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Oral History Commons

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4,332 full-text articles. Page 59 of 62.

Interview With Jay Rockefeller By Brien Williams, John 'Jay' D. Rockefeller 2010 Bowdoin College

Interview With Jay Rockefeller By Brien Williams, John 'Jay' D. Rockefeller

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note

John Davison “Jay” Rockefeller was born June 18, 1937, in New York to Blanchette Ferry (Hooker) and John D. Rockefeller III. He has served as a Democratic U.S. Senator representing West Virginia since 1985. Prior to that (1977-1985), he was governor of West Virginia. He is married to Sharon Percy, daughter of former Illinois Senator Charles “Chuck” Percy. He worked closely with Senator Mitchell on the 1993 health care reform package.

Summary

Interview includes discussion of: description of Senator Mitchell; differences in majority leader styles; Senator Byrd; story of President Clinton’s coming to the Democratic Caucus ...


Interview With Paul Brountas (2) By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Paul P. Brountas 2010 Bowdoin College

Interview With Paul Brountas (2) By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Paul P. Brountas

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Paul Peter Brountas was born on March 19, 1932, in Bangor, Maine. He and George Mitchell were classmates at Bowdoin College, where he was graduated with a bachelor’s degree in 1954; he took bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the University of Oxford in 1956 and his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1960. That same year, he joined Hale and Dorr, the predecessor of WilmerHale. He became a partner in 1968 and served as senior counsel to the firm from 2003 until his retirement in 2005. In 1987 and 1988, he served as national ...


Interview With Ken Curtis By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Kenneth 'Ken' M. Curtis 2010 Bowdoin College

Interview With Ken Curtis By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Kenneth 'Ken' M. Curtis

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Kenneth Merwin “Ken” Curtis was born on February 8, 1931, in Leeds (Curtis Corner), Maine. He was graduated with a bachelor of science degree from the Maine Maritime Academy and rose to the rank of lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy. In 1959, he earned a law degree from the Portland University School of Law (now the University of Maine School of Law) and opened a private practice. A life-long Democrat, he served as Maine’s secretary of state from 1965-1966 before being elected govern in 1967, an office he held until 1975. He was chairman of ...


Interview No. 1640, Thomas Edward Dent, Mary Helen Dent Trammell 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1640, Thomas Edward Dent, Mary Helen Dent Trammell

Combined Interviews

He describes the schools growing up, and how they were all named after famous Texans, such as Davey Crocket and James Bowie. Mrs. Trammell describes how her mother was forced to work because of her father’s age and failing health. Her father had asthma and eventually suffered a stroke. The family lived in a rural area, where they kept chickens, cows, and other animals. Mr. Dent describes the fear that existed when WWII broke out, as he was still in elementary school. Both siblings describe the process of making phone calls at this time, and dealing with operators. There ...


Interview No. 1438, Sebastián Ruíz Ávila 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1438, Sebastián Ruíz Ávila

Combined Interviews

Sebastian Ruíz Ávila lived there up until his late teens. He worked as baker helper in Matamores until he learned about the braceros. He worked at Lamesa, Texas. He was able to help his family back in México by working in the cotton fields everyday. His payment was based on the amount of cotton he would pick up. He worked 6 years as a bracero for the same person. Mr. Ruíz didn’t know English during his time working as a bracero. After having a family in Mexico, Mr. Ruíz stayed there working as a brick-maker. Then, he became a ...


Interview No. 1474, Jesus J. Ibarra Huerta 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1474, Jesus J. Ibarra Huerta

Combined Interviews

Mr. Ibarra worked as a farmer since he was young. He traveled to Monterrey, Mexico to get hired as a bracero and then to El Paso del Aguila, Texas. Ibarra worked for the first time picking cotton in Laredo, Texas. He renewed his contract three consecutive times and worked in Bryan, Mission, McAllen and Mandy Texas. Ibarra worked in six different cities around Texas in 1957 and 1958. He renewed his contract and worked for eight months picking beetroot in Bay City, Michigan. He worked as a bracero for the last time in 1964. He got his American residency thanks ...


Interview No. 1473, Octaviano Galvan 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1473, Octaviano Galvan

Combined Interviews

No abstract provided.


Interview No. 1472, Maria Arreola Galvan 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1472, Maria Arreola Galvan

Combined Interviews

No abstract provided.


Interview No. 1505, Nan Napier 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1505, Nan Napier

Paso del Norte Entrepreneurship Oral History Project

Tres Mariposas was started by three women in El Paso, Texas and after a time, only one of the women owned the dress shop. This woman, Betty Bowman (Young) sold the business to her husband, Sam Young Jr. Sam was a client of Frank Napier and he then sold Tres Mariposas to Frank Napier. Frank Napier’s wife, Isabel Napier ran the store for a while until they presented their son, Charles and his wife Nan with the opportunity to run the store. Nan ran the store by herself until her two children were born and then her husband joined ...


Interview No. 1505, Nan Napier 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1505, Nan Napier

Combined Interviews

Tres Mariposas was started by three women in El Paso, Texas and after a time, only one of the women owned the dress shop. This woman, Betty Bowman (Young) sold the business to her husband, Sam Young Jr. Sam was a client of Frank Napier and he then sold Tres Mariposas to Frank Napier. Frank Napier’s wife, Isabel Napier ran the store for a while until they presented their son, Charles and his wife Nan with the opportunity to run the store. Nan ran the store by herself until her two children were born and then her husband joined ...


Editor's Note, James L. Yarnall 2010 Newport Historical Society

Editor's Note, James L. Yarnall

Newport History

During the year leading up to her one-hundredth birthday on 3 January 2010, Natalie N. Nicholson compiled a memoir about growing up on Prospect and Paradise Avenues in Middletown. As Nicholson’s longtime friend and as Editor of Newport History, I feel privileged to see this memoir through to publication in this issue of the journal. Dr. John B. Hattendorf has been a moving force behind Newport History for the past twenty-one years. To this issue of the journal, Hattendorf contributes an article revisiting the impact of the closure of Rhode Island’s naval bases at Quonset Point and Newport ...


Interview With Paul Maroon By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Paul P. Maroon 2010 Bowdoin College

Interview With Paul Maroon By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Paul P. Maroon

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Paul P. Maroon was born in Waterville, Maine, on January 19, 1932. His father, Sam Maroon, worked for Wyandotte Worsted Mills and his mother, Nimera Maroon, was a homemaker. He attended Waterville High School with George Mitchell and they were childhood friends. He served in the Navy and, upon completing his military service, he attended Husson College. He participated in local (Waterville) fund-raising activities in support of Mitchell’s political campaigns.

Summary
Interview includes discussion of: Waterville in the 1930s and 1940s; the Lebanese community in Waterville; Lebanese traditions; family relationship between the Maroons and Mitchells; Robbie Mitchell ...


Interview With Susan Longley By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Susan W. Longley 2010 Bowdoin College

Interview With Susan Longley By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Susan W. Longley

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Susan Walsh Longley was born in December, 1955, in Lewiston, Maine, to James B. and Helen Longley. Her father, a successful insurance businessman, ran for governor in 1974 and won election during her senior year in high school. She attended Mt. Holyoke College, graduating in the class of 1978. In 1984-1985, she worked on Senator Mitchell’s Senate staff as a legislative correspondent. She established her own law practice in 1989 and later served as a Maine state senator representing Waldo County.

Summary
Interview includes discussion of: family and educational background; her father, former Maine governor Jim Longley ...


Interview With Donna Beck By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Donna L. Beck 2010 Bowdoin College

Interview With Donna Beck By Andrea L’Hommedieu, Donna L. Beck

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Donna Lee Beck was born in Virginia in 1949 and grew up in Washington, D.C. Her mother worked various jobs on the Hill, including in the cafeteria of the Senate and the folding room. After completing high school, Donna also went to work on the Hill, where she stayed for thirty-two years. She worked for Senators Everett Dirksen, Alan Cranston, Ed Muskie, and George Mitchell. When Mitchell replaced Muskie in the Senate, Beck went to work as Mitchell’s office manager, both in his personal office and the majority leader’s office.

Summary
Interview includes discussion of ...


Interview No. 1466, Antonio Garcia Delgado 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1466, Antonio Garcia Delgado

Combined Interviews

Antonio Garcia Delgado worked picking pumpkins since he was a child. He traveled to Monterey, Mexico with his father and both were hired to work as braceros. Garcia worked picking cotton in Santa Rosa, Texas. He renewed his contract and worked in Mumford, Texas. Garcia never knew how much money he earned during that time because his father collected his checks. Garcia collected around two hundred and twenty pounds of cotton per day. Garcia traveled with his wife to San Antonio, Texas and worked without documents He feels proud because he became an American Citizen.


Interview No. 1471, José Tello 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1471, José Tello

Combined Interviews

Mr. Tello briefly recalls his childhood and how it was growing up in the ranch he lived in; while working in the ranch he heard about the Bracero Program and traveled to the city of Monterrey, Nuevo León, México, where the processing center was; he explains that the process was fairly easy for him and that there weren’t many requirements or medical examinations; he recalls crossing the border at Laredo, Texas; as a bracero he completed several contracts picking cotton and radish in the states of Texas, California, and Arkansas; he briefly describes the living and working conditions at ...


Interview No. 1469, Jose Mata Alvarez 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1469, Jose Mata Alvarez

Combined Interviews

Jose Mata Alvarez started working at a very young age. He traveled to Tamaulipas, Mexico to get hired as a bracero for the first time. In 1960 he worked in Texas and in 1961 he moved to California. Mata worked picking beetroot and cleaning beans. He renewed his contract and worked for the last time as a bracero in 1964 in Denver, Colorado. He also worked picking grapes and lemon. Sometime, he worked six days a week and more than eight hours per day. The salary was based on the quantity not on the hours worked per day. He was ...


Interview No. 1468, Rafael Gonzalez M. 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1468, Rafael Gonzalez M.

Combined Interviews

Mr. González talks about his childhood and growing up working in the mines since a young age; in 1950 he moves to the city of Nava in México, close to the border, where he finds out about the Bracero Program; he enlists and goes through the hiring process; furthermore, he mentions the hiring center, the requisites, and the medical examinations they went through; upon crossing he worked in the cotton fields, as well as in chard, lettuce, and beet root fields, in different ranches of the state of Texas; besides of the working conditions, he describes the living conditions, the ...


Interview No. 1465, Asención Flores 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1465, Asención Flores

Combined Interviews

Asención Flores Saldaña started working when he was ten years old. He heard about the Bracero Program when he was in Jalisco. Flores was hired as a bracero in Empalme, Sonora. In 1926, he worked as a bracero for three months in California. In 1929, he was hired again as a bracero and worked picking cotton in Pecos. Flores only worked three days in Pecos because the weather was very bad. Flores renewed his contract and worked in Soledad picking tomatoes. He worked six days per week and sometimes all week. The salary was $12.00 per day, but he ...


Interview No. 1467, Ramón Gil 2010 University of Texas at El Paso

Interview No. 1467, Ramón Gil

Combined Interviews

Ramón Gil worked as a bracero at Salt Pacific in Sacramento, California. Gil organized the material for the railroad for six months, then he moved to Tampico, Mexico. In Tamaulipas, he worked in the Mexican oil business and later he moved to Buffalo, New York, where he got married and started a family. As a bracero, he was paid every 15 days; his wage was $8.16 per hour. Gil had only one bad experience as a bracero, they were supposed to have a savings account at Wells Fargo, but he has never seen a penny of that money.


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