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Purposefully Forgetting: Surveying San Diego’S Founding Narrative During The City’S Bicentennial Celebrations Of 1969, Noah Pallmeyer 2020 University of San Diego

Purposefully Forgetting: Surveying San Diego’S Founding Narrative During The City’S Bicentennial Celebrations Of 1969, Noah Pallmeyer

Keck Undergraduate Humanities Research Fellows

The city of San Diego owes much its success and prosperity to the “victories associated with colonization.” This quote comes directly from the current National Park Service description of the San Diego Presidio. This project turns to the 1969 bicentennial celebrations of San Diego’s founding. This was a rhetorically powerful period in San Diego’s historical remembrance. This project argues that native and other marginalized populations were not properly considered in the narrative of San Diego’s founding during these celebrations. To understand why and how these populations failed to be properly considered, this project turns to the narratives ...


Unaccompanied Minors: Marginalized In The Education System, Arlae Cecilia Gamez-Luna 2020 University of Texas at San Antonio

Unaccompanied Minors: Marginalized In The Education System, Arlae Cecilia Gamez-Luna

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

More than 213,000 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras have been apprehended at the U.S.-Mexico border by U.S. Customs and Border Protection from the start of fiscal year (FY) 2014 through January 31, 2019. The U.S. Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) is responsible for processing and sheltering the minors who are typically placed with a parent or other adult relative in the U.S., a family friend, or in foster care. Unaccompanied minors wait months, even years, for their cases to be decided in immigration court. Informal relief or no proper legal status ...


Bringing The Shadows Of Hegemony To Light: Social Insights From An Italian Philosopher And American Author, Antonio Cruz-Hernandez 2020 Greensboro College

Bringing The Shadows Of Hegemony To Light: Social Insights From An Italian Philosopher And American Author, Antonio Cruz-Hernandez

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

As a prisoner in fascist Italy, Antonio Gramsci delineated his concept of the "philosophy of praxis," which emphasized the power of individualism and promoted freedom from the obscure, hegemonic influences that may lead individuals to consider themselves as constituents of groups before anything else. This paper will apply Gramsci's social insights from the Prison Notebooks to Joseph Heller's 1953 modernist American war novel, Catch-22, to demonstrate their meaning in the context of WWII and bring deeper consideration to their value today. It will also argue that Heller's character Yossarian warrants praise as the quintessential "philosopher of praxis ...


Gendering Art History In The Victorian Age: Anna Jameson, Elizabeth Eastlake, And George Eliot In Florence, Antje Anderson 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Gendering Art History In The Victorian Age: Anna Jameson, Elizabeth Eastlake, And George Eliot In Florence, Antje Anderson

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

This thesis investigates how three professional Victorian women writers, Anna Jameson, Elizabeth Eastlake, and George Eliot, wrote about Renaissance art in Florence. As nineteenth-century women, they were excluded from certain realms of knowledge, agency, and influence. This exclusion (complicated by their privilege in terms of class, nationality, and education) influenced the way they experienced and wrote about art. The introduction addresses how changing modes of travel, broader access to publication, and art history’s gradual emergence as an academic discipline helped shape their careers as women art writers—the well-known “Mrs. Jameson” as a popularizer of art history for a ...


The Homoerotic Architectures Of Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde, Samuel McIntyre 2020 William & Mary

The Homoerotic Architectures Of Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde, Samuel Mcintyre

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines how architectures (both literal and metaphorical) in Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) serve to mediate or express homoerotic desire in late-Victorian London. Through an examination of the novel's urban setting, its formal structures, and Stevenson's own architectural history, the thesis tracks an emergence in the fin de siècle of the homosexual as an identity category in an iconic literary work that predates the Oscar Wilde trials (1895). The novel's queer coterie of professional men and Dr. Jekyll's carefully structured home are explored as failed strategies ...


Understanding Uprisings: Media Discourse And Maryland Race Uprisings (1845-2015), Anna Hartman 2020 University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Understanding Uprisings: Media Discourse And Maryland Race Uprisings (1845-2015), Anna Hartman

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Despite lengthy histories of complicated race relations, the state of Maryland and Baltimore city struggle to confront their histories of slaveholding and anti-black violence. As Anthropologist Cheryl LaRoche explains, "Maryland is not very good at discussing these thingsand part is to downplay these things we see." As a result, this history has been understudied in broader accounts of racial uprisings in the U.S. In response to this gap, my digital exhibition, Understanding Uprising: Media Discourse and Maryland Race Uprisings, captures three such flashpoints: a slave insurrection beginning in Charles County in 1845; Baltimore's Holy Week Uprisings in response ...


Putting It Into Practice: Moving Forward With Integrating The New Literacy Studies Into Literacy Education Once And For All, Shenir Dennis 2020 Santa Clara University

Putting It Into Practice: Moving Forward With Integrating The New Literacy Studies Into Literacy Education Once And For All, Shenir Dennis

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Over the past few decades, the definition of literacy and what it has meant to be considered "literate" has undergone substantial transformation that has distinguished it from solely being able to read or write. Specifically, a new approach to literacy education has been created called the "New Literacy Studies" (NLS) which interrogates the standards that qualifies one as being satisfactory literate against the sociocultural influences that can impact an individual's literate abilities. This is an interdisciplinary approach to literacy studies that collectively calls upon the research of sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists in addition to literacy scholars and educators, but has ...


English Language Learners At The University Of Illinois At Chicago Writing Center, Susan Ewa Panek 2020 The University of Illinois at Chicago

English Language Learners At The University Of Illinois At Chicago Writing Center, Susan Ewa Panek

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My experience tutoring at the UIC Writing Center has opened my eyes to the various obstacles that writers face, in particular writers who are English Language Learners (ELL). This inspired me to establish a qualitative research project investigating how a Writing Center can best support ELL writers not only in learning grammar and/or culturally specific writing conventions but also with the discrimination and stigmatization that they often face based on their not-yet-developed knowledge of Standard American English. The research question explored was: What are the possible advantages and disadvantages of a multilingual tutor working with an ELL writer in ...


The Exchange Happens Here: Net Art's Alternative Currencies, April Riddle 2020 Southern Methodist University

The Exchange Happens Here: Net Art's Alternative Currencies, April Riddle

Art History Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines three installation pieces from the New Museum and Rhizome’s 2019 exhibition “The Art Happens Here: Net Art’s Archival Poetics.” Throughout, I question if net art can act as an alternative currency itself, if different projects can interfere with existing economic systems, and, if so, what they can reveal about changing economic structures.

Ultimately, I explore how Cory Arcangel’s Arcangel Surfware, a lifestyle brand offering products for web-surfing, is representative of works that play with accessibility and inaccessibility and alternative patronage systems in relation to social currency; how Shu Lea Cheang’s Garlic=Rich Air ...


Duration And Depravity: Religious And Secular Temporality In Puritanism And The American Gothic, Taylor Kraayenbrink 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Duration And Depravity: Religious And Secular Temporality In Puritanism And The American Gothic, Taylor Kraayenbrink

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Duration and Depravity identifies a temporality of “sinful feeling” operating in the archive of Puritan writings of personal piety, such as diaries, autobiographies, conversion narratives, and sermons, and persisting into early American gothic literature. This temporality of sinful feeling is an attempt to discipline the self through temporal projection oriented towards the theological fact and religiously experienced feeling of sinfulness. Duration and Depravity engages with the proliferation of postsecular criticism in American literature studies generally, and Puritan studies more specifically. Postsecular criticism in literary studies is a style of historicism that reconsiders its primary archive’s position in newly complicated ...


Criticism Through Interpretation: Jules Olitski, Brooke E. Benham 2020 Old Dominion University

Criticism Through Interpretation: Jules Olitski, Brooke E. Benham

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Modernist art critics tend to focus solely on formal elements. Clement Greenberg’s descriptive approach on the medium and Jerry Saltz’s off-the-cuff judgements fail to utilize the relevant insight that can be collected through cognizant interpretation. Susan Sontag attempts to justify the medium-specific approach by arguing that the merit of a work of art is independent of any interpretation. However, an interpretation based on historical and cultural connections can produce valuable insights about the form itself. A research-based analysis of Kristina Type 3 (1976) by the late-modernist painter Jules Olitski will show that criticism can serve viewers best through ...


Design Fixation From Initial Examples: Provided Versus Self-Generated Ideas, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda McKilligan, Colleen M. Seifert 2020 University of Limerick

Design Fixation From Initial Examples: Provided Versus Self-Generated Ideas, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

Jansson and Smith [1] demonstrated that design fixation occurs when an example solution is provided along with a design problem. As a result of seeing an example concept -- even with its flaws pointed out -- new designs often share its features. In Jansson and Smith’s studies, a control group saw no example and showed less fixation to the example provided in the other group. However, another source of fixation from an initial example may arise in the control group from the designer’s own first-generated concept. We conducted a large-scale experiment with beginning engineers to investigate whether design fixation occurs ...


The “Olympiad Of Photography”: Fiap And The Global Photo-Club Culture, 1950–1965, Alise Tifentale 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The “Olympiad Of Photography”: Fiap And The Global Photo-Club Culture, 1950–1965, Alise Tifentale

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines the global photo-club culture of the 1950s through the work of the International Federation of Photographic Art (Fédération internationale de l'art photographique, FIAP), founded in 1950. By 1965 FIAP united national associations of photo clubs in fifty-five countries across Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. The regular exhibitions and publications of FIAP provided a unique platform where photographers living in the “second” and “third worlds” were welcome to present their work on equal grounds with their peers from the “first world.” FIAP, I posit, created a nonprofit, egalitarian, and open system of image ...


Art History, Art Museums, And Power: A Critical Art History Curriculum, Kristina Elizondo 2020 Austin Community College

Art History, Art Museums, And Power: A Critical Art History Curriculum, Kristina Elizondo

Art History Pedagogy & Practice

Engaging in the recent tradition of disciplinary and instructional self-critique by art historians teaching at the college level, this teaching practice reflection pursues the question of how an art history survey class can benefit from activities grounded in theoretical texts. In the format of scholarly personal narrative (SPN), a personal background and justification for incorporating critical theory-based lessons into the introductory art history curriculum, including narrative descriptions of four curricular areas and an example museum project, are detailed. The article paints a personal picture as well as extols the general benefits, based on the author’s perspective and experiences, of ...


Confessional Melancholy: W.G. Sebald’S Aesthetic Solution To The Inadequacy Of Representation, Theo Koskoff 2020 Sarah Lawrence College

Confessional Melancholy: W.G. Sebald’S Aesthetic Solution To The Inadequacy Of Representation, Theo Koskoff

Selected Undergraduate Works

In the wake of W.G. Sebald’s death in 2001, scholarship on his unique, genre-bending literary texts has flourished. Though much of this scholarship has paid due attention to the theme of the inadequacy of representation, little has been written that focuses on Sebald’s persistent expressions of melancholy in relation to this theme. In this paper, I argue that Sebald’s response to the inadequacy of representation is “confessional melancholy”: he expresses anguish at that which has been lost by admitting that his own literary representation is inadequate in portraying its subjects. Using a theoretical framework borrowed from ...


Cultural Memory Through Spaces: An Analysis Of A. Mitgutsch’S House Of Childhood And J. Erpenbeck’S Visitation, Rachel Lynch 2020 Sarah Lawrence College

Cultural Memory Through Spaces: An Analysis Of A. Mitgutsch’S House Of Childhood And J. Erpenbeck’S Visitation, Rachel Lynch

Selected Undergraduate Works

Anna Mitgutsch’s House of Childhood (2000) and Jenny Erpenbeck’s Visitation (2008) use places as holders of cultural memory and historical witnesses. House of Childhood follows Max Berman as he returns to his childhood village to reclaim his Jewish family’s house. Visitation offers snapshots of German life in the same house in different time periods. Cultural memory, in Jan Assmann’s theory, is memory rooted in objectivized culture. When culture is crystallized into texts, images, buildings, landscapes, etc., these objects hold the history of a group and inform the group’s unity and self-image. Assmann outlines six characteristics ...


Martian Mother, Elizabeth McGrady 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Martian Mother, Elizabeth Mcgrady

Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines the relationship between humans and land, through the lens of the scientific and religious, bridging the physical realm with the spiritual. It acts as accompanying material to the project titled Martian Mother, supplementary information to the visual work, and an extension of the proposal, the center of the work. The proposal exists to send myself, or a like-minded individual, to Mars with artificial insemination equipment to give birth to the first Martian, becoming the first Martian Mother. This work is rooted firmly in speculative fiction, creating a nonlinear future framework for a new society and space exploration.


Analysis Of Jacques-Louis David's "Cupid And Psyche" 1817, Regina Bellian 2019 Cleveland State University

Analysis Of Jacques-Louis David's "Cupid And Psyche" 1817, Regina Bellian

The Downtown Review

This paper analyzes the painting Cupid and Psyche 1817 by Jacques-Louis David. The visual details and appearance of the painting is discussed in form and design and further elaborated with symbolism and interpretation of the artist's work.


Imaginaire De La Fin, Icônes, Esthétique. (Ir)Représenter La Post-Apocalypse Dans La Bande Dessinée Et Le Cinéma Du Génocide Tutsi., Alain Agnessan 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Imaginaire De La Fin, Icônes, Esthétique. (Ir)Représenter La Post-Apocalypse Dans La Bande Dessinée Et Le Cinéma Du Génocide Tutsi., Alain Agnessan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cette étude sur la bande dessinée et le cinéma du génocide tutsi s’écarte de l’analyse désormais canonique des politiques mémorielles et pratiques testimoniales pour en investir le parti pris post-apocalyptique . Elle s’agence en deux volets, ou, plutôt, en deux lieux de regard. Envisageant l’imaginaire de la fin qui s’est constitué autour du génocide tutsi, le premier volet de l’étude s’attelle à décrire une scène « cross-traumatic » ou transtraumatique, appelée génoscape, sur laquelle la pensée, les images et les discours critiques lient le destin éthique, esthétique et épistémique du génocide tutsi à celui de la ...


The Art History Canon And The Art History Survey Course: Subverting The Western Narrative., Kimberly Becker Mast 2019 University of Arizona

The Art History Canon And The Art History Survey Course: Subverting The Western Narrative., Kimberly Becker Mast

Journal of Social Theory in Art Education

Art History enrollments at the college level are declining as students flock to STEM majors and perceive Art History as dated and of little use in today’s modern, scientific world. Yet Art History classes can teach valuable skills. When taught in a broad context, the objects art history studies engage critical thinking and can generate new forms of knowledge. However, the pedagogical structure and content of introductory art history survey course does not always offer students the creative leeway to make these connections. Instructors at the college level often retreat to the methods and content that have been a ...


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