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From Ruhlmann To Rohde: How French Art Deco Became American, Lily K. Meehan '14 2012 College of the Holy Cross

From Ruhlmann To Rohde: How French Art Deco Became American, Lily K. Meehan '14

Summer Research Program

The American art deco designers of the 1930s were truly innovators, inventors and artists. They were not, however, the only ones creating “a modern world” during this time. In fact, America was one of the last countries to embrace the art deco style which was thriving in Germany, Austria, and France. There was a strong connection between the French art décoratifs movement and early 20th century American industrial designs. This paper investigates how the International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts held in Paris in 1925 heavily influenced the start of the American art deco movement.


Form And Meaning: How Media's Representation Tells The Story Of The Berlin Wall, In Young Lee 2012 Occidental College

Form And Meaning: How Media's Representation Tells The Story Of The Berlin Wall, In Young Lee

Richter Research Abroad Student Scholarship

When the Berlin Wall fell, the first reaction of the citizens of Berlin was to destroy the loathed barrier altogether. As early as 1991, the city of Berlin firmly rejected and questioned the idea of attributing monument status to the Wall. Why should they have to preserve the border fortifications which marked the city with a sad universal notoriety? Today the Wall is approached and interpreted from a wider perspective that includes a border landscape and a sociopolitical landscape. The Wall serves as a visual object that illustrates a pictorial phenomenon in the context of political communication. Although the 'Iron ...


The Socialist Design: Urban Dilemmas In Postwar Europe And The Soviet Union, Elidor Mehilli 2012 CUNY Hunter College

The Socialist Design: Urban Dilemmas In Postwar Europe And The Soviet Union, Elidor Mehilli

Publications and Research

Taking a cue from two books—Stephen Bittner’s account of the “many lives” of the Soviet Thaw and Greg Castillo’s study of the Cold War as a series of battles in design and the domestic sphere—as well as a recent explosion of interest among historians in the Khrushchev era, “spatial history,” material culture, and East–West exchanges, this article addresses the paradoxes of the Thaw as exemplified in urban form. It argues for the interconnected nature of domestic, international, and Eastern bloc- level dynamics by viewing processes of the Thaw simultaneously from the angles of neighborhood, city ...


American Made: Ansel Adams And The Bishop National Bank's "The Islands Of Hawaii", Lauren Walton 2012 University of Connecticut - Storrs

American Made: Ansel Adams And The Bishop National Bank's "The Islands Of Hawaii", Lauren Walton

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Inspired Romance: An Exploration Of The Lives And Work Of Artists Alfred Stieglitz And Georgia O’Keeffe, Dana Janell Lindsay 2012 Syracuse University

An Inspired Romance: An Exploration Of The Lives And Work Of Artists Alfred Stieglitz And Georgia O’Keeffe, Dana Janell Lindsay

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Statement Question: How did the evolution of the artists’ relationship affect their individual work?

  • With an emphasis the couple’s public and private persona, and its development over time.

The work begins with a brief biography of both artists, Alfred Stieglitz and Georgia O’Keeffe; providing an overview of their childhoods, education, and work, during the development of Modernism in the first half of the twentieth century. The work emphasizes the process by which Stieglitz facilitated the transition from pictorialism to modernism, his development of the period’s ideal female artist, and the opening of his famed avant-garde galleries. The ...


To Become Classic In The Nuclear Age: Dalí’S Unification Of Religion And Atomic Theory, Sara Nasab 2012 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

To Become Classic In The Nuclear Age: Dalí’S Unification Of Religion And Atomic Theory, Sara Nasab

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


From The Attic To The Cosmos: Myth In The Art Of Anselm Kiefer 1973-2007, Isabel L. Roth 2012 Scripps College

From The Attic To The Cosmos: Myth In The Art Of Anselm Kiefer 1973-2007, Isabel L. Roth

Scripps Senior Theses

Anselm Kiefer was born in Germany, 1945—the year of Adolf Hitler’s suicide, and subsequently, the end of World War II. His own beginnings were shrouded by a national “repression” of history. This repression was at odds with Kiefer’s needs to establish his own origin. For this reason, the spirituality in his earlier work is often overshadowed by its subject—Nazi Germany. This thesis will look back on Kiefer’s work through the lens of mythology in an effort to re-evaluate his earlier art within the context of his works since 1990. From the 1970s to the present ...


Choreographing Modernity: Loïe Fuller And Her Influence On The Arts, Katharine Hutchins 2012 Scripps College

Choreographing Modernity: Loïe Fuller And Her Influence On The Arts, Katharine Hutchins

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis, which studies the effect Loïe Fuller had on artists at the turn of the 20th century, redefines her role in art and society. An American dancer born in 1862, Fuller is often hailed as one of the forefathers of modern dance and a technological engineer, but she is too rarely shown in control of how the audience perceived her. This work gives an overview of Art Nouveau and the Universal Exposition of 1900 in Paris in which she performed. It closely examines her impact on painters, illustrators, and lithographers: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Will Bradley, and Jules Cheret ...


The Gesamtkunstwerk Of A Reunifying Metropolis: Berlin’S Kunsthaus Tacheles, Emma Camille Scheidt 2012 Scripps College

The Gesamtkunstwerk Of A Reunifying Metropolis: Berlin’S Kunsthaus Tacheles, Emma Camille Scheidt

Scripps Senior Theses

After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the city of Berlin was faced with the challenge to reunify in both political and cultural realms. Berlin is noted throughout history as a metropolis that is characterized by flux; the Post-Wende [Post-Wall] era is another remarkable transitional phase in Berlin’s history. During this era, the city was extremely porous and susceptible to cultural forces that could easily define the city’s malleable future. This essay discusses such forces and events that were planned by the city government, as well as an organic grassroots force that was especially significant in the cultural ...


The Evolving Role Of The Exhibition And Its Impact On Art And Culture, Anna C. Cline 2012 Trinity College

The Evolving Role Of The Exhibition And Its Impact On Art And Culture, Anna C. Cline

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Senses: Beyond The Frame, Michael Peter Bilali, Samantha Chappell, Julia David Heydemann, Danielle Rose Kelly, Rachel Kathleen Lyons, Norah Elizabeth Maxwell, Diana Morales, Jennifer Carol Rokoski, Emily Hadden Rother, Sarah Katherine Winner, Elizabeth Lee, Trout Gallery 2012 Dickinson College

Exploring The Senses: Beyond The Frame, Michael Peter Bilali, Samantha Chappell, Julia David Heydemann, Danielle Rose Kelly, Rachel Kathleen Lyons, Norah Elizabeth Maxwell, Diana Morales, Jennifer Carol Rokoski, Emily Hadden Rother, Sarah Katherine Winner, Elizabeth Lee, Trout Gallery

Student Scholarship & Creative Works By Year

Catalogue of an exhibition at the Trout Gallery, February 17 - April 14, 2012.

Senior Exhibit, Art and Art History Department, Prof. Elizabeth Lee, Dickinson College.

The history of the senses has been a topic of growing interest across the social sciences and humanities in recent years. There are now individual anthologies devoted to smell, touch, taste, sound, vision- and even the elusive “Sixth sense”- with contributions by scholars in disciplines as varied as art history, anthropology, psychology, and music. While the theme of the senses might seem to be a natural topic for art historians to explore, it remains a ...


Protection Of Humanity’S Cultural And Historic Heritage In Space, Justin St. P. Walsh 2012 Chapman University

Protection Of Humanity’S Cultural And Historic Heritage In Space, Justin St. P. Walsh

Art Faculty Articles and Research

While the international community has acted forcefully since World War II to protect sites and objects of cultural or historic significance on Earth, little attention has been paid to the same kinds of sites and objects in space. There are important ethical and scholarly reasons for wanting to preserve sites and in situ objects in off-Earth contexts from destruction or commercial exploitation. Innovative space research equipment, such as spacecraft, satellites, and space stations, and the locations of historic missions, such as Tranquility Base, therefore deserve formal international recognition and protection. Appropriate models for developing a comprehensive protective scheme can be ...


Grossman, Wendy A. Man Ray, African Art, And The Modernist Lens, Mary Drach McInnes 2012 School of Art and Design, Alfred University

Grossman, Wendy A. Man Ray, African Art, And The Modernist Lens, Mary Drach Mcinnes

Dada/Surrealism

No abstract provided.


Material And Motion: Phenomenology And The Early Work Of Carolee Schneemann 1957-1973, Regina M. Flowers 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Material And Motion: Phenomenology And The Early Work Of Carolee Schneemann 1957-1973, Regina M. Flowers

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

Carolee Schneemann is a multidisciplinary artist known for using her body in her artworks in order to engage with issues of sexuality, gender and identity. Best known for her 1975 performance Interior Scroll, Schneemann’s work is most often theorized in connection with the emergence of Feminist, Performance and Body Art, yet Schneemann has always considered herself primarily a painter. In this thesis I address the disconnect between Schneemann’s repeated insistence on her status as a painter and the scholarly discussion of her work solely in relation to the integration of her body in her performative works. The period ...


Spectacular Shadows: Djuna Barnes's Styles Of Estrangement In Nightwood, Erica Nicole Bellman 2012 Claremont McKenna College

Spectacular Shadows: Djuna Barnes's Styles Of Estrangement In Nightwood, Erica Nicole Bellman

CMC Senior Theses

This paper examines Djuna Barnes's Modernist masterpiece, Nightwood, by exploring the author's particular styles of writing. As an ironist, a master of spectacle, and a visual artist, Barnes's distinct stylistic roles allow the writer to construct a strange fictional world that transcends simple categorization and demands close reading. Through textual analysis, consideration of how Barnes's characterization, and engagement with key critical interpretations lead to the conclusion that Nightwood's primary aim is to present the reader with an image of his or her own individual estrangement.


The Museum Of Modern Art's "What Is Modern?" Series, 1938-1969, Jennifer Tobias 2012 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Museum Of Modern Art's "What Is Modern?" Series, 1938-1969, Jennifer Tobias

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Between 1938 and 1969, the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) poses the question of What Is Modern? (WIM) in a series of books, traveling exhibitions, and a symposium. This dissertation argues for the WIM project as a sustained if minimally effective effort to influence popular American perceptions of modern art, architecture, and design, at the same time embodying tensions inherent to the museum and its notions of that modernism.

MoMA is an unquestionable influence on modern art history. WIM is a significant component of this influence, yet scholarship on the series is minimal. Hiding in plain sight, the series offers ...


Nature, Entropy, And Robert Smithson's Utopian Vision Of A Culture Of Decay, John Hatch 2011 The University of Western Ontario

Nature, Entropy, And Robert Smithson's Utopian Vision Of A Culture Of Decay, John Hatch

John G. Hatch

No abstract provided.


Seeing And Seen: Acts Of The Voyeur In The Works Of Francis Bacon, John Hatch 2011 The University of Western Ontario

Seeing And Seen: Acts Of The Voyeur In The Works Of Francis Bacon, John Hatch

John G. Hatch

No abstract provided.


The 'Intrusion Of Women Painters': Ethel Anderson, Modern Art And Gendered Modernities In Interwar Sydney, Australia, Jane Hunt 2011 Bond University

The 'Intrusion Of Women Painters': Ethel Anderson, Modern Art And Gendered Modernities In Interwar Sydney, Australia, Jane Hunt

Jane Hunt

In the interwar period in Sydney, Australia, male art gallery trustees, directors, and art schoolteachers objected to female advocacy and practice of artistic responsiveness to the modern. The dialogue between these two parties has often been interpreted in terms of a margin/centre dichotomy. Closer examination of the case of Ethel Anderson suggests that this model is inadequate. She demonstrated the transnationally apparent predilection of women to infusing civic cultures with the fleeting and every day, thus inverting the spatial cues to cultural authority and presenting a gendered challenge to institutionalised, masculine notions of cultural authority.


Nancy As A Center Of Art Nouveau Architecture, 1895-1914, Peter Clericuzio 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Nancy As A Center Of Art Nouveau Architecture, 1895-1914, Peter Clericuzio

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The small city of Nancy, France, is arguably the center where Art Nouveau architecture had the most lasting impact. Nancy’s Art Nouveau was a divergent form of modernity that was defined by regionalism and a distinct sense of place, which its proponents championed as the key elements of an authentic architecture, allowing Nancy to challenge Paris as the dominant French artistic center in the two decades before World War I.

Most of Nancy’s architects were graduates of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and grounded in the language of classicism and its associated professional standards. Much of Nancy ...


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