Seasoned Antisemitism: Cannibalism In The Destruction Of Jerusalem, 2018 Ursinus College
Seasoned Antisemitism: Cannibalism In The Destruction Of Jerusalem, Bailey Ludwig
English Summer Fellows
My project examines an episode of maternal cannibalism within the medieval poem The Destruction of Jerusalem. Several variations of the story of the 70 AD Roman siege of Jerusalem that include this particular episode exist; the story even has roots in the bible. I am looking at the poem within this context and noting its differences in order to best determine its intentions. This version, more so than any other I have encountered, eliminates complicating factors, such as the murder of the child or presence of male figures, in order to make its antisemitic message as direct as possible. The ...
Who Is Tom Bombadil?: Interpreting The Light In Frodo Baggins And Tom Bombadil's Role In The Healing Of Traumatic Memory In J.R.R. Tolkien's _Lord Of The Rings_, Jane Beal Phd
Journal of Tolkien Research
In Rivendell, after Frodo has been attacked by Ringwraiths and is healing from the removal of the splinter from a Morgul-blade that had been making its way toward his heart, Gandalf regards Frodo and contemplates a “clear light” that is visible through Frodo to “eyes to see that can.” Samwise Gamgee later sees this light in Frodo when Frodo is resting in Ithilien. The first half of this essay considers questions about this light: how does Frodo become transparent, and why, and what is the nature of the light that fills him? As recourse to Tolkien’s letters shows, the ...
"The Gods Have Taken Thought For Them": Syncretic Animal Symbolism In Medieval European Magic, 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
"The Gods Have Taken Thought For Them": Syncretic Animal Symbolism In Medieval European Magic, Solange Nicole Kiehlbauch
Master's Theses and Project Reports
This thesis investigates syncretic animal symbolism within medieval European occult systems. The major question that this work seeks to answer is: what does the ubiquity and importance of magical animals and animal magic reveal about overarching medieval perceptions of the world? In response, I utilize the emerging subfield of Animal History as a theoretical framework to draw attention to an understudied yet highly relevant aspect of occult theory and practice. This work argues that medieval Europeans lived in a fundamentally “enchanted” world compared to our modern age, where the permeable boundaries between physical and spiritual planes imbued nature and its ...
Misassembled Monsters, 2018 Washington University in St. Louis
Misassembled Monsters, Jenn Brown
Graduate School of Art Theses
This thesis is a narrative of personal and material history. Through my work in painting, sculpture, and installation, I seek to share my story of emotional armoring in an attempt to connect to an audience. In my work, I look to my personal memories of growing up in a small, midwestern town and armoring myself with emotional barriers against its social construct of “normalcy.” Inspired by Medieval suits of armor and the characteristics of Goth culture throughout history, I employ my work to present the stage of a theatrical battleground. Creating each of my pieces is a fight for the ...
Literary Beasts: Use Of Animal Imagery In The Canterbury Tales, 2018 Ursinus College
Literary Beasts: Use Of Animal Imagery In The Canterbury Tales, Morgan Kentsbeer
English Independent Study Projects
Through this paper I am going to argue that animals from the Middle Ages held more worth and were often considered to be more important than their modern counterparts. This gets shown through the three types of ways that animals are used within The Canterbury Tales. First, they are used as allegorical shorthands that imply more meaning with a fewer amount of words; this concept is primarily shown in “The Miller’s Tale” and “The Wife of Bath’s Tale.” Secondly, animals are crafted into characters but still end up being used as tools by other characters or Chaucer himself ...
Of The Silmarils And The Ring: J. R. R. Tolkien's Fiction And The Importance Of Creation And Art, 2018 James Madison University
Of The Silmarils And The Ring: J. R. R. Tolkien's Fiction And The Importance Of Creation And Art, Michael Hartinger
Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current
J. R. R. Tolkien embodies the opposing ideals of Enchantment and the Machine in the Silmarils and the One Ring respectively. These created objects oppose each other just as Tolkien’s ideals of art do. Enchantment is art’s ideal, it's purpose is to glorify and enrich the beauty of reality through subcreation. The Silmarils exhibit the delight of making and perceiving beauty. Whereas the Machine is art’s shadowy reflection that utilizes apparatuses or devices rather than personal talent in order to coerce others and reality itself. Overall Tolkien's aesthetic theories reflect many fears surrounding modern attitudes ...
Siamese Manuscript Collections In The United States, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
Siamese Manuscript Collections In The United States, Susanne Ryuyin Kerekes, Justin Mcdaniel
This article provides a brief survey of public collections of Thai manuscripts held in the United States, which is home to roughly 650 Thai manuscripts. Of the twenty institutions that house Thai manuscripts, the following five are highlighted in this article: the Asian Art Museum, the University of California at Berkeley, the New York Public Library, Princeton University Libraries, and the Walters Art Museum. The second half of this article details a few key manuscripts held at the University of Pennsylvania: the Abhidhamma chet Kamphi, one book of the Phra ‘Aphaimanī epic, and a rare set of royal decrees. In ...
The Chester Beatty Collection Of Siamese Manuscripts In Ireland, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
The Chester Beatty Collection Of Siamese Manuscripts In Ireland, Justin Mcdaniel
This article demonstrates the importance of the Chester Beatty Library’s collection of Thai manuscripts and more broadly highlights the importance of including the study of Ireland in the history of the study of Asia. I hope it also encourages future scholars to look to Ireland when writing the intellectual history of exchange between Asia and Europe. Even though Ireland was not a colonizing power, indeed, it was colonized for most of its pre-modern history, its libraries and museums attest to a people that spread far and wide across the globe sometimes as a point of necessity and sometimes in ...
Manuscripts From The Kingdom Of Siam In Japan, 2018 Nagoya University
Manuscripts From The Kingdom Of Siam In Japan, Toshiya Unebe
In this chapter, the textual contents of the illustrated samut khoi-s in Thailand, are examined. Samut khoi manuscripts are an important resource for the study of Siamese and Buddhist literature in the 18th and 19th centuries. Samut khoi-s are divided into two groups. Both groups use a script called “Khom” (อักษรขอม), but one group uses a thin character set, and the other a thick and calligraphic character set. The chief text of eighteenth century samut khoi-s, the Mahābuddhaguṇa, shows what great importance Thai Buddhists attached to the Buddha-anussati, the recollection of the Buddha. In the 19th century, there was ...
Manuscripts In Central Thailand: Samut Khoi From Phetchaburi Province, 2018 L'École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO)
Manuscripts In Central Thailand: Samut Khoi From Phetchaburi Province, Peter Skilling, Santi Pakdeekham
The article discusses illuminated manuscripts of Central Thailand, dealing with the different formats and different scripts (Khom, Thai, and Mon) used for different purposes, and their eventual evolution to print technology. We focus on manuscripts from Wat Pak Khlong, Phetchaburi, and illustrate examples from its small but precious organic collection. The themes of the illustrations are both narrative and non-narrative. The narratives, such as the story of the thaumaturge monk Phra Malai, are didactic. The non-narrative paintings might be described as simply decorative, but they draw on a rich animal lore that is detailed in scholastic literature. The texts recorded ...
Thai Manuscripts In Italian Libraries: Three Manuscripts From G.E. Gerini’S Collection Kept At The University Of Naples “L’Orientale”, 2018 Lumbini International Research Institute
Thai Manuscripts In Italian Libraries: Three Manuscripts From G.E. Gerini’S Collection Kept At The University Of Naples “L’Orientale”, Claudio Cicuzza
In this article I present a short description of the three illuminated Thai manuscripts kept in one of the libraries of the University of Naples “L’Orientale”, the Biblioteca Maurizio Taddei. These three manuscripts contain various Buddhist jātakas and also non-canonical works, in Pali and in Thai. They are adorned with beautiful depicted images which have been here reproduced.
Cultural Goods And Flotsam: Early Thai Manuscripts In Germany And Those Who Collected Them, 2018 University of Hamburg
Cultural Goods And Flotsam: Early Thai Manuscripts In Germany And Those Who Collected Them, Barend Jan Terwiel
Finding Thai manuscripts in German museums and libraries is a daunting exercise. There are eight national libraries, twenty-five state libraries, and about eighty university libraries. As for the museums, of the thirty-nine ethnological museums, there are at least fourteen with collections that include objects from Asia. The standard publications on Thai material are both incomplete and out of date.
This paper centers upon the collectors, beginning with August the Strong, who in 1728 acquired a Thai scroll. A century later, there began a steady trickle of acquisitions. Details of how Thai manuscripts came to Germany are presented for the century ...
Henry D. Ginsburg And The Thai Manuscripts Collection At The British Library, 2018 The British Library
Henry D. Ginsburg And The Thai Manuscripts Collection At The British Library, Jana Igunma
Over half a thousand Thai manuscripts are currently being held in British institutions, with the largest collection at the British Library. Other important collections are at the Wellcome Library, the Royal Asiatic Society, the Bodleian Library and the John Rylands Library.
Thai manuscripts and historic documents first came to Britain as a result of trade contacts, and documents from the earliest period include official letters and materials received from Thai counterparts. Manuscripts were also brought from Thailand by missionaries, travelers, traders, and officers of the India Office stationed in Burma, others were systematically collected by educators and scholars with a ...
Illuminating Archives: Collectors And Collections In The History Of Thai Manuscripst, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
Illuminating Archives: Collectors And Collections In The History Of Thai Manuscripst, Justin Mcdaniel
No abstract provided.
Medieval Japanese Zen: Catalyst For Symbol System Formation, 2018 Dominican University of California
Medieval Japanese Zen: Catalyst For Symbol System Formation, Kendall Ann Roper
Graduate Master's Theses, Capstones, and Culminating Projects
Post-modernism asserts that the world as we know it does not exist independently from the symbolic interpretations we formulate about it. This symbolic and ever unfolding interpretation of reality applies to our understanding of science as well as philosophy, to religion as well as art. In striving to describe religious experiences, various cultures have developed complex symbolic languages whose purpose is to reference a culturally understood version of sacred reality as presented through religion. Religions contribute to shaping these cultural perceptions of reality by utilizing symbolic acts, objects, events, qualities, or concepts to express otherwise inexpressible elements of a culture ...
“All The Foundation Of The Earth Becomes Desolate” Tracing Icelandic And Anglo-Saxon Connections Through A Shared Literary Frontier, 2018 East Tennessee State University
“All The Foundation Of The Earth Becomes Desolate” Tracing Icelandic And Anglo-Saxon Connections Through A Shared Literary Frontier, Adam E. Timbs
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The mythology of migration is deeply integral to the medieval Germanic societies peopling Northern Europe and the island nations of the North Sea. Anglo-Saxon and Icelandic society construct their identities through a memory of migration that takes places within a frontier that is mythic and historical in scope. By surveying eco-critical components of Anglo-Saxon poems such as “The Wife’s Lament” and “The Husband’s Message” alongside the Icelandic sagas Egil’s saga and The Vinland sagas, a shared tradition of the frontier ideal is revealed.
Burnt Lavender & Other Remnants, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Burnt Lavender & Other Remnants, Danielle Airen Pringle
Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research: Department of English
The following is an essay on the craft of poetry. It talks about influences for poetry writing including other poets, history, music, and the poet’s personal life, as well as the process of writing poetry throughout the poet’s life. The work focuses on how her poetry has developed and what she is trying to accomplish with her poetry in regards to women, power, and desire. The poems are usually persona poems written from the perspectives of medieval women (either real or imagined) and a few of her own personal poems. A sample of some of the poems are ...
Rising Above The Faithful: Monumental Ceiling Crosses In Byzantine Cappadocia, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Rising Above The Faithful: Monumental Ceiling Crosses In Byzantine Cappadocia, Alice Lynn Mcmichael
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
The design of Byzantine architecture created viewing conditions that reveal social and spatial contexts of Christian ritual, private devotion, and expressions of identity. This is apparent in the decoration of ceilings, which were crucial visual elements within spatial relationships in late antique and medieval architecture but are rarely discussed because few examples survive. However, Byzantine Cappadocia, a region that is now central Turkey, has a high number of extant medieval ceilings in its rock-cut architecture. About eighty monuments there have monumental ceiling crosses that were painted or carved in relief between the sixth and eleventh centuries. In this dissertation the ...
53rd International Congress On Medieval Studies, 2018 Western Michigan University
53rd International Congress On Medieval Studies, Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University
International Congress on Medieval Studies Archive
The printed program of the 53rd International Congress on Medieval Studies (May 10-13, 2018), including the Corrigenda.
The Lakota Future Generation Ride Of The Lakota Sioux, 2018 College of William and Mary
The Lakota Future Generation Ride Of The Lakota Sioux, George Greenia
Arts & Sciences Book Chapters
Pilgrimage in Practice: Narration, Reclamation and Healing provides an interdisciplinary approach to the topic. It reveals many aspects of the practice of pilgrimage, from its nationalistic facets to its effect on economic development; from the impact of the internet to questions of globalization; from pilgrimage as protest to pilgrimage as creative expression in such media as film, art and literature.