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The Ontological Status Of Systems At The Juncture Of Quantum Mechanics And Relativity, Juan Ferret 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

The Ontological Status Of Systems At The Juncture Of Quantum Mechanics And Relativity, Juan Ferret

Juan Ferret

No abstract provided.


Ontological Status Of Relational Quantum Mechanics, Juan Ferret 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Ontological Status Of Relational Quantum Mechanics, Juan Ferret

Juan Ferret

No abstract provided.


God And Time: Relative Timelessness Reconsidered, Alan G. Padgett 2010 Luther Seminary

God And Time: Relative Timelessness Reconsidered, Alan G. Padgett

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Quantum Mechanics And Ethical Antirealism: A Counter-Analogy To Boyd, Justin Lawson 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Quantum Mechanics And Ethical Antirealism: A Counter-Analogy To Boyd, Justin Lawson

Philosophy

In his paper How to Be a Moral Realist Boyd attempts to show how cases of ethical indeterminacy can be accounted for from an ethical realist’s standpoint. Boyd describes cases of extensional vagueness in the life-sciences which arise from knowable and definite underlying structures and draws an analogy to ethics to argue his case. This paper argues that an equally compelling analogy can be drawn between another type of scientific indeterminacy – that in quantum mechanics – and the related ethical cases. Because quantum mechanical uncertainty (on the Copenhagen interpretation) is a real and not merely epistemic limitation on physical description ...


Method, Explanation, And Epistemic Justification In Historical Natural, Randy Krogstad 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Method, Explanation, And Epistemic Justification In Historical Natural, Randy Krogstad

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Philosophical analysis of scientific practice, methodology and theory has primarily focused on the classical experimental sciences, while little work has been done on other areas of science. Recently, philosophers have begun to address issues pertaining to scientific areas that do not fit the framework of the classical experimental sciences. This paper will address issues in the historical natural sciences and the historical aspects of earth science in particular. The historical claims made within the earth sciences face different methodological challenges, which require different forms of explanation and epistemic justification than those in the classical experimental sciences. A description of the ...


Late Pragmatism, Logical Positivism, And Their Aftermath, David Ingram 2010 Loyola University Chicago

Late Pragmatism, Logical Positivism, And Their Aftermath, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Developments in Anglo-American philosophy during the first half of the 20th Century closely tracked developments that were occurring in continental philosophy during this period. This should not surprise us. Aside from the fertile communication between these ostensibly separate traditions, both were responding to problems associated with the rise of mass society. Rabid nationalism, corporate statism, and totalitarianism (Left and Right) posed a profound challenge to the idealistic rationalism of neo-Kantian and neo-Hegelian philosophies. The decline of the individual – classically conceived by the 18th-century Enlightenment as a self-determining agent – provoked strong reactions. While some philosophical tendencies sought to re-conceive the ...


La « Technesthétique » : Répétition, Habitude Et Dispositif Technique Dans Les Arts Romantiques, John Tresch 2010 University of Pennsylvania

La « Technesthétique » : Répétition, Habitude Et Dispositif Technique Dans Les Arts Romantiques, John Tresch

Departmental Papers (HSS)

Français

En 1843, le physicien André-Marie Ampère décrit une nouvelle science, la « technesthétique », qui porte sur les « moyens par lesquels l’homme agit sur l’intelligence ou la volonté des autres hommes ». Cette nouvelle science correspond à la recherche des artistes romantiques pour des nouveaux effets et à leur fascination pour la puissance transformatrice de l’industrie. Comme une traduction théorique de ces obsessions, les lecteurs « mineurs » du philosophe Maine de Biran – y compris Ampère, Alexandre Bertrand, Moreau du Tours et Félix Ravaisson – ont avancé des analyses des interactions dynamiques entre le mouvement et la pensée, la matière et l ...


Dispositions, Propensities And The Change Of Conditions, Alejandra Olivas-Davila 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Dispositions, Propensities And The Change Of Conditions, Alejandra Olivas-Davila

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to draw a clear line that allows us to thoroughly differentiate dispositions from propensities as well as the big problem that clouds both views. I will attempt to offer an account of the main issues that this properties face. I start by offering a general account of dispositions. In this account I offer a brief analysis of what it is to be a disposition. The distinction between categorical and dispositional property is explored. I move on to explain the evolution of the conditional analysis, as well as the problems it faces. The next point ...


On Relational Quantum Mechanics, Oscar Acosta 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

On Relational Quantum Mechanics, Oscar Acosta

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

A problem facing quantum mechanics is that there are a number of views or interpretations available that purport to 'explain' quantum mechanics. In this paper I discuss and analyze the view of relational quantum mechanics by Carlo Rovelli in the context of theoretical underdetermination. I will show that even though Rovelli offers a view that consolidates some of the aspects of competing theories it still falls short of breaking out of the theoretical underdetermination. The criteria that I have used to consider a theory successful in this context is one that increases the predictive output of quantum theory. Lacking an ...


Mechanisms, Causes, And The Layered Model Of The World, Stuart Glennan 2010 Butler University

Mechanisms, Causes, And The Layered Model Of The World, Stuart Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Most philosophical accounts of causation take causal relations to obtain between individuals and events in virtue of nomological relations between properties of these individuals and events. Such views fail to take into account the consequences of the fact that in general the properties of individuals and events will depend upon mechanisms that realize those properties. In this paper I attempt to rectify this failure, and in so doing to provide an account of the causal relevance of higher-level properties. I do this by critiquing one prominent model of higher-level properties – Kim’s functional model of reduction – and contrasting it with ...


The American Grotesque: Free-Thought Idealism In Edward Bliss Foote's "Science In Story", Lita M. Tirak 2010 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

The American Grotesque: Free-Thought Idealism In Edward Bliss Foote's "Science In Story", Lita M. Tirak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Mechanisms (Oxford), Stuart Glennan 2010 Butler University

Mechanisms (Oxford), Stuart Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Mechanism is undoubtedly a causal concept, in the sense that ordinary definitions and philosophical analyses explicate the concept in terms of other causal concepts such as production and interaction. Given this fact, many philosophers have supposed that analyses of the concept of mechanism, while they might appeal to philosophical theories about the nature of causation, could do little to inform such theories. On the other hand, methods of causal inference and explanation appeal to mechanisms. Discovering a mechanism is the gold standard for establishing and explaining causal connections. This fact suggests that it might be possible to provide an analysis ...


It's A Simple Game, Really, Ted Richards 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

It's A Simple Game, Really, Ted Richards

Ted Richards

No abstract provided.


The Difficulties Of A Hartmanesque Value Calculus, Ted Richards 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Difficulties Of A Hartmanesque Value Calculus, Ted Richards

Ted Richards

No abstract provided.


Incidental Causation, Spontaneous Generation, And Homonymous Predication In Aristotle’S Physics Ii And Other Texts, David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Incidental Causation, Spontaneous Generation, And Homonymous Predication In Aristotle’S Physics Ii And Other Texts, David Depew

David J Depew

How did Aristotle, the founder of scientific biology, define life? In this volume, which collects the contributions to a conference held in 2006, philologists, philosophers and biologists approach this question. They study how Aristotle's concept of the soul relates to his perception of life; how he evaluates the different criteria that, according to him, constitute life; how he uses those criteria to define different organic structures; whether there exists a unified definition of life in Aristotle's philosophy; aspects of procreation and ontogenesis; the relationship between individuals and species; the reception of Aristotle's theories. German text.


Indirect Reciprocity And The Evolution Of "Moral Signals", Rory Smead 2009 University of California - Irvine

Indirect Reciprocity And The Evolution Of "Moral Signals", Rory Smead

Rory Smead

Signals regarding the behavior of others are an essential element of human moral systems and there are important evolutionary connections between language and large-scale cooperation. In particular, social communication may be required for the reputation tracking needed to stabilize indirect reciprocity. Additionally, scholars have suggested that the benefits of indirect reciprocity may have been important for the evolution of language and that social signals may have coevolved with large-scale cooperation. This paper investigates the possibility of such a coevolution. Using the tools of evolutionary game theory, we present a model that incorporates primitive "moral signaling" into a simple setting of ...


Proceedings For The Minisymposium On The Nature Of Time: Lessons From The Foundations Of Relativity And Quantum Physics, Juan Ferret, Alexis de Saint-Ours 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Proceedings For The Minisymposium On The Nature Of Time: Lessons From The Foundations Of Relativity And Quantum Physics, Juan Ferret, Alexis De Saint-Ours

Juan Ferret

No abstract provided.


Using Kinesthetic Activities To Teach Ptolemaic And Copernican Retrograde Motion, Ted Richards 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Using Kinesthetic Activities To Teach Ptolemaic And Copernican Retrograde Motion, Ted Richards

Ted Richards

This paper describes a method for teaching planetary retrograde motion, and the Ptolemaic and Copernican accounts of retrograde motion, by means of a series kinesthetic learning activities (KLAs). In the KLAs described, the students literally walk through the motions of the planets in both systems. A retrospective statistical analysis shows that students who participated in these activities performed better on examination questions pertaining to retrograde motion than students who did not. Potential explanations for this result, including the breaking of classroom routine, the effect of body movement on conceptual memory, and egocentric spatial proprioception, are considered.


Darwinian Controversies: An Historiographical Recounting, David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Darwinian Controversies: An Historiographical Recounting, David Depew

David J Depew

This essay reviews key controversies in the history of the Darwinian research tradition: the Wilberforce-Huxley debate in 1860, early twentieth-century debates about the heritability of acquired characteristics and the consistency of Mendelian genetics with natural selection; the 1925 Scopes trial about teaching evolution; tensions about race, culture, and eugenics at the 1959 centenary celebration Darwin’s Origin of Species; adaptationism and its critics in the Sociobiology debate of 1970s and, more recently, Evolutionary Psychology; and current disputes about Intelligent Design. These controversies, I argue, are etched into public memory because they occur at the emotionally charged boundaries between public-political, technical-scientific ...


Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning? Invited Review Essay Of John Reiss, Retiring Darwin’S Watchmaker., David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning? Invited Review Essay Of John Reiss, Retiring Darwin’S Watchmaker., David Depew

David J Depew

No abstract provided.


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