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Panel 1 Paper 1.2: Environnement Du Patrimoine Rural, Claire Cornu 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Panel 1 Paper 1.2: Environnement Du Patrimoine Rural, Claire Cornu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

En fournissant la chimie à l’agriculture, les matériaux pour la construction, et en produisant la mécanisation des cultures comme celles des terrassements, l’industrie des « trente glorieuses » en France effaçait des siècles de pratiques et d’organisation des espaces de vie et de travail, qui optimisaient les ressources naturelles locales et humaines. La maçonnerie en pierre sèche, son agriculture en terrasse, son élevage en enclos, ses cabanes des champs, ses espaces d’accompagnement des jardins, des maisons, des villages, des rivières, des chemins, des routes, sombraient dès lors dans la désuétude. Lorsqu’en 1999 nous avons démarré cette démarche ...


Quantification Of Heat Flows Through Building Entrance Doors On A Winter Day, Daeho Kang 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Quantification Of Heat Flows Through Building Entrance Doors On A Winter Day, Daeho Kang

Publications and Research

The current methods for the prediction of the heat flow through building entrance doors have been used for years while involved with a certain degree of uncertainty. This paper describes an experimental method that accurately quantified such heat flow. The experiment monitored local environmental parameters in a college building on a cold winter day. The results of the experiment demonstrated that the experimental method is viable to accurately estimate the heat flow throughout the entrance doors and the presence of a vestibule moderated heat losses from the conditioned area. The results will be used for validating the existing methods.


Competence Of A Spray Passive Down-Draft Evaporative Cooling (Pdec) System For Space Cooling, Daeho Kang, Richard K. Strand 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Competence Of A Spray Passive Down-Draft Evaporative Cooling (Pdec) System For Space Cooling, Daeho Kang, Richard K. Strand

Publications and Research

A spray PDEC system has been relatively less considered than other passive cooling strategies as one of the viable low-energy solutions in the cooling of buildings while having a great potential in energy savings. This study is intended to evaluate the capability of a spray PDEC system for space cooling. It comprises four simulation scenarios to see the system response and influence of indoor thermal environment when a spray PDEC system is adopted as a primary cooling system in two different climates. The simulation results show that a spray PDEC system causes a substantial variation in the indoor thermal environment ...


2019 Btes Conference Program Integration + Innovation, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

2019 Btes Conference Program Integration + Innovation, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling

Building Technology Educator's Society

Following on the alliterative themes of recent BTES conferences, we have selected Integration and Innovation as the theme for the 2019 gathering. Innovation can begin with conjecture, with a searching for more effective solutions, or with an application to currently unknown or unarticulated needs. Innovation scholarship examines the personal intellectual habits that support new ideas, such as openness and exploratory behavior, as well as the circumstances behind the places in which creativity flourishes, such as support for cross-disciplinary fertilization and access to resources. The 2019 BTES conference will explore the role of technology education and curriculum in cultivating these intellectual ...


Development Of A Framework To Support The Effective Adoption Of Bim In The Public Sector: Lessons For Ireland, Shiyao Kuang, Alan Hore, Barry McAuley, Roger West 2019 Technological University Dublin

Development Of A Framework To Support The Effective Adoption Of Bim In The Public Sector: Lessons For Ireland, Shiyao Kuang, Alan Hore, Barry Mcauley, Roger West

Conference papers

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been formally adopted by many countries with the promise of creating greater economic, social and sustainability benefits. Several authors and institutions have presented alternative BIM policies and tactics which have been adopted by developed countries. However, there is evidence to indicate that BIM adoption theories are not well established and, in particular, the linkage between BIM public sector adoption strategy outcomes and their contribution to achieving Government policy objectives are underdeveloped. This paper will present the outcome of the first phase of a systematic literature review of published studies (including journal papers and noteworthy international ...


Topology And Form Finding Via Genetic Algorithms, Michael Goldenberg, Nick Coburn 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Topology And Form Finding Via Genetic Algorithms, Michael Goldenberg, Nick Coburn

Architectural Engineering

The following presents an approach to early applications of the Galapagos program as a means to optimize structural forms. The process was conducted with Rhino’s Grasshopper program, the structural analysis plug-in, Karamba, and the genetic algorithm solver, Galapagos. This topological form finding process was based on flexible parameters that modified brace and column locations, and diaphragm size and positions.

This process worked by having Galapagos modify a parametric model which had initial randomly generated variables for the genomes. After structural analysis, Galapagos was tasked with changing the form in order to minimize overall displacement of the structure. Being an ...


Concrete: Computation And Optimization, Nik Nikolov 2019 Lehigh University

Concrete: Computation And Optimization, Nik Nikolov

Building Technology Educator's Society

New materials require new design and construction methods. Even old materials are being continually developed with new properties that challenge the way we use them. A recent cycle of innovations has led to concretes with considerable and effective elastic limit in tension and flexural strength. The possibility to design in concrete as a single orthotropic material with both tensile and compressive properties create an opportunity for new products but also require new design approaches.

Topology optimization as an architectural design tool is largely unexplored, in contrast to its wide use in the field of mechanical engineering. Topologically optimized shapes are ...


Applying Nature’S Solutions To Architectural Problems, Jay Yowell 2019 Oklahoma State University

Applying Nature’S Solutions To Architectural Problems, Jay Yowell

Building Technology Educator's Society

Nature has inspired architecture for millennia and recent discoveries allow designers to understand the wealth of biological information further. The architectural profession is at a critical point in history with regards to reducing its impact on the environment. To truly minimize a building’s impact it needs to interact more holistically with its surroundings. The lessons learned from natural systems can be applied to architecture to lessen its environmental impact, and this is a critical point to ask: Will architects utilize construction technology as well as advanced scientific knowledge to create an architecture that behaves like nature? Imagine a building ...


The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez 2019 Kansas State University

The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architectural corners serve as nodes of constructional shifting, of structural logistics, of environmental control emphasis, of spatial experience, and of aesthetic considerations and it is in these particular building intersections that our greatest architects have exceled. Despite the importance of the corner, most architectural software introduces generalizations into design work that all but assures improper understanding of a building’s corners, especially for students and those novice to the profession. The transformations undertaken in the computer rarely reflect the strategies used to create physical, occupiable space. For instance, when working in building information modeling software, walls intersect via “butt” or ...


Classroom As Laboratory: Engaging Architecture Students In Hands-On Building Science Research, Gabrielle Brainard, Cristobal Correa 2019 Pratt Institute

Classroom As Laboratory: Engaging Architecture Students In Hands-On Building Science Research, Gabrielle Brainard, Cristobal Correa

Building Technology Educator's Society

Knowledge of building science – how buildings perform with respect to energy efficiency, durability, comfort, and health – is a key aspect of sustainable architectural design. Although most building science courses are taught in a traditional lecture format, experiential teaching methods have the potential to improve student engagement and comprehension of technical subject matter.

This paper describes a case study of experiential learning in building science education. In Spring, 2018, we conducted a thermal comfort study as part of an integrated design studio at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY. We measured temperature and relative humidity in the studio space and asked students ...


Crm Manufacturers In Architecture, Dana Gulling 2019 North Carolina State University

Crm Manufacturers In Architecture, Dana Gulling

Building Technology Educator's Society

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) has revolutionized architecture. Proponents argue that CAM’s computer numeric controlled (CNC) machines make individual architecture components that are not prohibitively expensive, reconnects designers directly to making, and transforms architectural form.[1] Despite these accolades, there is a distinction between CNC equipment directly and indirectly fabricating architecture components. Directly, CNC equipment punched the holes in the copper screen for Herzog and deMeuron’s DeYoung Museum and the steel skin and structure for SHoP’s Barclay Center. Indirectly, makers use CNC equipment to fabricate tooling (e.g. molds, patterns, and dies) to repetitively manufacture components that have been ...


Urban Food Systems: Applying Life Cycle Assessment In Built Environments And Aquaponics, Alex Ianchenko, Gundula Proksch 2019 University of Washington

Urban Food Systems: Applying Life Cycle Assessment In Built Environments And Aquaponics, Alex Ianchenko, Gundula Proksch

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the building sector faces global challenges that affect urban supplies of food, water and energy, multifaceted sustainability solutions need to be re-examined through the lens of built environments. Aquaponics, a strategy that combines recirculating aquaculture with hydroponics to optimize fish and plant production, has been recognized as one of "ten technologies which could change our lives" by merit of its potential to revolutionize how we feed urban populations. To holistically assess the environmental performance of urban aquaponic farms, impacts generated by aquaponic systems must be combined with impacts generated by host envelopes. This paper outlines the opportunities and challenges ...


Intuition Before Integers: Integrating Building Technology Into The Design Studio, James Leach, Kristin Nelson 2019 University of Detroit Mercy

Intuition Before Integers: Integrating Building Technology Into The Design Studio, James Leach, Kristin Nelson

Building Technology Educator's Society

The studio methodology, used almost universally to teach architectural design in the US, embraces speculative investigation and hands-on learning, offering unparalleled opportunities for integrated thinking and open-ended inquiry. Building technology courses, in contrast, tend to be taught in more constrained, and more passive modes - lecture classes, sometimes accompanied by a laboratory or including a project or two. As instructors of both design studios and building technology courses, we have found it difficult to generate the level of engagement and enthusiasm, or achieve the depth of inquiry, in the technology classroom that is common in the design studio. Moreover, we find ...


Big Glue! Testing The Scalability Of Adhesives In Architecture And Design, Emily White, Erik Sapper 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Big Glue! Testing The Scalability Of Adhesives In Architecture And Design, Emily White, Erik Sapper

Building Technology Educator's Society

This paper documents the questions, methods and outcomes of “Big Glue,” a research collaboration among students and faculty from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo’s chemistry and architecture departments that explores the potentials of structural adhesives in architecture and design. The project asks how adhesives can be more broadly used as work increases in size from the scale of models to full-scale construction.

Our focus is on aluminum structures. We looked at existing adhesive use in construction and in the automotive industry, where adhesives are increasingly used on aluminum and aluminum composites to reduce weight and consequently increase fuel efficiencies ...


Teaching Structures Online: Finding Opportunities For Tangible Engagement, Dustin Albright 2019 Clemson University

Teaching Structures Online: Finding Opportunities For Tangible Engagement, Dustin Albright

Building Technology Educator's Society

Faced with increasing demand but limited flexibility within the academic year, the School of Architecture at Clemson University developed and delivered an online version of its undergraduate Structures 2 course during the summer of 2018. This shift in timing and format presented a range of challenges, most significantly the compressed schedule (six weeks to deliver fifteen weeks of content), and the desire to maintain engaged, experiential learning despite the detachment and asynchronicity introduced by the online setup.

With respect to this remoteness, it proved fruitful to turn the challenge on its head and instead identify opportunities afforded by the geographic ...


Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden 2019 Northeastern University

Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the focus of environmental engineering increasingly shifts to landscape-based, decentralized solutions to energy and water; and as architecture increasingly shifts its attention to resilience, ecological connectivity and independence from centralized infrastructure, these two disciplines find themselves closer in scale than before. This paper presents a collaborative project between upper level architecture and environmental engineering students focused on the design of sustainable and integrated water systems. Critical features of transdisciplinarity included: the engagement of stakeholders in the process at multiple moments; the speculative nature of working on very distant futures, the multi-scalar requirements of the collaboration, and the expectation of ...


Integration Of Building Energy Modeling (Bem) And Building Information Modeling (Bim): Workflows And Case Study, Mahsa Farid Mohajer, Ajla Aksamija 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Integration Of Building Energy Modeling (Bem) And Building Information Modeling (Bim): Workflows And Case Study, Mahsa Farid Mohajer, Ajla Aksamija

Building Technology Educator's Society

Building Energy Modeling (BEM) intends to quantify buildings’ energy performance to help designers and architects better understand the environmental impacts of their decisions. Building Information Modeling (BIM) refers to a digital, model-based representation, where information about building design can be shared among different stakeholders and used during all stages of buildings’ lifecycle. The purpose of this research was to investigate integration of BEM and BIM, using two analysis tools. Green Building Studio (GBS) and Sefaira are two performance analysis software programs, which can be used both in the form of BIM plug-in/built-in tools, as well as web applications to ...


A Framework For Performance-Based Facade Design: Approach For Multi-Objective And Automated Simulation And Optimization, Mahsa Minaei, Ajla Aksamija 2019 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Framework For Performance-Based Facade Design: Approach For Multi-Objective And Automated Simulation And Optimization, Mahsa Minaei, Ajla Aksamija

Building Technology Educator's Society

Buildings have a considerable impact on the environment, and it is crucial to consider environmental and energy performance in building design. In this regard, decision-makers are required to establish an optimal solution, considering multi-objective problems that are usually competitive and nonlinear, such as energy consumption, financial costs, environmental performance, occupant comfort, etc. Sustainable building design requires considerations of a large number of design variables and multiple, often conflicting objectives, such as the initial construction cost, energy cost, energy consumption and occupant satisfaction. One approach to address these issues is the use of building performance simulations and optimization methods.

This paper ...


Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers 2019 South Dakota State University

Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers

Building Technology Educator's Society

According to the Department of Transportation, a commercial truck can drive at a maximum speed of sixty miles per-hour while carrying a sixty-foot-long precast concrete beam on a state highway. The beam in question is headed to a town of 1,800 people to be installed as part of a student-driven, faculty led Public Works project in Webster, South Dakota. Design/Lift focuses on the choreography of lifting and positioning a large piece of concrete on a public site. The beam sits in a yard, unapproved to span highway bridges, but potentially ready to engage the public in unexpected ways ...


Testing Is Teaching Too: Transitioning A Large-Lecture Course From Summative To Formative Exams, Robert Arens, Brian Osborn, Carmen Trudell 2019 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Testing Is Teaching Too: Transitioning A Large-Lecture Course From Summative To Formative Exams, Robert Arens, Brian Osborn, Carmen Trudell

Building Technology Educator's Society

For students and teachers alike exams can be a dreadful experience with both parties left questioning the value of the exercise. Large-lecture courses tend to employ an exam culture that is more focused on expedience than efficacy as the promise of efficient grading often triumphs over the desire to create meaningful learning experiences. Within the Architectural Technology Fundamentals courses at Cal Poly we have found that machine-readable tests, which use multiple-choice and true-false questions, tend to assess students’ understanding of course topics at only the most basic level and are misaligned with our aspiration to fostering students who can integrate ...


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