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How To Make A Colony: Reform And Resistance In Russian Turkestan, 1865-1917, Matthew J. Thrasher 2010 Macalester College

How To Make A Colony: Reform And Resistance In Russian Turkestan, 1865-1917, Matthew J. Thrasher

German and Russian Studies Honors Projects

This project analyzes the Russian colonization of Turkestan in the second half of the nineteenth century. Specific attention is given to a group of Russian bureaucrats and military personnel who sought to reform the Tsar’s administration of the region. By outlining the debate surrounding economic and political reform, as well as the controversy circulating around Russian ethnographic practice, this project discusses the myriad ways in which the local population of Turkestan negotiated new forms of anti-colonial resistance within their rapidly changing social environment.


Do Muslims Vote Islamic?, Charles KURZMAN, Syed Ijlal Hussain NAQVI 2010 Singapore Management University

Do Muslims Vote Islamic?, Charles Kurzman, Syed Ijlal Hussain Naqvi

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Islamic parties have won parliamentary elections in several countries in recent years, leading some observers to speculate that Muslims vote Islamic whenever they are given the chance. However, a review of every parliamentary election in Muslim societies over the past 40 years shows that Islamic parties often compete and rarely win—and the freer the election, the worse these parties perform. In addition, an unprecedented collection of Islamic party platforms shows that Islamic parties have transformed since the 1980s, publicly endorsing democracy and women's rights and de-emphasizing shari'a and jihad. This record suggests that Islamic parties have embraced ...


El Choque De Ignorancias- Samuel Huntington, Hasan Turk 2010 Universidad de Antioquia

El Choque De Ignorancias- Samuel Huntington, Hasan Turk

Hasan Turk Mg.

No abstract provided.


Kibrisli Rumlarin Turk Kurtulus Savasi'ndaki Etkinlikleri (Greek Cypriots Turkish Liberation Events In War), Engin Berber 2010 Ege University

Kibrisli Rumlarin Turk Kurtulus Savasi'ndaki Etkinlikleri (Greek Cypriots Turkish Liberation Events In War), Engin Berber

Center for Turkish Studies Occasional Paper Series

In this paper, Dr. Engin Berber discusses the history and politics of Cyprus.

The text of the paper is in Turkish.


The End Of The Miḥna, John P. Turner 2010 Colby College

The End Of The Miḥna, John P. Turner

Faculty Scholarship

Why did al-Mutawakkil end the Miḥna? The usual answer to this question assumes that he was acknowledging the inevitable victory of the ulamā. He is seen to be `cutting his losses' by restoring and enforcing orthodoxy as the traditionalist ulamā saw it. In this article I offer a different answer. Al-Mutawakkil ended the Miḥna as one part of his broader effort to establish his position as sovereign and independent of the individuals and structures that had carried over from al-Wāthiq's reign. Eliminating the Miḥna was one strategy deployed in undermining and eliminating the “kingmakers” who had placed him on ...


Felon Voting Rights And Democracy, Rebecca Gould 2010 University of Bristol

Felon Voting Rights And Democracy, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


The Light Of The Ancestors (By Idris Bazorkin), Rebecca Gould 2010 University of Bristol

The Light Of The Ancestors (By Idris Bazorkin), Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

"Light of the Ancestors" is excerpted from the Ingush writer Idris Bazorkin's novel, Dark Ages.


Evening Prayers (By Idris Bazorkin), Rebecca Gould 2010 University of Bristol

Evening Prayers (By Idris Bazorkin), Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

"Evening Prayers" is a stand-alone translation from the Ingush writer Idris Bazorkin's novel, Dark Ages (Iz Tmy Vekov, 1963).


1923–1950 Döneminde Türkiye’De Nüfusu Arttırma Gayretleri Ve Mecburi Evlendirme Kanunu (Bekârlık Vergisi), Yaşar Semiz 2010 Selcuk University

1923–1950 Döneminde Türkiye’De Nüfusu Arttırma Gayretleri Ve Mecburi Evlendirme Kanunu (Bekârlık Vergisi), Yaşar Semiz

Yaşar Semiz

İki bölümden oluşan bu çalışmanın giriş kısmında devletin yönetim kadrosunda yer alanların nüfusun attırılması ihtiyacı ile ilgili görüşlerine yer verilmektedir. Çalışmanın birinci bölümünde 1923-1950 döneminde Türkiye’de nüfusu arttırmak için yapılan doğrudan ya da dolaylı yasal düzenlemeler ve gösterilen çabalar ele alınmaktadır. Bunların belli başlı olanlarını şu şekilde sıralamak mümkündür: 18 Mart 1926 tarihli Memurlar kanunu. Çok çocuklu hâkimlere yardım edilmesi ile ilgili 12 Haziran 1937 tarih ve 3253 sayılı kanun. 12 Haziran 1929 tarih ve 1525 sayılı halk arasında ‘yol vergisi olarak bilinen’ şose ve köprüler hakkındaki kanun. 6 Mayıs 1930 tarih ve 1593 sayılı genel sağlık kanunu. Bu ...


Editor’S Note: Exploring Islamophobia In The Spirit Of The Late Nasr Abu-Zayd, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Editor’S Note: Exploring Islamophobia In The Spirit Of The Late Nasr Abu-Zayd, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is the journal editor’s note to the Fall 2010 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, including the proceedings of an international conference on “Debating Islamophobia,” co-organized by co-editors Gema Martín Muñoz (Casa Árabe-IEAM, Madrid Spain) and Ramón Grosfoguel (the Program of Comparative Studies in the Department of Ethnic Studies at U.C. Berkeley) in Madrid, Spain, in May 2009. Highlighting the lead article contribution of the late Nasr Abu-Zayd (1943-2010) to the volume and dedicating this collection of proceedings to him in celebration of his life and work, the editor surveys the main outlines ...


Introduction: Debating Islamophobia, Ramón Grosfoguel, Gema Martín-Muñoz 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Introduction: Debating Islamophobia, Ramón Grosfoguel, Gema Martín-Muñoz

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This essay is an introduction by the co-organizers to the proceedings of the academic conference on “Debating Islamophobia” organized by Casa Árabe-IEAM, Spain, in collaboration with the Program of Comparative Ethnic Studies in the Department of Ethnic Studies, U.C. Berkeley, in May 2009, published in the Fall 2010 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge. In sum, the co-organizers, who also served as co-editors of this issue of the journal, expect the publication of this volume to be an academic contribution to the outlined questions regarding Islamophobia, a tool for social researchers and useful to overcome ...


The Homelessness Of Muslimness: The Muslim Umma As A Diaspora, S. Sayyid 2010 University of Leeds

The Homelessness Of Muslimness: The Muslim Umma As A Diaspora, S. Sayyid

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Islamophobia is a complex and contested concept that arises from the problematization of Muslim political agency. The hegemony of nationalist discourse and the institutionalization of the nation-state made it difficult to sustain legitimate political identities which did not have a national location and belonging. Political mobilizations which transcended the national form were considered to be problematic. This paper is an exploration of Muslim political identity. It argues that the idea that national citizenship is the only legitimate mechanism through which political expression can take place is no longer adequate. The weakening of the nation-state due to complex processes captured under ...


Fundamentally Danish?: The Muhammad Cartoon Crisis As Transitional Drama, Heiko Henkel 2010 Copenhagen University

Fundamentally Danish?: The Muhammad Cartoon Crisis As Transitional Drama, Heiko Henkel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

A closer look at the Muhammad cartoon crisis illuminates some of the key issues that were, and continue to be, at stake for the various actors in the public contestations over the legitimate place of Muslims (and the Islamic tradition) in Danish society. Using a conceptual framework developed by Axel Honneth, I suggest in this article that the cartoon crisis is part of an ongoing struggle for recognition in Denmark, through which the terms by which Muslims residing in Denmark are recognized as legitimate citizens/residents of Danish society are negotiated—and on which Muslims may recognize the demands of ...


Epistemic Islamophobia And Colonial Social Sciences, Ramón Grosfoguel 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Epistemic Islamophobia And Colonial Social Sciences, Ramón Grosfoguel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article explores how epistemic racism shapes contemporary discussions on Islamophobia. Epistemic Racism is an underestimated aspect of racism. The first part is a discussion about epistemic racism in the world-system. The second part is on the Western male hegemonic identity politics and the fundamentalist responses to it. The third part is on epistemic Islamophobia and the social sciences.


Islamophobia: A French Specificity In Europe?, Vincent Gessier 2010 Research Institute on the Arabic and Muslim World

Islamophobia: A French Specificity In Europe?, Vincent Gessier

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper argues that France is not more Islamophobic than other European countries. An ‘institutional Islamophobia’ or ‘State Islamophobia’ doesn’t really exist. However, the relation toward Islam is complex and determined by the “missionary mind” which persists by wishing to emancipate Muslims from their religion, perceived as an archaic, obscurantist and despotic phenomenon. French society specificity expresses itself in the tendency to ‘ideologize’ Islam. In front of the ‘danger’ of the political Islam (fundamentalism, radical Islam, Islamoterrorism…), French institutions would like to promote their own conception of a ‘regenerated Islam’ (comparable to the ‘regenerated Judaism’ during the Third Republic ...


Terror And The Politics Of Containment: Analysing The Discourse Of The ‘War On Terror’ And Its Workings Of Power, Farish A. Noor 2010 Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Terror And The Politics Of Containment: Analysing The Discourse Of The ‘War On Terror’ And Its Workings Of Power, Farish A. Noor

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Since 11 September 2001, the discourse of the ‘war on terror’ has become one of the most over-used and hegemonic discourses that has shaped domestic politics and international relations worldwide. This paper focuses on the workings of the discourse of ‘anti-terrorism’ and its linkages to power structures and the institutions that are supported by them. It will look at how the discourse of the ‘war on terror’ has been used by the governments of Southeast Asia and Western Europe in particular in relation to oppositional forces, both legal and extra-legal; and its wider implications on the development of democracy and ...


Unconscious Islamophobia, Gema Martín-Muñoz 2010 Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

Unconscious Islamophobia, Gema Martín-Muñoz

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Our historical relationship with Islam has accumulated a whole series of negative perceptions dominated by prejudices and stereotypes. We have internalized a reductionist and monolithic image of “us” and of “them” (the two “cultures”). It is as if these were closed universes in which millions of human beings are designated as “Western” or “Muslims” and represent alien and even antagonistic cultures. This concept of “cultures” in relations between the Muslim world and “us” is a product of a Western construct in which “Islam” and therefore all individuals within Islam are fictitiously represented, labelled ideologically as a dominant global force, in ...


Religions: From Phobia To Understanding, Nasr Abu-Zayd 2010 The University of Humanistics

Religions: From Phobia To Understanding, Nasr Abu-Zayd

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This lead article in the Fall 2010 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge celebrating him is one of the last published by the renowned scholar of Islam and Humanism, Professor Nasr Hamed Abu-Zayd, before his sudden passing in July 2010. In this paper, he argues that the challenge for Muslim thinkers nowadays is how to reconnect the fragmented Islamic culture of the past, which made the great Islamic civilization between the 9th and the 12th centuries, and contributed to the modern world’s values of freedom, equality and justice. It is not an impossible task to ...


The First Islamist Republic: Development And Disintegration Of Islamism In The Sudan (Review), Heather J. Sharkey 2010 University of Pennsylvania

The First Islamist Republic: Development And Disintegration Of Islamism In The Sudan (Review), Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

In this careful and engagingly written analysis of Hasan al-Turabi's decade in power, Abdullahi A. Gallab concludes that the experience of Sudan during the "first Islamist republic" (1989-99) serves as a warning against "ideological entrapments" (p. 167) of all kinds, and leads to the "realization that Islamism, like all other isms, can be and should be contested" (p. ix). Drawing upon extensive interviews with Sudanese Islamists, as well as upon Arabic and English studies, Gallab summarizes the Islamist experiment in dismal terms. He variously calls it a "reign of terror," a "trauma," a source of "despair," "an open-ended system ...


The Ottoman Gunpowder Empire And The Composite Bow, Nathan Lanan 2010 Gettysburg College

The Ottoman Gunpowder Empire And The Composite Bow, Nathan Lanan

The Gettysburg Historical Journal

The Ottoman Empire is known today as a major Gunpowder Empire, famous for its prevalent use of this staple of modern warfare as early as the sixteenth century. However, when Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq visited Constantinople from 1554 to 1562, gunpowder was not used by the Sipahi cavalry who stubbornly, it seems, insisted on continuing to use the composite bow that the Turks had been using for centuries. This continued, despite their fear of European cavalry who used “small muskets” against them on raids. Was this a good idea? Was the composite bow a match or contemporary handheld firearms? Were ...


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