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"Alas For The Red Dragon:" Redefining Welsh Identity Through Arthurian Legend, Claire Lober 2018 Otterbein University

"Alas For The Red Dragon:" Redefining Welsh Identity Through Arthurian Legend, Claire Lober

Honors Thesis Projects

Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia regum Britanniae, Prophetiae Merlini, and Vita Merlini reimagine British history in an attempt to renegotiate the boundaries between English and Welsh culture. Through the figure of Merlin, Geoffrey co-opts key elements of Welsh culture as part of the larger Norman colonization effort. I argue that the effectiveness of Geoffrey’s colonization attempt lies in his embodiment of Welsh figures and his hybrid identity that allowed him to insert himself into the Welsh narrative and reconstruct it from within. I also argue that a reconsideration of Vita Merlini reveals a new dimension of Geoffrey’s colonial ...


Skbd-Ichg18-Poster, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski 2018 Marquette University

Skbd-Ichg18-Poster, Mark Polczynski, Michael Polczynski

SKBD - Sawran Kodyma Border Dispute

No abstract provided.


18, Martyrdom Of St. John The Evangelist, David Powers 2018 Portland State University

18, Martyrdom Of St. John The Evangelist, David Powers

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

Stories like St. John’s trial in boiling oil, pictured in Kerver's 1507 Book of Hours, were used by the Church to demonstrate the power of faith against threats of pain and death.This essay examines the symbolism in the image of St. John's martyrdom and discusses how narratives of self-sacrifice worked to inspire the spread of Christianity.


05, Kerver's Widow And Female Printers In Sixteenth-Century France, Darrah Culp 2018 Portland State University

05, Kerver's Widow And Female Printers In Sixteenth-Century France, Darrah Culp

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

After the Parisian printer Thielman Kerver died in 1522, his widow Iolande Bonhomme took over his shop at the "Sign of the Unicorn" in the Rue St. Jacques, and in 1526 she produced the first Bible printed by a woman. This essay discusses Bonhomme's assumption of the business and the roles and skills open to the widows of certain tradesmen in medieval France.


08, Comparison Of Two Books Of Hours Printed By Thielman Kerver, Chase Shepard 2018 Portland State University

08, Comparison Of Two Books Of Hours Printed By Thielman Kerver, Chase Shepard

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

Portland State University Library Special Collections and the Mt. Angel Abbey Library both hold copies of books of hours printed by Thielman Kerver in Paris during the 1500s. This essay looks at some of the differences between the two books and the changes they demonstrate in the printer's work and audience.


11, The Three-Faced Representation Of The Holy Trinity, Zoe Goedecke 2018 Portland State University

11, The Three-Faced Representation Of The Holy Trinity, Zoe Goedecke

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

In the thirteenth century, artists began depicting the Holy Trinity as a single tricephalic figure, likely in an attempt to convey that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are One. This essay discusses the three-faced image of the Trinity in the Book of Hours and the history of tricephalic imagery in Christian representations, from its early appearances to eventual condemnation by the papacy.


15, The Flight Into Egypt, Jereme Shaver 2018 Portland State University

15, The Flight Into Egypt, Jereme Shaver

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

The flight of Holy Family into Egypt and their eventual return was interpreted by the Gospel writer Matthew as the fulfillment the prophecy of Hosea. An image of this biblical event is located on sig. i8 of Thielman Kerver’s 1507 Book of Hours, in the Vespers section, which are the evening prayers at the end of the Hours of the Virgin. This essay discusses the rich symbolism included in this illustration.


16, The Nativity, Jereme Shaver 2018 Portland State University

16, The Nativity, Jereme Shaver

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

In Thielman Kerver’s 1507 Book of Hours, a depiction of the Nativity of Christ is located in the Infancy Cycle within the Hours of the Virgin. Placement of this image in the Hours of the Virgin in the Prime section, which was used during the early morning, included devotion to Psalms 50, 62, and 89, as well as the Nativity scene. This essay discusses the symbolism included in this image in the context of the time of its publication.


10, Danse Macabre, Stefano Paparo 2018 Portland State University

10, Danse Macabre, Stefano Paparo

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

The Danse Macabre (the Dance of Death) is a 15th-century conceit, both pictorial and textual, of the humbling power of death. In the years following the plagues of late 14th-century Europe, it seems almost inevitable that the Danse Macabre would become a popular theme in medieval art. The Danse Macabre in Thielman Kerver’s printed Book of Hours (1507) is depicted in a series of marginal illustrations in which Death, pictured as a decomposing corpse or transi, accompanies 66 “dancers” to the afterlife. Medieval artists and their patrons could subvert attitudes toward certain figures of power by including their images ...


14, Arma Christi, Bridget Eide 2018 Portland State University

14, Arma Christi, Bridget Eide

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

As part of spiritual discipline, daily prayer was a routine practice and was believed to bring the reader closer to God. The Arma Christi and the Instruments of the Passion images found within a medieval book of hours were used for purposes of prayer and reflection. This essay examines the Arma Christi as it is pictured, and duplicated, in Thielman Kerver's 1507 printing.


02, 16th-Century French-Spanish Book Trade, Henry Tallman 2018 Portland State University

02, 16th-Century French-Spanish Book Trade, Henry Tallman

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

While it is impossible to trace the specific journey of the 1507 Kerver Book of Hours, it is consistent with the historical record to conclude that it was produced for an international market, and quite plausibly, specifically for the Catalonian Spanish market. This essay summarizes the development of the book trade between France and Spain by 1600 and the importance of books of hours to that market.


17, The Crucifixion, Shawn Peralta 2018 Portland State University

17, The Crucifixion, Shawn Peralta

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

The image of the Crucifixion of Jesus in the Book of Hours provides visual context for remembrance of the Octave of Easter in the liturgical calendar, and it is also the basis for the Passion of Jesus. This essay discusses the Biblical context, characters, and symbols included in the illustration of the Crucifixion in Thielman Kerver's 1507 printing.


Crusader Orientalism: Depictions Of The Eastern Other In Medieval Crusade Writings, Henry Schaller 2018 University of Puget Sound

Crusader Orientalism: Depictions Of The Eastern Other In Medieval Crusade Writings, Henry Schaller

Summer Research

This paper examines the ways in which different texts (crusade chronicles, French epic poems, and crusade sermons) written during the early Crusades and Crusader States created a coherent portrait of the East. It compare the ways Edward Said’s Orientalism, which examines colonial texts, and the effect their portrait of the East had on European identity, with texts of the Crusades. These texts cast the Orient into a place that was the antithesis of Christendom, defining what it meant to have a Christian, European white identity. This was done through representations of: threatening sexuality, skin color, unlimited wealth, and a ...


Crazy In The Garden, Martin Pate Katzoff 2018 Bard College

Crazy In The Garden, Martin Pate Katzoff

Senior Projects Fall 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Arts of Bard College.


And In War Brings Honor, Jeremy Paul Wolf 2018 Bard College

And In War Brings Honor, Jeremy Paul Wolf

Senior Projects Spring 2018

This project is an examination of the martial culture of 15th century Germany and its relationship to the social makeup of the Free Imperial Cities and the Burghers of the Holy Roman Empire. It explores the social role of weapons and the social obligations to military and civic service present within the culture of German Burghers


07, Kerver's Colophon, Quinn Haslett 2018 Portland State University

07, Kerver's Colophon, Quinn Haslett

Kerver Book of Hours: Senior Capstone 2018

First established at the “the sign of the Unicorn,” Thielman Kerver’s Parisian shop was surrounded by other members of the printing community. The shared use of engravers often led printers to duplicate or share the images they used. The particular marks they developed to distinguish their work took shape as early trademarks that separated one printer’s work from another. This essay examines the symbolism and visual elements incorporated into the unique colophon that identified Kerver's work.


'Not Cruelty But Piety': Circumscribing European Crusading Violence, Susanna A. Throop 2018 Ursinus College

'Not Cruelty But Piety': Circumscribing European Crusading Violence, Susanna A. Throop

History Faculty Publications

Was there such a thing as “crusading violence”? Traditionally the crusading movement has been sharply distinguished from other forms of Christian violence motivated, or at least justified, by religion. However, we have increasingly come to recognize the difficulties of drawing clear-cut boundaries between crusading and other aspects of western European culture in the Middle Ages. This chapter assesses the ways in which crusader violence was like and unlike other forms of medieval Christian violence.


Prosocial Religion And Games: Lost & Found, Owen Gottlieb, Ian Schreiber 2018 Rochester Institute of Technology

Prosocial Religion And Games: Lost & Found, Owen Gottlieb, Ian Schreiber

Articles

In a time when religious legal systems are discussed without an understanding of history or context, it is more important than ever to help widen the understanding and discourse about the prosocial aspects of religious legal systems throughout history. The Lost & Found (www.lostandfoundthegame.com) game series, targeted for an audience of teens through twentysomethings in formal, learning environments, is designed to teach the prosocial aspects of medieval religious systems—specifically collaboration, cooperation, and the balancing of communal and individual/family needs. Set in Fustat (Old Cairo) in the 12th century, the first two games in the series address laws ...


Perceptions Of The Visigoths In The Iberian Peninsula, Jeffrey William Baron 2018 University of Colorado at Boulder

Perceptions Of The Visigoths In The Iberian Peninsula, Jeffrey William Baron

Religious Studies Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis carries forward the current body of scholarship surrounding medieval perceptions of the Visigothic past by taking a wider consideration of both written and material sources and arguing that the political, religious, and genealogical relevance of the Visigoths is uniquely enduring and pervasive—their story has been continuously invoked and reworked in the Iberian Peninsula in every century, from the Kingdom’s Catholic conversion to the present. The Visigothic tradition remains exceptional when compared to the historiographical impact of similar figures in neighboring territories, and its mythical and hyperbolic components are laid bare when supplemented by a growing body ...


Itinerant Hermits And Reform In Francia: A Study Of Eleventh-Century Hermits’ Lives, Manon C. Williams 2018 University of Colorado at Boulder

Itinerant Hermits And Reform In Francia: A Study Of Eleventh-Century Hermits’ Lives, Manon C. Williams

History Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis explores the relationship between eremitic revival in the eleventh century and Gregorian Reform through the themes of itinerancy, preaching, labor, and the environment in the lives of five eleventh-century hermits who operated in eleventh-century Francia. I have focused my study on five lesser-known hermits in order to bring their saints’ lives to the conversation about reform and examine how they contribute to these larger movements. I argue that these hermits ought to be considered local actors in the reform movement. Despite their proclaimed quest for solitude, it was their visibility as hermits, preachers, and pilgrims that ensured their ...


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