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Gods And Robots: Myths, Machines, And Ancient Dreams Of Technology By Adrienne Mayor, Emily E. Auger 2019 Independent Scholar

Gods And Robots: Myths, Machines, And Ancient Dreams Of Technology By Adrienne Mayor, Emily E. Auger

Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature

This review briefly describes and assesses the chapter by chapter content of the book and the author's discussion of the imagining of robotics and artificial intelligence by the ancient Greeks in the art and literature.


From Female Moneylenders To Church Shares: The Coptic Village Of Jeme, Marmar Zakher 2019 CSUSB

From Female Moneylenders To Church Shares: The Coptic Village Of Jeme, Marmar Zakher

History in the Making

No abstract provided.


The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre 2019 University of Colorado Boulder

The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

Gordion, ancient capital of Phrygia, was a large and thriving city of secondary importance during the period of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (ca 550–333 BC). Recent work makes possible a reconsideration of the site: evaluating its architecture, finds and use of landscape within and after the socio-economic and administrative context of the Achaemenid imperial system enables the following new overview. During the Achaemenid period, Gordion’s populace participated in the broad cultural exchanges enabled by the imperial system and may have emphasised animal husbandry. When Alexander’s conquest led to the collapse of the Achaemenid administrative infrastructure, the impact ...


Understanding The Lived Experience Of Ancient Roman Gardens, Devlin F. Daley 2019 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Understanding The Lived Experience Of Ancient Roman Gardens, Devlin F. Daley

Honors Theses

My research takes a psychologically influenced approach to the study of archaeological remains to explore the experiential nature of ancient gardens in the Roman domus and villa of the Campania region of southern Italy. I argue that significant factors of spatial and social theory drove the intended experience in space and in the curated environment of the garden. I focus on the architecture of these spaces, such as peristyles and reflecting pools, from which walking paths and movement through space can be reconstructed. I also dive into understanding the remains of horticulture, including different plants and trees that would have ...


The Iconography Of The Honey Bee In Western Art, Maura Wilson 2019 Dominican University of California

The Iconography Of The Honey Bee In Western Art, Maura Wilson

Master of Arts in Humanities | Master's Theses

This master’s thesis studies the ways in which the honey bee is used as a symbol in Western art, specifically between the 1st century AD and the 17th century. Artists have had a close relationship with honey bees since they first drew scenes of life on cave walls; since then, honey bees have been a recurring image featured in artworks spanning centuries, cultures, and religions. During the Renaissance in Europe, the honey bee was adapted from a symbol associated with fertility and polytheistic cult rituals to become a symbol of eloquence in Christianity. The community-based, diligent nature ...


More Than Mortal: Divine Depictions Of Livia In Early Imperial Portraiture And Literature, Lillian Waddill 2019 William & Mary

More Than Mortal: Divine Depictions Of Livia In Early Imperial Portraiture And Literature, Lillian Waddill

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis addresses the divine reception of Livia Drusilla (58 BCE – 29 CE), first empress of Rome, during and just after her lifetime throughout the Roman empire. Both an art historical and a literary approach reveal aspects of Livia’s divinity as understood by the people who lived under Julio-Claudian rule. The introduction to this thesis provides necessary historical context regarding the nascent imperial age and Livia’s position within it, especially as embodying what it meant to be a woman in the ruling family during a time that stressed traditional morality and dynasty. The first chapter serves as a ...


Romanization Through Mosaics: Transition At Fishbourne And Colchester, Elizabeth Kurtulik Mercuri 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Romanization Through Mosaics: Transition At Fishbourne And Colchester, Elizabeth Kurtulik Mercuri

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Romanization has been discussed extensively by scholars as a way to describe the acculturation of providences under the Roman Empire. This thesis will look at mosaics from two early sites in southeast Britain and examine their connection to the Roman Empire. Fishbourne, Roman Palace presents us with a detailed view of a private villa from the first century. The city of Colchester provides a non-elite, urban perspective from the second century. Both sites contain surviving mosaics that provide a lasting imprint of the visual and material culture that was valued in Britain during its early years under Roman occupation.

In ...


“I See” Said The Blind Man; “I Know” Said Oedipus: An Analysis Of Physical And Metaphysical Sight Through Greek Tragedy And Philosophy, Emma Barlow 2019 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

“I See” Said The Blind Man; “I Know” Said Oedipus: An Analysis Of Physical And Metaphysical Sight Through Greek Tragedy And Philosophy, Emma Barlow

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Sight in the ancient world is best understood through Greek tragedy and philosophy. There is a certain duality of sight that is present in tragedy – physical and metaphysical. Physical sight is represented through “vision” and “sight” itself. Metaphysical sight is represented through “knowing” and “understanding”. Physical and metaphysical sight do not necessarily need each other, but the combination of the two results in higher wisdom, something that is sought by one of the most prominent figures in Greek tragedy, Oedipus. In fact, Oedipus Tyrannus, Heracles, and Prometheus Bound best exemplify the duality of sight in tragedy. The seers in Greek ...


Reevaluating The Nika Riot & Placing It In Conversation With The Antioch Riot Of 387, Ty Richer 2019 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Reevaluating The Nika Riot & Placing It In Conversation With The Antioch Riot Of 387, Ty Richer

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The reign of the Byzantine emperor Justinian, from 527 to 565, despite its many high points and achievements, was a struggle for him and his people. One of his most famous, or infamous, challenges was during the Nika riots. During this time Justinian sees the people of Constantinople attempt to crown a usurper as emperor instead of him. As Justinian convened with his advisors, hiding from the mob in his palace, one question must have rung true in his mind: how did this happen? This presentation answers this question while also giving an overview to the time and the people ...


The Transactions Of Mortal Coil: Hellenic Meaning In The Suffering Of The Iliad And The Oresteia, Stephen L. Bothwell 2019 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Transactions Of Mortal Coil: Hellenic Meaning In The Suffering Of The Iliad And The Oresteia, Stephen L. Bothwell

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The meaning of suffering is enigmatic. To grasp at it cosmologically, I examine both Archaic and Classical Greek views of suffering via their primary literature and culture. Homer’s Iliad reveals the transactionality of suffering as it is embedded in the heroic code through an analysis of the Glaucus-Diomedes exchange. An investigation of Achilles’ development portrays both the Homeric system that equates honor and suffering and the unquantifiable suffering that critiques said system. Meanwhile, a study of Aeschylus’ Oresteia exhibits the interrelation of suffering and learning in Zeus’ law. The progression of the trilogy displays an accruement of wisdom by ...


Gardens Beneath The Ash: Contextualizing Naturalistic Imagery Within Pompeii's Urban Fabric, Rebecca Marie Gaborek 2019 College of William and Mary

Gardens Beneath The Ash: Contextualizing Naturalistic Imagery Within Pompeii's Urban Fabric, Rebecca Marie Gaborek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, I argue that the naturalistic wall-paintings decorating Pompeian peristylia during the late 1st century BCE and early- to mid-1stcentury CE sought to identify the homeowner with broader cultural movements celebrating “Romanness.” A new understanding of Roman identity originated with Augustus’ programs of urban and civic renewal, which adopted images of nature, both literary and artistic, to put forth ideas of peace, cultural fertility, and nationalistic superiority. As the Roman empire continued to expand and change under the principate, such symbols established an opposition between the notion of proper Roman personhood and the moral decay ...


Written In Stone: Seg Xxxiv 1581, Its Viewers, And Their Perspectives, Robert Yancey 2019 William & Mary

Written In Stone: Seg Xxxiv 1581, Its Viewers, And Their Perspectives, Robert Yancey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper identifies a standard format used by towns or poleis to honor particularly elite members of Greco-Roman Egypt and labels this formula as 'ΗΠΟΛΙΣ'. This paper then argues that while inscription SEG XXXIV 1581 is not typical for the ΗΠΟΛΙΣ formula in Egypt, it utilizes the ΗΠΟΛΙΣ formula. The use of this formula puts SEG XXXIV 1581 into conversation not only with ΗΠΟΛΙΣ inscriptions in Koptos but also with ΗΠΟΛΙΣ inscriptions in Alexandria. Literate viewers from Koptos itself would have been seen its variance from most Koptite inscriptions and its formulaic similarity to a small group of inscriptions found ...


Learning Church: Catechisms And Lay Participation In Early New England Congregationalism, Roberto O. Flores de Apodaca 2019 University of South Carolina

Learning Church: Catechisms And Lay Participation In Early New England Congregationalism, Roberto O. Flores De Apodaca

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis analyzes catechisms and catechizing in New England religious culture from 1628-1662. These question and answer documents were intended for comprehensive religious instruction of both children and adults, and thus provide a direct window into the worldview of New England laity. In the hands of ordinary men and women, catechisms became a profound tool of religious and ecclesiastical empowerment. This thesis argues that catechisms held an indispensable role in equipping early New England men and women to participate in the government and rituals of their nascent Congregational churches. Ministers wrote catechisms to equip laity for their responsibilities of structuring ...


Bringing The Past Into The Future: The Digitization Of Classical Archaeology And The Trasimeno Archaeology Digital Site Museum, Rebecca Kerns 2019 DePauw University

Bringing The Past Into The Future: The Digitization Of Classical Archaeology And The Trasimeno Archaeology Digital Site Museum, Rebecca Kerns

Student research

No abstract provided.


Orpheus And Women On 5th Century Bce Vases, Samantha Burton 2019 Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School

Orpheus And Women On 5th Century Bce Vases, Samantha Burton

Honors Thesis

In Greek myth, Orpheus is a musician with incredible talent, his music so beautiful that it charmed the beasts and guardians of the Underworld, and eventually Persephone and Hades themselves, into allowing his dead wife Eurydice to returning to the living realm. When he defied their singular rule of not turning to look back at her and she was then banished to the Underworld forever, Orpheus returned to the mortal realm, began to worship Helios instead of Dionysus, and was promptly killed by Thracian women sent by Dionysus. Alternatively, it has been told that Orpheus, wrought with heartbreak, could not ...


A Typological And Iconographic Analysis Of Macedonian Burials In The Classical And Early Hellenistic Period (5th-Mid 3rd Centuries Bce), Ann Haverkost 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

A Typological And Iconographic Analysis Of Macedonian Burials In The Classical And Early Hellenistic Period (5th-Mid 3rd Centuries Bce), Ann Haverkost

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Much of what we know of ancient cultures comes from burials, and this is also true in Macedonia. Yet, little is known about Classical Macedonian culture outside of the nobility, and even less is known about what they thought of death. This project analyzes funerary images from Macedonia during the Classical and early Hellenistic periods (5th- mid 3rd century BCE) with three questions in mind. First, are there specific motifs that are more prevalent? Second, is there a change in motifs over time? Third, how are these images similar to and different from images in Greece and Thrace ...


Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2011 Season, Part Two, Nicholas K. Rauh, Matthew Dillon 2019 Purdue University

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2011 Season, Part Two, Nicholas K. Rauh, Matthew Dillon

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project, 1996-2011

The 2011 season of the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project was conducted between July 21 and August 12 2011. During the 2011 season of the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey, pedestrian survey was secondary to the main task of obtaining pollen and carbon samples from geormorphic trenches in the Taseli Plateau. If time allowed, the team walked limited transects in the vicinity of the trenches themselves. Toward the end of our stay at Gökgözlük Yayla we devoted one full day of pedestrian survey in the vicinity of Sugözü Yayla where sherd scatters had been observed in 2007, when the team excavated ...


Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2008 Season, Nicholas K. Rauh 2019 Purdue University

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2008 Season, Nicholas K. Rauh

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project, 1996-2011

The 2008 season of the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project was conducted between July 18 and August 5, 2008. The research agenda of the 2008 season consisted of off-site pedestrian survey in the highland canyon of the Biçkici River, more specifically, the terraced agricultural terrain in the village of Karatepe. The scattered communities (mahalleler) of Karatepe extend along the lower slopes of the semicircular canyon (approximately 8 km across) that encloses the Biçkici watershed. At Sugozu Yayla the crest of the canyon stands at 1700m above sea level (asl). At the base of canyon lies a long flat alluvial terrace ...


Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2007 Season, Nicholas K. Rauh, Hülya Caner, Ünal Akkemik 2019 Purdue University

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2007 Season, Nicholas K. Rauh, Hülya Caner, Ünal Akkemik

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project, 1996-2011

The 2007 season of the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project was directed by Nicholas Rauh of Purdue University. Dr. Hulya Caner of the Institute for Marine Science Management at Istanbul University supervised the work of our highland pollen trench excavations. Dr. Unal Akkemik of the Department of Forest Botany, School of Forestry, at Istanbul University conducted the dendrochronological research. These scholars were assisted by graduate student, Margaret Bloome, of Arizona University, and undergraduate students Phillip Ramirez (Purdue University), Aaron Fettgather (American University), Alexander Jillions (American University) and Charlotte Rose (Brown University). Due to permit complications the field season lasted one ...


Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2011 Season, Part One, Nicholas K. Rauh, Ünal Akkemik, Grace Conyers, Nargul Karlioğlu, Lawrence Theller 2019 Purdue University

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey: Report Of The 2011 Season, Part One, Nicholas K. Rauh, Ünal Akkemik, Grace Conyers, Nargul Karlioğlu, Lawrence Theller

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project, 1996-2011

The 2011 season of the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project was conducted between July 21 and August 12 2011. The research agenda of the 2011 was to investigate the degraded character of highland cedar forests in the Taşeli Plateau in the Taurus Mts behind Gazipaşa (Antalya Province, Gazipaşa District, Taseli Plateau). We worked in the Taseli plateau highland region from July 25 to Aug. 5, collecting tree, pollen, and carbon samples of the highland forest; we then relocated to the Baysal Hotel in Gazipaşa to conduct archaeological survey in the midlands (mesogeia) between Aug. 6 and 12. We explain the ...


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