Wisdom (Hikmah) As Perceived By Iranian Muslim Scholars: Reflections On Ibn Sina, Ghazali, And Suhrawardi, 2019 University Islam Malaysia
Wisdom (Hikmah) As Perceived By Iranian Muslim Scholars: Reflections On Ibn Sina, Ghazali, And Suhrawardi, Leyla H. Tajer, Amir H. Zekrgoo
Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies
The evolution of the concept of spiritual/religious wisdom (ḥikamt) by the Iranian Muslim philosophers from the 10th to 12th century, may be studied under three main trends namely Mashā’i (Peripatetic), Kalām (theology), and Ishrāq (Illumination). Despite the correlation among these trends each of them grew independently. Among the three, the Hikmat-i Ishrāq (Illumination Wisdom) which is also known as Ḥikamt-i Dhawqi (Intuitive Wisdom) of Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (1153-1191) found a special place as it tended to bring together the philosophical and theological aspects of wisdom. This survey would address the development of ḥikmat (wisdom) among ...
Study Drugs For Underprivileged Children, 2019 Murray State University
Study Drugs For Underprivileged Children, Joshua Watkins
The effects of stimulant medication have been beneficial for individuals with Narcolepsy and especially individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Keisha Ray has offered a solution in her academic work that could help also help underprivileged children. The solution she is proposing is to offer stimulant medication to them. In this paper, I assert my thesis, offering stimulant medication to underprivileged children would not be a good, right, and practical solution to helping their social inequalities. The treatment/enhancement distinction in medicine is elaborated between Ray and me. The definition of what is a healthy normal functioning body and ...
The Decline Of Tradition & Civilization: Mishima And The West, 2019 Kansas State University
The Decline Of Tradition & Civilization: Mishima And The West, Suan Sonna
Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference
On November 25, 1970, the prolific Japanese author and right-wing nationalist Yukio Mishima performed ritual suicide. His demonstration disturbed the literary, political, and intellectual world of Japan and has had far-reaching implications for the world. In this analysis, I offer a brief biographical sketch of Mishima’s life and how he became one with his philosophy, politics, and literature. My ultimate aim is to show how the hyper-“modernization” and westernization of Japan parallels many of the same conflicts Western Civilization is currently facing with the collapse of both modernity and tradition. To do this, I examine five themes of ...
Wittgenstein And Embodied Cognition: A Critique Of The Language Of Thought, 2019 University of San Diego
Wittgenstein And Embodied Cognition: A Critique Of The Language Of Thought, Amber Sheldon
Keck Undergraduate Humanities Research Fellows
The assertions of this paper will be concerned with language acquisition as it is presented in Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations in contrast with Jerry Fodor’s theory of tacit language described in The Language of Thought. This symbolic mental language is often analogized with the symbolic “language” of a computer. Fodor theorizes that the mind has an innate symbolic (and physically real) system of representation that comes prior to any natural language. Famously, with the private language argument, Wittgenstein contends that language is performed and produced by activity. One learns a language through practice and participation. In this paper ...
Egoism And The Repugnant Conclusion, 2019 William & Mary
Egoism And The Repugnant Conclusion, Nathaniel Anderson
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The Repugnant Conclusion is the conclusion that for any world of people living moderately good lives, there exists another, better, world of far more people living far worse lives. This thesis examines a number of proposed solutions to the repugnant conclusion and comes to the conclusion that none of them are satisfactory. Instead, it proposes that the repugnant conclusion may be true in value theoretic terms, but might not be repugnant if it does not underlie any significant ethical implications. Ethical egoism is defended as an ethical system under which the ethical implications of the repugnant conclusion are successfully minimized ...
An Investigation On Rawls’ Theory Of Justice And Its Relationship To Metaphysics, 2019 Trinity College
An Investigation On Rawls’ Theory Of Justice And Its Relationship To Metaphysics, Liangxuan Xu
Senior Theses and Projects
No abstract provided.
Managed Madness, 2019 University of Washington Tacoma
Managed Madness, Gabriel Roberts
MAIS Projects and Theses
Academia offers us many theoretical lenses through which we may find alternative perspectives to prevailing social narratives, but the ones established are not the only ones used outside of academic circles. To the French philosopher Michel Foucault, madness serves as a lens through which we can look at the culture and provide a critique. To society, what more terrifying notion might there be than to entertain the thought that a madman may know something deeper and truer than you; something you are too terrified to even try to know? The psychedelic experience in many ways fits the same template of ...
In Celebration Of Notebooks (December 2018) By Schubert M. Ogden: Avoiding The Partialist Fallacy In Theology, Especially In Liberation Theology, 2019 Southern Methodist University
In Celebration Of Notebooks (December 2018) By Schubert M. Ogden: Avoiding The Partialist Fallacy In Theology, Especially In Liberation Theology, Theodore Walker
Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events
As an ethicist, and especially a theological ethicist, and more especially as a liberation theologian, what I most appreciate about Schubert M. Ogden’s “revisionary theology”* is his appreciation of Charles Hartshorne’s neoclassical theology, including especially panentheism (all-in-theos-ism), and his insistence that such appreciation is essential to adequately formulated theology and ethics, including liberation theology. And insofar as Ogden is contributing something essential to liberation theology, he might be called a neoclassical liberation theologian, or at least a wanna-be-helpful neoclassical theologian.
An Exposition And Analysis Of Kant’S Account Of Sublimity, 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
An Exposition And Analysis Of Kant’S Account Of Sublimity, Paulina Simone Calistru
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
I begin by providing an exposition of Kant’s cognitive and phenomenological trajectory during experiences of mathematical and dynamical sublimity. I use this moment of elucidation to highlight certain implications of Kant’s account which reveal a necessary crutch on sublimity’s self-preservationist motivations, concluding realization of the judging subjects as superior to the power intuited and emphasis on the feeling and apprehension of infinity. This skeletal view of Kant’s argument allows for the argument of my three main criticisms: (i) the incoherence of his sublime feeling with other recounted phenomenologies of the experience, (ii) the fallibility of his ...
Reply To Carlos Montemayor & Abrol Fairweather, 2019 San Jose State University
Reply To Carlos Montemayor & Abrol Fairweather, Jonardon Ganeri
No abstract provided.
Review Of Attention, Not Self By Jonardon Ganeri, 2019 San Francisco State University
Review Of Attention, Not Self By Jonardon Ganeri, Carlos Montemayor, Abrol Fairweather
No abstract provided.
Disagreement And Convergence On The Case Of Latin American Philosophy, For Example: Replies To Carlos Pereda And Robert Sanchez, 2019 San Jose State University
Disagreement And Convergence On The Case Of Latin American Philosophy, For Example: Replies To Carlos Pereda And Robert Sanchez, Manuel Vargas
No abstract provided.
On Mexican Philosophy, For Example, 2019 San Jose State University
On Mexican Philosophy, For Example, Carlos Pereda
In the first part of my work I consider the false opposition between abstract universalism and cultural particularisms. I propose to dissolve it by means of a nomadic thought and take as an example of such thinking the work of Luis Villoro. The second part discusses the disagreement between Manuel Vargas and Robert Sánchez on philosophy as a cultural resource. The third part explores the genuine opposition between arrogant reason and porous reason.
Sino-African Philosophy: A Re-“Constructive Engagement”, 2019 San Jose State University
Sino-African Philosophy: A Re-“Constructive Engagement”, Paul A. Dottin
“Constructive-Engagement” is a meta-philosophical and meta-methodological “strategy” suggested by Chinese and comparative philosophy scholar Bo Mou for analyzing and enriching philosophical exchange. In this paper, I will use this strategy towards an end, on a scale, and with a topic not attempted before. I will use it as a “template” for redesigning a poorly developing area of cross-cultural comparison I call Sino-African reflective studies (SARS). My goal in this work-in-progress is to design a plan for reconstituting SARS as Sino-African philosophy (SAP), an inclusive yet coherent field of research and innovation unified through organizing principles. I will design the overhaul ...
Do Government Shut Downs Shut Down Aviation Security?, 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Do Government Shut Downs Shut Down Aviation Security?, Editor
International Bulletin of Political Psychology
There have been reports of a growing number of Transportation Security Administration (TSA) agents calling in sick and refusing to work for no pay (1). The immediate question becomes, what’s the impact on aviation security? The answer is a negative one, but not as negative as one might think, and one only adding to festering, pre-shutdown problems.
An Application Of Risk Analysis To The Doctrine Of Self-Defense, 2019 Western Michigan University
An Application Of Risk Analysis To The Doctrine Of Self-Defense, Kirsten Welch
The Hilltop Review
Although it is an unavoidable aspect of any self-defense situation, risk is an underdeveloped concept in the self-defense literature. In this paper, I argue that the existence of objective risk can justify the use of self-defense, even in cases in which defensive action is not clearly necessary. To accomplish this, I first introduce the concept of risk, seeking a definition that incorporates both objective and subjective elements in a manner appropriate to a discussion of self-defense. In section two, I make a case for the appropriate way to carry out and apply risk analysis in self-defense situations, addressing questions of ...
The New White Moderate: Bearing Witness To The Differend Of Race, 2019 Colby College
The New White Moderate: Bearing Witness To The Differend Of Race, Ethan T. Ashley
As Frantz Fanon demonstrates in his text, Black Skin, White Masks, Sartrean existentialism fails to account for differences in racialized existence. Quite simply, the notion that “existence precedes essence” is reversed in the case of the black subject; he/she is living in a world that has rendered the black subject subservient to a predetermined essence. Ultimately, the fact that the white subject exists and may freely determine his/her essence while the black subject may not further demonstrates this gap or a chasm between black and white subjects that calls for further examination. In the first chapter, I will ...
Mystical Experience And Epistemic Injustice, 2019 Claremont Colleges
Mystical Experience And Epistemic Injustice, Jake Hudson-Humphrey
CMC Senior Theses
In this paper, we explore mystical experiences and knowledge through the application of Miranda Fricker's framework of epistemic injustice. Focusing on experiences in which the usual division between Self and Other temporarily dissolves (brought about spontaneously, through contemplative or religious practice, or through the ingestion of psychedelics), we examine the knowledge gained from these experiences in its multiple forms and discuss how the mystic, when attempting to share the knowledge she has gained, may face challenges to effective testimonial exchange which constitute testimonial injustices. Similarly, due to a cultural privileging of the rational and objective, we imagine how the ...
Kennedy's Legacy: A Principled Justice, 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Kennedy's Legacy: A Principled Justice, Mitchell N. Berman, David Peters
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
After three decades on the Court, Justice Anthony Kennedy remains its most widely maligned member. Concentrating on his constitutional jurisprudence, critics from across the ideological spectrum have derided Justice Kennedy as “a self-aggrandizing turncoat,” “an unprincipled weathervane,” and, succinctly, “America’s worst Justice.” We believe that Kennedy is not as bereft of a constitutional theory as common wisdom maintains. To the contrary, this Article argues, his constitutional decisionmaking reflects a genuine grasp (less than perfect, more than rudimentary) of a coherent and, we think, compelling theory of constitutional law—the account, more or less, that one of has introduced in ...
Who Is Baby Girl? A Philosophical Discussion Of The Legal Obligation To Define Authenticity, 2019 Georgia Southern University
Who Is Baby Girl? A Philosophical Discussion Of The Legal Obligation To Define Authenticity, Madison Hayes
University Honors Program Theses
In the later twentieth century, American law attempted to address legacies of unjust treatment of Native Americans though legislation like the Indian Child Welfare Act, which requires considering Native American identity in child custody decisions. This created some complex legal questions about exactly what constituted Native identity. The Supreme Court case, Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl, exposed a number of problems that arose from determining authentic tribal identity. To offer a more precise analysis of the problem of identity in American law, I will engage in philosophical investigations into the nature of authenticity, bringing in the work of the German ...