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Bridging The Gap: Canadian Engineer Operations At Canal Du Nord–Bourlon Wood, 1918, Brian Pascas 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

Bridging The Gap: Canadian Engineer Operations At Canal Du Nord–Bourlon Wood, 1918, Brian Pascas

Canadian Military History

During the last hundred days of the Great War, the Allied armies swept eastward past the Hindenburg Line with hammer-blow offensive warfare. Performing their work under intense machine gun and shell fire, engineers erected bridges and constructed roads, allowing infantry and artillery units to pursue the retreating enemy. These combat engineers played a vital role in battle tactics and logistical services of open warfare. Their versatile formations contributed to the Canadian Corps’ rapid victories, which included the successful Canal du Nord crossing leading to the capture of Bourlon Wood in September 1918.


Outpost: The Dominion Of Canada’S Colonial Garrison In Manitoba, 1870 To 1877, David Grebstad 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

Outpost: The Dominion Of Canada’S Colonial Garrison In Manitoba, 1870 To 1877, David Grebstad

Canadian Military History

Military garrisons were a common requirement of empires, ancient or modern, in order to secure and maintain their imperial authority in colonies. Nineteenth century Canada was no different. When the Dominion of Canada annexed the North-Western interior of North America in 1870, it acquired a peripheral colony to be exploited by the economic, political, and cultural metropole of central Canada. Between 1870-1877, the Dominion maintained a garrison of Active Militia in what is now Winnipeg to pre-empt external aggression, bring order to the frontier, and conduct policing duties in the rough and tumble nascent Province of Manitoba.


Wreckless Endangerment: How Nuclear Weapons Affected Us And Soviet Foreign Policy 1945-1962, Conor Morrissey 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Wreckless Endangerment: How Nuclear Weapons Affected Us And Soviet Foreign Policy 1945-1962, Conor Morrissey

University of Massachusetts Undergraduate History Journal

This paper seeks to answer the question of how the development of nuclearweapons changed the nature of warfare, diplomacy, and international relations. It frames thehistorical context in which these weapons were invented, how they were used to achieve militarygoals, and asks ethical and moralistic questions about how they changed the way global affairswere conducted. The focus of this paper begins with the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, and ends with the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962. This seventeen-year period marks the era of the Cold War upon which nuclear weapons had the most pronounced and profound ...


Gibble, Harrison H., 1822-1898 (Sc 3443), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Gibble, Harrison H., 1822-1898 (Sc 3443), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Letter, 5 January 1862, of Harrison Gibble, 79th Pennsylvania Infantry, to his friend Henry Gingrich in Manheim, Pennsylvania. From Camp Wood, Munfordville, Kentucky, Gibble writes of the cold weather, the repair of a bridge across the Green River that had been destroyed by Confederates, the construction of floating bridges, and his company’s anticipated move to Cave City, Kentucky. He also relays reports of Confederate withdrawal toward Nashville and of 5,000 sick in hospital at Bowling Green. He mentions the names of other Manheim soldiers in his regiment, asks Gingrich to draw funds for his wife out of ...


Buckberry, Ray B., Jr., B. 1934 (Sc 3446), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Buckberry, Ray B., Jr., B. 1934 (Sc 3446), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3446. “First Warren County Soldier to Die on D-Day,” a paper by Ray Buckberry describing known details of the death of Lieutenant James Lee Durham, Bowling Green, Kentucky on 6 June 1944 during the invasion of Normandy, France. A member of the 82nd Airborne Infantry Division, Durham participated in a nighttime parachute drop early on D-Day. Includes a photograph of Durham’s gravestone in Bowling Green’s Fairview Cemetery.


Gray, John H. (Sc 3445), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Gray, John H. (Sc 3445), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and typescript (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3445. Letter, 17 October [1862], to his sister Jennie from John H. Gray, serving with the 101st Indiana Infantry. Recovering in hospital at Perryville, Kentucky after an arduous march, he describes conditions in the aftermath of the Battle of Perryville: property damage, unburied dead, Confederate prisoners of war, the suffering of the wounded, and shortages of food and water. He regrets being unable to recuperate without benefit of a furlough and, as he prepares to rejoin his regiment, refers sarcastically to the “lovely war.”


Newcomb, Horatio Dalton, 1809-1874 (Sc 3437), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Newcomb, Horatio Dalton, 1809-1874 (Sc 3437), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3437. Letter, 9 March 1863, from H. D. Newcomb, Louisville, Kentucky, to Sumner(?) Wells, Chicopee, Massachusetts, asking for help in locating a suitable house for his sister in nearby Springfield. Newcomb also offers his thoughts on the Civil War: his proximity to its “desolating influences” in contrast to New England; the disunion perpetrated by the “imbecile abolitionists” of the Lincoln Administration; the corruption of the government; the financial perils of the war; and the necessity for a negotiated peace with the Confederacy.


Johnson, Samuel F. (Sc 3442), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Johnson, Samuel F. (Sc 3442), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full-text scan (Click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 3442. Telegram, 17 October [1864], from Hopkinsville, Kentucky of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel F. Johnson to Colonel Cicero Maxwell in Bowling Green, Kentucky. He advises that Confederate General Hylan B. Lyon’s troops are in Providence, Kentucky “sweeping every horse mule & man in their course.” Johnson asks for mounted troops and a supply of ammunition to be sent to him at Russellville, Kentucky, failing which Lyon’s troops “will get out with their plunder & hundreds of recruits.”


The Teutonic Order And The Baltic Crusades, Alex Eidler 2019 Western Oregon University

The Teutonic Order And The Baltic Crusades, Alex Eidler

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

When people think of Crusades, they often think of the wars in the Holy Lands rather than regions inside of Europe, which many believe to have already been Christian. The Baltic Crusades began during the Second Crusade (1147-1149) but continued well into the fifteenth century. Unlike the crusades in the Holy Lands which were initiated to retake holy cities and pilgrimage sites, the Baltic crusades were implemented by the German archbishoprics of Bremen and Magdeburg to combat pagan tribes in the Baltic region which included Estonia, Prussia, Lithuania, and Latvia. The Teutonic Order, which arrived in the Baltic region in ...


Howell, Ray, 1893-1977 (Sc 3440), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Howell, Ray, 1893-1977 (Sc 3440), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3440. Personal papers of Ray Howell, Bowling Green, Kentucky: postcards sent during his military service in World War I and bearing his image; a 1931 certificate confirming his 1919 discharge from the U.S. Army; a certified copy of his birth certificate; a postcard from California advising of a death; and Howell’s funeral instructions. Also includes the 1919 reply of another “Ray Howell,” then serving in Germany, to whom Howell’s sister Maud’s letter was sent by mistake; he also encloses a postcard bearing his image.


Wittman, Dorothy M., 1917-2010 (Sc 3438), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Wittman, Dorothy M., 1917-2010 (Sc 3438), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3438. Materials related to 2nd Lieutenant Dorothy M. Wittman’s service as a U.S. Army nurse with the 32nd Station Hospital during World War II. Includes a letter to her parents in Canal Fulton, Ohio, from Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky describing a review of the 98th Infrantry Division; photographs of her and fellow nurses; a nurses roster; meal tickets; and a whimsical “Dishonorable Discharge” from the Army. Also includes a medical history of the 32nd Station Hospital Unit written by Chief Nurse Helen W. Brammer.


Griffin, Lowell M. (Mss 669), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Griffin, Lowell M. (Mss 669), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 669. Civil War related material, chiefly recorded audio presentations to the Louisville Civil War Round Table of which Lowell Griffin was a member. Also includes some news clippings about the Civil War and Abraham Lincoln as well as transcripts of several presentations on Civil War topics.


Change 2 To The History Of The College Of The Holy Cross Naval Rotc Unit, Brendan J. O'Donnell, O'Callahan Society, College of the Holy Cross 2019 College of the Holy Cross

Change 2 To The History Of The College Of The Holy Cross Naval Rotc Unit, Brendan J. O'Donnell, O'Callahan Society, College Of The Holy Cross

75th Anniversary of NROTC at Holy Cross

This document lists revisions made to the 2017 revision of the History of the College of the Holy Cross Naval ROTC Unit. It is intended as a supplement for those who received print copies.

The first printed version (2016) will need Change 1 and Change 2.; the second printed version (2017) will only need Change 2.

The revised version is available at http://crossworks.holycross.edu/nrotc75/1/.


Graduates Of The College Of The Holy Cross Naval Rotc Unit 1944-2019, Brendan J. O'Donnell 2019 College of the Holy Cross

Graduates Of The College Of The Holy Cross Naval Rotc Unit 1944-2019, Brendan J. O'Donnell

Naval Science Department

A report of the Navy and Marine Corps officers commissioned through the Naval ROTC Unit at the College of the Holy Cross from 1944 to 2019. This report is a revised and expanded version of the Unit's history, published in 2016 by the O'Callahan Society on the occasion of the Unit's 75th anniversary and revised in 2017. It includes updates, additional information and corrections to the 2016 report.

Associated with this report is a spreadsheet that breaks down the commissioning numbers by year and, within each year, by Service and college. It is included as a supplemental ...


The Just And The Unjust: Ernest Hemingway And Protest Literature In Response To Civil Disobedience In The Context Of The Two World Wars, Trang Hoang 2019 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Just And The Unjust: Ernest Hemingway And Protest Literature In Response To Civil Disobedience In The Context Of The Two World Wars, Trang Hoang

Celebration of Learning

By obeying unjust laws, human beings give up their own opportunity to live in a humane world. Henceforth, the two World Wars stand remarkably as situations that conscience of morality has to be placed on top of obedience to ensure the essence of human existence, and a failure to do so led to not only the deaths and exhaustions worldwide but also the collapse of human love and human responsibility to love. Protest literature, especially Ernest Hemingway's novels allow people to reflect on this philosophy through an artistically credible lens.


Todd, Theophilus Law, 1841-1963 (Sc 3435), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Todd, Theophilus Law, 1841-1963 (Sc 3435), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3435. Letter, 19-21 September 1862, from Theophilus L. Todd to his sister Agnes Jane Todd. Camped near Louisville, Kentucky while serving with the 93rd Ohio Infantry, Todd thanks her for a package of food and clothing. He describes his surroundings and camp life, including the friendly reception the troops received in Louisville and competition between the camp sutler and local women in the sale of foodstuffs. He also writes critically of the behavior of Brigadier General James S. Jackson during a lengthy and tiresome review of the brigade.


Cuckoldry And The “Gone For A Soldier” Narrative: Infidelity And Performance Among Eighteenth-Century English Plebeians, Elias Hubbard 2019 Lawrence University

Cuckoldry And The “Gone For A Soldier” Narrative: Infidelity And Performance Among Eighteenth-Century English Plebeians, Elias Hubbard

Lawrence University Honors Projects

This project addresses existing historical arguments about the role of performance in eighteenth-century English plebeian infidelity cases, identifying some of the cultural scripts available to married men and women from popular texts in order to better understand cases of infidelity in contemporary plebeian marriages. The thesis seeks to clarify the effect of infidelity on a plebeian individual’s social standing and relationships, and to draw conclusions about the nature of plebeian infidelity, marriage, and gender in England through the long eighteenth century.

While examining contemporary public texts of cuckoldry, I address how homosocial behavior appears in narratives of cuckoldry, how ...


The People In The Papers: The Seaman Identification Card Of Joseph Sofka, Elizabeth D. James 2019 Marshall University

The People In The Papers: The Seaman Identification Card Of Joseph Sofka, Elizabeth D. James

Elizabeth D. James

According to the enclosed documents, at the age of eighteen, Joseph Sofka enlisted as a Merchant Marine in Pittsburgh after traveling there from his hometown of Wheeling. A frequently little known branch of the armed forces, Merchant Marines were responsible for ferrying cargo from the United States to the front lines in Europe and the Pacific, and were instrumental in maintaining supply lines to sustain the troops overseas. Merchant Marine ships had to avoid submarines, ships, and mines from the enemy, making a seemingly simple task into a deadly effort. As a result, the Merchant Marines had the highest casualty ...


“I Almost Hope I Get Hit Again Soon”: The Wartime Service And Medical History Of Leon C. Standifer, Wwii American Infantryman, Alexis M. Laguna 2019 University of New Orleans

“I Almost Hope I Get Hit Again Soon”: The Wartime Service And Medical History Of Leon C. Standifer, Wwii American Infantryman, Alexis M. Laguna

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The American GI’s experience in hospital during World War II is absent from official military histories, most scholarly works, and even many oral history collections. Utilizing the papers of WWII infantryman, Leon Standifer, this thesis offers the reader a rare glimpse of WWII military hospital life and chronicles one soldier’s journey from willing obedience to subversive action.

This thesis compares the stated goals and procedures of the US Army medical department to the experience of Leon Standifer, an infantryman who served in northern France during the last year of the war and the American occupation of Bavaria, whose ...


Charles De Gaulle And The “Forever Abandoned”: Conceptualizations Of Empire And French Identity, Julien Herpers 2019 Dickinson College

Charles De Gaulle And The “Forever Abandoned”: Conceptualizations Of Empire And French Identity, Julien Herpers

Student Honors Theses By Year

No abstract provided.


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