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Epistemology Commons

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Coalition Power In Epistemic Transition Systems, Pavel Naumov, Jia Tao 2017 Lafayette College

Coalition Power In Epistemic Transition Systems, Pavel Naumov, Jia Tao

Faculty Research and Reports

The paper proposes a bimodal logic that describes an interplay between coalition strategies and distributed knowledge. Unlike the existing literature, the paper assumes that a strategy must be not only executable but also verifiable. That is, the strategy of a coalition should be based only on the information distributively known by the coalition and the coalition must be able to verify the result after the strategy is executed. The main technical result of the paper is a sound and complete logical system describing all universal properties expressible in the proposed bimodal language.


Cultivating Our Garden, Daniela Chavez 2017 Nebraska College Preparatory Academy

Cultivating Our Garden, Daniela Chavez

Nebraska College Preparatory Academy Senior Capstone Projects

Candide by Voltaire promotes social reform in areas dealing with injustice and corrupt power–especially in religious organizations. One biographical book, one master of arts thesis, and two literary criticism essays were read to further expand the reader’s understanding of Candide. The impact religious organizations had on Voltaire and on European societies, their insincerity, and the abuse of their power sparked a fervent desire in Voltaire to criticize such institutions in order to reinvigorate the rights and freedoms of citizens and eliminate the abuses that societies continued to bear. The last phrase in the novel reflects Voltaire’s call ...


Epistemic Practices In Adults And Adolescents, Sarah Emlen Metz 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Epistemic Practices In Adults And Adolescents, Sarah Emlen Metz

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Being epistemically responsible requires an appreciation for both the power and the limitations of human knowledge, forming and adjusting one’s beliefs in a way that is responsive to the right criteria. Epistemic responsibility is needed among the populace as well as the elite for a functional democracy. It is also crucial for the understanding of science. However, without clear, shared norms of how best to form, adjust, and justify beliefs, we cannot hold each other epistemically accountable. In this dissertation, I explore how adolescents and adults conceive of the best practices for forming beliefs. Chapter 1 asks what criteria ...


Truth In The Abstract And In The Particular, Eric Anderson Bleys 2017 Bard College

Truth In The Abstract And In The Particular, Eric Anderson Bleys

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Caught In The Web: Internalizing A Naturalistic Theory Of Epistemic Justification, Matthew R. Pike 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Caught In The Web: Internalizing A Naturalistic Theory Of Epistemic Justification, Matthew R. Pike

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Most proponents of a naturalistic approach to epistemology seem to feel forced to endorse a process reliabilist theory of justification, ostensibly to forestall charges that their naturalistic views can yield only a descriptive account of belief that is devoid of normative force. This reliabilist approach to justification depends upon an externalist grounding, holding that belief-fixing and sustaining processes and procedures are reliable because they generally produce beliefs that are objectively true. This dissertation will explore some of the problems for the standard externalist approach that naturalists usually favor, and then show that, while the frequent conjoining of naturalist epistemology and ...


Anaġoptaŋ Po! (Listen!) What We Can Learn About Our Own Stories By Accepting The Stories Of Others: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Competing Narratives Within The Dakota Access Pipeline Conflict, Scot Zellmer 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Anaġoptaŋ Po! (Listen!) What We Can Learn About Our Own Stories By Accepting The Stories Of Others: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of Competing Narratives Within The Dakota Access Pipeline Conflict, Scot Zellmer

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

There have been over five-hundred years of interactions between European Colonizer-settlers and the Indigenous peoples of North America. Starting with the 1493 Doctrine of Discovery through the present, language embedded in documents, laws, policies and popular culture, have created damaging and misleading stereotypes and identities for these Indigenous Peoples, the American Indians. This study connects historical and contemporary perceptions constructing the dominant narrative that informs many people about American Indians. Narrative Paradigm Theory, Critical Race Theory and Indigenous Theories all serve as a lens to deconstruct the legitimacy of the dominant narrative and promote the salience of counter-narratives constructed by ...


Motivation And The Primacy Of Perception, Peter A. Antich 2017 University of Kentucky

Motivation And The Primacy Of Perception, Peter A. Antich

Theses and Dissertations--Philosophy

In this dissertation, I provide an interpretation and defense of Merleau-Ponty's thesis of the primacy of perception, namely, the thesis that all knowledge is founded on perceptual experience. I take as an interpretative and argumentative key Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological conception of motivation. Whereas epistemology has traditionally accepted a dichotomy between reason and natural causality, I show that this dichotomy is not exhaustive of the forms of epistemic grounding. There is a third type of grounding, the one characteristic of the grounding relations found in perception: motivation. I argue that introducing motivation as a form of epistemic grounding allows us ...


A Post-Critical Science Of Administration: Toward A Society Of Explorers, Craig M. Wickstrom 2017 Cleveland State University

A Post-Critical Science Of Administration: Toward A Society Of Explorers, Craig M. Wickstrom

ETD Archive

What is meant by "science" and whether it is an appropriate model for public administration has been a subject of debate since Woodrow Wilson called for a science of administration in 1887. This dissertation introduces another voice into that debate, the voice of a world-renowned physical chemist named Michael Polanyi. Polanyi's sharp criticism of positivism reinforces the arguments of those questioning the legitimacy of an administrative science, but instead of rejecting it, he constructed an alternative definition of science that recognizes the indeterminacy of reality, the personal nature of knowledge, and the centrality of "the logic of tacit knowing ...


Epistemology Personalized, Matthew A. Benton 2017 Seattle Pacific University

Epistemology Personalized, Matthew A. Benton

SPU Works

Recent epistemology has focused almost exclusively on propositional knowledge. This paper considers an underexplored area of epistemology, namely knowledge of persons: if propositional knowledge is a state of mind, consisting in a subject's attitude to a (true) proposition, the account developed here thinks of interpersonal knowledge as a state of minds, involving a subject's attitude to another (existing) subject. This kind of knowledge is distinct from propositional knowledge, but it exhibits a gradability characteristic of context-sensitivity, and admits of shifty thresholds. It is supported by a wide range of unexplored linguistic data and intuitive cases; and it promises ...


D Is For The Most Cherished Sense (Whence It Comes And Wither It Goes), Hallie S. McNeill 2017 VCU

D Is For The Most Cherished Sense (Whence It Comes And Wither It Goes), Hallie S. Mcneill

Theses and Dissertations

A transcript of the audio that constitutes the work by the same title, along with an introduction and relevant bibliography.


Epistemology Shock: English Professors Confront Science, Ian Barnard, Jan Osborn 2017 Chapman University

Epistemology Shock: English Professors Confront Science, Ian Barnard, Jan Osborn

English Faculty Articles and Research

This article raises questions and concerns regarding students from the sciences working with faculty in the humanities in interdisciplinary settings. It explores the experience of two English professors facing the privileging of "facts" and a science-based understanding of the world in their own classrooms. It poses both questions and pedagogical possibilities for addressing conflicts around epistemologies, scholarship, and teaching and learning.


Michael Faraday’S “Lines Of Force” And The Role Of Heuristic Models In Early Electromagnetic Field Theory, Nicolas Sandy Engst Matthews 2017 Bard College

Michael Faraday’S “Lines Of Force” And The Role Of Heuristic Models In Early Electromagnetic Field Theory, Nicolas Sandy Engst Matthews

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College


Spiritual Journeys: A Study Of Ifá /Òrìṣà Practitioners In The United States Initiated In Nigeria, Tony Van Der Meer 2017 Antioch University - PhD Program in Leadership and Change

Spiritual Journeys: A Study Of Ifá /Òrìṣà Practitioners In The United States Initiated In Nigeria, Tony Van Der Meer

Dissertations & Theses

The purpose of this study is to understand the culture of one of the newest branches of traditional Yorùbá Ifá/Òrìṣà practice in the United States from practitioners born in the United States that were initiated in Nigeria, West Africa.The epistemology of the Ifá/Òrìṣà belief system in the United States has been based on the history and influence of Regla de Ocha or Santeria that developed out of Cuban innovation and practice.This is an ethnographic and auto-ethnographic study that pulls from participant observation, field notes, interviews, and photos as data.The central question of this dissertation is ...


Contextualism In Epistemology And Relevance Theory, Mark Jary, Robert J. Stainton 2016 University of Western Ontario

Contextualism In Epistemology And Relevance Theory, Mark Jary, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We briefly introduce Contextualism in Epistemology, highlight a linguistic challenge that it seemingly faces, and then describe a Relevance Theoretic response to that challenge. We end by contrasting this view with related ones.


Refreshment For The Soul: A Phenomenological Study Of The Student Experience Of Beauty In School, Paul Reiff 2016 National Louis University

Refreshment For The Soul: A Phenomenological Study Of The Student Experience Of Beauty In School, Paul Reiff

Dissertations

Prompted by the ratio-scientific emphasis in the curriculum, I conducted this study to explore the lifeworlds of students to understand their lived experience of beauty in school. This investigation entailed a phenomenological study, the method of which included in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with four high school students. This study aimed to examine the essence of beauty in the lived experience of students in school, to explore the perceptions of students regarding school as a place to appreciate beauty, and to understand the needs of students as a place that develops their aesthetic sensibilities. The findings include the description ...


Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr 2016 Loyola Marymount University

Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Review Of Michael Depaul & Linda Zagzebski, Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics And Epistemology, Jason Baehr 2016 Loyola Marymount University

Review Of Michael Depaul & Linda Zagzebski, Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics And Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


The Cognitive Demands Of Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr 2016 Selected Works

The Cognitive Demands Of Intellectual Virtue, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


On The Reliability Of Moral And Intellectual Virtues, Jason Baehr 2016 Loyola Marymount University

On The Reliability Of Moral And Intellectual Virtues, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

No abstract provided.


Four Varieties Of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr 2016 Loyola Marymount University

Four Varieties Of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology, Jason Baehr

Jason Baehr

The terrain of character-based or “responsibilist” virtue epistemology has evolved dramatically over the last decade — so much so that it is far from clear what, if anything, unifies the various views put forth in this area. In an attempt to bring some clarity to the overall thrust and structure of this movement, I develop a fourfold classification of character-based virtue epistemologies. I also offer a qualified assessment of each approach, defending a certain account of the probable future of this burgeoning subfield.


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