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Strength Or Weakness: When To Break The (Grammatical) Rules, Mohala Kaliebe 2018 Dickinson College

Strength Or Weakness: When To Break The (Grammatical) Rules, Mohala Kaliebe

Student Scholarship & Creative Works By Year

When it comes to the evaluation of the grammatical and syntactical aspects of written language, two perspectives stand apparently opposed. The prescriptivist perspective promotes strict rule-following; the descriptivist, an acceptance of rule breaking as natural language usage and evolution. Yet the diverse nature of written language – in terms of purpose, audience, style, etc. – demands the application of both, with emphasis on one or the other depending upon such distinctions. Although certain situations demand prescriptive grammatical adherence, the effectiveness of technically erroneous communication in colloquial contexts suggests that the successful transfer of meaning outweighs the importance of standard, conventional language usage.


Mikhail Bakhtin’S Heritage In Literature, Arts, And Psychology. Introduction, Slav N. Gratchev, Howard Mancing 2018 Marshall University

Mikhail Bakhtin’S Heritage In Literature, Arts, And Psychology. Introduction, Slav N. Gratchev, Howard Mancing

Dr. Slav N. Gratchev

This volume celebrates hundred years of Bakhtin’s heritage: in September 13 of 1919 in the literary journal Den Iskusstva (The Day of the Art) was published the first work of Mikhail Bakhtin, Art and Answerability, the work that became his literary manifesto.

This book aims to examine the heritage of Mikhail Bakhtin in a variety of disciplines. To achieve this end, we drew upon colleagues from eight different countries across the world--United States, Canada, Spain, Great Britain, France, Russia, Chile, and Japan--in order to bring the widest variety of points of view on the subject. But we also wanted ...


Troping The Enemy: Metaphor, Culture, And The Big Data Black Boxes Of National Security, Robert Albro 2018 American University

Troping The Enemy: Metaphor, Culture, And The Big Data Black Boxes Of National Security, Robert Albro

Secrecy and Society

This article considers how cultural understanding is being brought into the work of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), through an analysis of its Metaphor program. It examines the type of social science underwriting this program, unpacks implications of the agency’s conception of metaphor for understanding so-called cultures of interest, and compares IARPA’s to competing accounts of how metaphor works to create cultural meaning. The article highlights some risks posed by key deficits in the Intelligence Community's (IC) approach to culture, which relies on the cognitive linguistic theories of George Lakoff and colleagues. It also explores ...


The Changing Face Of L2 Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Charlie Nagle, John M. Levis, Erin F. Todey 2018 Iowa State University

The Changing Face Of L2 Pronunciation Research And Teaching, Charlie Nagle, John M. Levis, Erin F. Todey

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

This paper discusses changes in the field of L2 pronunciation over the past decade, including research studies, resources, and changes in methodology. To do so, it revisits the history of PSLLT over its 10 years as a conference by considering the inclusion of both research and teaching and the effects of the conference on the field of L2 pronunciation. This paper also describes changes in how L2 pronunciation research is being carried out and the general categories of the papers in the Proceedings of the 10th annual PSLLT conference.


Mikhail Bakhtin’S Heritage In Literature, Arts, And Psychology. Introduction, Slav N. Gratchev, Howard Mancing 2018 Marshall University

Mikhail Bakhtin’S Heritage In Literature, Arts, And Psychology. Introduction, Slav N. Gratchev, Howard Mancing

Modern Languages Faculty Research

This volume celebrates hundred years of Bakhtin’s heritage: in September 13 of 1919 in the literary journal Den Iskusstva (The Day of the Art) was published the first work of Mikhail Bakhtin, Art and Answerability, the work that became his literary manifesto.

This book aims to examine the heritage of Mikhail Bakhtin in a variety of disciplines. To achieve this end, we drew upon colleagues from eight different countries across the world--United States, Canada, Spain, Great Britain, France, Russia, Chile, and Japan--in order to bring the widest variety of points of view on the subject. But we also wanted ...


Intelligibility, Oral Communication, And The Teaching Of Pronunciation, John M. Levis 2018 Iowa State University

Intelligibility, Oral Communication, And The Teaching Of Pronunciation, John M. Levis

English Books

A proper understanding of intelligibility is at the heart of effective pronunciation teaching, and with it, successful teaching of speaking and listening. Far from being an optional 'add-it-on-if-we-have-time' language feature, pronunciation is essential because of its tremendous impact on speech intelligibility. Pronunciation dramatically affects the ability of language learners to make themselves understood and to understand the speech of others. But not all elements of pronunciation are equally important. Some affect intelligibility a great deal, while others do not. With a strong emphasis on classroom practice and how pronunciation teaching can be more effectively approached in different teaching contexts, this ...


Ansiedades Épico-Criollas Y El Mecenazgo De Indias En El Arauco Domado De Pedro De Oña, Andrea L. Fernandez 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Ansiedades Épico-Criollas Y El Mecenazgo De Indias En El Arauco Domado De Pedro De Oña, Andrea L. Fernandez

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Among the characteristics of epic poetry are the topic of war, love encounters, heroism of exemplary individuals, and the narration of events contemporary to the audience to reinforce a collective historical identity. Arauco domado by Pedro de Oña, born in Angol (modern Chile), reiterates these traditional expectations with its protagonist, characters, setting, and latter theatrical representations within the viceregal context. The poem was made possible by the sponsorship of García Hurtado de Mendoza y Manrique, IV Marquis of Cañete and Viceroy of Peru. If the title of “espíritu cesarino novelo” [Caesar’s new spirit] (V.76.3) corresponds to the ...


Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle 2018 Iowa State University

Perception, Production, And Perception-Production: Research Findings And Implications For Language Pedagogy, Charles Nagle

World Languages and Cultures Publications

When we are born our perceptual systems are capable of discriminating sounds that occur in English, Spanish, Hindi, or any other language. During the first year, our perception begins to zero in on the particular set of sounds that are contrastive in our native language(s) (L1s) (Kuhl et al., 2006). For example, a child whose parents are L1 English speakers will pick up on the fact that /b/ and /p/ are contrastive in English (e.g., “bet” vs. “pet”) and that the major difference is in the burst of air that occurs when the stop is released (i.e ...


Sp 313 Borges And Cortazar, Araceli Tinajero 2018 CUNY City College

Sp 313 Borges And Cortazar, Araceli Tinajero

Open Educational Resources

En este curso haremos lecturas detenidas de ensayos, poemas y cuentos de Jorge Luis Borges y Julio Cortázar. Los estudiantes tendrán la oportunidad de ver una película, varios videos y también podrán escuchar lecturas hechas por los autores mismos. Los estudiantes elegirán uno o dos textos de los autores para hacer un trabajo de investigación. La lectura en voz alta será importante en esta clase; por lo tanto, se espera que los estudiantes graben uno o dos textos de los autores y los hagan públicos para el acervo digital universal.


The Inklings And King Arthur (2017), Edited By Sørina Higgins, Gabriel Schenk 2018 Valparaiso University

The Inklings And King Arthur (2017), Edited By Sørina Higgins, Gabriel Schenk

Journal of Tolkien Research

Book review by Gabriel Schenk of The Inklings and King Arthur (2017) ed, by Sørina Higgins


Two Entries In The Dictionary Of Caribbean And Afro-Latin American Biography, Ana B. Rodriguez Navas 2018 Loyola University Chicago

Two Entries In The Dictionary Of Caribbean And Afro-Latin American Biography, Ana B. Rodriguez Navas

Ana Rodríguez Navas

Two entries in the Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography: Gastón Baquero and Lino Ayllón D'ou.


Don Quixote In Russia In The Early Twentieth Century: The Problem Of Perception And Interpretation, Slav N. Gratchev PhD 2018 Marshall University

Don Quixote In Russia In The Early Twentieth Century: The Problem Of Perception And Interpretation, Slav N. Gratchev Phd

Dr. Slav N. Gratchev

This study logically continues my previous examination of the perception of Don Quixote in Russia throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and how this perception changed over time. In this new article, I will again use a number of materials inaccessible to English-speaking scholars to demonstrate how the perception of Don Quixote by Russian intelligentsia shifted from humorous to complete admiration and even idealization of the hero. Don Quixote was more and more frequently compared with Prometheus, the most powerful and most romanticized personage of Greek methodology. Indeed, “начав юмористический роман, осмеивающий увлечение современников рыцарскими похождениями, Сервантес и не думал ...


Don Quixote In Russia In The Early Twentieth Century: The Problem Of Perception And Interpretation, Slav N. Gratchev PhD 2018 Marshall University

Don Quixote In Russia In The Early Twentieth Century: The Problem Of Perception And Interpretation, Slav N. Gratchev Phd

Modern Languages Faculty Research

This study logically continues my previous examination of the perception of Don Quixote in Russia throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and how this perception changed over time. In this new article, I will again use a number of materials inaccessible to English-speaking scholars to demonstrate how the perception of Don Quixote by Russian intelligentsia shifted from humorous to complete admiration and even idealization of the hero. Don Quixote was more and more frequently compared with Prometheus, the most powerful and most romanticized personage of Greek methodology. Indeed, “начав юмористический роман, осмеивающий увлечение современников рыцарскими похождениями, Сервантес и не думал ...


(Re)Casting The Concierge In Muriel Barbery's L' Élégance Du Hérisson, Mariah Devereux Herbeck 2018 Boise State University

(Re)Casting The Concierge In Muriel Barbery's L' Élégance Du Hérisson, Mariah Devereux Herbeck

World Languages Faculty Publications and Presentations

«Être maire de Paris, c'est aimer les concierges et les stars, parce que les concierges sont les stars de notre quotidien!" (Greco). Before Anne Hidalgo aligned the commonplace French apartment caretaker with celebrated icons of the stage and screen during her 2014 Paris mayoral campaign, the Parisian concierge had never stood so high upon a pedestal. The closest the French concierge had come to such limelight was perhaps the fictionalized representation of the working-class figure in Muriel Barbery's 2006 novel, L' élégance du hérisson. The newspaper Libération described Barbery' s novel as France's "surprise bestseller of the ...


The Story Of The Predestined Pilgrim And His Brother Reprobate. Alexandre De Gusmão. Trans. Christopher C. Lund. Medieval And Renaissance Texts And Studies 489; Medieval And Renaissance Latin America 2. Tempe: Arizona Center For Medieval And Renaissance Studies, 2016. Xxxvi + 138 Pp. $55., D. Scott Hendrickson 2018 Loyola University Chicago

The Story Of The Predestined Pilgrim And His Brother Reprobate. Alexandre De Gusmão. Trans. Christopher C. Lund. Medieval And Renaissance Texts And Studies 489; Medieval And Renaissance Latin America 2. Tempe: Arizona Center For Medieval And Renaissance Studies, 2016. Xxxvi + 138 Pp. $55., D. Scott Hendrickson

Modern Languages and Literatures: Faculty Publications and Other Works

The Story of the Predestined Pilgrim and His Brother Reprobate, published in Portugal in 1682, is an allegorical novel originally written in Portuguese by Father Alexandre de Gusmão (1629–1724) in the Jesuit mission territory of Brazil. Subsequent editions were printed in both Portuguese and Spanish in Europe and the Americas. Christopher C. Lund’s translation is part of the Latin America series in the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies and is the first English-language edition. It is a welcome addition to scholarly work in the fields of colonial Latin American history and Jesuit history.


No Language Policy Without Translation Policy: A Comparison Of Flanders And Wales, Meylaerts Reine, Gabriel Gonzalez Nunez 2018 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

No Language Policy Without Translation Policy: A Comparison Of Flanders And Wales, Meylaerts Reine, Gabriel Gonzalez Nunez

Writing and Language Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

A major challenge for authorities in the modern world is the linguistic integration of minorities. In this context, language policies play a key role as authorities are increasingly faced with the challenge of adjusting their language policies in order to secure the linguistic rights and thus the integration of their multilingual populations. In multilingual democracies, these language policies must include choices about the use or non-use of translation. These choices, when they are systematic, become policies of their own in terms of translation. Thus, translation policies arise in part as a consequence of language policies, and there can be no ...


Fiqws Fall 2018: Phase 2 Assignment Prompt The Exploratory Essay, Sabina Pringle, Missy Watson 2018 CUNY City College

Fiqws Fall 2018: Phase 2 Assignment Prompt The Exploratory Essay, Sabina Pringle, Missy Watson

Open Educational Resources

This phase two writing assignment prompt for FIQWS 10003 - HA1 WCGI History & Culture and FIQWS 10103 - HA1 Composition for WCGI History & Culture (fall 2018) provides guidelines for writing an Exploratory Essay in which students will consider the ideas of course readings and compose an essay that demonstrates their engagement with those ideas. The rhetorical purpose of this assignment is for students to demonstrate the ways in which their thinking about language and literacy has developed so far in the course, using evidence based on interpretations, ideas, and examples as well as passages from four or five sources. Summary, synthesis, and ...


Sinonimia Y Disponibilidad Léxica, Orlando Alba 2018 Brigham Young University - Provo

Sinonimia Y Disponibilidad Léxica, Orlando Alba

Faculty Publications

En este estudio se plantea que si para los hablantes de una comunidad, desde la perspectiva onomasiológica, dos ‘sinónimos’ no tienen el mismo índice de disponibilidad, es decir, ‘no están igualmente asequibles, y no acuden a la memoria con la misma prontitud’, no se justifica considerarlos como sinónimos absolutos. Resulta más razonable situarlos en una categoría especial de sinónimos ‘pasivos’, ‘parciales’ o, simplemente, semasiológicos.


Double/Cross: Erasure In Theory And Poetry, John Nyman 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Double/Cross: Erasure In Theory And Poetry, John Nyman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation investigates the implications of overt textual erasure on literary and philosophical meaning, especially with reference to the poststructuralist phenomenological tradition culminating in the work of Jacques Derrida. Responding both to the emergence of “erasure poetry” as a recognizable genre of experimental literature and to the relative paucity of serious scholarship on Derrida’s “writing under erasure,” I focus on twentieth- and twenty-first-century literary and philosophical works in which visible evidence of erasure is an intended component of the finished (i.e., printed and disseminated) document. Erasure, I argue, performs a complex doubling or double/crossing of meaning according ...


La Reina De Los Carteles: Los Beneficios Y Los Peligros, Emily Monac 2018 Union College

La Reina De Los Carteles: Los Beneficios Y Los Peligros, Emily Monac

Honors Theses

This paper examines the experiences of women in real life and television programs involved with drug cartels in Mexico. For women, life centered on narcotic trade in Mexico may be framed by both terror and abuse. However, there also exists a certain power dynamic achieved by women in positions of power in cartels. These real life women are known as “Las Flacas,” a self-given label that affirms both their reclamation of sexuality and also their acquiescing to a patriarchal society. Narcofiction exists as a new art form of processing and reacting to a life heavily influenced by drug trade in ...


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