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Collective Duties (Farḍ Kifāya) In Islamic Law: The Moral Community, State Authority And Ethical Speculation In The Premodern Period, Adnan Zulfiqar 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Collective Duties (Farḍ Kifāya) In Islamic Law: The Moral Community, State Authority And Ethical Speculation In The Premodern Period, Adnan Zulfiqar

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation studies a unique subset of legal obligations in Islamic law known as “collective duties” (farḍ kifāya) and focuses on juristic writing in the premodern period between the 9th and 14th centuries C.E. Together with the more widely recognized “individual obligations” (farḍ ʿayn), these duties encompass the complete range of mandated behavior in Islamic law. Individual obligations follow a simple pattern: one person is assigned responsibility for performing a particular act and is solely held responsible if they fail to do so. Collective duties are premised on a different concept involving shared responsibility for required acts. They are ...


The Iconography Of Family Members In Egypt’S Elite Tombs Of The Old Kingdom, Jing Wen 2018 University of Pennsylvania

The Iconography Of Family Members In Egypt’S Elite Tombs Of The Old Kingdom, Jing Wen

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This study collects, categorizes, and interprets the representations and associated texts of family members of the tomb owner that appeared in elite tombs of the Old Kingdom in the Memphite and provincial necropolis from the Fourth to the Sixth Dynasties. It provides a detailed investigation into the kinship designations, titles, and presentational specifics of family members, and examines the frequency of occurrences of kinship designations and titles. The typology introduced in this study classifies the stances of family members into seven major types, each with several sub-types. The analysis of the appearances of each sub-type makes it possible to trace ...


Elements Of The Neo-Sumerian Military, Daniel William Patterson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Elements Of The Neo-Sumerian Military, Daniel William Patterson

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

ELEMENTS OF THE NEO-SUMERIAN MILITARY

Dan Patterson

Steve Tinney

The Neo-Sumerian (Ur III) period is known for having produced tens of thousands of tablets though, paradoxically, much of the history and culture of this period remains in the dark. One of these areas is the history and organization of the Ur III military. This dissertation is an investigation of selected issues and the terminology related to the military history of this period. It attempts to rectify the absence of monographic studies on this topic and to clarify problematic issues that recur in the secondary literature. Chapter one introduces the ...


Seeing Race And Erasing Slavery: Media And The Construction Of Blackness In Iran, 1830-1960, Beeta Baghoolizadeh 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Seeing Race And Erasing Slavery: Media And The Construction Of Blackness In Iran, 1830-1960, Beeta Baghoolizadeh

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation explores conceptions of blackness in Iran through a visual, textual, and spatial analysis of enslavement and manumission during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This dissertation asks the critical question: how and why did the abolition of slavery in Iran fail to unravel forms of racial difference, instead making them more powerful and persuasive? Departing from previous studies that cast Iranian slavery and society as unencumbered by racism, I argue that mass media technologies, particularly photography, communicated clear racial hierarchies, crystallizing a particular language of slavery that racialized Africans as slaves even as the legal institution of slavery was ...


Wives, Witches, And Warriors: Women In Arabic Popular Epic, Amanda Steinberg 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Wives, Witches, And Warriors: Women In Arabic Popular Epic, Amanda Steinberg

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consolidates the known corpus of the medieval Arabic popular epic (sīrah shaʿbīyah) in order to examine the roles of its female characters and how they relate to power. Borrowing from feminist theory, the study takes as its organizing principle the categories of “power-over,” “power-to,” and “power-with,” showing that how a woman is judged for expressing power depends upon how her actions fit into one of these three categories. Moreover, each expression of power tends to be connected to a woman’s familial relationships: sexually available women are usually classified as expressing “power-over,” while the nonsexual relationships of sisters ...


Introduction To Islamic Art & Architecture, Abby M. Kornfeld 2018 CUNY City College

Introduction To Islamic Art & Architecture, Abby M. Kornfeld

Open Educational Resources

This course surveys the foundations of Islamic art and architecture in the Middle East and then traces these artistic forms across the Mediterranean and into Central Asia. We will work our way from the seventh through the sixteenth centuries, studying everything from mosques to palaces, from holy texts to vividly depicted tales of love, friendship, and behavior, from shimmering mosaics to stuccoed vaults. Class discussion will be focused on the making, meanings, and social resonances of Islamic art. Together, we will work to define and redefine the term “Islamic Art,” as we consider the following topics: the religious, political, and ...


An Alternative View On The Roll-Brimmed Hat, Lauren King 2018 Southern Methodist University

An Alternative View On The Roll-Brimmed Hat, Lauren King

The Larrie and Bobbi Weil Undergraduate Research Award Documents

Why does Gudea wear the roll-brimmed hat? Neo-Sumerian period statues of Gudea, king of Lagash (c. 2100 BCE), were primarily designed to convey the leader’s piety before the gods. The traditional interpretation of the roll-brimmed hat suggests that this garment added to Gudea’s pious affect, serving as a humbler alternative to the divine horned-headdress worn by Naram-Sin, the last king of the previous Akkadian period. While acknowledging the less overtly ambitious quality of the roll-brimmed hat, I nevertheless argue that other potential meanings of this headgear have been overlooked. In particular, I take a materiality and haptic approach ...


Farsi Translation Of 'Who’S Afraid Of Multilingual Education?', Amir Kalan 2018 University of Dayton

Farsi Translation Of 'Who’S Afraid Of Multilingual Education?', Amir Kalan

Books and Book Chapters by University of Dayton Faculty

This is a Farsi translation of Amir Kalan's book; the translator is Hiwa Weisi, Razi University. Cover design: Arian Azizi

316 pages. File is available for download in consecutive single pages. Supplemental file has the pages imposed for 2-sided, 2-up printing and binding on A3 paper. If a reader opts for print-on-demand, the finished page size is 234 x 156 mm.

Description: More than 70 languages are spoken in contemporary Iran, yet all governmental correspondence and educational textbooks must be written in Farsi. To date, the Iranian mother tongue debate has remained far from the international scholarly exchanges of ...


Policy Implications Of News Media Coverage Of The Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria., Godfred A. Ababio 2018 Walden University

Policy Implications Of News Media Coverage Of The Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria., Godfred A. Ababio

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) garnered global news media attention in Summer 2014 when it seized a significant section of land in Iraq and Syria. The group then mishandled and executed its captives. There is a lack of consensus among the international community, led by Russia and the United States, on how best to address the threat posed by ISIS. An understanding of the function of Russian and U.S. news media coverage of the ISIS threat is an appropriate research topic. The purpose of this qualitative content analysis study was to explore how the U.S ...


[You Are With] Kin And [You Can Be At] Ease, Abdul Azim Al Ghussein 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

[You Are With] Kin And [You Can Be At] Ease, Abdul Azim Al Ghussein

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an exploration of hospitality, sharing and acclimation within a studio art practice as a means of fostering consideration of others. I employ a practice whereby I disrupt the typical gallery context, and through the production and dissemination of consumable items from the Middle East, I examine how resources can be used, valued, and shared to accommodate various and unspecified others and provide opportunities for crossing thresholds of guest and host relationships.


Sens Et Saveur: L'Art De Traduire Dans Un Cadre Multilingue, Claire Jacobson 2018 University of Iowa

Sens Et Saveur: L'Art De Traduire Dans Un Cadre Multilingue, Claire Jacobson

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Pour examiner le phénomène du multilinguisme littéraire dans les communautés maghrébines en France, je considère quelques textes écrits en français qui incluent des éléments linguistiques des autres langues, principalement l’arabe, et comment les traiter en tant que traductrice de formation. Les trois textes en question––Le gone du Chaâba d’Azouz Begag, Méchamment berbère de Mina Sif, et L’Essuie-mains des pieds de Gil Ben Aych––emploient plusieurs langues dans un texte français, ce qui pose un défi indiscutable pour le traducteur. Chaque auteur le fait différemment, donc il faut considérer les différents moyens de traduire cette figure de ...


Edward Elbridge Salisbury, 1814-1901, Robin Dougherty 2017 Yale University

Edward Elbridge Salisbury, 1814-1901, Robin Dougherty

Roberta L. Dougherty

No abstract provided.


Ben-Ur, "The Absorption Of Outsiders: Gibraltarians And North Africans In London's Portuguese Jewish Community" (First Page Only).Pdf, Aviva Ben-Ur 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Ben-Ur, "The Absorption Of Outsiders: Gibraltarians And North Africans In London's Portuguese Jewish Community" (First Page Only).Pdf, Aviva Ben-Ur

Aviva Ben-Ur

No abstract provided.


Dangerous Liaisons In Cairo: Reginald Q. Henriques And The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Manuscript Collection, Rebecca J. W. Jefferson 2017 University of Florida

Dangerous Liaisons In Cairo: Reginald Q. Henriques And The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Manuscript Collection, Rebecca J. W. Jefferson

Judaica Librarianship

When Solomon Schechter published his opus magnum, the co-edited volume of The Wisdom of Ben Sira, in 1899, he took the trouble to express his gratitude towards one Reginald Q. Henriques for his help in the past and still ongoing. This article attempts to answer the question: who was this Mr. Henriques and what was the nature of his connection to Schechter? Using previously unpublished archival evidence, this question is explored in depth, as well as the question of why Schechter chose to acknowledge this individual precisely at that point. It also provides an in-depth account, together with transcriptions of ...


The Law Code Of Hammurabi: Transliterated And Literally Translated From Its Early Classical Arabic Language, Saad D. Abulhab 2017 CUNY Central Office

The Law Code Of Hammurabi: Transliterated And Literally Translated From Its Early Classical Arabic Language, Saad D. Abulhab

Publications and Research

This book, which includes new translations of the old Babylonian laws of Hammurabi, is the second book by the author examining, from a historical Arabic linguistic perspective, a major Akkadian document. The first book offered new translations of three tablets from a literary work, the Epic of Gilgamesh, written in a late Babylonian language. The pioneering methodology used by the author to decipher the ancient Mesopotamian texts in both documents involves the primary utilization of old etymological Arabic manuscripts written by hundreds of accomplished scholars more than a thousand years ago. Using this methodology does not only provide more accurate ...


Displaced Once More: Armenians Flee Syria To Montreal, Sean A. Shoemaker 2017 Cuny Graduate School of Journalism

Displaced Once More: Armenians Flee Syria To Montreal, Sean A. Shoemaker

Capstones

Since 2012, the Armenian community in Syria has sought refuge in Montreal, less than one hundred years since they left their homes and relocated to Syria as a result of the Armenian genocide that took place in 1915.

https://seanshoemaker.exposure.co/displaced-once-more


Notes On Contributors, 2017 Western Michigan University

Notes On Contributors

Transference

No abstract provided.


To Fabullus (Invitation) By Catullus, Ranald A. Barnicot 2017 Barnet and Southgate College, London

To Fabullus (Invitation) By Catullus, Ranald A. Barnicot

Transference

Translated from Latin by Ranald Barnicot


In Jerusalem By Tamim Al-Barghouti, Houssem Ben Lazreg 2017 University of Alberta

In Jerusalem By Tamim Al-Barghouti, Houssem Ben Lazreg

Transference

Translated from Arabic by Houssem Ben Lazreg


Gina, Steamers On The Havel, I Made My Landing On An Island Where..., And Both Day And Evening Now Began To Seep By Georg Heym, William A. Ruleman III 2017 Tennessee Wesleyan University

Gina, Steamers On The Havel, I Made My Landing On An Island Where..., And Both Day And Evening Now Began To Seep By Georg Heym, William A. Ruleman Iii

Transference

Translated from German by William Ruleman


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