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‘I Am Rwandan’: Unity And Reconciliation In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Laura E. R. Blackie, Nicki Hitchcott 2018 University of Nottingham

‘I Am Rwandan’: Unity And Reconciliation In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Laura E. R. Blackie, Nicki Hitchcott

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Drawing on a corpus of ten oral interviews with survivors and perpetrators of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, we examine how the government’s policy of unity and reconciliation has shaped post-genocide identities and intergroup relations in local Rwandan communities. By focusing on the relationships between individuals and the national post-genocide narrative, we show how the socio-political context in Rwanda influences how people locate themselves and how they ascribe rights and duties to and in relation to others. Specifically, we use positioning theory as an interpretive lens to argue that individuals view adherence to the government’s ...


Let's Speak Bolom! The First Sherbro Primer: A Graphic Introduction To The Sherbro Language Of Sierra Leone, George Tucker Childs, Abdulai Bendu 2018 Portland State University

Let's Speak Bolom! The First Sherbro Primer: A Graphic Introduction To The Sherbro Language Of Sierra Leone, George Tucker Childs, Abdulai Bendu

The Sherbro Language and Culture of Sierra Leone

The Sherbro wring system uses a number of non‐English symbols that are explained in Appendix A at the end of the book. They are the standard symbols used in wring all other Sierra Leone languages (including Krio). The first obvious difference from English is that the symbols used to represent Sherbro vowels have quite different pronunciations from the leers used to represent vowel sounds in English. Other differences are relatively minor.

The book is organized as follows. After these prefatory remarks appears the text itself, which is divided into three sections and a set of appendices.

The first section ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Eritrea And The Migration Dilemma In The Horn Of Africa, Elizabeth Stark 2018 Bowling Green State University

Eritrea And The Migration Dilemma In The Horn Of Africa, Elizabeth Stark

International ResearchScape Journal

The state of Eritrea is gradually losing its population. A variety of human rights violations including mandatory indefinite conscription is contributing to many Eritrean citizen’s choice to flee. Those that do flee, tend to go to Sudan or Ethiopia as there is a long historical and cultural connection between the three countries. Additionally, Sudan and Ethiopia have a variety of laws and institutions in place to help the various refugees they take in. However, while there is this legislation, refugees are still vulnerable segments of the population that face many troubles. This shared history, culture and the legal protections ...


Correspondence: Letter Of Apology To Dr. Chikane, Desmond Tutu 2018 University of North Florida

Correspondence: Letter Of Apology To Dr. Chikane, Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Desmond Tutu Collection Textual

A letter of apology written by Archbishop Tutu to Dr. Chikane and copied to the ex TRC Commissioners. Undated and handwritten.


Documents: Up + Running, Desmond Tutu 2018 University of North Florida

Documents: Up + Running, Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Desmond Tutu Collection Textual

Handwritten notes. Four pages.


Honoring The South African Khoi-Khoi People, The Crew Of The S.S. Mendi And Xhosa Poet S.E.K Mqhayi Through Translation, Denise MacQuire 2018 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Honoring The South African Khoi-Khoi People, The Crew Of The S.S. Mendi And Xhosa Poet S.E.K Mqhayi Through Translation, Denise Macquire

Publications and Research

The overall purpose of this research was to show the origin and relationship of the Xhosa language between the Khoi-Khoi People, S.E.K. Mqhayi, and the crew on the S.S Mendi. They all had one thing they suffered from language discrimination. Most important the research also attempts to show how a language can die out when native speakers have no cultural capital.


Speech: The Handover. Presentation Of Archbishop Tutu's Gift To Unf President John Delaney, Oupa Seane 2018 University of North Florida

Speech: The Handover. Presentation Of Archbishop Tutu's Gift To Unf President John Delaney, Oupa Seane

Archbishop Desmond Tutu Collection Textual

Speech given by Oupa Seane before the presentation of the Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s gift to University of North Florida President John Delaney. May 2, 2018. Typewritten with handwritten notes.


Race And Community : Coloured Identity Formation Within Nineteenth And Twentieth Century Cape Town, South Africa., Cornelius L. Sanford 2018 University of Louisville

Race And Community : Coloured Identity Formation Within Nineteenth And Twentieth Century Cape Town, South Africa., Cornelius L. Sanford

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

Historically, the "Coloured" identity within Cape Town, South Africa was used as an umbrella term to include all the cultures residing within the city that were not either European, or of South Africa's native Bantu speaking groups. However, the identity seemingly has now shifted to primarily refer to multi-racial people. However, if the Coloured identity was initially created as a catch- all phrase, then what shifted the term to now address those who are of multi- racial descent? This essay examines the progression of the Coloured identity within Cape Town society by tracking the rise and fall of Cape ...


Agang's "No More Cheeks To Turn?" (Book Review), David H. Michaels 2018 Dalhousie University

Agang's "No More Cheeks To Turn?" (Book Review), David H. Michaels

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Ntlha's "Out Of The Shadows Of African Traditional Religion: Christ’S Deliverance Of A Sangoma" (Book Review), Gary R. Peterson 2018 Grace University

Ntlha's "Out Of The Shadows Of African Traditional Religion: Christ’S Deliverance Of A Sangoma" (Book Review), Gary R. Peterson

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Mbewe's "Pastoral Preaching: Building A People For God" (Book Review), Gary R. Peterson 2018 Grace University

Mbewe's "Pastoral Preaching: Building A People For God" (Book Review), Gary R. Peterson

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Pen Must Calm The Sword: A Call To Promote South Sudanese History For Peace, John Robert Flores Jr. 2018 Liberty University

The Pen Must Calm The Sword: A Call To Promote South Sudanese History For Peace, John Robert Flores Jr.

Senior Honors Theses

The Republic of South Sudan is the world’s youngest nation and its birth has been marred by horrific acts of tribal and ethnic strife that have been characterized by brutal attacks on women and children by both rebels and government forces and the destruction of its ability to feed and provide basic services for its citizens. South Sudan’s first few years of statehood have been heartbreaking especially when considered against the promise that existed only a few years ago. Working towards a peaceful and successful future will inevitably be founded, in part, on understanding the history of the ...


Storytelling Through Movement: An Analysis Of The Connections Between Dance & Literature, Zoe Hester 2018 East Tennessee State University

Storytelling Through Movement: An Analysis Of The Connections Between Dance & Literature, Zoe Hester

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Movement and storytelling are the links between past and present; both dance and literature have the same artistic and primal origins. We began to dance to express and communicate, to worship and feel. We tell stories for the same reasons: to learn from the past and to be able to communicate in the present.

This work explores the many connections between literature and dance through examinations of six dance forms: Native American, Bharatanatyam, West African, Ballet, Modern, and Post-Modern dance.


"Glimmerings, Hints, And Secret Amazements": William Blake, Walt Whitman, And The Spiritual Incantations Of Allen Ginsberg's "Howl", Elijah Levine 2018 College of William and Mary

"Glimmerings, Hints, And Secret Amazements": William Blake, Walt Whitman, And The Spiritual Incantations Of Allen Ginsberg's "Howl", Elijah Levine

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This essay dissects the links between Allen Ginsberg and two of his poetic predecessors, William Blake and Walt Whitman in order to elucidate a spiritual reading of his 1956 seminal poem “Howl.” Focusing on Ginsberg’s life between 1947 and 1952, portrayed through journals, biography, manuscripts, and interviews, salient connections emerge from which Ginsberg constructs a language to express his spirituality that is grounded in Blake’s and Whitman’s works. Throughout this period, highlighted by his 1948 hallucination of William Blake, Ginsberg constructs the parameters of his spirituality synthesizing literary touchstones with lived experience. “Howl,” as a result, is ...


Stem (Voice): The Panvocalism Of White Male Bodies And Masculinities In The South African Defense Force, 1957-1990, Keegan Medrano 2018 San Francisco State University

Stem (Voice): The Panvocalism Of White Male Bodies And Masculinities In The South African Defense Force, 1957-1990, Keegan Medrano

Madison Historical Review

The South African Defense Force (SADF) created in 1957 represented another attempt by the National Party government in South Africa to assert the supremacy of Afrikaner culture. The SADF, however, offered not only a concentrated location to condition and reinforce narratives of white supremacist and apartheid ideology, but importantly, existed as a space for white men to participate in, which could unite their developing masculinities infused with militaristically mobilized white supremacist ideologies. The SADF became a cauldron of venerated white masculinities that offered conscripts the opportunity to exercise their body, representing white and the white nation’s vitality and virility ...


The Imperial Legacy: An Examination Of The Trends Of Empire And Genocide From German Southwest Africa To The General Government, Laura Guebert 2018 Murray State University

The Imperial Legacy: An Examination Of The Trends Of Empire And Genocide From German Southwest Africa To The General Government, Laura Guebert

Steeplechase: An ORCA Student Journal

This project is an examination of correlations between imperial enterprises of the Second German Empire and the Nazi Reich through the lenses of global and imperial critiques. The three primary case studies are German Southwest Africa, the Ober Ost, and Nazi-occupied Eastern Europe, particularly the General Government. This research draws heavily on certain themes and theories developed by leading historians of modern German and Eastern European history, including Timothy Snyder, Ben Kiernan, Shelley Baranowski, Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius, and Christopher Browning. By understanding the shared trends of empire and genocide, it is my aim to bring the actions of the National ...


Seeing Through Our Eyes: Intimacy, Hope And Morality For Hiv Peer Educators In Gaborone, Botswana, Sophie Kurschner 2018 Macalester College

Seeing Through Our Eyes: Intimacy, Hope And Morality For Hiv Peer Educators In Gaborone, Botswana, Sophie Kurschner

Anthropology Honors Projects

This ethnography focuses on the work of HIV peer educators at the non-profit organization of Center for Youth of Hope (CEYOHO) in Gaborone, Botswana. Drawing on Jarrett Zigon’s theory of the moral breakdown and ethical demand, I argue that from a moral breakdown of HIV, intimacy can facilitate the ethical demand or motivation for developing new moral subjects. During this moral reshaping, intimacy is part of a process that involves practices of educated hope, trust, knowledge, and accountability. More specifically, intimacy through friendship and companionship between peer educators and clients allows them to hope together for an educated future ...


Their Paths, Their Journeys: Transnational Mobility, Social Networks, And Coming Back Home Amongst Senegalese Returnees In Dakar, Senegal, Andrea N. Kvietok 2018 Macalester College

Their Paths, Their Journeys: Transnational Mobility, Social Networks, And Coming Back Home Amongst Senegalese Returnees In Dakar, Senegal, Andrea N. Kvietok

Anthropology Honors Projects

This study centers the voices, stories, and experiences of a sample of Senegalese individuals whose lives intersect with transnational migration. It draws upon ethnographic fieldwork, conducted in Dakar, Senegal between 2016 and 2017, comprising primarily of interviews and participant observation with Senegalese migrants who returned home after sojourns in European and West African countries and the United States, as well as staff working at a migration-related non-governmental organization that facilitates the voluntary repatriation of Senegalese nationals. In this study, I describe and analyze Senegalese migrants’ transnational paths and journeys using a multi-actor and intersectional lens that attends to questions of ...


Church And State In Rwanda: Catholic Missiology And The 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi, Marcus Timothy Haworth 2018 SIT Study Abroad

Church And State In Rwanda: Catholic Missiology And The 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi, Marcus Timothy Haworth

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

During the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, over one million Tutsis were killed by the government of Rwanda and Hutu extremists. In this study, I address two questions: (1) did the Church, as an institution, offer a convincing counter-narrative to the dominant ideology of racialized ethnic identities of twentieth century European colonialism in the present-day nation-state of Rwanda? If it did not, why not? And, (2) what role, if any, did the Church, as an institution, play, in promoting a “social imagination” that valued religious identity, or truths, over the dominant European colonial ideology, and later the nationalistic narrative of ...


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