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The German East African Campaign, Marcello Cavalli 2019 Carroll College

The German East African Campaign, Marcello Cavalli

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

During World War One, General Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck led the German army against the combined Allied forces in East Africa. Even though they were significantly outnumbered and lacked the resources of Britain, General Lettow-Vorbeck never surrendered until two weeks after the armistice was signed in Europe in 1918. General Lettow-Vorbeck and his forces were able to remain undefeated in the East African Campaign due to the strong bond of respect among the troops, an in-depth knowledge of the area, and the significance that the German Empire placed on the campaign itself. The British on the other hand were led ...


The House In The Golden Sun: The Van Keerberghen Printing Dynasty, 1552-1629, Lydia Schmidt 2019 Carroll College

The House In The Golden Sun: The Van Keerberghen Printing Dynasty, 1552-1629, Lydia Schmidt

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Despite religious conflict, rampant censorship, and war, the city of Antwerp dominated Early Modern printing. From 1552 to 1629, the van Keerberghen family and their printing house, In the Golden Sun, were at the forefront of the industry. I explore the tumultuous sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Antwerp through the prism of works published by the van Keerberghens, and their responses to the crises they faced.

Peeter van Keerberghen, his son Jan I, and grandson Jan II faced considerable adversity during their careers. Peeter saw eminent printers publicly executed for their works, and was himself persecuted for distribution of forbidden ...


Subjects Of The Portuguese Empire, Matthew Wiltsey 2019 Carroll College

Subjects Of The Portuguese Empire, Matthew Wiltsey

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This essay focuses on the Portuguese empire in the 16th and 17th centuries and its colonial presence in the Indian Ocean. There is disagreement within the historiography over the most important factor that allowed the Portuguese to establish and maintain their empire: military power or the support of indigenous groups. This paper supports the latter and will demonstrate the instrumental role local factions and groups played in cementing Portuguese control in the region for centuries. Regions in the Indian Ocean and beyond will be the focus of this research, most prevalently the city states of the Indian coast, but also ...


Margaret Fison, 1817-1866: Mid-Victorian Reformer, David M. Fahey 2019 University of North Georgia

Margaret Fison, 1817-1866: Mid-Victorian Reformer, David M. Fahey

International Social Science Review

This article explores the life of Margaret Fison, an English social reformer who championed workingmen and women and criticized the upper and middle classes for their indifference to working-class problems. Fisom's combined anti-Catholic evangelical Protestantism with her mid-Victorian enthusiasm for science and social reform. As well as being a writer, Fison was an activist who took to the field as an organizer for the related causes of health and temperance. Her life illustrated what a young widow from a provincial town could achieve. Her early death at age forty-eight helps explain her undeserved obscurity. This papers use of her ...


A Jewish Agent In Eighteenth-Century Paris: Israël Bernard De Valabrègue, Ronald Schechter 2019 College of William and Mary

A Jewish Agent In Eighteenth-Century Paris: Israël Bernard De Valabrègue, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


Mendoza The Jew: Boxing, Manliness And Nationalism, Ronald Schechter, Liz Clarke 2019 College of William and Mary

Mendoza The Jew: Boxing, Manliness And Nationalism, Ronald Schechter, Liz Clarke

Ronald Schechter

Inspired by the resounding success of Abina and the Important Men (OUP, 2011), Mendoza the Jewcombines a graphic history with primary documentation and contextual information to explore issues of nationalism, identity, culture, and historical methodology through the life story of Daniel Mendoza. Mendoza was a poor Sephardic Jew from East London who became the boxing champion of Britain in 1789. As a Jew with limited means and a foreign-sounding name, Mendoza was an unlikely symbol of what many Britons considered to be their very own "national" sport. Whereas their adversaries across the Channel reputedly settled private quarrels by dueling ...


Crossing Boundaries: The Significance Of French Jewish History, Ronald Schechter 2019 College of William and Mary

Crossing Boundaries: The Significance Of French Jewish History, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


The Nineteenth Century British Workhouse: Mission Not Accomplished, Brenda Derin 2019 Dominican University of California

The Nineteenth Century British Workhouse: Mission Not Accomplished, Brenda Derin

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2019

ABSTRACT:

How to correct poverty in a society is extremely complex. In the nineteenth century, the British struggled to house, feed and care for the unemployed and destitute men, women and children created by the Industrial Revolution. Many in the upper classes considered poverty a moral failure, yet they had little impetus to end it. Poverty, as defined by an inability to provide for one’s needs due to a variety of factors, was seen as necessary, for without it there would be no motivation for the lower classes to work and provide a luxurious life for the wealthy.

Although ...


An Analysis Of Whether Victorian England Shares Central Tenets Of Modern Rape Culture, Emily Murray 2019 College of William and Mary

An Analysis Of Whether Victorian England Shares Central Tenets Of Modern Rape Culture, Emily Murray

Emily Murray

This work observes examples of sexual objectification and victim blaming from both the modern and Victorian eras to analyze whether Victorian England can possibly be described as a rape culture.


A Tale Of Two Bonnies: Comparing “Lost Cause” Narratives And Post-War Memory From The American Civil War And The 1745 Jacobite Rebellion Through Art, William Robert Tharp 2019 University of Lynchburg

A Tale Of Two Bonnies: Comparing “Lost Cause” Narratives And Post-War Memory From The American Civil War And The 1745 Jacobite Rebellion Through Art, William Robert Tharp

Student Scholar Showcase

In the cultures of Scotland after the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion and the American South after the Civil War, defeatist memories and art featured prominently in mythmaking and served as a focal point for many who wished to make political statements or critiques of current realities. In Scotland, romanticism revolving around “Bonnie Prince Charlie” and the Jacobites in 1745 lessened the burden of defeat for many. Contextualizing their loss within a broader historical framework, which stressed different features depending on the group’s purpose, some Scots utilized Jacobite memory as a potent political critique of Scotland’s place within Great Britain ...


Greek Music Theory Vs. The Bible, Kearsten M. Kostelnik 2019 Cedarville University

Greek Music Theory Vs. The Bible, Kearsten M. Kostelnik

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The great philosophers of Ancient Greece have been studied in depth and are known throughout society. Famous Greek philosophers and writers, such as Plato and Pythagoras, formulated theories on musical philosophy — it’s purpose, use, dangers, power, and importance in society. Greek philosophy of music heavily influenced early European society’s view and development of music, it only partially supports Biblical views and principles of music and worship. Pythagoras introduces the theory that music is more than just entertainment with his notion of Music of the Spheres but fails to align with the biblical view of stars and planets as ...


Competing Proposals For The Regeneration Of The Jews, Ronald Schechter 2019 College of William and Mary

Competing Proposals For The Regeneration Of The Jews, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


Terror, Vengeance And Martyrdom In The French Revolution: The Case Of The Shades, Ronald Schechter 2019 College of William and Mary

Terror, Vengeance And Martyrdom In The French Revolution: The Case Of The Shades, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

In recent years, terrorism has become closely associated with martyrdom in the minds of many terrorists and in the view of nations around the world. In Islam, martyrdom is mostly conceived as "bearing witness" to faith and God. Martyrdom is also central to the Christian tradition, not only in the form of Christ's Passion or saints faced with persecution and death, but in the duty to lead a good and charitable life. In both religions, the association of religious martyrdom with political terror has a long and difficult history. The essays of this volume illuminate this history--following, for example ...


The French Revolution: The Essential Readings, Ronald Schechter 2019 College of William and Mary

The French Revolution: The Essential Readings, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

This book presents ten selections from the most important scholarship on the French Revolution over the past quarter century, introduced and contextualized for student readers.

Historians typically categorize the historiography of the French Revolution according to each author's approval or disapproval of the Revolution, political agenda (for example Marxist, liberal, conservative, or feminist), or methodology (for example social, political, or cultural history). This book demonstrates the inadequacy of these categories of analysis for a nuanced understanding of the Revolution and emphasizes the surprising connections between historians typically seen simply as opponents in a debate. In its thorough introduction, The ...


Gothic Thermidor: The Bals Des Victimes, The Fantastic, And The Production Of Historical Knowledge In Post-Terror France, Ronald Schechter 2019 College of William and Mary

Gothic Thermidor: The Bals Des Victimes, The Fantastic, And The Production Of Historical Knowledge In Post-Terror France, Ronald Schechter

Ronald Schechter

No abstract provided.


Englands Happie Queene: Female Rulers In Early English History, Emily Benes 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Englands Happie Queene: Female Rulers In Early English History, Emily Benes

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

This paper examines the historical records and later literature surrounding three early mythic and historical British queens: Albina, mythic founder of Albion; Cordelia, pre-Roman queen regnant in British legend; and Boudica, the British leader of a first-century CE rebellion against the Romans. My work focuses on who these queens were, what powers they were given, and the mythos around them. I examine when they appear in the historical record and when their stories are expanded upon, and how those stories were influenced by the political culture of England through the early seventeenth century. In particular, I examine English attitudes toward ...


Jumping Through Hoops: The Rise And Demise Of The Hoop Petticoat In The Eighteenth Century, Charlotte Engel 2019 College of William and Mary

Jumping Through Hoops: The Rise And Demise Of The Hoop Petticoat In The Eighteenth Century, Charlotte Engel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis looks at eighteenth-century hooped petticoats and society's attitudes towards them in the hope of learning more about what made these garments so popular. It examines their change over time, satirical commentary on these garments, and who was wearing them throughout society.


Mary Stuart: Turbulence In Politics & Religion, Latayzia Harris, Kyle Thompson 2019 Pittsburg State University

Mary Stuart: Turbulence In Politics & Religion, Latayzia Harris, Kyle Thompson

Posters

Mary Stuart’s upbringing played a large part in her political and religious positions, as well as her position as a female ruler in a land dominated by the whims of men. Mary is often portrayed as a passionate woman whose life was dominated by her emotions. At 6 days old Mary inherited the throne to Scotland, a highly contested re­gion located directly above the ever-expanding realm of England. Mary spent much of her time in France, being raised as the Dauphiness to strengthen the ties of Catholic monarchs. Historians like John Guy and Antonia Frasier frame this as ...


Interpretations Of Bloody Mary's Use Of Religion And Politics, Morgan Myers, Kyle Thompson 2019 Pittsburg State University

Interpretations Of Bloody Mary's Use Of Religion And Politics, Morgan Myers, Kyle Thompson

Posters

This paper looks at the political style of Mary Tudor and examines how her upbringing and gender influenced her policies and ultimately whether she was an effective leader. Religion was paramount during her reign, and heavily affected Mary’s policies. Her actions resulted in the nickname, “Bloody Mary”; this paper discusses if this is a valid name for her and overall how the Protestant Reformation impacted her time as queen. I will examine the extent to which Mary was influenced by men in her life and how they and her gender impacted her reign. David Loades wrote, “The Reign of ...


Religion, Politics, And The "Virgin Queen", Ellen Long, Kyle Thompson 2019 Pittsburg State University

Religion, Politics, And The "Virgin Queen", Ellen Long, Kyle Thompson

Posters

This paper will analyze Elizabeth I’s political style and the effects on it by both religion and influential men in the “Virgin Queen’s” council. Her relationships with Mary Tudor and Mary, Queen of Scots, and their religion, affected her politics and how her Protestantism clashed with these two Catholic monarchs. Comparing Mary Tudor’s forceful assertion of Catholicism in her reign to Elizabeth’s approach to Protestant dissenters will demon­strate religion’s role in their politics. I will also analyze the aspect of religion on Elizabeth’s and Mary Stuart’s dual claims to the English throne ...


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