, 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Exploring The Collection Of Swedish-American Children’S Literature, Katie Hanson
Swenson Center Faculty Research Stipend Reports
For five days I examined resources related to children’s literature held in the Swenson Swedish Immigration Research Center collection. Initially, I proposed that I would examine anything having to do with children's literature. I ended up looking at lots of immigration stories as well as the holdings in the children's collection.
Europe's New Generation Of Nationalists: Understanding The Appeal Of Contemporary Radical Nationalism For European Youth, 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder
Europe's New Generation Of Nationalists: Understanding The Appeal Of Contemporary Radical Nationalism For European Youth, Madeliene Ingino
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Through personal interviews with young nationalists from Belgium, Hungary, and Sweden, I seek to understand what motivates young people to identify with far-right nationalism in Europe. By providing an individual-level investigation of what motivates young Europeans’ nationalist ideology, I deliver a humanized, nuanced, and multidimensional understanding of nationalist views for young people in Europe. This analysis demonstrates that nationalism in Europe is not the same across different countries. With my sample set of Belgium, Hungary, and Sweden, representing Western, Central, and Northern Europe respectively, it is clear that nationalism varies according to the context within which it exists. In addition ...
Factors Associated With Harm Reduction Model Use Among Substance Abuse Counselors, 2016 Walden University
Factors Associated With Harm Reduction Model Use Among Substance Abuse Counselors, Tiffany Madden
Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies
Drug overdose death rates in the United States have more than tripled since 1990 with more than 36,000 dying in 2008. In 2007 the estimated cost of drug use to U.S. society due to lost productivity, increased health care, and criminal justice costs was over $193 billion. Previous researchers have found that harm reduction is a viable treatment option within the field of addiction. The guiding premise in the harm reduction approach is that all people can achieve improved psychological and physiological health even if they are unable to be substance-free. However, there remains an important gap in ...
The Problematic Epic Of Finland: An Exploration Of Tricky Heroes, Silent Women, And Absent Fathers In The Kalevala, Carolyn S. Brugman
Honors Theses at the University of Iowa
This thesis explores the complex and arguably under-examined written oral narrative, Elias Lönnrot’s the Kalevala. It is the national epic of Finland, a compiled work of both medieval oral and 19th-century written tradition. This thesis examines how the Kalevala works as a national epic and what makes it so distinct, including exploration of the problematic hero, the role of women, and familial norms within the text. The Kalevala, as it survives, is a 19th-century written work based on the traditional folk songs of Finland and surrounding Karelian areas. Furthermore, through examining issues of oral transmission ...
Raiders From The North: Irish Enslavement During The Viking Age, 2016 University of Colorado Boulder
Raiders From The North: Irish Enslavement During The Viking Age, Athena T. Knudson
Undergraduate Honors Theses
In the Early and High Middle Ages the Vikings began to travel and raid across Europe and the Atlantic. During these expeditions the Vikings captured many people whom they enslaved or sold into the slave-trade. For the western portion of the Viking Expansion, many of the enslaved were Irish. The enslavement of the Irish by the Norse continued through the end of the Viking Age and occurred not only in the British Isles but also in Iceland. The process of the Viking Expansion and enslavement of the Irish influenced Norse culture and social identity. This thesis will explore the Norse ...
Still Glowing Strong: Review 2 (Australia), 2015 Macquarie University, Sydney
Still Glowing Strong: Review 2 (Australia), Maree Delofski
Still Glowing Strong is an elegant and poetic documentary about a dreamer. Harald Brobakkan has an obsessive desire to create an everlasting battery. From the outset, the minimalist music and Leganger’s beautifully written narration set up the tone of the documentary – gentle, respectful, restrained, occasionally melancholic yet never maudlin. Program maker Sindre Leganger very successfully conveys Harald’s story together with rich observations about the universe, science and its treatment of ‘outsiders’, life - and the nature of a very long relationship.
Norwegians In Michigan, 2015 Western Michigan University
Norwegians In Michigan, Clifford Davidson
In Norwegians in Michigan, Clifford Davidson shows how Norwegians took advantage of opportunities when they began settling in Michigan in the nineteenth century. Norwegians sailed Lake Michigan, joined the lumber trade, farmed the northwest part of the state, and mined copper and iron in the Upper Peninsula. At the same time, they brought a unique culture that came to be associated with Michigan and the Midwest. The first generations of Norwegians in Michigan maintained close cultural ties with their homeland. Some Norwegian immigrants adjusted to life in a new land more quickly than others. Among these, according to Davidson, were ...