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Desire Satisfaction Theories And The Problem Of Depression, Andrew Spaid 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Desire Satisfaction Theories And The Problem Of Depression, Andrew Spaid

Philosophy Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research

This dissertation argues that the desire satisfaction theory, arguably the dominant theory of well-being at present, fails to explain why depression is bad for a person. People with clinical depression desire almost nothing, but the few desires they do have are almost all satisfied. So it appears the theory must say these people are relatively well-off. A number of possible responses on behalf of the theory are considered, and I argue that each response either fails outright, or requires modifications to the desire satisfaction theory which make the theory unattractive for other reasons.

Advisors: Joseph Mendola and John Brunero


Cognition Without Construction: Kant, Maimon, And The Transcendental Philosophy Of Mathematics, Nicholas A. J. Birmingham 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Cognition Without Construction: Kant, Maimon, And The Transcendental Philosophy Of Mathematics, Nicholas A. J. Birmingham

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In the Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant takes the ostensive constructions characteristic of Euclidean-style demonstrations to be the paradigm of both mathematical proofs and synthetic a priori cognition in general. However, the development of calculus included a number of techniques for representing infinite series of sums or differences, which could not be represented with the direct geometrical demonstrations of the past. Salomon Maimon’s Essay on Transcendental Philosophy addresses precisely this disparity. Maimon, owing much to G. W. Leibniz, proposes that differentials of sensation achieve what Kantian constructions could not. More importantly, Maimon develops a kind of symbolic cognition ...


Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, McKenzie Johnson 2020 Longwood University

Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson

Incite: The Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Introduction, Dr. Roger A. Byrne, Dean

From the Editor, Dr. Larissa "Kat" Tracy

From the Designers, Rachel English, Rachel Hanson

Immortality in the Mortal World: Otherworldly Intervention in "Lanval" and "The Wife of Bath's Tale" by Haleigh James

Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Moroccan Olive Oils by HPLC by Hannah Meyls

Art by Hope Irvin

The Effects of Cell Phone Use on Gameplay Enjoyment and Frustration by Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, and Austin J. Funk

Care, No Matter What: Planned Parenthood's Use of Organizational Rhetoric to Expand its Reputation by Karyn Keane

Analysis of Petroleum Products ...


Breaking Even? An Investigation Into The Costs And Benefits Of Syndicated Conservation Easements, Sandra R. Khouri 2020 Lake Forest College

Breaking Even? An Investigation Into The Costs And Benefits Of Syndicated Conservation Easements, Sandra R. Khouri

Senior Theses

The goal of this project is to analyze a sample of Conservation Easements to evaluate how the benefits received compare to the value of the tax deductions given. Looking at 61 syndicated Conservation Easements, for every lost dollar in income tax only $0.52 of conservation benefit is protected. However, the Conservation Easements that break-even have features in common. The CEs that break even typically fall under $10,000 in lost income tax per acre and have a minimum acreage of 200.


Ethics Of Dental Marketing, Min Son 2020 Ursinus College

Ethics Of Dental Marketing, Min Son

Philosophy and Religious Studies Presentations

While dentistry does not deal with immediate life and death situations like the mainstream medicine, preserving oral health is crucial to protect the people’s overall health. Then, is dental marketing morally impermissible because it is selling people’s opportunity for good health? It is important to note that skills and knowledge of dentists are not the only “products” sold from dental offices, and not all products are related to basic healthcare needs. For example, consider teeth whitening services. While whitening teeth may be necessary to better one’s self-esteem and improve one’s social life, it is not a ...


The Sun Cuts In, Madison Manns 2020 Belmont University

The Sun Cuts In, Madison Manns

Honors Theses

My work seeks to tear down the privileging of the objective at the expense of the subjective—the universal truth at the expense of the knowledge in the body, in the being—in order to restore the fruitful dialogue between the subjective observer as the object of perceived stimuli that become the mover. As a high-achieving individual encouraged in academic endeavors—one intimately acquainted with the language of prestige and intellect—I am seeking a new way to address theory through a return to material language; language connected to, informed by, and describing the world in the way that we ...


On Primary Matter & Causality: An Investigation Into The Nature Of Aristotelian Ontology, Addison Hinton 2020 University of Mary Washington

On Primary Matter & Causality: An Investigation Into The Nature Of Aristotelian Ontology, Addison Hinton

Student Research Submissions

This paper investigates the problems which arise from integrating a notion of prime matter into Aristotle's works. After an analysis of both The Metaphysics and The Physics, it becomes clear that prime matter arguments do not adhere to Aristotle's ontological hierarchy. After exposing the flaws of the traditional prime matter argument, the extended prime matter argument, and the prime matter as a principle of change argument, a new interpretation of how Aristotle could respond to this problem of prime matter is presented. Aristotle's Final Cause serves to be a better candidate for the position which other scholars ...


Vagueness And The Logic Of The World, Zack Garrett 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Vagueness And The Logic Of The World, Zack Garrett

Philosophy Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research

In this dissertation, I argue that vagueness is a metaphysical phenomenon---that properties and objects can be vague---and propose a trivalent theory of vagueness meant to account for the vagueness in the world. In the first half, I argue against the theories that preserve classical logic. These theories include epistemicism, contextualism, and semantic nihilism. My objections to these theories are independent of considerations of the possibility that vagueness is a metaphysical phenomenon. However, I also argue that these theories are not capable of accommodating metaphysical vagueness.

As I move into my positive theory, I first argue for the possibility of metaphysical ...


Returning Classical Virtue To Modern Civil Discourse, Anthony J. Schmitz 2020 Lake Forest College

Returning Classical Virtue To Modern Civil Discourse, Anthony J. Schmitz

Senior Theses

Modern citizens generally find it impossible to come to shared conclusions about moral disagreements in civil discourse. In this paper, I support MacIntyre’s thesis that the breakdown of moral dialogue is due to Enlightenment ethicists’ failure to rationally ground morality in any objective standard following their rejection of Aristotelian virtue ethics. As a result, public demonstrations of wrath against fellow citizens are common in our civil discourse because our virtuous conduct is less important than our irreconcilable ideological goals. I argue that returning to virtue is necessary and that virtues can be recognized initially by adherence to Aristotle’s ...


Simbolismo Y Metáfora: Paralelismos Filosóficos En “La Biblioteca De Babel” De Jorge Luis Borges, Alberto Fernández-Diego 2020 University of Florida

Simbolismo Y Metáfora: Paralelismos Filosóficos En “La Biblioteca De Babel” De Jorge Luis Borges, Alberto Fernández-Diego

Vernacular: New Connections in Language, Literature, & Culture

El relato titulado “La Biblioteca de Babel” de Jorge Luis Borges nos cuenta la historia de un hombre cuya vida ha transcurrido en “la Biblioteca” (sinónimo de “universo”) y que ha pasado sus años buscando algo que ni él ni ningún otro morador de la misma ha podido encontrar: su razón de ser, sus límites, el contenido de sus obras, etc. El texto está narrado en primera persona por el protagonista, que nos hace partícipes de la frustración que se ha apoderado de él en sus últimos años de su vida, después de dedicar toda su biografía a intentar, sin ...


Vulgar Love: The Sicilian School And The New Aesthetic, Jason Collins 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Vulgar Love: The Sicilian School And The New Aesthetic, Jason Collins

Vernacular: New Connections in Language, Literature, & Culture

Much consideration has been given in the last century to the Scuola Siciliana, or the Sicilian School, the first coterie of poets in an already developed but still emergent Italian vernacular, and this in spite of an almost complete lack of autograph copies of poetic works in the original language. A great deal of this scholarship or research has a taxonomic and theoretical approach to the works, their composition, and the atmosphere that fostered them, and oftentimes attempts to position the Sicilian School within the historiography of Italian literature (particularly as progenitors to the Tuscan poets and thus Dante, Petrarch ...


Heidegger's Phenomenology: 1919-1929, Joseph Arthur Giavotella 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Heidegger's Phenomenology: 1919-1929, Joseph Arthur Giavotella

LSU Master's Theses

In this work, I show Martin Heidegger’s development of the phenomenological method from 1919 to 1929 as his main approach to all philosophical inquiry. In Chapter 1: Phenomenology as the Hermeneutics of Factical Life, I first show how Heidegger begins his philosophical career in 1919 with lectures that describe phenomenology as an ‘original science’ that seeks to study the structural character of life in itself. Through the four sub-sections of Chapter 1, I show how Heidegger continues to formulate distinct stages of phenomenological methodology through these early lectures that aid in his task to continue the explication of life ...


Language After God: Nietzsche, Lacan, And The Sinthome Of Tragic Wisdom, Dylan J. Hughes 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Language After God: Nietzsche, Lacan, And The Sinthome Of Tragic Wisdom, Dylan J. Hughes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Jacques Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory of the “sinthome and Friedrich Nietzsche’s tragic philosophy of self-overcoming are deeply complementary theories of linguistic subjectivity, each describing the transformative potential of a kind of art at the centre of the inherently symptomatic experience of language. Lacan’s final seminars reimagine the psychoanalytic symptom as the potential site where each subject might forge a sinthome: a singular structure of creative agency in the experience of desire and truth. Nietzsche’s tragic philosophy works to uncover the problematically aesthetic and creative character of reality, suggesting that one must affirm and cultivate such creativity in ...


The Necessity Of Divine Hiddenness, Daniel Riggins 2020 University of North Florida

The Necessity Of Divine Hiddenness, Daniel Riggins

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

Divine silence – or how many perceive it, divine hiddenness – is the source of one of the most important and broadly discussed objections for belief in God. Dr. Michael Rea, philosophy of religion professor at the University of Notre Dame, made the claim that divine silence is one of the most important sources of doubt and spiritual distress not solely for those contemplating belief, but also for those who already believe in the existence of God. For some believers, the silence of God can be reconciled while for others it is only evidence of either a God who lacks the trait ...


Students’ Integrated Sensory Analysis Results: A Case Study Of The Main Lobby Area In College Buildings, Yongyeon Cho 2020 Iowa State University

Students’ Integrated Sensory Analysis Results: A Case Study Of The Main Lobby Area In College Buildings, Yongyeon Cho

Interior Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

ISSUE & PURPOSE A well-designed space influence on users’ overall positive sensory experience (Winer & Keim, 2018, August 7). Human sensory inputs have a stronger influence on both cognitive and emotional responses (Augustin et al., 2009) which closely related to design a learning environment. Although students’ sensory experiences are associated with their learning outcome, little research has been investigated student’s perception of sensory design elements in campus main lobby areas.


The Conceptions Of Self-Evidence In The Finnis Reconstruction Of Natural Law, Kevin P. Lee 2020 Campbell University School of Law

The Conceptions Of Self-Evidence In The Finnis Reconstruction Of Natural Law, Kevin P. Lee

St. Mary's Law Journal

Finnis claims that his theory proceeds from seven basic principles of practical reason that are self-evidently true. While much has been written about the claim of self-evidence, this article considers it in relation to the rigorous claims of logic and mathematics. It argues that when considered in this light, Finnis equivocates in his use of the concept of self-evidence between the realist Thomistic conception and a purely formal, modern symbolic conception. Given his respect for the modern positivist separation of fact and value, the realism of the Thomistic conception cannot be the foundation for the natural law as Finnis would ...


Bisexuality And Epistemic Injustice, Kayley Rettberg 2020 Illinois Wesleyan University

Bisexuality And Epistemic Injustice, Kayley Rettberg

Honors Projects

This paper aims to elucidate the intimate connection between bisexual erasure, bi-invisibility, and epistemic injustices. I employ Miranda Fricker and Charlie Crerar’s understandings of hermeneutical injustice and testimonial injustice to articulate the harms caused by bisexual erasure and bi-invisibility. Then, I delineate bi-invisibility and four types of bierasure (biased, testimonial, strategic, and constructionist) to show the relationship between bi-invisibility and bierasure and epistemic harms. To do so, I employ the paradigm case method.


The Epistemology Of Disagreement: Hume, Kant, And The Current Debate, Robert Kyle Whitaker 2020 Marquette University

The Epistemology Of Disagreement: Hume, Kant, And The Current Debate, Robert Kyle Whitaker

Dissertations (2009 -)

The epistemological issue of disagreement comprises several related problems which arise in relation to disagreeing with another person. The central questions at issue are: (1) Can a body of evidence confer rationality on opposed propositions? (2) What is the relevance of unshareable evidence to disagreement? (3) What are one’s epistemic responsibilities in the context of disagreement? I consider several arguments from the recent disagreement literature which suggest that reasonable disagreements between people who have shared their evidence and are epistemic peers--i.e., they are equally informed about the disputed issue, and are roughly equal with respect to intelligence, thoughtfulness ...


Cosmological Models And The Christian Faith In John Milton's Paradise Lost, Jacob R. Taylor 2020 Harding University

Cosmological Models And The Christian Faith In John Milton's Paradise Lost, Jacob R. Taylor

Tenor of Our Times

In this work the author argues that John Milton justifies the intelligibility and priority of Christian faith against modern revolutions of science in his epic poem Paradise Lost. Milton argues against scientists who choose to believe modern astronomy over cosmology. He argues that Christian faithfulness stands firm despite the crumbling of its medieval cosmological basis. This endurance of the faith is the primary scientific theme of the epic English poem.


Paracelsus And The Biblical Foundations Of Magic: Natural, Celestial, And Demonic Astronomy, Dane Thor Daniel 2020 Wright State University - Lake Campus

Paracelsus And The Biblical Foundations Of Magic: Natural, Celestial, And Demonic Astronomy, Dane Thor Daniel

Lake Campus Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Paracelsus’s understanding of magic--which he discussed in terms of the types of natural, “celestial” (or Christian), and demonic astronomy—is based largely on his idiosyncratic Biblical exegesis. An important and iconoclastic voice within early modern natural philosophy and medicine as well as Reformation spiritualism, the Swiss-German broke with medieval theories of magic via his synthesis of theology and magic. Although incorporating the mostly extra-Biblical concepts of the tria prima (salt, sulphur, and mercury), elemental matrices, and microcosm-macrocosm analogy, Paracelsus’s spagyrical world (or magico-alchemical cosmos) also featured a concept developed in his extensive theological writings, namely, that the universe ...


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